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VOLUME XIII (Old Series). 

G .-i 

1*7 1. 


JOHN N. McCLINTOCK, Editor and Publisher. 



X 6^2680 


(Second Series.) 

Hon. Joseph C. Moore, A. M., M. D. % John N. McCliutock, A. M. 

Historical Address. Frederick Chase . 
John Calfe. His Horn ..... 
On Rum Hill. Laura Garland Carr 
About Pictures and Faces. Fred Myron Colby 

The Rebellion 

My Lord Bangs. Author of "The Widow Wyse 

The Greatest of the Indians. John Fiske. 

Love's Messenger. Helen Mar Bean 

Bessie Beaumont. A Novel. E. M. G. and J. N. M. 

Valentine & Co. Virginia C. Hollis 

The Cradle Spirit's Tale. Cecil Hampden Cutts Howard 

John M. Mitchell . 

Edward Dow 

Address at Grand Army Fair. Claremont. Frank 11. Brown 

Ebenezer Lock. Benjamin L. Bartlett 

The Departure. Mary II. Wheeler 

Literary Mention .... 

Horace Way Gilman. Rev. J. G. Armstrong, Ph. D., L. L. D 

Bessie Beaumont. Chap. Ill .... 

The School House Flag. George Bancroft Griffith 

Newcastle and the Piscataqua .... 

A Morning Shower. By Clarence H. Pearson 

Nathan R. Morse 

Popular Summer Resorts in New Hampshire 

My Lord Bangs. Author of " The Widow Wyse" 

Address by Charles H. Bartlett 

To Lake AVkmipesaukee. Walter S. Peaslee 

Hon. George A. Bingham. (Portrait.) James R. Jackson, Esq. 

An Old-Time Minister. Mrs. Mary C. Cutler 

Lawyers of Goii'stown. Hon. David A. Taggart 

Rev. Cyrus W. Wallace, D. D. Rev. John £. Wheeler 

Lawyers Omitted in History of Belknap County Bench and Bar. 

Hon. E. A Hibbard 

My Lord Bangs. Author of " Widow Wyse" 
The Writing ou the Wall. Virginia C. Wallace 

Frank Smith. (Portrait.) 

The Little Contessa. Emma C. Kummel 

Helen and Menelaus. Fred Myron Colby 

Pure Life Insurance. Hon. Sheppard Homans 

The Abandoned Farms of New Hampshire. J. B. Harrison 

The Advocate and his Influence. Hon. Cuarles H. Burns 

Argument of Ex-Gov. David II. Goodell 

Open Letter. Hon. Samuel Upton .... 

The Discovery of America by the Northmen. Rev. Edmund F. Slafter 

Lethe. Alice Frieze Durgin . . ." . 


Hon. Jacob H. Gallinger, M. D. John N. McClintock . 

The Moffatt Whipple Mansion. Fred Myron Colby 

White Park, Concord. Charles Eliot, Landscape Architect 

Hon. Frederic Chase. Prof. E. R. 

Editorial .... 

Literary Mention 

Governor Hiram A. Tuttle 

Hon. Charles H. Amsden 

Evening Song. Mary H. Wheeler 

Governor's Council 

New Hampshire Senate, 1890-91 

New Hampshire House of Representatives, 1890-91 



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Hon. Joseph C. Moore, A. M., M« D. — John F 
Historical Address — Frederick Chase, 
John Calfe — His Horn. .... 

On Rum Hill— Laura G: Hand Carr, . 

About Pictures and Faces — Fred Myron Col hy 

The Rebellion. ...... 

My Lord Bancs — Author of " The Widow Wyse. 

The Greatest of the Indians — John Fiske. 

Love's Messenger — Helen Mar Bean, . 

Bessie Beaumont — A Novel — E. M. G. and J. X 

Valentine & Co. — Virginia C. Hollzs, 

The Cradle Spirit's Tale — Cecil Hampden Cu 

John M. Mitchell, '..... 

Edward Dow. ...... 

Address at Grand Army Fair, C r vremont I 

Eijenezer Lock— Benjamin L. Bartleft, 
The Departure — Mary II. Wheeler. . 
Litem ary M'vtion. . . . ...:..; 


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N. IF: 

JOHi>( sy. mCUNTOCK. 

< . TION 







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devoted to Literature, biography, History, and State Progress. 

VOL. III. (New Series.) JANUARY, 

vol. xiu. FEBRUARY 


Nos. I, 2 

By John - X. McClintock, A. M. 

Joseph Clifford Moore, second son 
of Dr. D. F. and Frances S. (Clif- 
ford) Moore, was born in London, 
August 22, 1845. 

Of his paternal ancestors Mr- 
Theodore Roosevelt, in his lately 
published book, 4k The "Winning of 
the Great "West," writes, — 

" The backwoodsmen were Ameri- 
cans by birth and parentage, and of 
mixed race ; but the dominant strain 
in their blood was that of the Pres- 
byterian Irish — the Scotch-Irish as 
they were often called. Full credit 
has been awarded the Roundhead and 
the Cavalier for their leadership in 
our history ; nor have we been alto- 
gether blind to the deeds of the Hol- 
lander and the Huguenot; but it is 
doubtful if we have wholly realized 
the importance of the part played by 
that stern and virile people, the Irish, 
whose preachers taught the creed 
of Knox and Calvin. These Irish 
representatives of the Covenanters 
were in the W r est almost what the 
Puritans were in the North-east, and 
more than the Cavaliers were in the 
South. Mingled with the descend- 

ants of many other races, they never- 
theless formed the kernel of the 
distinctively and intensely American 
stock who were the pioneers of our 
people in their march westward, the 
vanguard of the army of fighting set- 
tlers, who with axe and rifle won their 
way from the Alleghanies to the Rio 
Grande and the Pacific. 

i; The Presbyterian Irish were 
themselves already a mixed people. 
Though mainly descended from Scotch 
ancestors — who came originally from 
both lowlands and highlands, from 
among the Scotch Saxons and the 
Scotch Celts — many of them were of 
English, a few of French Huguenot, 
and quite a number of true old Mile- 
sian Irish extraction. They were the 
Protestants of the Protestants ; they 
detested and despised the Catholics, 
whom their ancestors had conquered, 
and regarded the Episcopalians, by 
whom they themselves had been 
oppressed, with a more sullen, but 
scarcely less intense, hatred. They 
were a truculent and obstinate peo- 
ple, and gloried in the warlike renown 
of their forefathers, the men who 

Hon. Joseph C. Moore. 

had followed Cromwell, and who had 
shared in the defence of Derry and 
in the victories of the Boyne and 

"They did not begin to come to 
America in any numbers till after the 
opening of the eighteenth century ; 
by 1730 they were fairly swarming 
across the ocean, for the most part 
in two streams, the larger goiug to 
the port of Philadelphia, the smaller 
to the port of Charleston. Pushing 
through the long-settled lowlauds of 
the sea coast, they at once made 
their abode at the foot of the 
mountains, and became the outposts 
of civilization. From Pennsylvania, 
whither the great majority had come, 
they drifted south along the foothills, 
and down the long valleys, till they 
met their brethren from Charleston, 
who had pushed up into the Carolina 
back country. In this land of hills, 
covered by unbroken forest, they 
took root and flourished, stretching 
in a broad belt from north to south, 
a shield of sinewy men thrust in 
between the people of the seaboard 
and the red warriors of the wilder- 
ness. All through this region they 
were alike ; they had as little kinship 
with the Cavalier as with the Quaker ; 
the West was won by those who have 
been rightly called the Roundheads 
of the South, the same men who, 
before any others, declared for Amer- 
ican independence." 

Referring to this passage, the 
editor of The Independent makes the 
following comment: 

4W This is fine writing. It is equally 
good history, and introduces the 
reader at once \o the hardy popula- 
tion who, with the Bible in their 
hands and their own stern ideas of 

personal independence, could do no 
other thing than they did in founding 
a democracy that was American from 
the start and to the core. 

" So in the ' History of Ten- 
nessee : The Making of a State,' 
by James Phelan, his clear recog- 
nition of the Presbyterian Scotch- 
Irish as the path-finders and way- 
openers, and of the influence of their 
stern Calvinism on the whole future 
development of the country, deserves 
careful notice." 

One stream of this great tide of 
Scotch-Irish migration, striking Bos- 
ton in 1719, was diverted by Gov- 
ernor Samuel Shute to Londonderry. 
In that company came Aiken, Bell, 
Blair, Campbell, Cochran, Christi, 
Dinsmore, Gilmoor, Goffe, Hum- 
phrey, McFarland, McKean, McNeil, 
Moore, Morrison, Nesmith, Reid, 
Rogers, Stark, Stewart, Taggart, 
Thompson, Todd, Wilson, and many 
others whose descendants 4i have not 
been without honor in their own coun- 

The new town, located in a fertile 
region, soon became of importance. 
Farms were cleared ; new crops were 
introduced ; and many new enter- 
prises were inaugurated. The town 
filled up, and an exodus into the 
wilderness commenced. Amoskeag 
falls offered sport for the fisherman, 
but the soil in the neighborhood was 
poor. Pressing on, in parties large 
and small, they made their stand in 
the valley of the Suncook, on the 
hillsides in Pembroke, and along the 
banks of the Contoocook. 

James Moore, probably a son of 
William Moore, of Londonderry, set- 
tled at the north end of Pembroke 
street about 1730. In those primitive 

Hon. Joscfh C. Moore. 

times the Moores were a prolific race. 
Had the family increased in the same, 
ratio as did that of James Moore of 
Pembroke for at least three genera- 
tions, and from aualogv there is no> 
good reason to think that they did 
not, there would have been in the 
present or seventh generation 1402 
thousand males of the name, and as 
many more of the gentle sex, scat- 
tered from Maine to the Gulf of 
California. As a matter of fact, his 
descendants, although perhaps not so 
numerous as suggested, have made 
their way up the Merrimack and 
Pemigewasset valleys, over to the 
Connecticut, up the Amonoosuc, into 
the Coos country, into Vermont, into 
Canada, and have increased and mul- 
tiplied until not a state or territory 
of our Union is without a representa- 
tive of the Moore family. 

They are good stock. The family- 
have furnished fighters as well as 
frontiersmen. Colonel Samuel Moore 
led a regiment to the brilliant cap- 
ture of Louisburg ; Captain Daniel 
Moore commanded a company io 
Stark's regiment at Bunker Hill ; 
John Moore was his second lieuten- 
ant ; one was a ranger with Rogers. 
One of Mr. Moore's ancestors partici- 
pated in the battle of Lexington. His 
grandfather was Archelaus Moore, 
a thrifty and well-to-do farmer of 
Loudon. His father, Dr. David Fifieid 
Moore, the well known homoeopathic 
physician, was for many years one 
of the foremost physicians of central 
and northern New Hampshire. He 
was born in Loudon, April 2, 1815. 
In 1855 he settled in Lake Village, 
where he continued to reside until his 
death, February 15, 1888. He con- 
tinued in the active practice of his 

1 Sec- ilcClintock's His 

profession, in which he was remark- 
ably successful, until within a few- 
years of his death, when failing 
health caused a suspension of his 
work. He was a worthy citizen, and 
one who held a high place in the es- 
teem of his fellow-townsmen. In his 
profession he was ever ready to re- 
spond to the call of distress, and the 
success which crowned his labors was 
beyond that usually attained. Al- 
though he was of a quiet and unob- 
trusive disposition, and never sought 
public life, yet, nevertheless, he had 
been accorded various positions of 
trust and responsibility. He was 
much attached to professional duties, 
and at one time was president of the 
New Hampshire Homoeopathic Asso- 
ciation, and also president of the Bay 
Side Cemetery Association of Lake 
Village. In the latter he was par- 
ticularly active in its interests, being 
one of the first to secure and push 
forward its completion. A notice- 
able feature of his funeral was the at- 
tendance of a large number of repre- 
sentative men of Gilford and Laconia, 
mingling with the bereaved family in 
token of respect not only to them, but 
in memory also of a much respected 
citizen and departed friend. 

Dr. D. F. Moore had a good voice, 
in his prime, and was a very pleasing 
singer, as well as an eloquent public 

On his mother's side, Mr. Moore 
is a descendant of a fine old New 
Hampshire family. John Clifford, 
then an old man over 70 years of 
age, was a resident of Hampton in 
1080. x A branch settled in Gilman- 
ton, in the last century, and there 
his mother was born. 

His mother, Frances Susan Clifford, 

tory of New Hampshire. 

Hon. yoscph C. Moore. 

was the daughter of Joseph and Cla- ber, 1879, when he became interested 
rissa (Clifford) Clifford, and the in the Manchester Union, he contin- 

ued to follow his profession with 
untiring industry and gratifying suc- 
cess. His practice extended over a 
wide section, and involved long hours 
and much arduous travel. During 
this time he was active in general 
business enterprises. 

1 Mr. Moore began his journalistic 
an honest and upright man, and rep- career without the benefit of any 
resented the old town of Gilmanton special traiuing whatever, but brought 
in the legislature. In her youth to the work a clear, cool head, ripe 
Mrs. Moore was noted for her beauty judgment, and honest purpose. It 

granddaughter of David and 

(Gilman) Clifford, of Gilmanton. 
Her father, Joseph Clifford, was a 
farmer, and for forty years made an 
annual pilgrimage to Brighton, Mass., 
with a herd of cattle raised by him- 
self and his neighbors. He was much 
respected by his fellow-townsmen as 

of person and character. In her de- 
clining years, she is noted for her 
charity and benevolence. 

Mr. J. C. Moore is a good represent- 
ative of the combination of old New 
Hampshire and Scotch Irish stock. 
The accompanying portrait fairly de- 

was early apparent that he possessed 
that rare quality, the newspaper 
faculty. Careful, prudent, cautious, 
and conservative by nature, he applied 
that faculty with constantly increas- 
ing shrewdness and wisdom, so that 
the enterprise not only developed a 

lineates his features. His two score remarkably rapid, but a sound and 

and "five years have dealt lightly with 
him ; and his face is unwrinkled with 
care. He is a large aud tall man, 
over six feet in height, urbane in his 
manners, and, as some of his ardent 
admirers express it, the best how- 
ever, as he is a modest man, withal, 
and still youthful, it may be as well 
to spare his blushes. 

Mr. Moore was educated as a phy- 
sician. His early educational advan- 
tages were obtained in Lake Village, 

healthy, growth. Exercising good 
business judgment and methods, he 
successfully maintained the financial 
standing of the paper, notwithstand- 
ing the excessive demands of a 
rapidly growing plant. In shaping 
the tone and conduct of The Union, 
he has uniformly aimed to give it a 
character for independence, integrity, 
and respectability, advancing it on 
the true line of progressive modern 
journalism. He is a ready editorial 

to which place his parents removed, writer on political and general topics, 

when the lad was ten years of age. 
There he atteuded the public schools. 
Having pursued a course of medical 
training at the New York Medical 
College, he returned to his home in 
Lake Village, in the town of Gilford, 

eschews the ornamental and descrip- 
tive, and goes straight at the meat 
of a matter in a plain and direct 
style. His methods are convincing, 
as well as terse and vigorous. 

1 Mr. Moore has always taken a 

and in I8CG entered upon the prac- warm and active interest in politics, 

tice of medicine in partnership with not from the selfish motives of the 

his father. office-seeker, but as an ardent believer 

For thirteen years, or until Novem- m ar >d a stanch supporter of a 

1 History of Belknap County. 

Hon. Joseph C. Moore 

sound, sterling, and progressive De- 
mocracy. At the state election of 
1880 he was elected a member of the 
state senate from the Sixth or Win- 
nipesaukee Senatorial District, and 
filled his seat with credit to himself 
and to his constituency. He intro- 
duced and wa ; . chiefly instrumental 
in securing the passage of the meas- 
ure which created the present state 
board of health. Always under self- 
command, easy and agreeable in 
manner, he proved to be valuable in 
legislative work, and was invariably 
relied upon to release the senatorial 
body when sharp conflict of opinion 
led it into a jangle. 

In 1888, Mr. Moore was sent as a 
delegate from New Hampshire to the 
Democratic National Convention, and 
did good service on the committee on 

In politics, Mr. Moore is a Demo- 
crat. He believes in that party, called 
into existence by the genius of 
Thomas Jefferson, sustained by 
Andrew Jackson, and supported in 
New Hampshire in by-gone years by 
such men as William Flumer, Levi 
Woodbury, Isaac Hill, Samuel Dins- 
moor, senior and junior, Franklin 
Pierce, and Edmund Burke, which 
would entrust the government of the 
people to the people, and which, with 
the motto "Free trade and sailors' 
lights," fostered American commerce, 
encouraged emigration, and extended 
the bounds of the republic. He 
stands very high in the confidence and 
in the councils of his party and his 
party's leaders. 

In January, 1885, he was unani- 
mously chosen president of the New 
Hampshire club, an organization com- 

prising the leadiug business and pro- 
fessional men of the state, and 
shortly after accompanied it on its 
memorable excursion through many 
of the Southern states. As the presi- 
dent of that club he was broad and 
liberal, seeking only to develop its 
interests and to extend its influence. 

Dartmouth college, at the June 
commencement, 1884, conferred upon 
him the degree of A. M. 

Mr. Moore retains his residence at 
Lake Village, with his aged mother. 
He is married, but has no children. 
Since the expiration of his senatorial 
term, his time has been given almost 
exclusively to business matters and 
the conduct of the Union. 

He was chosen president of the 
People's Fire Insurance Company at 
its organization, and holds the office 
still. He is president of the Burton 
Stock Car Company, located at Wich- 
ita, Kansas, where the company has 
a large plant, and gives employment 
to at least four hundred workmen. 
He is the leading spirit in the owner- 
ship and management of a large ho- 
siery mill at Lake Village. He is 
also interested in several other busi- 
ness enterprises, in connection with 
which he holds positions of trust and 

In manner Mr. Moore is easy and 
agreeable, and is favored with an ex- 
cellent address and an attractive per- 
sonal presence. In business affairs 
he is careful and conservative, and at 
the same time enterprising. Honorable 
and just in his transactions, he enjoys 
the confidence and respect of business 
men. He is now in the vigor of his 
powers, with the promise of a useful 
and successful future before him. 

Histo rica I A ddress . 



At the reopening of the College Church in Hanover, October 20, 1889- 1 
By Frederick Chase. 

It was cynically remarked by tbe 
wisest of men, that "there is no re- 
membrance of the wise man more than 
of the fool, for that which now is shall 
in the days to come all be forgotten." 
The truth that this statement con- 
tains will, nevertheless, weigh upon 
him who attempts to rescue our local 
antiquities from oblivion. It is sad 
to recall the long list of learned and 
courtly men, many of them not un- 
known to fame in their day, and the 
accomplished and charming women, 
who were wont in the past to dignify 
and grace these pews, but whose 
names, if I were to rehearse them now, 
would bring from the most of my 
hearers not an answering ray of re- 
cognition. A similar fate we must, 
ere long, expect for ourselves. 

But there are some things that by 
sturdy survival lift themselves out of 
the fading past, and, taking on new 
life, now and then serve as a bond of 
union between successive generations. 
This edifice is one of these. And on 

designed had already existed a quar- 
ter of a century. We are told that 
its earliest services were sometimes 
held, even in winter days, under the 
unclouded canopy of heaven. 

But in those days the college was 
the village, and a place for the church 
was speedily found in the college 
building that stood on the south-east 
corner of the Green. 

About 1774 the village, as Dr. 
Wheelock tells us with pardonable, 
pride, had grown to eleven comfort- 
able dwellings, and in that year the cit- 
izens, thirteen in number, subscribed 
£30 ($100) to enlarge the building 
then devoted to a college chapel, 
situated near the pump on the com- 
mon, to serve the joint use of all. 
In this, the famous old * k College 
Hall," were held not only the services 
of the church, but an important series 
of secular meetings which came near 
changing the political relations of 
the whole upper Connecticut valley. 
Through defects of construction and 

this joyful occasion of its latest, let neglect this building fell into decay, 

us hope not its last, renovation, I am and was abated as a nuisance by the 

asked to tell you something of its his- students at the close of the year 17S9. 

tory, on its 94th birthday. This coup d'etat on their part com- 

This Meeting House— for such is pelled the erection of a new college 

its proper and official style — was pro- chapel in hot haste. The expense 

jected in the early part of the year was £300 ($1000.) The college was 

1794, and with appropriate ceremo- hopelessly in debt, and funds were 

nies dedicated to the worship of God wanting. In this emergency, about 

on the loth day of December, 1795. thirty gentlemen of the village came 

The church for whose use it was forward with a contribution of £70, 

•The church edifice had been, during four months, thoroughly renovated, within and without, at an 
expense of some §10,000, mainly by the generosity of IJiram Hitchcock, Esq. It furnishes now one of the 
finest specimens of an old colonial interior to be s-een in New England. 

Historical Add rest 

for which, until repaid, they enjoyed 
privileges in the new chapel similar 
to those thev had in the old. In fif- 
teen years the village had increased 

That building, too, by force of cir- 
cumstances, opened its doors to assem- 
blies not of a religious character — to 
the exercises of Commencement, of 
course ; and in 1795 the New Hamp- 
shire legislature, then of wandering 
habits, held there its annual session, 
and inaugurated with great pomp the 
governor of the state, Mr. Oilman, 
of Exeter. The chapel stood in the 
college yard, a little away from the 
south-west corner of Dartmouth Hall, 
and was remarkable chiefly for its 
acoustic properties. A whisper or the 
tick of a watch in either corner, thanks 
to the arched ceiling, could be dis- 
tinctly heard in the corner diagonally 
opposite, a distance of more than GO 
feet. As college chapel, the building 
served its purpose till 1828, when a 
team of fort}- yoke of oxen drew it 
away, and it was degraded to a barn, 
which only within a few years past 
has ceased to exist. 

But the wonderful growth of col- 
lege and village in the last decade of 
the century made better accommoda- 
tions for public occasions indispensa- 
ble ; and in February, 1794, a confer- 
ence of citizens, held at the dwelling 
of Humphrey Farrar (now Mrs. Wain- 
wright's), formulated plans for the 
house where we now are. About a 
dozen families had been added to the 
population within four years. Presi- 
dent Dwight, who took Hanover in 
his route of travel in September, 1797, 
speaks of about forty houses, sev- 
eral of them, however, to his surprise, 
14 ragged and ruinous." Wealth had 

certainly increased, for the compara- 
tively large sum of £1,500 ($5,000) 
was raised for this object without 
serious difficulty. 

A minimum value was fixed ou the 
pews according to dignity, and in 
April, 1794, privileges of choice were 
offered by auction at the inn of Gen. 
Brewster (afterwards the ** Dart- 
mouth Hotel"). You will, no doubt, 
be interested to know that the pew 
first chosen was No. 1, the front pew 
on the east side of the middle aisle. 
This was valued at £30 ($100), and 
fetched a premium of $40 besides, 
from Ebenezer Woodward, a merchant 
and general factotum, who lived in a 
low house on the crest of the hill 
east of Rollins chapel. The second 
choice fell to General Brewster, who 
selected a wall pew at the north end 
east of the pulpit ; and the third to 
Richard Lang, who likewise took a 
wall pew near the front on the western 
side. President Wheelock and Profes- 
sor Woodward chose seats on the 
middle aisle, a little back from the 
front. The pew contiguous to the 
pulpit on the western side was re- 
served for the pastor's family, and 
was so occupied in my boyhood. The 
preacher himself was from that point, 
I believe, wholly invisible. 

The mode of payment stipulated 
was one not unusual at that period. 
One half was to be in cash as needed, 
and the remainder in beef, pork, 
grain, lumber, and labor at fixed 
prices. Labor was estimated at 3/G 
(58 cents) a day, the workman pro- 
viding his own it victuals and drink." 
The means were wholly furnished 
by individuals, but with the under- 
standing that the college should share 
in the use of the building under 

Historical Address. 

arrangements that still exist. The 
western gallery was first assigned to 
the students. 

The building was 66 feet long and 
60 feet wide, with posts of 30 feet T 
and a "belcony" 15 feet square at 
the south end. The " belcony " was 
50 feet high, with a steeple 50 feet 
more. The hou-:e had 57 windows., 
wholly without blinds, and 66 pews 
of dimensions 7£ feet by 5^ feet.. 
The pews were raised from the aisles 
one step in the middle blocks and two* 
steps on the wall. They were furn- 
ished, of course, with doors, fastened 
with wooden buttons, and for forty 
years were numbered with chalk. The 
east gallery was also, at one time,, 
divided into pews, but never assigned 
in severalty. 

The pulpit was very high, but of a, 
light and graceful pattern, painted 
white, with doors like the pews, and 
a bell-shaped sounding-board sus- 
pended overhead, which I saw some 
years ago in the rubbish of the 
cellar, but now it is gone. Behind 
the pulpit was a large mullioned win- 
dow hung with a curtain, and over it 
a mural tablet inscribed with rays and 
the words, in English and Hebrew 
letters, tk God said let there be light. ** 
Attached to the front of the pulpit 
platform were the deacons' official 
seats, two in number, raised one above 
the other and facing the audience, 
likened irreverently to a comb case-. 

The pews were fitted, on all sides, 
but that of the door, with seats which 
were hinged to be raised in prayer 
time, when by custom (continued till 
recent time) all stood. It followed 
that the seats were generally uneush- 
ioned, and that the resumption of 
them was celebrated bv the crash of 

falling boards, like a volley of musk- 
etry, which announced to any who 
chanced to remain at home the prog- 
ress of the service. 

Twelve years after the house was 
built, it narrowly escaped destruction 
by fire. The roof was ignited from 
a burning dwelling across the street, 
and was saved by the nerve of a stu- 
dent named BickueJJ, who ran out 
upon the ridge with pails of water. 
In 1802 one of the lower windows was 
blown out by a hurricane, and landed 
bodily in the yard of the dwelling at 
the north-east comer of the Green. 
It was restored to place, not a pane 

As first constructed, the house had 
no appliance for heating. With its 
57 windows, one shudders to think of 
it. The ladies were, some of them, 
favored with tin foot-stoves contain- 
ing a pan of coals, but the boys had 
to brave it out. Our venerable friend, 
Judge Nesmith, assures us, that when 
a freshman in 1816, sitting over there 
in the south-east corner by the door, 
his " best foot " was frozen during ser- 
vice. About 1822, contemporaneous 
with radical improvements of the same 
kind in the college building, a large 
stove was brought in, and placed, as 
appears, in the centre of the house. 
Afterwards, doubtless in 1838, two 
chimneys were built at the north end, 
stoves were placed near the doors, 
and the long pipes, suspended over 
the side aisles, dripped creosote dili- 
gently on the floor, and frescoed the 

In the summer of 1827 the adjoin- 
ing residents began to look askance 
at the steeple. It was tall and beau- 
tiful in its proportions, but, being un- 
protected in some of its parts, the tim- 

Historical Address. 

bers were decayed and it appeared 
unsafe. Ropes were procured, the 
timbers were cut, and the 50 feet of 
steeple was with difficulty pulled bod- 
ily over to the ground ; then for about 
a dozen years the square tower or 
4 *belcony" stood alone, capped only 
by an ornamental railing. In the 
meantime the whole structure fell out 
of repair, and in the autumn of 1838, 
under the influence of the pastor, Rev. 
Henry Wood, Prof. Adams, and oth- 
ers, a radical renovation was made. 
The present steeple was erected, the 
old square pews were taken out and 
the present slips of half the width 
substituted, but furnished as before 
with doors, and with buttons this time 
of brass. Half of the windows were 
boarded up, and all were provided 
with blinds. The entire floor was 
raised to the level of the wall pews, 
and the pulpit platform arranged as 
we knew it down to 1877. The pul- 
pit itself remained a year or two, un- 
til replaced by the mahogany desk 
bought by the ladies from the profits 
of a fair held in the hall over the store 
where now Mr. Cobb presides. 

The next important improvement 
was made in 1869, largely through the 
munificence of Mr. Henry C. Lord. 
The foundations were wholly renewed, 
vestibules were built at the side doors, 
and a furnace for wood took the place 
of the stoves. The old chimneys were 
taken away from the north end, and 
a new one was built near the tower, 
and the house was repainted. It was 
also carpeted anew, and the students' 
seats sveve cushioned and widened, 
being as they said too narrow to sleep 
on with safety. The changes made 
in 1877 are v, ell known, when, by the 
expenditure of about $4,000, among 

other things the building was ex- 
tended eleven feet at the north end, 
the galleries were lowered two feet, 
the south gallery narrowed three feet, 
the gallery seats changed in form, and 
the floor of the house, including the 
pews, carpeted anew, all alike. Hith- 
erto the pews had been left to private 
enterprise. Some had been carpeted 
and some had not, and no two were 
alike. When a carpet was first in- 
troduced to the aisles, I am at this 
moment unable to say. 

My imperfect sketch would be inex- 
cusably deficient were I to omit men- 
tion of the provisions made for the 
service of song. The front seats in 
the south gallery were designated for 
the singers before the house was oc- 
cupied. The choir then, as now, was 
drawn chiefly from the students, and 
so great was their interest in the mat- 
ter that President Dwight on his sec- 
ond visit, in 1803, declared that kk nev- 
er (unless in a few instances at Weth- 
ersfield, Conn., many years before) 
had he heard sacred music rendered 
with so much taste and skill." 

The type of the church music of 
that day was the "light and jangling" 
fugue. In 1807, a general revolt took 
place all over New England against 
the use of that sort of tune, and the 
Handel Society was formed in the 
college for the purpose of promoting 
a return to the more solemn style of 
the old masters. Hitter, in his His- 
tory of Music, declares that next to 
the Handel and Haydn Society of 
Boston, the Handel Society of Dart- 
mouth stood in its influence at the 
head of all the numerous similar soci- 
eties of that day. 

At what time instruments were 
first introduced at the church services 


John Calfc — His Horn. 

we cannot definitely say. The Han- 
del Society purchased a bassoon 
in 1808, and in 1820 there is men- 
tion of Esquire Hutchinson's violin 
and Deacon Long's viol. In 18*29 
a bass viol was bought by the society, 
and later a double bass, the only one 
then in the state. Dr. Mussey was 
the master of this instrument, and at 
the same time for twenty years or 
more leader of the choir. In 1839 a 
trombone was purchased, to be played 
by sophomore Tyler, and a post born 
in 1S42. The extent and quality of 
the orchestra varied, of course, with 
the varying degrees of musical talent 
afforded by the society. 

In July, 1852, through the efforts 
of Professor Brown, the organ, till 
now in use, was purchased at a cost 
of a little more than 61,000, and 
placed in the south gallery, where it 
remained till removed, in 1877, to the 
north-east corner of the lower floor. 
It is to that instrument that the bovs 

of the village (myself included) arc 
indebted for their musical education, 
— contracted from the bellows-handle. 

I feel that apology is due for this 
bald and hasty sketch, confined of ne- 
cessity to the barest material details 
of construction and repair. It will not 
be forgotten, that, as the place for all 
general gatherings, religious and sec- 
ular, there is another side to its his- 
tory which both time and ability would 
fail me to describe. It would be hard 
to over-estimate the service the old 
house has rendered to the college and 
the community. 

With what feelings of Gratitude 
and wonder would the generous and 
far-seeing men who built it behold it 
now, by modern taste and generosity 
faultlessly complete, in the style of 
their own period, to a degree of beau- 
ty and comfort beyond their most 
fanciful dreams ! Long may it sur- 
vive, a blessing to all who dwell un- 
der its shadow. 


In one of my rambles last summer 
I stopped at a farm-house, and was 
invited to enter. After alluding to 
the topics of the day, the lady of the 
house said she had a Revolutionary 
relic which she would like to show 
me. She then brought out John 
Calfe's powder-horn, saying it had 
descended to her as an heirloom ; 
said she would like to have me write 
a description of it, and print it. 
After admiring the delicate etching 
with which it is ornamented, I told 
her I would take it home, with her 
permission, and have it photographed. 

The idea pleased the lady, and the 
pictures I send you are the result of 
inv promise. 

The horn is quite large, of the 
regulation size to contain two pounds 
of powder. It is elaborately fringed 
in the border, the figures being etched 
with exactness, showing great skill 
in the use of the penknife, with which 
it is said the whole work was done. 
The horn is in perfect condition, 
and is a beautiful memento of those 
days of trial which made heroes of 
common men. 

The legend inscribed on it is as 

John Calfe — Mis Horn. 


follows, and is etched the whole 
length of the horn : 

" IVliat I contain shall freely go. 

To bring a haughty tyrant low. 


His Horn Made at 

Mount Independence April 1777 " 

Ou the reverse side of tiie horn is 
etched a correct plan of the military 
works ou both banks of the lake, in- 
cluding the forts, redoubts, batteries, 
barracks, gunboats, and officers quar- 
ters. The old " French lines," formed 
for the defence of Ticonderoga, are 
shown; also, the "Way to Crowia 
Point," "To the Mills" which they 
had built. The "South Bay" is showra, 
with vessels of one and two masts rid- 
iug at anchor near by. In the bottom 
of the horn is a mirror, nicely insert- 
ed, with which the captain was woei 
to shave himself, and perhaps admire 
his own countenance. On the whole., 
this relic from " Mount Indepen- 
dence" is thrilliugly interesting. It 
would be a great prize in any collee- 
tion of relics. Its examination had 
the effect to fill me with the desire to 
learn somewhat about i4 Mount Inde- 
pendence" and the unfortunate brave 
men who stood guard and ward 
within its fated walls. After vainly 
searching in many histories and en- 
cyclopedias, I found what I desired 
in an old volume, entitled " The 
History of the British P2mpire from 
the year 1765 to the end 1783 — By a 
society of gentlemen — Philadelphia, 

Mount Independence is a high, cir- 
cular hill, on the Vermont shore of 
the inlet opposite Fort Ticonderoga. 
On the summit of this hill, which is 
table land, was erected a star-fort 
enclosing a large square of barracks, 

well fortified, and supplied with artil- 
lery. The foot of the mount, which 
projected into the water on the west 
side, was strongly intrenched to its 
edge, and the entreuchmeuts we'll 
lined with artillery. A battery about 
half way up the mount sustained and 
covered these lower works. The col- 
onists also joined the two forts 
(Ticonderoga and Mount Indepen- 
dence) by a bridge of communication 
throwu over the inlet. The bridge 
was built upon sunken piers of very 
large timbers, strongly fastened to- 
gether by chains and rivets. The 
side of the bridge next to Lake 
Cham plain was defended by a boom 
of very large timber fastened together 
by riveted bolts and double chains, 
one inch and a half square. By 
this work communication was main- 
tained between the two forts, but 
access by water was totally cut off on 
the northern side. 

The strength of Ticonderoga with 
all its outlying defences was, how- 
ever, only apparent. It was effect- 
ually commanded by Sugar Hill, an 
eminence near by, and which General 
St. Clair who was in command failed 
to secure. 

These extensive works were garri- 
soned by about 3500 men, and among 
them was Col. Pierse Long's regi- 
ment, from the neighborhood of 
Dover and Piscataqua, and John 
Calfe, lawyer, was a Captain. 

On the 5th of July, 1777, the royal 
army, led by Gen. Burgoyne, had 
almost finished their approaches to 
the works, Sugar Hill having been 
instantly seized by Gen. Phillips. A 
council of war was held. It was 
there decided that only immediate 
evacuation of both forts could save 

John Qalfe — His Horn, 

the troops. The baggage of the 
army, with such artillery, stores, and 
provisions as time would permit, was 
dispatched on 200 batteaux up South 
Bay to Skenesboro, the main army 
marching by Castleton for the same 
place. But they were pursued and 
attacked by Gen. Reidesel with such 
force and energy that St. Clair's 
army, already demoralized by lack of 
confidence in their officers, was near- 
ly utterly destroyed. 

One hundred and twenty-eight 
pieces of artillery, stores, and pro- 
visions of all kinds and of great 
value were captured. 

lt The retreat of the garrison 
proved more ruinous than a surrender 
upon any terms. Gen. Burgoyne 
concluded the pursuit in person by 
water. The bridge and other works. 
which had cost ten months' hard 
labor, were ruined in less than as 
many hours." 

On the 7th of July the main body 
of the retreating army was attacked 
by Gen. Fraser and totally defeated, 
with a loss of 800 killed and wounded 
and 200 prisoners. Many of the 
wounded were left to perish miser- 
ably in the woods. The loss to the 
British was trifling— 200 or 300 
killed and wounded. 

It was a sad disaster to the Patriot 
cause, and a deep gloom settled over 
the minds of the people. Loud com- 
plaints were uttered against St. Clair 
and his general officers, charging 
them with losing their heads, and 
incompetency. A court of inquiry 

was ordered, and Gen. St. Clair was 
relieved from the command, and or- 
dered to report at head-quarters. 

Capt. John Calfe was born in 
Newbury, Mass., 1740, — a descend- 
ant of Robert Calfe, an eminent 
merchant of Boston, who strenuously 
opposed the government and church 
crusade against witches in Salem. 
He was author of "More Wonders of 
the Invisible World," printed in Lon- 
don, 1700; died at Roxbury, 1719. 
Many years Capt. John was a resi- 
dent of Hampstead, N. H., where he 
was held in high honor. He was 
deacon of the church thirty-five 
years, judge of the court of common 
pleas twenty-five years. According 
to tradition, nearly every office in the 
government was thrust upon him, 
whether he wanted it or not. At 
the age of eighteen he was an under 
officer in the war against the French 
and Indians, in 1758. In Dec, 1776, 
he was captain in Col. Pierse Long's 
regiment stationed at Piscataqua. 
Then the regiment was ordered by 
Gen. Ward to reinforce the army 
before Ticonderoga, and marched for 
that point in Feb., 1777. It was 
while stationed here that he etched 
with his penknife the plan of all 
those great military works upon his 
powder-horn, which has come down 
as an heirloom among his descend- 
ants, and is now the property of 
Mrs. Stephen Morse, a great-great- 
granddaughter of the old judge, who 
died in 1808, aged 68 years. 

On Rum Hill. 13 

By Laura Garlaxd Carr. 

We climb Ram hill, a grassy slope. 

This afternoon in May ; 
The kine look up in mild surprise, 

To watch our upward way ; 
The dandelions show their gold, 

The violets their blue ; 
Each tree and shrub flings out its green 

In spring's most dainty hue. 

We follow up the low stone wall 

To where the little tree, 
Umbrella-like, spreads wide its shade 

To welcome you and me ; 
And from the mossy rocks beneath, 

We watch the bluebirds' flight, 
And hear the sparrows talking love 

From somewhere out of sight 

I say I think the sweetest time 

Of all the year is May ; 
And now you point where Pembroke's street 

Runs its long, slanting way, 
And bid me note the meeting-house 

That stands half -mountain high — 
An ancient, dingy, peaked speck, 

Clear marked against the sky. 

A corner of the Lower Bridge 

Peeps out amid the green, 
And, just below, a tiny bit 

Of river blue is seen, 
That like a bright brooch seems to hold 

The bushy frill in -place, 
That draws its puffy line beneath 

The sand-bluff's yellow face. 

Flitting along the city's length, 

Like gay young things in play, 
Cloud-shadows chase each other down, 

Racing in wanton way : 
And after them the sunshine comes, 

Lighting up roof and spire, 
Till the old state-house eagle's wings ' 

Flash out like flames of fire. 

Where the long, level lines of road 

Go winding into town, 
Like mottled bugs the moving teams 

Are creeping up and down ; 
While o'er the sunny intervale, 

Marked off with wall and line, 
The pleasant homes are dotted round 

With quiet, browsing kine. 


About Pictures and Faces 

Oh, peace and comfort everywhere ! 

What is there now to show 
Of the fierce struggles, toils, and cares 

In days of long ago. 
When from the " howling wilderness " 

And from the Indian foe 
Our ancestors reclaimed the land, 

And made the harvests grow ! 

JSorght but the lettered monument 

Down there a little way — 
Poised on its top a wild bird sits, 

Trilling its roundelay : 
And vaguely dim old memories 

Gleamed from historic page, 
So framed about with childish joys 

They scarce a thought engage. 

Then in the winey, sweet May air 

Let 's toast the pioneers 
Who gave to us our happy homes. 

Redeemed through strife and fears ; 
Oh ! may their well earned rest be full, 

And, on the heavenly strand, 
May they be first to enter in 

The promised Better Land. 

Concord, N. H. 


By Fred Myron Colby. 

" "When from the sacred garden driven 

Man fled before his Maker's wrath, 
An angel left her place in heaven, 

And crossed the wanderer's sunless path. 
Twas Art, sweet Art! new radiance broke 

When her light foot flew o'er the ground, 
And thus, with seraph voice she spoke: 

'The curse a blessing shall be found!' " 

We have no Louvre or Vatican, no 
Dresden Gallery with miles of paint- 
ings, in America. We are not an art- 
loving or art-patronizing people, per- 
haps, in the strictest sense of the 
word. Yet there is gradually grow- 
ing among us a finer culture, a more 
thorough appreciation of ethics, than 
have marked any preceding genera- 
tion. Many of our wealthiest citi- 
zens have private collections of stat- 

uary and paintings that speak well 
for this increasing interest in art ; 
and in almost every large city there 
is an Art Gallery, where the public 
14 without money and without price " 
can study the best works of the great- 
est masters. New York, Philadel- 
phia, Chicago, Boston, and Washing- 
ton have each a large building devoted 
to art treasures, — painting, statuary, 
ceramic ware, and valuable bric-a- 
brac, — where one can behold lovely 
and glorious works that in some re- 
spects are not surpassed on the other 
side of the Atlantic. We are not go. 
ing to attempt a description of any of 
these buildiugs or collections now, 

About Pictures and Faces. 


our chief intent being to set before 
the reader a few studies that we saw 
during a recent visit at the Corcoran 
Art Gallery in Washington. 

How differently the same subjects 
are rendered by writers, painters, and 
sculptors, according as they sympa- 
thize with their subject, or not ! I 
once saw a "Charlotte Corday led 
to Execution," beautiful as a woman 
could be, but quite capable of wicked- 
ness. Her face was that of a real 
assassin, a murderess, aud might have 
answered for a Lady Macbeth or a 
Clytemuestra. I suspect the painter 
was a bitter red Jacobin. In the 
Corcoran Gallery there is a painting 
of " Charlotte Corday in Prison" that 
is very different. It represents the 
heroine looking through the iron bars 
of her prison window. Her dress is 
that of a Breton rustic, and a tricolor 
ribbon ornaments her cap. She rests 
her weary form upon her right arm. 
The same hand holds a pen, and sup- 
ports the drooping head and pale, 
beautiful face. Her features are of 
the noblest beauty ; the mouth declares 
a resolute will ; and there is a rare 
fascination in the quiet, mournful 
eyes. You know, as well as if the 
painter had told you himself, that 
he was an admirer of this heroic 
peasant girl, who braved death and 
dishonor for the sake of her country. 

One lingers long at another picture 
close beside this one — "The Vestal 
Tuccia," by Hector Leroux. In fine 
harmony the artist has combined 
purity and excellent conception of 
design with cool, chaste coloring, and 
an admirable knowledge of technique. 
The whole interest of the picture, 
however, converges upon the form of 
the vestal virgin. There she stands, 

the beautiful priestess Tuccia, charged 
with the gravest offence which could 
be brought against her profession, 
with all the beauty which youth aud 
the climate of her own Italy could 
give her, poised on the bank of the yel- 
low Tiber, with a sieve in hand, while 
distant masses of the people, a near 
group of vestals, and a solitary fisher- 
boy in the background, watch her in 
eager expectation of the issue of the 
miraculous test. It will be a long time 
before one cau forget the stately grace 
of the elegant patrician figure clad 
only in its white stola, and the delicate 
beauty and purity of that face which 
might be that of a Madonna, but which 
has also the pride of an Empress. 

A "Scene at Fontainbleu" is a 
picture of a bosky lane in that royal 
French domain. At a distance through 
the vista is seen the grand chateau, 
with its towers, windows, balconies, 
and terraces, while in the foreground 
is an old-fashioned young lady who 
may well be Agnes Sorel, or the elev- 
enth Louis's liege queen, Charlotte of 
Savoy, so queenly is her mien, so 
regal are her robes. Her rich amber 
brocade is lifted with one hand and 
shows her white embroidered skirt, 
while a symmetrical foot and ankle 
peep from beneath it. She has a sweet 
young face, yet there is fire and pride 
there too. For such a face knights 
have before now risked their lives in 
the tourney and on battle-fields. She 
is attended by a noble-looking hound, 
haughty and handsome and faithful 
as Llewellyn's in the old, old story. 

The next notable picture is the 
" Talking Well." We have seen that 
maiden somewhere before. Is it 
Elaine who guarded the shield of 
Launcelot? Certainly she is fair 


About Pictures and Faces. 

enough, but that lily grace and old- 
time dress are lacking. Nor is it 
Rebekah nor Maud Muller. Ah, I 
remember now. She is the girl who 
went to school with me, and was my 
playmate in many childish games. 
The same dress, the same face. She 
stands leoning upon the pitcher that 
she has just filled to the britn from 
the fountain. Hers is a charming 
figure, and the arch smile gives her 
face a piquant beauty that accords 
well with her rustic garb. The sun 
lights up her crimson bodice ; and the 
saucy fellow who bends over the low 
wall, in slashed scarlet jacket and 
jaunty cap and plumes, page of " my 
lord," ought to have his ears boxed. 

One of the realistic, dramatic pieces 
of Jean Gerome hangs up on one side 
of the room, where the light never 
touches it, a weird, powerful picture 
that haunts one: " Caesar Dead." 
The transitoriness of human greatness 
was never brought out so strongly 
before as the artist has represented 
it here. There is the world's great 
master lying stretched alone on the 
pavement, his chair fallen, his robes 
blood-stained, the wide, marble-paved 
senate chamber dusty and deserted, 
the pillars sprinkled with blood, the 
circlet of golden leaves fallen from 
his brow, — all vulgar accessories kept 
from sight, save the imposing row 
of columns, the base of Pompey's 
statue, and the stony stare of horror 
from the Medusa in the pavement, dab- 
bled with the bloody foot-prints of the 
conspirators — a gloomy, awful, but 
perfect scene of crime and loneliness. 

M O mighty Caesar ! dost thou lie so 
low? Are all thy conquests, glories, 
triumphs, spoils, shrunk to this little 

There was a portrait of " A Lady" 
that I gazed upon with a devouring 
but vain curiosity to pierce the story 
of her mystery and her fate. This 
unknown beauty, supposed to be one 
of Lely's female heads, perhaps one 
of that fair bevy of lovely women 
who shone a star in the firmament of 
Whitehall or Hampton Court, is rep- 
resented by a woman in the bloom of 
youth, with Juno's magnificence and 
Diana's grace in every outline of her 
person. With a sigh of baftled inter- 
est I gaze upon the fine contour of 
the face, the open, expausive brow, 
the ripe, rich, curving lips, the lovely 
neck, the exquisite bust, calling upon 
my imagination to supply the lack of 
tradition, and asking such questions 
as Lord Byron asks of Cecilia Metella, 
with as little possibility of being an- 
swered : 

" Was she chaste and fair? 
What race of chiefs and heroes did she bear? 
What daughter of her beauties was the heir? 
How lived, how loved, how died she?" 

The gallery is rich in portraits of 
famous and great men, — scholars, 
statesmen, and rulers. We pause 
and gaze upon them long. How 
strangely diverse human faces are, 
each distinct feature being indica- 
tive of individual character ! Why do 
some faces repel and others attract 
u$? Is it not on account of the char- 
acter of the person that lies behind 
the mask of the features? Mr. Cor- 
coran's face pleased me, it has such 
a hale, peaceful, benevolent , look. 
Ex-President John Tyler's did not. 
It is fine and chiselled — and proud. 
It is haudsome and intellectual, but 
I should not have liked him for a 
friend. Even Guizot's face, grand 
as it is, does not attract you. There 

About Pictures and Faces 


is in it a suggestion of nervousness. 
Yet what a noble man he was ! He 
was one who helped the world. 

The small, thin face of John Ran- 
dolph of Roanoake, with his mobile 
mouth, clear, bright eyes, and lofty 
forehead, is both attractive and repel- 
lent. The portrait holds you with a 
strange fascination. We all remember 
this singular and eccentric personage, 
the boasting descendant of Pocahon- 
tas, the petulant, caustic, and capri- 
cious man, the fiery orator, the only 
speaker whom Henry Clay ever 
feared. Well, he looks down from 
the wall just as he looked to his con- 
temporaries in congress, when, tall, 
slender, and arrogant, he stalked into 
the Hall of Representatives booted 
and spurred, whip in hand, and his 
hounds behind him, to tilt with Clay 
and Webster. You can imagine him 
pointing his long, skinny finger at 
his enemy, and hurling his invective, 
sarcasm, and syllogism against those 
who opposed him in debate. You do 
not observe any of that youthful look 
which distinguished him at the time 
he was first sworn in and he was 
asked by the clerk if he was of legal 
age, when he retorted in his charac- 
teristic manner, " Go ask my constit- 
uents," but the absence of beard, his 
bright eyes, his hectic cheeks, make 
him appear younger than he was. 

His great and life-long enemy, 
Henry Clay, with whom he fought 
a duel while in the Senate, looks down 
very calmly from the same wall in 
brotherly proximity, as though the 
two had never stood facing each other 
in mortal combat. The face of Clay- 
is rugged with power. It is a strongs 
and a finer face than Randolph s, 
though not a more intellectual one. 

His forehead is no higher, but it is 
broader. There was a massiveness 
about Clay which Randolph lacked. 
Both were natural orators, but while 
Randolph was rapid, fiery, caustic, aud 
vehement, Clay was smooth, pliable, 
logical, aud convincing. More flowery 
oratory never flowed from the lips of 
any man than from those of Henry 
Clay. Randolph was irascible, abrupt, 
and arbitrary ; Clay was always the 
polished gentleman, and perhaps only 
two other men of his time equalled 
him in dignity of bearing and courtli- 
ness of address. These were Aaron 
Burr and Andrew Jackson. 

It rests one to turn from Randolph's 
portrait to that of Clay. You can 
almost see the fire in Randolph's eyes, 
and hear the withering invective or 
cruel irony issuing from the thin, 
nervous lips. But Clay's face is 
serene as au archangel's, aud though 
he could be earnest enough, he always 
strove to convince rather than to 
annoy or irritate. Strong common- 
sense seems written all over the face 
of the " Mill boy of the slashes," and 
Athenian culture is strongly commin- 
gled with American shrewdness and 
penetration. There was not so much 
difference in the moral qualities of 
the men ; both could gamble, bet at 
horse-racing, and fight duels, but I 
fancy Clay would have been the 
better neighbor, the more agreeable 

We linger before two other portraits 
and study them well. They belong 
to two men who were distinguished 
personages in their generation. Their 
very names carried prestige and influ- 
ence, and they are honored to-day in 
our valhalla of heroes — Calhoun and 
Webster. For forty years these 


About Pictures arid Paces. 

three, — Clay, Webster, and Calhoun, 
— ruled the minds and hearts of their 
countrymen with absolute" sover- 
eignty. They were the three noblest 
citizens of the Republic, three great 
uncrowned kings. And there are 
their portraits speaking to us from 
the walls. Webster's grand, massive 
head and dark, swarthy countenance, 
with the burning eyes and Homeric 
forehead, are unmatched in power,- 
but there are elements of weakness in 
them. There is too much pride, too 
much voluptuousness, too much ali- 
mentiveness. Such a man could be 
great, but he could not always be 
good without constant fighting with 
the flesh and the devil. And Webster 
sometimes yielded, — too often, even 
on the admission of those who knew 
him best and respected him most. 
Beside his, the face of Calhoun looks 
like that of a saint. 

John C. Calhoun was the purest of 
all our statesmen, purest in deed and 
in principle ; but I must confess I 
never understood the man till I saw 
his portrait in the Art Gallery. That 
massive Roman face, with the clear 
cut, noble features, the deep, cavern- 
ous eyes, iron countenance, and com- 
pressed lips, tells what he was. It was 
easy to read why he was never Pres- 
ident of the United States. His 
earnest and unconquerable indepen- 
dence of character left him without 
a national party ; his incorruptible 
purity and integrity left him without 
intrigue or policy ; and the naturally 
metaphysical bent of his genius 
swayed mind, not the masses. He 
could electrify the souls of the few, 
but he could not carry the hearts of 
the multitude by storm. Clay could 
do that, but Calhoun never. 

Clay was our Demosthenes, Webster 
our Cicero. Calhoun had the severity 
of Cato and the logic of Phocion. 
Clay could mould the people to his 
will, Webster could magnetize a 
Senate ; but let ten men of solid at- 
tainments be picked out for judge 
and jury, and nine of the ten would 
have yielded to the iron logic of 
Calhoun. As an orator his chief 
characteristics were clearness of 
analysis, simplicity, appropriateness, 
and power of expression, and a sub- 
dued and lofty earnestness. He very 
rarely indulged in tropes aud figures, 
and seldom left any doubt as to his 
meaning. In elevation and nobility 
of character he resembles Pericles 
more than any other man in American 

As an orator pure aud simple, Clay 
of the great triumvirate perhaps ex- 
celled. He depended more upon his 
voice, his gestures, his appeals to the 
emotions, than upon coherency or fac- 
ulty of statement ; declamation was 
his forte. Webster's oratory was 
impassioned but less declamatory ; 
breadth and richness of illustration 
were his great points. The force of 
Calhoun's oratory depended on clear 
statement, close reasoning, and keen 
retort. Although rhetorically brilliant, 
his speeches read better than when he 
uttered them. Webster did some 
fine writing : his literary remains are 
models of noble English, — but to have 
heard them, to have listened to those 
glowing sentences as they thus thun- 
dered from his lips — that was the 
experience of a life-time. 

No three men as great, as marked in 
genius, as commanding in their influ- 
ence, have lived since their time. 
Sumner, Seward, and Chase were in 

The Rebellion. 


a degree smaller men, — at least, they 
lacked the inherent genius to be what 
their predecessors were. Of the three 
former, Clay was undoubtedly the 
greatest genius, — that is, nature made 
him more than the others ; he was less 
influenced by circumstances. What 
he was he would have been in any 
other time and place ; he would always 
have been the orator, Webster had 
the most massive brain : he was Jove 
always, whether the others were Mer- 
cury or Apollo. But as a man, a citi- 

zen, a husband, and father, Johu C. 
Calhoun was much ' k the noblest Ro- 
man of them all." As Webster said of 
him, "he had the basis, the indispu- 
table basis, of all high character, — 
unspotted integrity, and honor unim- 
peachable;" eloquence, knowledge, 
goodness ; and the last is the greatest 
of them all ; — so, while I bow to Clay 
and take off my hat to Webster, I 
shall kneel to Calhoun, the spotless, 
the simple, the profound. 


Major Edward E. Stcrtevant, of 
the Fifth, said to have been the first 
man from New Hampshire to enlist 
in the Union army, was born in 
Keene, August 7, 1826 ; was a print- 
er, and, at the opening of the con- 
flict, was employed in Concord on 
the police force. He enlisted 226 
men, and was commissioned captain 
in the First. He was commissioned 
captain of Company A, of the Fifth, 
October 12, 1861, and was promoted 
to major July 3, 1862. He was 
killed at Fredericksburg, Va., Decem- 
ber 13, 1862, and was buried on the 
field of battle. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Albert 
Henderson", of the Seventh, was a 
son of Capt. Samuel H. Henderson, 
and was born in Dover, December 1, 
1833. He fitted at Gilmanton, and 
graduated at Bowdoin college in 1855. 
He was the principal of the Franklin 
academy at Dover for three 3'ears, 
read law with Woodman and Doe, and 

graduated at Harvard Law School in 
1861. November 4 he was commis- 
sioned adjutant of the Seventh ; pro- 
moted to major August 26, 1862 ; 
lieutenant-colonel August 22, 1863 ; 
and was mortally wounded at Deep 

Run, August 16, 

buried in 


1864. He was 
Hill cemetery, 

Colonel Edward Ephraim Cross, 
of the Fifth, son of Hon. Ephraim 
Cross, was born in Lancaster, April 
22, 1832. At the breaking out of 
the war he was in command of a 
garrison in Mexico. He immediately 
resigned, hastened home, volunteered, 
and was commissioned colonel of the 
Fifth, September 27, 1861. His 
early manhood had been one of ad- 
venture on the plains of the West, 
where he had acquired much military 
experience and shown his dauntless 
bravery. Colonel Cross was killed 
at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863. He 
was buried in Lancaster. 


My Lord Bangs, 

By the Author of "The Widow Wyse.' 

Chapter VIII. 


It was a fascinating picture that 
My Lord Bangs gazed upon, and no 
one would have dreamed that it had 
been carefully draped and arrang- 
ed as to lights and shades. Mar- 
gery was careless in matters of dress, 
but she showed the true artistic sense 
in the arrangement of her bits of 
color, and her effects were marvel- 
lously picturesque. 

She noted her old tormentor's start 
of pleased surprise, with a feeling of 
entire satisfaction. She was fully 
alive to the importance of first im- 
pressions, and had acted accordingly. 
She knew that in order to punish 
effectually, she must first charm ; and 
she meant to punish him — yes, to the 
utmost — for all that he had made her 
suffer in the past. She had practised 
the sweeping courtesy she would make 
him, and had rehearsed the cold, cour- 
teous greeting he was to receive. But 
when he came to her, eager, smiling, 
surprised out of his usual languid in- 
difference, and handsomer than ever, 
holding out his hand with cordial 
words of welcome, she could not, 
without positive rudeness, refuse it. 
Indeed, she found herself responding 
to his greeting with a surprising 
degree of warmth, considering her 
firm resolutions. 

She was vexed with herself, how- 
ever, directly, and would not be 
detained by flattering compliments. 
He begged for a rose from the basket 
she had just gathered, as she turned 

1 Copyr 

to go in, but she shook her head and 
pointed laughingly to the garden, 
saying, — 

" Help yourself, there are plenty 

"Where the dickens did she get 
her style !" he said to himself, look- 
ing after her admiringly. " That 
gown is awfully fetching. I wish 

Edith Who would have dreamed 

that little Margery could change to 
such a degree! She's had a narrow 
escape from being a regular beauty. 
A full-fledged young lady, too, by 
Jove !" He debated with himself 
whether he should follow her, but 
finally decided against it. So inti- 
mate a relation existed between the 
families that the thought to ask him 
in did not occur to Margery. He 
came and went as he chose. Mar- 
gery was not quite satisfied with the 
interview. She felt that she had 
seemed too cordial, but she could 
hardly have helped it under the cir- 

"Of course I couldn't be rude to 
him," she said in apology to herself. 
"But he will soon see that I don't 
care for fine speeches, certainly not 
from him." 

He strolled over after dinner — his 
duty to Edith required that — but he 
was experiencing a new sensation, 
and was impatient for Margery's vis- 
itor, — who was a pretty, uninteresting- 
sort of girl, and quite abashed by my 
lord's grandiloquent manner, — to be 
gone. He allowed Geoffrey, who was 
ww equal to that sort of thing." to take 
her about the grounds, and point out 
g!.t, i889. 

My Lord Bangs, 


the beauties of the place, while he 
planned to follow after in a leisurely 
manner with Edith and Margery.. But 
he might as well have expected a bird 
to fly down and perch upon his finger 
at his call, as that Margery should 
walk at his pace. She was distract- 
ingh T pretty as she flew hither and 
thither, with rose-flushed cheeks, her 
tumbled hair full of golden lights, 
beguiling them with bits of bright 
talk, snatches of gay song, aud soft, 
happy laughter. On she went until 
she reached the highest point of the 
grounds, a hill overlooking the town. 

4k Come up ! " she cried joyously to 
the others. ' k Nothing could be love- 
lier than this view. It is glorious. 
How wide aud straight the streets 
are ! Do you notice, Kathie," to her 
visitor, < 4 how nearly the branches of 
the grand old trees touch each other 
in the street at the right? It 's like 
a perfect bower. And the river, how 
still it is — how like a ribbon it lies 
between the fresh green banks I" 

*' One would think by your rhap- 
sodies, Miss Margery, that this was 
your first visit here," said My Lord 
Bangs, with an indulgent smile. 

" I have been here hundreds of 
times," answered Margery, quickly, 
'* but I never appreciated the view 
before. Surely our lines have fallen 
in pleasant places," she added, as 
though to herself. She was silent 
after this. Indeed, the spirit of si- 
lence seemed to fall upon all, as they 
seated themselves upon some rustic 
benches to watch the sun go down. 
Geoffrey stood leaning against a tree, 
apart from the rest, with folded arms, 
his eyes fixed upon the little group 
with a keen appreciation of the dif- 
ferent emotions depicted on each 

countenance. Margery, with a rapt 
expression on her mobile face, her 
bright hair luminous in the suushine, 
was gazing at the panorama spread 
out before her; Edith, with that inde- 
finable charm which arises from an 
exquisite perfection of figure and 
graceful attitudes, her inborn pride 
showing itself in the slight quiver of 
her delicate nostrils, had her dark 
eyes fixed intently upon her sister. 
" Look at Margery," she had just 
said to her companion. 

'■' Aw, yes," adjusting his eyeglass 
and looking at her critically. " Her 
costume is decidedly fetching, and her 
pose is not bad — not bad at all. Geoff, 
should sketch her. I think he might 
do it. He 's rather clever at those 

"Then you think her improved? " 
said Edith much gratified. 

t1, 1 should scarcely know her for 
the same Margery," he answered. " I 
was convinced some time ago that 
with necessary training she would 
become all that we could wish." This 
was said with the air of one who 
could say, " You see I was right. It 
was my insistance that has brought 
about this desirable result." 

"How killing handsome he is!" 
Kathie Dinsmore was saying to her- 
self. "I wish I was n't so awfully 
afraid of him. I envy Margery Jos- 
selyn with all my heart : I don't see 
how she can seem so indifferent." 

They stayed until the pearly gray 
around the far-off hills had deepened 
to purple. The rugged granite bould- 
ers stood out grim and dark in the 
gathering twilight, and the willows 
waved mournfully beside the black 
serpentine river. 

Margery shivered slightly as she 


My Lord Bangs. 

felt the night dews falling, aud rising 
with a half sigh, she led the way in 
silence down the long pathway to the 
house, seemingly oblivious of every- 
thing around her. Bat with the lights 
came a quick change. She was an 
April child, a coquette by nature. 
There was a witchery about her that 
no one could withstand. My Lord 
Bangs had made up his mind, with 
characteristic self-confidence, that she 
could be easily moulded to suit his 
ideas, but was forced to acknowledge 
at the end of a few weeks that he 
couldn't make her out. He utterly 
failed to impress her with his own 
importance. That there was to be 
peace between them was assured at 
the outset. Edith was happy to note 
that, but Margery was not to be de- 
pended upon for anything further 
than that. She was a delicious little 
sprite, very wilful, very capricious, 
but very charming withal, and she 
amused, tormented, and angered him 
by turns. She had heard of his nick- 
name, and called him by it on all pos- 
sible occasions. She laughed at his 
airs, and forced him to be natural. 
Sometimes she received him in a 
pretty, shy way' that was very flat- 
tering. Then, again, she kept him 
at a distance by an absurd degree of 
dignity, until he vowed to himself 
that he would take no more notice of 
her. She failed in her promise to 
drive with him a few days after her 
return. There had been no hour 
fixed, to be sure, but my lord evi- 
dently expected her to be ready and 
waiting, at whatever hour he chose 
to present himself ; but he did n't 
quite know Margery. No sooner had 
she seen the handsome, high-stepping 
bays brought out, than a wicked idea 

flashed iuto her mischievous little 
head. She flew to a small, unused 
room at the top of the house, and as 
soon as she heard the impatient paw- 
ing of the spirited animals at the 
door (my lord prided himself on his 
thoroughbreds), she stationed herself 
at the window and peeped through 
the blinds. 

*' They will never think to look for 
me here," she said. Pretty soon she 
heard Edith's voice, " Margery, dear, 
where are you?'' Then a few minutes 
later to a servant, " Katy, find Miss 
Margery, and tell her the carriage is 

" Oh, yes, tell Miss Margery, if you 
can find her ! " said that young lady 
softly from her hiding-place. " Now 
my lord begins to be impatient, soon 
he'll be furious. My lord in a tem- 
per will be very interesting. Oh, I 
long to see him in a temper ! Now 
he looks as though he would like to 
strike somebody with his whip. He 
does n't dare to snap it for fear of the 
horses. How handsome they are ! 
How I should like to drive them ! 
That's an awfully swell turnout. My 
lord's thoroughbreds, as sure as my 
name . is Margery ! l Lord Bangs !' 
Does n't that lust suit him ? Joe Whit- 
tlesey says that everybody calls him 
that. Kathie says he's 'killing hand- 
some,' and I don't mind acknowledg- 
ing that he's quite the handsomest 
young man 1 have ever seen, — and 
such a swell ! Oh, they '11 be a lovely 
couple, he and Edith ! Well," with a 
sigh, "beauty is n't everything. I 
would n't fall in love with a man just 
for his beauty. Gracious ! I do be- 
lieve he's going to drive off. How 
vexed he is ! What fun ! There he 
goes ! 1 almost wish I were with him 

My Lord Bangs, 

though. Those horses are superb! 
Now, I'm going over to see Geoffrey. 
No. he *s coming back, and — yes ! 
Edith, dear girl, is going with hira. 
He does n't look more than half pleas- 
ed, the ungrateful wretch ! She 's too 
good for him, a great deal too good 
for him. To think that he should 
prefer poor little me ! It is n't be- 
cause he cares, though. It's only 
because he had made up his mind 
to take me, and did n't like to be 
thwarted ; and the conceited thing 
thought I 'd be beside myself with joy 
at the privilege. Bah! I'll go and 
see Geoffrey." 

44 Where have you been hiding, lit- 
tle girl?" asked her friend as she 
came in. 

44 How did you know?" she an- 
swered quickly. lk Did you see me?" 

li I didn't know," he said, 4t but I 
am good at guessing. So it seems 
that you have been playing one of 
your old childish tricks. Fie ! Miss 
Margery ! How could you be so 
naughty? One would think that a 
drive with a handsome young man, 
behind a pair of thoroughbreds like 
those of my cousin's, would be an 
enjoyable recreation." 

Margery looked grieved for a mo- 
ment. Her pretty lip quivered, and 
tears seemed just ready to spring to 
the soft blue eyes bent so appeaiingly 
on her companion. Then the spirit 
of mischief broke forth in smiles upon 
her countenance. 

44 I am going to tell you all about 
it," she said. ik I know you will 
think me silly and childish, but if you 
bad seen him looking so pompous, 
*vith such an air of conferring a great 
favor, you would n't blame me. I 
really cOuld n't help it. 1 ran up 

stairs and hid. It would have been 
more dignified if I had goue down to 
Kate Langdou's, but I didn't think 
of it in season ; and then I should 
have lost the fun of seeing him angry. 
I came over to be scolded, but — but, 
I won't be scolded !" her blue eyes 
dashing. " I did just right. Why 
did n't he come over and ask me 
when it would be my pleasure to 
drive? I acted like a child because 
I was treated like a child. 4 If you '11 
be a very good girl you may take a 
drive with me, by and by,' says My 
Lord Bangs. - If you'll be a very 
good girl you shall have some bon- 
bons.' No, I thank you ; I won't be 
treated like a child, and I won't be 
patronized. I am almost eighteen, 
and he shall treat me politely. Now, 
am I not right? Say I am right, 
Geoffrey, and I'll never do so again." 

44 You are right to a certain ex- 
tent," answered her companion. "You 
are right to the extent of insisting 
upon being treated with courtesy, but 
a gentle dignity is generally more 
effective " 

"' I'm not a bit like Edith," broke 
in Margery, with a sigh. 

44 You could n't have a better mod- 
el," answered Geoffrey, quickly. 

*' I know that, but if I were Edith 
I should n't be Margery, and some 
people like Margery very much," she 
answered with charming naivete. 

4 * That is very true, my dear child," 
he answered, 44 but " 

44 Now you are going to spoil it 
ail," she broke in with her prettiest 
pout. 44 I know you were going to 
say, 4 but if you would only,' and 
those three words, 4 but' and 4 if and 
1 only,' taken in connection, are an 
abomination to me. Ah ! there they 

2 4 

My Lord Bangs. 

are ! Do you see? They are coming 
up the street. Those horses are per- 
fect-ly mag-nif-i-cent ! Now I am 
going to drive with your handsome 
cousin. I can't resist those horses, 
and" — looking back before closiog the 
door — " I am going to make bim 
ashamed of his fit of temper." 

Margery tripped across the lawn 
with the step of a fairy. 

"What beautiful creatures!" she 
exclaimed, stroking the glossy coats 
of the spirited animals as she passed 
them. '.' I think they are quite the 
handsomest horses I have ever seen. 
But how soon yon have returned ! 
Are you going to take me now?" 
with a seductive smile. 4< How very 
good of you ! I won't keep you wait- 
ing a moment," and away she ran for 
her wraps. 

Now, My Lord Bangs had fully 
made up his mind to punish Margery 
for not holding herself in readiness to 
drive with him at a moment's notice. 
He would not ask her to go with him 
again until she had made a suitable 
apology for her conduct this morning. 
But he could hardly drive off as he 
had intended, and when she reap- 
peared with a light rap thrown over 
her aim, a dotted veil reaching to the 
tip of her delicate little nose, tied 
around a bewitching hat, and a pair 
of perfectly fitting gloves on her small 
hands — she would wear nice gloves — 
she was far too pretty to quarrel with. 
However, he remarked in a rebuking 
tone, as they drove away, — 

" 1 wa3 disappointed in not finding 
you this morning. If I remember 
rightly, we made an engagement to 
drive. Are you in the habit of break- 
ing your engagements, Miss Mar- 
gery ?"" 

Margery opened her eyes in inno- 
cent surprise. 

" I never break an engagement," 
she answered positively. "You were 
kind enough to ask me to drive with 
you — some time this morning ; but as 
there was no hour set, how could I 
know just when you would be here? 
Besides, I was n't far away. Indeed, 
I was at your house in less than ten 
minutes after you started. If I mis- 
understood, if it was my fault, I am 

tl No. It was not your fault," he 
answered, completely restored to good 
humor. '' If it was anybody's fault, 
it was mine ; and," looking admir- 
ingly into her eyes, t; we won't have 
any misunderstandings in the future." 

My Lord Bangs eujoyed this drive 
thoroughly. Why shouldn't he? He 
was entirely self-satisfied : everybody 
turned to get a look at his stylish 
turnout, and he was seated beside the 
prettiest girl in town. He exerted 
himself to entertain her, and she was 
in a mood to be pleased. 

" I have had a perfectly lovely 
drive," she said to Edith, as she 
stepped from the carriage two hours 
later. Then to her companion impet- 
upnslv, "I envy you the possession 
of those horses." 

" You need not," he answered gal- 
lantly. '• They are yours whenever 
you wish to use them." 

She thanked him with bright eyes 
and a charming smile, as she turned 
to go in. 

" I am glad you enjoyed your drive, 
dear," said Edith. " I was sure you 
would, it is such a delightful morn- 

"And the horses, Edith," answered 
Margery, enthusiastically. iw Did vou 

My Lord B a tigs. 


-ever see such perfect beauties? And 
their master condescended to be agree- 
able to poor little me. In fact, I 
fonud him quite charming, lie is very 
much improved, don't you think?'' 
with a saucy glance at her sister. 

" How about Margery?" queried 
Edith, mischievously. " I think we 
find the most marvellous change in 
little Margery, and we are all very 
glad," passing her arm affectionately 
around her sister, and giving her an 
approving look. 

" Well, you have n't changed, at 
all events," answered Margery, lov- 
ingly. " You are the same dear 
blessed Edith, and I love you better 
than anybody else in the world." 

Chapter IX. 


Summer was waning. The Jone 
roses, which greeted Margery with 
soft blushes and delicious perfume 
on her return from school, had long 
since ceased to bloom. The poppies, 
glowing like living coals, no longer 
nodded their sleepy heads, but had 
sunk to slumber in real earnest, fold- 
ing in their tiny cups that which woold 
germinate and renew their life asad 
beauty another season. A few mari- 
golds still gleamed in the kitchen 
garden, and hollyhocks reared their 
stately heads, crimson and pink and 
white. In front, upon the closely 
shaven lawn, Margery stood with bat- 
tledore in hand, trying to keep the 
light-feathered corks in the air, with 
as much interest as though an impor- 
tant game were being played. The 
wind had tossed her lovely hair into 
picturesque disorder, and her cheeks 
were flushed with the exercise, mak- 

ing her creamy complexion fairer 
than ever. 

A pair of lazy blue eyes had been 
watching her from under a large tree 
near by, for some time. The picture 
pleased the aesthetic sense of their 
owner. Finally a lazy voice from the 
same quarter called out, — 

' w Is n't that interesting game nearly 
finished ? Pray come here and sit 
awhile : I want to talk to you." 

"You had much better come and 
play with me," she answered, without 
stopping or even looking in his direc- 
tion. ,b One needs to take a moder- 
ate amount of exercise as an aid to 
digestion. You '11 be having dispep- 
sia one of these days, and won't 
know the reason why." 

41 I'd look well playing at battle- 
dore and shuttlecock !" he laughed, 
" I have n't played that delightfully 
infantile game since I wore knicker- 
bockers. I wonder if IJdith remem- 
bers ?" 

k 'Of course she does," answered 
Margery. " She spoke of it when 
I was rummaging; about this morn- 
ing. I found some old grace-hoops, 
too. Perhaps you would rather play 
graces." looking at him with a flash- 
ing smile. That smile melted him. 

"I am at your service," he answered, 
smiling in return, and away she ran 
to fetch them. 

What a graceful fairy she was ! 
Her little feet, encased in embroider- 
ed silk stockings and the daintiest 
of shoes, seemed scarcely to touch 
the ground. 

" What is it, dear?" asked Edith, 
who was seated on the piazza with 
her embroidery. Geoffrey, seated on 
the steps at her feet, had been read- 
ing aloud. His book was now closed, 


My Lord /?ano-s, 

and he was watching his cousin with 
*a disturbed look. 

1 'Grace-hoops," Margery answered, 
as she came back with them in her 
hand ; " and Charlie is actually going 
to play. Is n't it delightfully ridicu- 
lous?" and she laughed a low, rip- 
pling, contagious Ldb£q. 

She did not wait for an answer, 
and soon they heard snatches of gay 
talk, interspersed with light laughter. 

»* How like two children they are !" 
remarked Edith, her fine face glow- 
ing. " How happy they seem ! It 
is such a pleasure to watch them." 
Geoffrey did not answer. He was 
thinking : 

u Is it possible that she does not 
see ?" he said to himself, gazing anx- 
iously at the fair, frank face beside 
him. He was struck anew by the 
delicately marked brow, the large ex- 
pressive eyes, and firm, sweet mouth. 
" No, she does not see, or — she does 
not care." 

He put the latter thought from him 
at once. It was too dangerously 
sweet for him to entertain. He had 
do thought that his cousin meant 
treachery to Edith. Oh ! no. He was 
simply amusing himself, in his care- 
less, selfish way, without a thought of 
an\ thing but the pleasure of the 
moment. Poor Margery ! Was she 
really learning to care for him in 
spite of the past? Sometimes he 
thought so. But she was such a 
capricious child, one could hardly 
tell. It was certain she did not ridi- 
cule him as at first, and she yielded 
more readily to his fascinations. He 
had dropped his little affectations en- 
tirely when with her. He had offered 
only that most subtle and delicate 
flattery which is so dangerous to a 

girl of Margery's temperameut, call- 
ing to his aid all the bright qualities 
which had made him so irresistible ; 
and Geoffrey feared for her. 

44 They are playing with fire," he 
said to himself, ;t and I fear the con- 
sequences. I must speak to Charles. 
He shall not play the villain, even 
unconsciously, if I can prevent it." 

** What is the matter, Geoffrey ?" 
sasd Edith at this moment. " You been unusually grave all day. 
Xow, at this moment, you present to 
me a countenance that is positively 
grim. Have stocks gone down? — or 
has that wonderful Western mine 
ceased to yield its accustomed rich- 
ness?" She laughed lightly as she 
said this. 

His firmly set mouth relaxed a lit- 
tle as he answered, — 

** I was not thinking of stocks or 
m'mes. Those are small matters com- 
pared to — to more serious things : but 
dos't mind me. I am a grizzly fel- 
low, at best, and have been troubled 
about some little affairs " 

«•« Forgive me, Geoffrey," she an- 
swered, rising impulsively. 4; I did 
not know — I did not even suspect — 
there was any trouble. Can you not 
tell me? Do let me sympathize with 
you. We, who are your best friends, 
should certainly have this privilege." 

He took her offered hand between 
his own, pressed it to his heart with a 
warmth which brought a flush to her 
cheek, and answered, — 

iC Dear heart, do not be troubled. 
It may be — it probably is — noth- 
ing. — a mere fancy on my part." 

? * You are not prone to be fanci- 
ful," she persisted. 

u No," he answered, " but this is a 
matter which touches me deeply, so 

My Lorrf Bangs. 


deeply that I cannot judge correctly, 
perhaps. However, we will hope for 
the best. Don't think of it any 
more. I have no doubt I have been 
making a mountain out of a mole" 
hill. But I must say good-night," 
taking up his hat. " I have letters to 

41 What has come over Geoffrey?' 7 
said Edith to herself. u If it w r ere 
anybody else in the world, I should 
say he was in love — but Geoffrey ! It 
is impossible. I wonder, now I think 
of it, that he has not married. Any 
woman might be happy to get Geof- 
frey. But what on earth should we 
do without him ! I do n't know which 
of us would mourn the most." She 
smiled as she called to mind a few 
remarks which Margery had made on 
this subject a day or two before : 
tk I do n't see why people who have 
happy homes should want to marry — 
why they should be willing to give 
up a certainty for an uncertainty. 
Men are so deceitful, one can never 
tell beforehand how one will be 
treated. Just think of poor Eleanor 
Gleason ! They say she is miserably 
unhappy ; that Tom Gleason is jeal- 
ous and miserly, and even sneers at 
her in public: and everybody knows 
how polite and attentive he was be- 
fore they were married. / would n't 
marry the best man in the world." 

Margery and her companiou had 
ceased playing, and had wandered 
over to the other house, chattering 
nonsense as they went. 

The house had been moved some 
distance to the right and farther back, 
and great had been the changes with- 
in and without. Margery's taste, as 
w-ell as Edith's, had been consulted 
with regard to its adornments, and 

she felt as much interest in the mat- 
ter as anybody, — for was it not to be 
Edith's home? — and she should cer- 
tainly stay with Edith half of the 
time. It was very picturesque in its 
present state, and made the Josselyn 
mansion look very plain and old- 
fashioned. But Edith loved the old 
house and everything belonging to it r 
and did not care to have it changed. 

Geoffrey was waiting for his cousin. 
He had written his letters and sent 
them to the post-office. Then he gave 
himself up to the task he meant to 
perform. He would warn Charles at 
once. It was his duty. He was well 
assured of that. The difficulty was, 
how to begin. 

" Well, old fellow, — cogitating as 
usual?" was his cousin's greeting. 
" What weighty subject have you on« 
hand? By jove, I wouldn't do as 
much thinking as you do in this hot 
weather for a fortune. Did you see 
me playing graces with Margery? 
Great game that for a dignified young 
man like your humble servant." 

Geoffrey looked at him a moment, 
gravely, without speaking. Finally 
he burst forth impetuously, — 

" Do you realize what you are do- 
ing, young man ?" 

"I? eh! what the deuce!" stam- 
mered his cousin. 

" I repeat," said Geoffrey, calmly, 
i; Do you realize what you are doing ?" 

u Well, really, judge," answered 
Charles, " if you will condescend to 
explain " 

" I fear you are not as innocent as 
your manner would indicate," said 
Geoffrey, gravely. " But I will ask 
a plainer question. After you have 
succeeded in gaining the affections 
of a young, innocent, and confiding 


The Greatest of the Indians. 

girl, what do you propose to do? If mighty sometimes that I have liter- 

jou break Margery's heart you will ally to get down on my knees to 

certainly -wreck Edith's life ; but per- her. Margery in danger from your 

haps you intend to be false to Edith?'' humble servant! Is that a joke? 

This was said very sternly. Pardon me, but you are such a seri- 

His cousin's eyes flashed angrily as ous old fellow that when you make 

he answered, — a joke it is a very solemn thing. Is 

wt No other mau would presume to that all?" 
insult me like this. What do you " I see that I have made a mis- 
mean?" take," answered Geoffrey, frankly, 

" I mean that I won't stand by and " and I beg your pardon, but Mar- 

see this thing go on any longer. I 
ask — I have a right to ask — your in- 
tentions," said Geoffrey firmly. 

gery is such a child still, I was afraid 
for her, and for Edith too : you know 
that Edith is bound up in Margery. 

" My intentions ! Well, really old So pray be careful. You handsome 

fellow, you mean well, but — ha! ha! fellows exert a great influence over 

ha! — you must pardon me, but it is feminine hearts." 

too ridiculous, do n't you know, pos- ''Never fear, Geoffrey," said his 

itively the richest thing I ever heard cousin, touched by his monitor's sin- 

of. Little Margery in love with me I cerity. " There is no harm done, I 

.Why, bless your dear old heart, she assure you." 
only tolerates me. She is so high and 

[To be continued.] 


By John Fiske. 

In the summer of 1778, this horri- 
ble border warfare became the most 
conspicuous feature of the struggle, 
and has afforded themes for poetry 
and. romance, in which the figures of 
the principal actors are seen in a 
lurid light. One of these figures is 
of such importance as to deserve 
especial mention. Joseph Brant, or 
Thayendanegea, was perhaps the 
greatest Indian of whom we have 
any knowledge ; certainly the history 
of the red men presents a no more 
many-sided and interesting character. 
A pure-blooded Mohawk, descended 

from a line of distinguished sachems, 
in early boyhood he became a favor- 
ite with Sir William Johnson, and 
the laughing black eyes of his hand- 
some sister, Molly Brant, so fasci- 
nated the rough baronet that he took 
her to Johnson Hall as his wife, after 
the Indian fashion. Sir William 
believed that Indians could be tamed 
and taught the arts of civilized life ; 
and he labored with great energy, 
and not without some success, in this 
difficult task. The young Thayen- 
danegea was sent to be educated at 
the school in Lebanon, Connecticut, 


The Greatest of the Indians. 


which was afterwards transferred to 
Sew Hampshire and developed into 
Dartmouth college. At this school 
be not only became expert in the use 
of the English language, in which he 
learned to write with elegauce and 
force, but he also acquired some ink- 
ling of general literature and history. 
He became a member of the Episco- 
pal church, and after leaving school 
he was for some time engaged in 
missionary work among the Mo- 
hawks, and translated the Prayer- 
Book and parts of the New Testa- 
ment into his native language. He 
was a man of earnest and serious 
character, and his devotion to the 
church endured throughout his life. 
Some years after the peace of 1783, 
the first Episcopal church ever built 
in Upper Canada was erected by 
Joseph Brant from funds which he 
had collected for the purpose while 
on a visit to England. But with this 
character of devout missionary and 
earnest student, Thayendanegea com- 
bined, in curious contrast, the attri- 
butes of an Iroquois war-chief devel- 
oped to the highest degree of effi- 
ciency. There was no accomplishment 
prized by Indian braves in which he 
did not outshine all his fellows. He 
was early called to take the war-path. 
In the fierce struggle with Pontiac, 
he fought with great distinction on 
the English side, and about the 
beginning of the War of Indepen- 
dence he became principal war-chief 
of the Iroquois confederacy. 

It was the most trying time that 
bad ever come to these haughty lords 
of the wilderness, and called for all 
the valor and diplomacy which they 

could summon. Brant was equal to 
the occasion, and no chieftain ever 
fought a losing cause with greater 
spirit than he. We have seeu how 
at Oriskany he came near turning 
the scale against us in one of the 
most critical moments of a great 
campaign. From the St. Lawreuce 
to the Susquehanna his name became 
a name of terror. Equally skilful 
and zealous, now in planning the 
silent night-march and deadly am- 
bush, now in preaching the gospel of 
peace, he reminds one of some newly 
reclaimed Frisian or Norman warrior 
of the Carolingian age. But in the 
eighteenth century the incongruity is 
more striking than in the tenth, in so 
far as the traits of the barbarian are 
more vividly projected against the 
background of a higher civilization. 
It is odd to think of Thayendanegea, 
who could outyell any of his tribe on 
the battle-field, sitting at table with 
Burke and Sheridan, and behaving 
with the modest grace of an English 
gentleman. The tincture of civiliza- 
tion he had acquired, moreover, was 
not wholly superficial. Though en- 
gaged in many a murderous attack, 
his conduct was not marked by the 
ferocity so characteristic of the Iro- 
quois. Though he sometimes ap- 
proved the slaying of prisoners on 
grounds of public policy, he was 
flatly opposed to torture, and never 
would allow it. He often went out 
of his way to rescue women and 
children from the tomahawk, and 
the instances of his magnanimity to- 
ward suppliant enemies were very 

— December Atlantic. 

30 Love's Messenger, 


By Helen Mar Beax. 

I seek in my garden a messenger sweet 
To go to my darling, and lay at her feet 

A love that never can die ; 
To breath forth the words that I dare not speak, 
And bring an answering blush to her cheek, 

The light of love to her eye. 

Not you, my bright pansies of purple and gold, 
Nor you, O pale lilies, so passionless, cold, 

To fade and die in an hour ; 
But thou, my sweet rose, with thy leaves all aglow 
With the rich wine of life, my fair Jacqueminot, 

Thou art Love's own passion flower. 

Go forth on thy mission, O passionate rose ! — 
In my garden of blooms the fairest that grows, 

Bright glowing with fervid fire ; 
I choose thee and send thee in Love's own name, 
With thy perfumed breath and thy lips of flame, 

To whisper my hearts desire. 

Thou will know my love by her exquisite face, 
So tender and sweet ; by her marvellous grace — 

Her form of the finest mould ; 
By the delicate tint of the cheek, so fair; 
By the soulful eyes *, and the sun-kissed hair 

That glistens like burnished gold. 

Then speed thee, oh ! speed thee, and thou shall rejoice, 
O fortunate rose, in the sound of a voice 

As soft as the coo of a dove ; 
She will press thee close to her rich, rare lip, 
From thy dewy, perfumed leaves she shall sip 

The sweet, wild elixir of love. 

And then she will sigh, oh I my beautiful rose, 

For the message of love that thy heart shall disclose, — 

My maid with the sun-kissed hair, — 
And her soft eyes will open in gentle amaze. 
As deep in thy passionate heart she shall gaze, 

And discover my secret there. 


Bessie Beaumont. 




Br E. M. G. and J. X. M. 

Chapter I. 


*' Some day, 
In bright morning when the gnte 
Sweeps the blue waters as in plav, 
Then we shall watch the coming sail." 

" Oh, auntie ! why should we not 
let The Cedars for a year or eighteen 
months to this friend of Jack's, if he 
wants to rent a place in this neigh- 
borhood? Do let us. It would be 
delightful to travel for that time. It 
would be something more than one 
of our petty trips to Switzerland or 
Germany ; it would be really doing it 
on a grand scale." 

" Where could we go, Bessie ?" 

" Why should we not go to Amer- 
ica, and explore the Rockies, and 
come home by way of the United 
States? Now I should call that 
really expanding our minds — much 
better than following the old beaten 
tracks, meeting the same faces, wait- 
ing to cross that choppy channel, 
where everybody is green and yellow, 
and one's temper as well as one's 
stomach is turned upside down for a 
week at least. Now that poor Jack 
has gone to India — and heaven only 
knows when he may return — I am 
sure we shall die of the dumps; for 
there is literally nothing to do here 
all by ourselves." 

" What will Lord Cecil say to such 
an arrangement?" asked the girl's 
twin sister. 

"Redoes not enter into the case 
at all, Carrie. You know there is 
not a creature one really cares about 

here, excepting the dear old squire, 
and he has never been the same since 
Lady Mossgrave's sad death. Come, 
now, Carrie, do persuade Aunt Amy 
to listen to reason ! I am sure you 
are dying, as much as I, to go and 
enlarge your ideas, and get that je ne 
sais quoi air of foreign travel ! I can 
see by the smile trembling at the cor- 
ners of your lips that you would like 

64 My dear girl," answered the 
lady first addressed, "how can I shut 
up our home, or let the house to this 
probably rollicking colonel ? Dear 
child, it is quite too impossible, At 
one of his bachelor entertainments 
the manor might be burnt down, and 
who would be able to save the family 
portraits and the old China, and I not 
here ?" 

"Oh, pshaw, auntie! What could 
you do in such a case?" 

44 Besides that, consider my time 
of life — forty-four next birthday — 
how impossible for me to undertake 
a journey like that ! Oh, no ! my 
dears, you really must not think of 
such a thing. Were I a young girl 

like you well, perhaps, I might 

ihave been tempted to undertake such 
a journey. Indeed, I once hoped I 
might have had to go there ; but," 
heaving a long sigh, " all that is now 
over for ever." 

44 Oh, auntie dear, do let us hear 
what that terrible sigh means ! I am 
sure some old story hangs at the end 
&t it." At these words, the impui- 


Bessie Beaumont. 

sive girl rushed across the room, 
seized her quiet Aunt Amy round 
the waist and gave her a boisterous 
squeeze, insisting at the same time 
that she should at once inform her 
darling nieces what terrible episode 
had been buried in the depths of her 
kindly heart. 

Opportunely for her, a servant 
entered the room and handed a card 
on a salver to the aunt. She took it 
in a slow, listless manner, and read, — 
" Colonel Carruthers." 

" Gracious, children ! Why ? what 
can have made him come here? I 
suppose I must receive him !" Then, 
casting her eyes dreamily over her 
dress, she bade the maid usher in 
the visitor at once. While the ser- 
vant was doing the bidding of her 
mistress, the reader shall be pre- 
sented to the inmates of the room 
where the conversation here recorded 
was carried on. 

The scene was the drawing-room 
of The Cedars, a country house in 
Wiltshire, England, the home of 
Mr. John Beaumont, the representa- 
tive of a very old, very wealthy, and 
very distinguished family. The occu- 
pants of the room were Miss Amelia 
Beaumont, his aunt, and her two 
nieces, Miss Elizabeth and Miss 
Caroline Beaumont, his sisters. 

Miss Amelia Beaumont, or, as she 
was commonly called, Aunt Amy, had 
had the charge of her brother's 
household ever since his wife's death, 
which took place when his twin 
daughters were only seveu years old. 
Hers had been a rule of love. Shy 
and retiring, she had mixed little in 
the outer world. An early disap- 
pointment had saddened all her once 
bright hopes ; but, instead of souring 

her temper, it had only seemed to 
make her naturally gentle disposition 
more amiable and retiring, and per- 
haps a little more indifferent. At 
the moment surprise raised a brighter 
tinge to the ordinarily delicately 
tinted cheeks. Her deep blue eyes 
were* fringed with dark lashes ; the 
beautiful mouth showed lines of sor- 
row at the corners ; and her still 
abundant dark hair, though well 
mixed with gray, was covered by a. 
tiny lace cap, with long floating 
ends dangling behiud. Her dark 
brown soft merino gown, with plain 
linen collar and cuffs, gave a grave 
and almost matronly air to her tall 
and elegant figure. Time had 
rounded what might have been angles 
in her early womanhood. 

Her nieces were bright and lively 
girls of niueteen. By the most criti- 
cal they would have been pronounced 
beautiful. They were healthy, joy- 
ous-looking creatures, tall, lithe, 
easy in their movements, with lovely 
brown eyes, thick curling lashes, and 
well marked eyebrows, and with a 
perfect wealth of auburn hair such 
as a painter would delight to portray 
on his canvas. As yet, no cloud 
had rested on their young lives. So 
exactly alike were they in features, 
height, and voice, that even the 
family were sometimes bewildered in 
trying to distinguish Miss Bessie 
from Miss Carrie, — more especially, 
as they made a point of wearing 
dresses exactly alike. Many and 
ludicrous were the mistakes, until 
within a few months their only 
brother, Jack, had insisted that 
Bessie, as the elder, should wear ear- 
rings, as the one distinguishing mark 
of her eldership. Though in many 

Bessie Beaumont. 


respects so much alike, there was a 
very great difference in character and 
disposition. Bessie had more life 
and determination, and, if thwarted, 
would show real obstinacy. Carrie, 
though equally lively, was pliant and 

At the moment Colonel Carruthers 
entered, Bessie was still with her 
arms twined round her aunt's waist, 
and teasing, in her usual peremptory 
fashion, to force her to confess 
she would at least think about the 
journey to the western continent, 
which Bessie was now crazy to visit. 
Probably, had her aunt acceded at 
the first, Bessie, of her own accord, 
would have been the one to give it 
up as not worth the fatigue. 

The colonel entered, and advanced 
to Miss Amelia Beaumont's side, al- 
most before the girl could scramble to 
her feet ; and the first words of greet- 
ing made both girls look with aston- 
ishment to see their usually listless 
mannered aunt receive him with such 
evident agitation. 

Colonel Reginald Carruthers was 
a' fine specimen of those English 
officers who have made the army of 
England respected in every quarter 
of the globe. His erect and military 
bearing seemed to add to his height ; 
and his fifty years of life, over thirty 
of which had been passed in the ser- 
vice of his country, did not betray 
the hardships to which he had been 
exposed. His features were regular ; 
his', eyes blue, clear, and penetrat- 
ing; 'his hair, still abundant, slightly 
tinged with gray ; his moustache, 
nearly white, shadowing a gentle yet 
resolute mouth. 

After the first courtesies, the colo- 
nel continued, — " My dear madam, I 

am grateful and gratified to be 
allowed to renew my old associations 
here. Your nephew, my friend, Mr. 
Beaumont, informed me that you 
were at his home ; but I was scarcely 
prepared to see your nieces as grown 
op young ladies, and find yourself 
ready to welcome me in so friendly a 
manner." Here, he stopped, stam- 
mered, and seemed at a loss how to 
continue the conversation. 

. Happily, Bessie, who never under 
any circumstances lost her presence 
of mind, interposed by inquiring, — 

"' Is it long since you saw my 

u I only parted from him on board 
the Simla at Southhampton. He 
charged me to come and see you, and 
deliver this little packet into your 
own hands, which I very willingly 
agreed to do. so that I might meet 
you, young ladies, and again have the 
pleasure of renewing my .acquaint- 
ance with Miss Amelia Beaumont, 
which for me unhappily has been so 
long interrupted," — handing, at the 
same time, the little packet to one of 
the sisters, as if to give time to their 
aunt to recover her ordinary self- 

Cl> You have a charming view from 
here, and one of the fiuest avenues of 
magnificent elms I have ever seen. 
You are devotees of tennis, I see." 

"Yes," replied Bessie. " Do you 
know, we were just speaking of you 
when you arrived ? My brother, in his 
letter of yesterday, mentioned you 
thought of taking The Cheste»*s for 
some mouths, and I proposed to 
auntie to let you The Cedars instead, 
so that during that time we could 
travel in America. Don't you think 
it an admirable suggestion?" 


Bessie Beaumont. 

44 Indeed, I should like nothing 
better thau becoming your tenant. 
I could not hope to be so well located 
elsewhere, but what I may gain in 
comfort would scarcely recompense 
me for the loss of your delightful 

44 Thank you for the compliment, 
Colonel Carruthers," cried Bessie, 
dropping him a gay and mocking 
courtesy with a smile. Colonel Car- 
ruthers continued, — 

44 1 certaiuly have no intention of 
leasing The Chesters ; it is too far 

from L barracks — twelve miles, I 

think — and this I should say does 
not exceed three, and is within an 
easy distance of many of my most 
intimate friends. But I am not so 
selfish as to try to oust such charm- 
ing people. I should have all the 
neighborhood crving ' Shame ! ' and 
be sent to Coventry, and rightly so, 
for depriving society of three of its 
most charming representatives." 

44 Now, I am sure you are mocking 
us," said Bessie. 44 You can know 
very little of this part of the country. 
Society, I assure you, is at its lowest 
ebb here ; and I call it very unkind 
of you not to join with me at once in 
persuading Aunt Amy to undertake 
this journey I have been longing for 
for the last two days. You cannot 
think what a grief it will be to give it 
up now. Let me be your cicerone." 

The young lady sprang to her feet, 
took from a chair in the hall her hat 
and sun-shade, and continued, — 

44 After you have seen all inside 
and out of The Cedars, if you then 
refuse to second my earnest entreat- 
ies, I warn you at once we shall be 
at daggers drawn. I shall proclaim 
you a recreant knight, and quite 

beyond the pale of all civilized 
society." So saying, the mischiev- 
ous girl darted through the low win- 
dow on to the lawn, calling to the 
others to follow her at once on pain 
of her lasting displeasure. 

The gallant colonel seemed, to 
make use of a rather nautical saying, 
taken aback. However, perceiving 
that Miss Amelia Beaumont had 
recovered from her momentary trepi- 
dation, he gallantly offered her his 
arm, saying, — " I should much like 
to have an inspection of house and 
grounds, if vou are reallv in earnest 
about this journey. Let us follow 

The Cedars is a solid Elizabethan 
house of two stories. The entrance 
hall, occupying the centre of the 
building, is lighted from the top. 
Around this hall open the various 
sitting-rooms, which are neither par- 
ticularly large nor small, but which, 
as they communicate with each other 
on state occasions, form a very 
pretty suite. The great beauty of 
The Cedars is its commanding view 
of the valley of the Avon. The broad 
terrace walk running along the front 
of the house, and the stone balus- 
trade, give the whole of the build- 
ing a more pretentious appearance 
than an ordinary hall of that period. 
Stone steps lead to the lawns, which 
are again divided by a long avenue 
of elms, whose overarching branches 
form a cool retreat during the heat of 
the day. Beyond this is a parterre, 
then the kitchen garden, surrounded 
by high walls, covered by the 
branches of fruit-trees, then a fine 
old orchard. A little to the left are 
the stable3 and the usual out-build- 
ings of a conntrv gentleman's dwell- 


Bessie Beaumont. 


ing. But what Colonel Carruthers 
more particularly noted was, the per- 
fect order and repair of every part 
of the demense. Making some allu- 
sion to that effect, Miss Beaumont 
remarked, — "My brother was an 
excellent manager ; and Jack, on 
coming into the property, has fol- 
lowed his father's example. No 
changes have been made in any 
department, unless for its real im- 
provement. Now and then a farm 
has been added as occasion offered. 
Another thing : Jack has not wasted 
money on new-fangled improvements 
until he saw how they really worked, 
and if they would prove of value." 

The luncheon bell recalled the 
strollers. Nothing loth, the colonel 
accepted their invitation to give them 
the pleasure of his company to this 
at all times enjoyable meal in a coun- 
try house. He hoped, too, some 
chance word would show how far 
he might second Bessie's wishes. 
Though feeliug it would be rather 
ungracious on his part to do so, see- 
ing clearly how distasteful to their 
aunt this Undertaking was, he wished 
much that they would put it in execu- 
tion, and leave him tenant in charge 
during their absence. How many old 
associations rose to his mind, con- 
nected with that long buried past ! 
How carefully had they been con- 
cealed from the prying eyes of those 
so called friends, who delight in rak- 
ing up the skeletons and in filling in 
a history, of their own imaginations, 
little recking how the scars still 
bleed, however deftly they may be 
handled. Many another in the wide 
world has suffered, — ay ! and per- 
haps is suffering still, — with a smiling 

Before the meal was finished, and 
not without much demurring from 
Aunt Amy, it was decided that, in a 
mouth from that day, Colonel Car- 
ruthers should have possession of 
the house. They themselves agreed 
te remain his guests from Saturday 
till Tuesday, when they were to start 
for Liverpool to sail by the Canadian 
Mail line for Quebec. 

Warmly did Bessie thank the col- 
onel for so ably seconding her 
-wishes. Before leaving The Cedars 
he made many promises of returning 
In time to accompany them to Liv- 
erpool and to see them fairly on ship- 
board. Besides, Bessie assured him, 
lie must be introduced to their innu- 
merable pets, which he had agreed to 
look after during their absence, and 
make friends with the wheezy fat 
cobs which the ladies were in the 
babit of driving to town two or three 
times a week, when they went to 
change their books at the Subscrip- 
tion Library, or to pass an hour or 
two in that truly feminine delight of 

A short time after the departure of 
Colonel Carruthers, the ladies were 
joined by a young gentleman who 
was evidently very much at home at 
The Cedars. 

Lord Cecil Howard, a descendant 
of a long line of noble and distin- 
guished ancestors, was a representa- 
tive of that privileged class in Eng- 
land who for so many ages have 
shaped the destinies of the British 
empire. He and Mr. Beaumont 
had been chums at Eton, cmnies at 
Oxford, and friends since their child- 
hood. Pie was a handsome young 
man, given to manly sports, deformed 
by no vices, to whom the future 


Bessie Beaumont. 

looked very bright. He was more 
than half in-' love with Miss Bessie 
Beaumont, openly courted her, and 
confidently expected that in good 
time they would be united in mar- 
riage. He had proposed for her 
hand very regularly about every 
six months siuce the time he wore 
knickerbockers ami she wore pin- 
afores, and as regularly had been 

" We are going to America, and 
shall be gone a year or more," said 
Bessie, as the young man seated him- 
self near her. 
. "No! Really?" 

"Yes, we have decided." 

"Then it is all up with me," 
responded Lord Cecil, laughingly. 
"You will be sure to fall in love 
with some untutored savage, and be 
content to live in a wigwam." 

" There are savages ou this side of 
the ocean." 

" Then they are of the so called 
gentle sex. The cruelty of an Ameri- 
can Indian is mildness compared 
with the tortures inflicted on their 
victims by an English beauty." 

"Why will you not go with us?" 
asked Caroline. "We may need a 

"The Americans will need protec- 
tion," said Lord Cecil. 

" They have quite enough protec- 
tion now, I should think," said Aunt 
Amy, who was not following the con- 
versation very closely, and who was 
surprised at the laugh brought out by 
her unintended play on words. 

u The duty on luxuries over there 
is almost prohibitive," said Lord 
Cecil; "one may not be able to im- 
port such beauty." 

" The Chinese are the only people 

who can not freely enter the United 
States," said Aunt Amy. 

"How do you happen to favor 
this wild project, Miss Amelia? I 
should not have thought " 

u I am a martyr," answered the 

"Martyr or no, Aunt Amy, you 
will surely go. and we shall have a 
delightful trip." 

"You will have a delightful jour- 
ney, undoubtedly," said Lord Cecil. 
" If you are not scalped by the 
Indians, you will meet Molly Ma- 
gnires, the Ku Klux Klan, Fenians, 
anarchists, stage robbers " 

"Please say no more, Lord Cecil; 
you will make Aunt Amy and Carrie 
timid and afraid to go." 

Bessie, when in the sanctum of her 
room, sat down and began carefully 
to go over the events of the day ; and 
to trace out by what chapter of acci- 
dents Colonel Carruthers had been 
so intimate with their family in the 
past. She felt sure that there had 
been more than an ordinary friend- 
ship ; she would sift the matter to its 
inner depths until she did find the 
clew to it. Aunt has known 
him in the past, that is evident ; or 
why so much agitation when he was 
announced ? How curious that I should 
never even have heard his name 
before last night, in that letter from 
Jack ; and then he wrote as if he 
were no stranger, but as though he had 
known him for years, and had been 
on terms of the greatest intimacy 
with him. How strange that our exist- 
ence should be made up of such mul- 
titudinous shreds, woven so together 
into pages and chapters, which we 
call a human life I 

Bessie Beaumont. 


Chapter II. 

*• On the bosom of a river, 
Where the sun unloosed hi* quiver, 
Steamed a vessel light aud tree: 
Morning dew-drops hung like manna 
On the bright poles of her banner, 
.And the zephyrs rose to fan her 
Softly to the radiant sea." 

Early on Thursday all was excite- 
ment, as the ladies and their maid, ac- 
companied by Lord Cecil and Colonel 
Carruthers, made their way to the 
Liverpool dock. The latter had 
joined the party a few minutes be- 
fore starting, much to Bessie's dis- 
gust, her plans for finding out some- 
thing of the colonel's past history 
being entirely frustrated. They found 
the "Polynesian" ready to leave 
her moorings, with steam up, and her 
pilot already at the wheel, her flag 
streaming in the breeze, her prow set 
by the- flood-tide towards the New 
World, ready to cut the foam-crested 
waves of the murky Mersey and the 
billows of the stormy Atlantic. Miss 
Beaumont's hitherto resigned air of a 
victim gave place to real tears, when 
the colonel took her hand, as the bell 
rang out for all to quit the vessel. 
Holding it firmly in his own, he 
whispered, — 

44 You will not forget to write to 
me and let me know of your arrival. 
I feel as if Jack had left you all in 
my care during his absence in India. 
Remember, if you should be in any 
trouble or difficulty, to let me know, 
and I shall come to you at once." 

With a hurried adieu to the ladies, 
the gentlemen sprang on to the 
wharf, the colonel shouting at the 
same time, — 

" Young ladies, don't forget your 
promise of a long letter by every 
maii ; and I shall religiously fulfil 

mine towards all your proteges dur- 
ing your absence." 

As the great steamer gained head- 
way, and the distance between the 
friends increased, the ladies waved 
their handkerchiefs and the two men 
stood with raised hats until lost to 
view. Over Colonel Carruthers there 
came a great wave of loneliness ; and 
lie felt what he had not done for 
Dearly twenty years, as if a sudden 
blight had fallen on his heart. 

For many days the gallaut vessel 
ploughed her way through the briny 
deep. Life ou shipboard is too mo- 
notonous and too e very-day an occur- 
rence in these times for one to stop 
and recount the passing events. The 
Beaumont ladies were at breakfast, 
steaming up the Gulf of St. Lawrence, 
when the pilot came on board at Ri- 
mouski to take charge of the vessel 
up to Quebec. 

A young Englishman, a fellow-pas- 
senger, politely invited them to prom- 
enade on the upper deck, and explain- 
ed and pointed out many points and 
objects of interest. He told them 
that on both sides of the St. Law- 
rence, French was the only lauguage 
spoken by the inhabitants, and that, 
too, a '.' patois." They watched the 
numerous low buildings on each side 
of the river, with here and there 
a glittering church steeple or a gaily 
painted house standing prominently 
out from among the others, — long 
green flats of meadow laud and river 
grass lying low down to the water. 
In the background, long ranges of 
forests of maples of richest crimsons, 
interwoven with deep, dark pines and 
yellow and brown-tinted oaks and but- 
ternuts, whose rich autumnal tints 
made the last three hundred miies of 


Bessie Beaumont. 

their voyage one magnificent and 
splendid panorama. As the fading 
light of the September eveniug faded 
out along the coast-line, the many low- 
lighthouses glowed like so many lire- 
flies. The deep blue tints of the 
Notre Dame mountains on the one 
side, and the mce majestic Lauren- 
tide on the other side, were slowly 
shrouding themselves in the short twi- 
light of this hemisphere. The coup 
d'ceil was so magnificent that a hush 
seemed to fall upon the noisy pas- 
sengers, all life and excitement, in 
expectation of the happy meetings 
with their friends. Towards six 
o'clock, as they steamed past Ka- 
marouska, they heard the sweet bells 
of St. Louis borne faintly over the 
waters. A few miles further they 
saw that remarkable group of rocks 
where is seen that beautiful delusion, 
the '.* Mirage," almost at all seasons, 
owing, undoubtedly, to the refraction 
of the sun's rays, as the rocks are 
sparsely covered with vegetation ; and 
near this they heard the repeated 
laugh of the loon, coquetting with 
her brood as they swam. 

Miss Beaumont amused her friends 
by saying, li There must be some- 
thing altogether uncanny in this New 
World, where the beasts of the sea 
cry like young babies, and the birds 
laugh like Christians. I only hope 
no judgmeut will fall upon us before 
we get back again to our quiet home 
in Wiltshire, for tempting Provi- 
dence by visiting such a far-away 
country. The river is not like one 
at all, but like a mighty sea." 

On landing at Quebec, Miss Beau- 
mont and her nieces went direct to 
the St. Louis hotel, with the inten- 
tion of visiting everything worthy of 

notice in this the most ancient capi- 
tal of the Dominion. During dinner 
Carrie's neighbor was the young man 
who was their companion on the 
river, — Mr. Walter Went worth. She 
had scarcely noticed him during the 
passage out. Once or twice he had 
rendered her some little courtesies ; 
but until now she had hardly re- 
marked how well bred and gentle- 
manly he was. He informed her that 
be had come out to this country at 
the repeated solicitations of his old 
college friend, Arthur Pomeroy ; but 
that before paying this visit, it was 
his intention of seeing a little of Can- 
ada. He should be only too glad if 
her party w 7 ould make him useful in 
any way, so far as their paths lay 
together. He did not tell her that he 
had only found out just before land- 
ing that he cared so much about this 
arrangement. Three days before, he 
had in his own mind determined to 
go directly on to Montreal, and to 
aw r ait there his friend Pomeroy, be- 
fore commencing that little tour to 
the Rockies, talked of when the two 
friends parted more than two years 
previously at Heidelburg. It is as- 
tonishing what power a merry girl's 
smile has ! — how it will change in the 
twinkling of an eye all the deepest 
laid plans, however deliberately and 
sagely matured. Aunt Amy added 
her thanks to Carrie's, and said she 
should only be too glad to count him 
as a friend. She had found that many 
of his people were former acquaint- 
ances, whom she had lost sight of, as 
she had gone so little into the world 
since the death of her sister-in-law. 

One day it was arranged with sev- 
eral other inmates of the St. Louis, 
to make the trip to the Saguenay. 

Bessie Beaumont. 


To delay another week would be too 
late, for the season was far advanced ; 
besides, the moon was near the full. 
14 What more delightful than these 
evenings," as Miss Beaumont said, 
"to be on deck with pleasant com- 
panions. Though these American 
ladies are perhaps a little brusque, 
and the nasal twang at first is on- 
pleasant to the ear, really I like them 
immensely, they are so engaging. 
Then they have such sweetly pretty 
faces, they are quite poems to look 

At nine in the morning all were on 
board the steamer "Saguenay" for 
this trip to unknown localities. Aunt 
Amy was wondering how she could 
have hesitated about undertaking 
what she felt would prove the most 
delightful tour of her life. Secretly, 
in the depths of her heart, she kept 
dwelling on Colonel Carruthers part- 
ing words. They seemed to take her 
back to her youth, when they two 
were friends ; ay ! more than friends, 
— betrothed lovers. How well she 
remembered their last parting under 
the trees in the orchard ! How he 
had whispered his fond wi Good- 
night ! " and promised to come early 
on the morrow ! But when that mor- 
row dawned, what instead? A cold, 
heartless letter, accusing her of faith- 
lessness and deceit. During the long 
hours of that day all she heard was 
that he had left for the Continent. 
Why he had done so no one could 
fathom. To every question asked to 
probe this mystery he had answered, 
"Ask Amy. She is the fittest per- 
son to explain. If she cannot speak 
out, neither can I." 

Years after, Amy's foster sister, 
on her death-bed, had revealed how 

she was in the habit of personating 
her young mistress, aud clandestinely 
meeting their rector's son in the or- 
chard, after the other members of 
the family had retired for the night. 
She told them how young Captain 
Carruthers had surprised them in 
one of their stolen interviews, hav- 
ing returned to the orchard to seek 
for something he had dropped, an 
hour after parting with Miss Amy ; 
bow he had mistaken her identity, 
and upbraided her for her supposed 
duplicity and treachery. She was too 
frightened at being recognized to dare 
to speak and explain. Had she 
known that in consequence of this 
the captain had broken off his en- 
gagement with her young mistress, 
she would have confessed all ; but 
such silence and mystery had been 
observed by the family, that none of 
the household had suspected it ; and 
she had been too much afraid to 
speak of it for fear of dismissal. 
Many times she had tried to sound 
old Madam Beaumont, to find out 
the cause of the quarrel, but the old 
lady's pride and reserve had always 
silenced her at the first word. 

Did Colonel Carruthers now know 
the truth? Was this his object in 
calling? Did he at last know that 
she had been faithful even to his 
memory? For nothing had remained 
to her but his cruel letter. Dur- 
ing all these years never had his 
name passed her lips ; scarcely had 
she heard it in the nearly twenty 
years since they had parted. Now 
she was a woman in middle life ; he 
two or three years her senior. Had 
the barrier at last been demolished? 
Probably her nephew, Jack Beau- 
mont, who was his father's confidant 


Bessie Beaumont. 

in all things, had revealed to Colonel 
Carnithers how he had been the vic- 
tim of a mistake. Yet what was to 
be gained bv the knowledge? No 

reconciliation could, after such a 
lapse of time, pick up the dropped 
stitches. The only satisfaction was 
that .it would pmVe to him that she 
had not been the heartless flirt and 
treacherous coquette he had stigma- 
tized her. 

As they slowly steamed up the en- 
trance of the chasm of the Saguenay, 
Carrie Beaumont and their Englists 
friend, Waiter Went worth, found 
themselves alone together on the 
guards. She was in such deep- 
thought that the sound of his voice 
made her almost leap over the side 
of the vessel, as he asked her what 
she thought of the funereal aspect.. 
The silent cliffs of almost black grey 
granite gneiss, rising out of the Styx- 
ite waters, fringed with dark, gloomy 
pines, like the plumes of a hearse, to 
their summits, and the still loftier 
background of ranges of dark rocks, 
had cast almost a sadness of death 
upon the expressive face of the young 

" O Mr. Wentworth, I feel such 
a solemn awe, such a complete still- 
ness ! — it seems to have paralyzed me y 
as well as all nature. Not a sound 
have I heard, even among our own 
ship's company ; nor is there one liv- 
ing object visible, — not even the 
whirring sound of a bird. It seems 
as if it would be out of place, in this 
dismal gorge of fantastic forms, as 
incongruous as loud laughter at an 
interment. There has not been a 
yard of the last few miles but what 
impressed me with its wild grandeur 
and utter desolation. And that 

creepy feeling, — how glad I shall be 
to welcome a more smiling nature 
and the bright, clear waters, instead 
of the blackness of this terrible 
Styx!.*? .'..., 

" I am glad," said her companion, 
".you have interpreted my own feel- 
ings so exactly. I felt so at a loss 
how to frame my thoughts into words. 
I am very sure something of the same 
kind is passing through the minds of 
our fellow-travellers. Look at gay 
Mr. Meredith at your sister's side ! 
Have you ever seen such a change 
come over any man's face as over his? 
He looks even more lugubrious than 
this dismal scene. I am, however, 
glad to have seen it: How truly, im- 
possible it would be;for any one to 
picture the scenery unless he had 
really been here ! Seventy miles of 
it, from Ha Ha to the St. Lawrence, 
is no short distance of this weird-like 
coast. I am quite glad you have set- 
tled to go by water to Montreal. The 
captain has just been telling me that 
as we near the city the scene will re- 
mind me much of Calcutta." 

. j * \ ■-*' £-; ■ - f - if- I 

It is wiuter in Montreal. Two 
young men, well 'muffled up in furs, 
were slowly descending from the 
.mountain. They crossed Dorchester 
.street into Dominion square to await 
a member of the Tandem club, who 
had promised to pick them up on his 
way to join the usual meet of that 
society. When about half way down 
the street, the taller of the two ex- 
claimed, — | 

"■ Walter, surely the ladies in that 
four-in-hand sleigh were bowing to 
you. They are neither Americans 
nor Canadians. Their quiet dress 
and- perfect repose proclaim them 

Bessie Beaumont. 

4 1 

English, and English, of. the -best \ 
tvpe. My dear fellow, what is the - 
matter? You look as astonished as - 
if you had seen a ghost, instead of a • 
■vision of golden locks and dark eyes ! , 
Pray, what are those ladies to you? 
Don't stare so, but let us' get into - 
that other tandem, and drive after 
them. 1 am curious, and your man- - 
ner makes me more so.« I .should • 
like another look at the one with the 
carroty locks alongside the ' Jeha.' 
She was smiling so sweetly up at 
him ! Are you deaf and dumb, that 
you can't give a fellow.. an answer? 
One would think this beastly cold, 
cutting wind, with the thermometer 
-way below zero, had. frozen not- only 
your powers of speech, but your in- 
tellect . as well. Wake up, mam ! 
You look quite dazed.'' 

Deliberately the one called Walter • 
replied, — : , 

" I could scarcely get a glimpse, 
for • they passed like a flash ; but I 
should say, were it not an impossi- 
bility, that it was a lady, — I mean 
Miss Beaumont and her nieces ; hot 
as I know them to be — at least I 

mean 1 — I — understood they were 

at Ottawa, and intended remaining 
there for some weeks, I cannot well 
see how it could have been . they. 
Who could that handsome military 
looking man, driving, be? Confound 
his impudence ! And, Carl, that is 
Miss Carrie, I should rather say, 
smiling up into his face ! " : -. 

'* Well, now you have thawed a lit- 
tle, why don't you go on? That tells 
me nothing. I have never heard of 
them. Be a little more lucid." 

" You see we came out from Eng- 
land together, and my people know 
them, and — and " 

" And if they do, I do n't. I 'be- 
lieve you have! suddenly become an 
idiot. Go on, and let us hear some- 
thing more." - 

"Why, confound you! what more 
can I say? But they are called Beau- 
mont, as I have already said. They 
live at a place called The Cedars, at 
the other side of my county. They 
have let their house for a year to 
Colonel Carruthers, whom you must 
remember seeing once or twice when 
you went with me to Tom Mon- 
tague's. Their brother is in India 
for an indefinite time ; so the aunt 
and these twin sisters are travelling 
about this continent, as Miss Bessie 
told me, to expand their ideas, before 
they became quite fossilized in their 
native woods." 

iw Well! I hope we shall catch up 
with them, for the hasty glance I 
caught revealed a pair of saucy brown 
eye's and ruddy brown lock's. Odd 

. we have not stumbled upon them at 
the Windsor ! I have it ! Undoubted- 

. ly they are the ladies who occupy the 
suite of rooms at the other end of 

i our corridor. Last night, don't you 

- recollect, when we came in we passed 
t their door, and I said I had heard 

• a most musical laugh ;. but T was so 

• tired and sleepy I forgot it this-morn- 

- ing. You will introduce • me, my 
.dear fellow? Surely you are not so 

- selfish as to wish to keep air three as 
your own particular property? ■ How 

,-glum you look! Are you in- love 

.with this little red-headed girl? You 

: are so down in the mouth all at once ! 

Cheer up ! I will not poach more 

-than I can help upon your preserve. 

But it does seem queer you have 

never mentioned to me your little 

romance on board till now. If vou 

4 2 

Bessie Beaumont. 

object to introducing me, I give you 
fair notice I shall make their ac- 
quaintance without your aid, and be- 
fore another twenty-four hours are 
over our heads. For they are sure to 
be at the ball at The Hemlocks this 
evening. The Alwyns know every- 
body worth the knowing." 

The speakers were Walter Went- 
worth and his friend Arthur Pome- 

The ball was at its height as the 
young men entered the handsome 
rooms. Their host playfully re- 
proached them for their tardiness, 
declaring that all the prettiest girls 
had filled up their programmes, and 
that he was afraid they must con- 
tent themselves by doing duty with 
the chaperones. 

"Now I wonder whether you, 
young gentlemen, will agree in the 
unanimous verdict that .these two 
English sisters are the belles of the 
room.'* As he spoke, the sisters, 
Bessie and Carrie Beaumont, were 
whirling round in the dance with de- 
lighted partners. 

Walter could scarcely repress a 
sigh of pain as he saw Carrie waltz- 
ing in the arms of the military man 
of the sleigh. Neither could he have 
believed evening dress could make 
such a change in any one's appear- 
ance. The sisters were dressed alike, 
wearing some thin, white floating ma- 
terial of the simplest make. Their 
rich, abundant, golden brown hair, 
dressed not in the style of the day, 
but low on the neck, and parted off 
their low, broad foreheads, was a 
beauty in itself. They wore no or- 
naments, but a few natural flowers in 
the corsage of their dress, — Carrie's 
pale pink, whilst those of Bessie were 

the deepest crimson. As they passed 
in the dance, Pomeroy noticed the 
deep flush mount over Carrie's face 
as she saw his friend, and com- 
mented on it as a sign in his friend's 
favor. Bessie, on the contrary, 
stopped, offering at the same time her 
hand, as she exclaimed, " How glad 
I am to see you again, Mr. Weut- 
worth ! I told Carrie I was certain I 
had made no mistake when I bowed 
this morning," darting, as she spoke, 
an interrogative look at his friend, at 
that moment in animated conversa- 
tion with their host. 

Before another word could be ut- 
tered, Mr. Alwyn interposed, — 

" Allow me, Miss Bessie, to in- 
troduce my friend, Mr. Pomeroy, 
who begs to have the honor of the 
nest waltz with you." 

The music stopping at this oppor- 
tune moment, the conversation be- 
came general. 

Bessie twitted Walter unmercifully 
on his woe-begone appearance, ap- 
pealing to his friend to corroborate 
her assertion that he must have left 
his heart at Washington, for she cer- 
tainly never had seen so rueful a 
countenance in a place of festivity. 

" Can you enlighten me, Mr. Pom- 
eroy, who the fair lady is who has 
laid her spell on him ? " 

tw I certainly thought, until the oc- 
cupants of a four-in-hand passed us 
to-day, that my friend had been per- 
fectly heart-whole ; but now I agree 
with you, the change is marvellous. 
Every look is charged with despair. 
Let us hope, now that he is here, the 
gloom will soon disperse, especially 
when he finds so fair a lady as your- 
self is interested in his behalf. I be- 
lieve this is our waltz." 


Bessie Beaumont. 


Placing his arm around her, they 
toon were lost among the crowd of 

Walter joined Miss Beaumont, who 
welcomed him as an old friend, and 
scolded him for his remissness in not 
calling upon them, saying they had 
seen him pass thei- rooms on their ar- 
rival, and had been expecting him all 
day. She thought the old adage held 
good in his case, — " Out of sight out 
of mind." Playfully she asked how 
he had spent his time, and how long 
he meant to remain in Montreal. 
They themselves purposed going on 
to Kingston in a few days : after- 
wards to pay some visits in the North- 
west, beginning with Winnipeg. 

Walter had no chance of speaking 
to Carrie until he attended them to 
their carriage, on their return to their 
hotel. Her friend of the drive and 
evening, Captain Alwyn, was most 
unremitting in his attentions, onJy 
releasing her for a dance, and then 
either sitting or walking with her be- 
tween dauces, till it would have taken 
a man with' more assurance than Mr. 
Wentworth to have attempted gaining 
her notice. Once his friend whis- 
pered, — 

44 Do not look so despondent. You 
will have better luck to-morrow, for I 
have accepted for us both a breakfast 
in Miss Beaumont's private sitting- 
room ; and if this military friend 
should show face, surely \ r our prior 
acquaintance must be a point of ad- 
vantage in your favor. Take heart ! 
Never say die ! Above all, do not 
wear the willow so openly. I am 
sure any one who troubled himself to 
look at you to-night must have 
thought you were a t4 rejected." 

The next day, after breakfast, the 

party went tobogganing on the Moun- 
tain. There Arthur Porneroy manoeu- 
vred so well that he secured Bessie 
altogether to himself. Nor was there 
the slightest objection on the lady's 
part. Her joyous laughter rang out 
merrily at their many discomfitures* 
Carrie, on the other hand, accepted 
the attentions of the many. Near 
the close of the afternoon, Walter, 
who had been on the alert for acci- 
dents, at great personal risk saved 
her from a most dangerous fall as she 
was going down the steep incline with 
a youth who either did not understand 
steering, or else had lost all presence 
of mind. Seeing an accident was im- 
pending, he sprang over some paling 
and caught her in his arms before her 
head came in contact with a project- 
ing rock of ice. At first he thought 
she was stunned, or had fainted, she 
was so deadly pale ; but on his be- 
seeching her to speak and let him 
know where she was hurt, she tried 
to raise herself from his arms, telling 
him she thought nothing was the mat- 
ter but fright. Would he drive her 
back at once to the hotel without 
'alarming her aunt and sister? 
• Securing a sleigh, he drove her 
quickly to the Windsor, leaving her 
under the care of her maid, then 
hastened back to the scene of the 
disaster before his absence had been 

Miss Beaumont, on her return, was 
quite alarmed at her niece's palid 
looks, and insisted upon her remain- 
ing quiet for that evening. She 
would ask Mrs. Alwyn to chape- 
rone Bessie, whilst she remained at 
home with her darling. Walter came 
in later to inquire after the patient 
before starting for the fancy ball,. 


Bessie Beau in out. 

-and begged earnestly to be allowed 
-'to remain. Eleven o'clock, to their 

• astonishment, rang out before they 
'were at all aware it could be so late. 
'■ "Wishing them a hasty good-night, 
-and lighting a cigar as he quitted the 
'• hotel for a stroll, he walked along 

I Dorchester street and the environs of 
« 41 the city of churches,'- pondering in 
•his mind as he wandered up the Moun- 
tain, past the scene of the disaster. 
1 He determined at the first opportu- 
nity to risk his fate, before that mil- 
itary fellow should cut him out. 

However, " Man proposes, but God 
' disposes " is a very true saving. The 
-next morning Carrie Beaumont was 

• seriously indisposed ; and before night 
'she was dangerously ill. For many 
-clays her life hung on a mere thread. 

; It was now that all the strength 
■of Aunt Amy's character developed 
-itself. Instead of wringing her hands 
f and lamenting their being so far 
•'from home, she at once took the 
••charge of the sick-room, issuing 

her orders, and seeing those of their 
' physician promptly carried out ; but 
•it was more than a month before the 

invalid was able to leave her room. 
'As soon as she was at all equal to the 
"fatigue of a journey, they decided to 
"^go on to Kingston, for a cbauge, — 
-that panacea for all ills flesh is heir 
*to,* be it the mind or body. And 

poor Carrie's trouble was as much 
•'-caused by the former as the latter. 
*A sick-room is a wonderful place for 
-the unsealing of the mysteries of a 
; heart in uncertainty whether the be- 
-loved object returns one's affections. 
^Jealou.^y, so rife with love, filled 
'Carrie's heart almost to madness. 

She urged their speedy quitting the 
•city, as day after day she savr Miss 

Alwyn was her sister's companion, 
with Salter, Arthur, arid ' Captain 
Alwyn, in their tobogganing," skating, 
or sleighing parties ; and as she list- 
ened to the music of the bells on 
their horses' necks, and watched them 
starting from her window, she sighed, 
for she thought she should have to 
give him up, though as yet no word 
of love had passed between them. 

41 Did I not see his pleading glances 
that night at the ball, when I wilfully 
held aloof from him? As I lay pas- 
sive in his arms, did T not hear his 
agonized cry to God to restore me to 
him? : Now another has come be- 
tween us ! This Miss Alwyn, whom 
he knew in England, his sister's 
school friend, whom he must have 
admired long before he made my ac- 
quaintance ! I do not wonder at his 
being bewitched with her, she is so 
gentle and pretty. Perhaps I might 
have been as pretty, had I not had 
this horrid red hair. He hates red 
"hair, for he once told me so. Why 
did I ever get better? Oh! how 
wicked I am growing! How cross 
I am! Who says gentleness is the 
outcome of crossness? I fear that 
will never be my case. Yet 1 must 
strive to drive him out of my heart. 
I will try to be as patient and sweet 
as auntie, and live for others. I shall 
only have the cross to bear that she 
had. But then, as dear papa used to 
say, she was always good and merry, 
as well as the prettiest girl in all 
Wiltshire, until that sorrow came to 
her which she told me about yester- 
day. I do so hope it will come round 
again. She will make him such an 
excellent wife. Yes, I will try to be 
generous and noble, and give up 
thinking of " 

jBcssis Beaumont. 


At these words the door opened, her. How I covet the right to kiss 

ft nd Walter Wentworth entered the her sweet lips."' 

room, looking pale and anxious, as Fortune befriended him at the last 

be bent over her, and took the thin moment, as the two friends were 

white hand. 

»• Miss Beaumont has allowed me 
to come and say good-bye," he whis- 
pered. "She said you were to start 
to-morrow. I have been so troubled 

making their adieux. Miss Beau- 
mont asked him to do her the fa- 
vor of taking charge of a small par- 
eel to her sister, who was a near 
neighbor of his. Joyfully he assent- 

never to have had an opportunity of ed, promising to return for it later on 

telling you all that has been on my in the evening. His lucky star in 

mind since we parted three months this instance was certainly in the as- 

a^o. May I continue?" as he saw cendaut, for he found Carrie alone, 

her sink back, paling, among the sofa the aunt and sister still absent on 


ik You cannot have misunderstood 
my feelings for you, dear Carrie? 
You will let me call you my Car- 
rie?" taking her hand. 

11 Carrie ! Carrie ! here are Miss 
Alwyn and Mr. Pomeroy come to 
see you and bid you good-bye." 

At this inopportune interruption, 

their shopping excursion in search of 
little mementos for friends at home. 
Almost before Carrie had realized his 
presence, he had rushed into the sub- 
ject so abruptly interrupted in the 
morning, and won from herself how 
she was all his own, and had loved 
no other but himself. 

"You believe me, don't vou?" 

Walter felt as if he could have hiding her blushing face on his breast,. 

strangled all three on the spot. 
"Baulked!" was his hasty inward 
exclamation ; "'and the aunt posi- 
tively forbids my seeing her again 
before she starts. I cannot follow 
them to Kingston. I must return 
with Pomeroy to the States, and a 
letter I won't risk. _ I. must know 
from her own lips how she stands 
with that Captain Alwyn. Had.. they 
but waited a few minutes my destiny 
would have been settled. It is just 
my accursed luck ! I must start for was as plain as a pike-staff! " 
England next week. My father's let- Miss Beaumout demanded, "Pray, 

ter is peremptory : he cannot spare what is as plain as a pike-staff? You 
me longer from home. How the are talking enigmas, Mr. Pomerov." 
word thrills through me! Shall I "That I am to be your nephew 
ever take my darling to my home, to by marriage, in some way, my dear 
be a daughter to the pater in his old madam. Carrie has accepted Went- 
age? Her sweet, winning ways with worth, and from henceforth count 
her aunt would make any one love me as your most devoted slave." 

- [To be continued.] 

as he clasped her tightly in his arms. 

Pomeroy came in soon after with 
the others, as he said, to look after 
his friend, who was not at all times 
fit to be left to his own devices, be- 
ing given too much to mooning. At 
a glance he took in the situation, 
kissed the hand of the blushing Car- 
rie, crushed Aunt Amy's fingers, as 
he grasped her hands, exclaiming, 

tw I knew — I knew it would be all 
right ! If he onlv found his senses, it 

j\6 Valentine & Co. 


By Virginia C. Hollis. 

Saint Valentine sat in his sanctum one day, 

Serene, fat, and smiling, and cheery and gay, 

While queer little elves around him displayed, 

With jokes to each other, the missives he 'd made 

As he sat at his desk, with his quill-pen in hand, 

And attempted to answer the monstrous demand 

Which lovers and sweethearts and true friends and foes 

Made in anticipation, that they might disclose 

The state of their feelings, as every one may. 

On the fourteenth of February — ''Valentine's Day." 

For unfortunate swains who 'd been given " the mitten," 

He had hearts pierced with arrows to show they were smitten 

By darts from the bow of that reckless boy, Cupid. 

Who gathers his victims from bright folk and stupid. 

For those more successful in seeking their loves, 

He made little cots filled with sweet, cooing doves, 

And attached little verses of amorous tone, 

Such as any true lover would write to " his own." 

All this he did gladly, but sobered a bit 

When he opened the orders for sarcastic wit, 

By which joking persons designed to deride 

The faults of their fellows to all, far and wide ; 

But only a moment on Valentine's face 

This shadow of pity for others had place, 

For he said to his elves, " It may possibly be 

A good way to cure them, to just let them see 

The way that their actions to other folk look." 

So the quaintest of take-offs from his pen he shook, 

While over his shoulders the elves laughed in glee, 

Declaring no man was so funny as he. 

These done the good Valentine really grew sad. 
For the last pile of orders were those from the bad, 
Unprincipled people, with hearts full of hate, 
Who were angry or envious of others whom Fate 
Or Providence lifted to places which they 
— Aspired to, but reached not ; and so in this way 

Anonymous messages fain would they send, 
With base innuendoes from opening to end ; 
And care not how lonjr in the hearts thev 'd attack, 
Their unkindness rankles, or e'er take it back. 

Then Valentine quietly turned to his elves, 

Saying, " Really, such people must write for themselves ; 

I cannot and will not send forth poison darts 

To stir up dissension within human hearts : 

My mission on earth is a kindlier one." 

And the elves danced in glee and just revelled in fun ; 

Then gathered the missives in queer little packs, 

And away they all trooped with them strapped on their backs, 

And scattered the tokens of true love and mirth 

From Valentine's home to the ends of the earth. 

The Cradle Spirit's 7 ale. 


By Cecil Hampden Cutts Howard. 

That large garret was a solitary 
place ! I wandered within its pre- 
cincts one dark November day, and 
wondered how, as a child, I had ever 
found a charm within it. To be sure, 
I could find nothiug really disagree- 
able : there was a curious mixture of 
the ancient and modern in its make- 
up. Six windows and a Mansard 
roof were part of its adornment. In 
height and breadth it was the equal 
of the most roomy garret in New 
England ! The collection of antiqui- 
ties in its hoard would have made 
envious many a modern collector. I 
sat down on a small hair-covered 
trunk marked with small brass nails, 
"E.H. C." 

In front of me was an ancient 
cradle, whose existence I knew dated 
back to 1796, and possibly earlier. 
Adjacent to this were a pair of 
massive brass andirons, saved, like 
the cradle, from the great fire of 
1804, in Portsmouth, New Hamp- 
shire. A chest of old letters kept 
them company : beyond that was a 
larger chest in which rare trophies had 
once been brought from the West 
Indies. Thus making a mental in- 
ventory, as it were, of my compan- 
ions, I felt the charm come over me 
that held me spell-bound in child- 
hood, yet deeper far in its wealth of 

"How is it," I thought, "that in- 
animate objects can exert such an 
influence?" At that moment my 
train of thought was broken as I 
heard a thin, quavering voice cry out, 
— "Keally, sir, inanimate objects 1 
Indeed, I must object !" 

I glanced in every direction to 
discover my strange companion. It 
was like the voice of some dear old 
lady, hidden from view, and thinned 
in volume by age. During my search 
I came close to the cradle. It was 
of polished mahogany. Again I 
heard the voice only more distinctly : 
"Really, my dear sir, since you 
accuse us of being 4 inanimate ob- 
jects,' — yes. actually lifeless, — let 
me assure you it was not so once, and 
if you are interested I will tell you 
of incidents in my life." 

The voice came from the cradle — 
there was no mistaking that — but 
where was the being or spirit who 
spoke ? 

"You need not search for me," 
the same thin voice cried out. "I am 
a spirit, invisible. Indeed, how could 
I well be otherwise, since I am only 
an * inanimate object'?" 

This was all so pleasantly said 
(though it might seem sarcastic), that 
I sat down on a chair of comparatively 
modern date, and listened attentively 
to what my companion might have to 

The spirit proceeded with her tale 
in a quaint, gracious way, as fol- 
lows : 

"You have given me a chance to 
vindicate my rights, — in fact, the 
rights of the whole furniture world. 
We have life, I can assure you. 
Many a tale I could tell you of your 
ancestors that you would give much 
to know. I am an old woman now, 
so a little must suffice." 

The spirit was silent then for a 
moment, and in the violence of her 

4 8 

The Cradle Spirit's Tale. 

emotion, the cradle moved to and 
fro. Then she said. — 

44 In 179G, according to your reck- 
oning., though different with us, I 
first had; life iu my present form. 
As - , a .part of the mahogany tree I 
had had a previous existence many 

A*vl was sent from the cabinet- 
maker's in Portsmouth, through the 
ancient streets, to one of the oldest 
residences in town. It was upon 
Market street, and built on laud 
formerly owned by John. Cutt, the 
first president of the King's Council 
in New Hampshire. . An historic 
spot truly, and beautiful in its loca- 
tion. ;, ) ' 

• 44 Since then the house has been 
burned to the ground, and a tree is 
growing to-day from the cellar. Dear 
me! how much I have seen since 
those young days ! I have even now 
a vain regret that I cannot go over 
the old place again, now known no 
more ! 

44 The nursery therein was. a large 
one ; on one side there were many 
panels of wood encircling a. huge fire- 
place. Deep cushioned seats were in 
the two window casings. At the right, 
as you entered, was the tall form of a 
four post mahogany bedstead, with 
simple hangings, of .white.. Between 
the windows there was a large ma- 
hogany bureau.; These were the 
richest articles in the room. The 
chairs and carpet were suited to chil- 
dren and were simple in style and 

* 4 My neighbors, the bedstead and 
bureau, were of the same social rank 
as inyself. We were indeed kin ; all 
bearing the arms of the ancient Ma- 
hogany family. There was no social 

superiority shown by us toward our 
friends the carpet and chairs. We 
were sensible of their many good 
points. We were all sociable : but 
this was at night when the good folks 
bad retired, when the last gleam of 
the embers could be seen on the 
hearth. I have heard people wonder 
what made furniture and boards 
squeak ! Squeak, indeed !" 

Here the spirit was agaiu in such 
violent emotion the cradle was per- 
ceptibly moved. Then she proceeded 
again : 44 Dear me ! that is our con- 
verse ; it seems as if people were 
most stupid in plainest things. In 
my early days I was carefully guard- 
ed. Did I not hold each day the 
little one of the household ? Was I 
not responsible for its sound sleep- 
ing? You may smile, but I tell you 
my dear sir. it is no light task to 
hold a sleeping baby and keep from 
talking. Perhaps in your mortal ex- 
perience you can assent' to this? 

44 The P>edstead was very often 
crotchety, and wanted to be talking 
when the baby was asleep. If I 
spoke the baby would awaken, and so 
I have many times passed a whisper- 
ed message by the chairs to ask her 
to stop. 

" 'Lad\ T Bedstead,' as we called her, 
would sometimes cease, and some- 
times disdain to notice my request. 
Her voice was horribly rasping. She 
was older than myself, as age goes in 
our world, and really ought to have 
known better. However, as she was 
really a kind soul at heart, I learned 
to respect her vagaries and say 

44 Dear me ! the first baby I held 
passed away very quickly. She was 
the joy of the household, little Mary 

The Cradle Spirits Tale. 


The first born ! But she was fragile, 
and faded like a flower. I could see 
bhe was not strong, before her parents 
r;oted the change. Her parents were 
your great-grandparents. lean almost 
hear the intonation of their voices 
to-day. How I wish I could bring the 
echo to you. Their second was a son, 
Samuel, a winsome, cheery child. He 
was even more carefully watched 
than the first. They were named for 
their mother and grandfather. Dear 
cue ! how much I loved those little 
ones, more almost than the many I 
since have held. Samuel faded away, 
though, like his sister Mary. I 
was alone again ! By and by a sec- 
ond daughter came to gladden us 
all. They called her Anna Holyoke, 
the maiden name of her paternal 
grandmother. A fair rose ! She out- 
grew the cradle, and strange indeed it 
was to sec her toddle around the room. 
The ladies who came to call, from the 
families of Sheafe, Haven, Ladd, and 
others, all praised her, as well as her 
next sister, who had very beautiful 
golden hair. 

"They called the latter Mary, in 
memory of her dear mother and of 
her older sister who had left them. 
Mary, too, passed beyond my confining 
bounds to other hands ; and the next 
to gladden the household was a little 
boy. He was called Edward Hoi- 
yoke, for his great-grandfather, who 
had been thirty-two years president 
of Harvard college. 

" The family moved into a new 
bouse not long after that, on Chris- 
tian Shore. It was surrounded by a 
variety of fruit trees, and thirty acres 
°f land! A beautiful site, and per- 
petual in its charm. I think if the 
^alls had not been damp Edward 

would have thriven there, but he 
faded, like the rest. Ah, well, what 
need to rouse those sweet memories 
again ! He and his sister Anna were 
ill together, and together they were 
carried out to their long, deep sleep. 
Only Mary was left then. Dear little 
thing, she prattled cheerily every day, 
and I was glad to see her near me. 

"When little Hampden came, she 
was the only one of all the little 
ones left to welcome him. Little 
thought I then that they would 
not be separated until after they 
were "three-score and ten." He was 
named for an uncle who died just 
before his birth, and the cognomen 
came down from the great John 
Hampden, who was a friend of one 
of his ancestors. 

" When we moved from grand- 
father's, as the children called it, 
1 Lady Bedstead ' was left behind, 
aod only the chair and some articles 
in other rooms went with me. The 
new home was of wood, three stories 
in height, and down the front were 
loisg terraced walks, arbors, and 
vines. I heard Mary and Hampden 
tell of the fruit as they grew older 
and rambled through the gardens. 
The new nursery, in size, was very 
like the old. Cheery and large was 
the fire-place, and my friends were 
loyal and many. The windows were 
cushioned, and the sun kept us com- 
pany all the morniug. When Mary 
was six and Hampden four, another 
little girl came whom they called 
Anna Holyoke. The children were de- 
lighted. She, too, outgrew my care and 
the nursery. They were there daily, 
though, for many years. My friends, 
Major and Mrs. Andirons, can tell 
you more of their later history. 


Biographical Sketches. 

" Some day I will tell you of 
another generation who grew up 
'neath my fostering care. When you 
want to hear of any of my contem- 
poraries, come to me and I will give 
you the secret pass into the realms of 
the land of furniture. Dear me ! how 

tired I am. 
talked so lon< 

I do n't think I ever 
to a mortal before." 

A sigh of regret escaped my lips 
when the tale was ended, and I re- 
solved to accept the offer so gener- 
ously given. Would you? 


When Governor Charles H. Saw- 
yer, Oct. 1, 1888, appointed John M. 
Mitchell as one of the railroad com- 
missioners for a term of three years, 
he made a wise selection, for he 
chose a man eminently qualified for 
the office by legal attainments and 
strong common-sense. 

Mr. Mitchell was born in Plymouth, 
July 6, 1849 ; was educated at the 
Derby (Vermont) academy ; read law 
with Edwards and Dickerman, of 
Derby, and with Harry and George 
"A. Bingham, and settled in Littleton 
upon being admitted to the bar. He 

was chairman of the board of select- 
men of Littleton in 1877 and 1878, 
and a member of the school board 
several years. He was appointed 
solicitor for Grafton county, to suc- 
ceed Major Evarts W. Farr, by the 
supreme court, and was elected for 
the term from July, 1879, to July, 

In 1881 he settled in Concord, and 
with Hon. Harry Bingham formed the 
law firm of Bingham & Mitchell. He 
married, Nov. 19, 1874, Miss Julia C. 
Lonergau. Of their three children, 
Agnes only is living. 


Not only Concord, but many towns 
throughout New Hampshire, are in- 
debted to the architectural skill of 
Edward Dow for the artistic designs 
of many public and private edifices. 

Mr. Edward Dow, son of Zebadiah 
and Asenath (Smart) Dow, was born 
in Lexington, Vt., in July, 1820. 
His grandfather, Daniel Dow of Der- 
ry and Newport, was a skilled me- 
chanic. Unaided he made a piano 
and manufactured clocks. He mar- 
ried Deborah Barker. 

His father, Zebadiah Dow, born in 

Derry, lived in Croydon. He was 
a carpenter. He married Asenath, 
daughter of Caleb and Asenath 
(Blake) Smart of Croydon. 

Mr. Dow's early years were passed 
on a farm and in his father's carpen- 
ter-shop, where he became familiar 
with tools. At the age of 16 years 
he removed with his parents to New- 
port, and as a boy worked for Euel 

He settled in Concord in 1847, and 
has been an architect since 1854. 





November 4, 1889. 

By Frank II. 

In addressing you this evening, I 
do not expect to give you a new idea, 
or furnish you witu a new thought. 
As far back in the ages as King Solo- 
mon it had already been discovered 
there was k( no new thing under the 
sun." The centuries that have in- 
tervened since then have not improved 
the chances of obtaining new matter 
of any kind ; and surely all that can 
be asked of any speaker is, that he 
so use his subject as to represent old 
facts and fancies in modern form. 

Both musician and painter labor 
under narrow limitation. Yet by skil- 
ful combination, what magical results 
follow their touch ! All the music that 
enthralls the world, from the low lul- 
laby of the cradle, through the gamut 
of symphonies, is composed of seven 
notes. All the colors that charm the 
eye, even from the pale beauty of the 
wood-violet to blaze of sunsets, are 
but blendings of seven primary colors. 
And so I thought speech-making, if the 
analogy holds good, still contained 
such possibilities that I might attempt 
to hold your attention for the brief 
period allotted me in which to address 
you. For I cannot let this opportun- 
ity pass without offering my humble 
tribute of love and praise, to the 
glorious country, and still more glori- 
ous institutions, of which we are as a 
uation the possessors ; and to you, 
the brave remnant of that gallant 
band who in the dark days of the 
early sixties left your hearths and all 
the dear ties of home, that on distant 

Brown, Esq. 

battlefields you might re-cement with 
your blood a broken and disrupted 
nation. Hardly a generation has 
passed away since those dark days, 
and to-day we hold a place among 
the galaxy of states unparalleled in 

Our territorial area is boundless. 
Two mighty oceans ebb and flow on 
our Eastern and Western shores, 
divided by a tract of fertile soil three 
thousand miles in width, containing 
all the agricultural possibilities known 
to earth. All the cereals, all the 
fruits of vine and orchard, thrive 
within our borders. The generous 
earth that smiles in harvests in the 
sun's glad ray3, yields still richer 
stores from out her cavernous depths. 

Where the largest fresh water body 
on the globe breaks in lines of silver 
on our northern frontier, there cop- 
per, valuable in coinage, alloy, and 
the arts, awaits but the miner's touch 
to repay him an hundred-fold ; tin, 
iron, gold, silver, coal, lead, are scat- 
tered with such lavish hand as. only 
nature knows, in rich deposit and 
various localities, throughout the 
length of our vast mountain-chains ; 
wbile that great staple, cotton, the 
need of which in England so nearly 
precipitated upon us European inter- 
ference midway our late civil war, 
nods its milk-white pod in the per- 
fumed breezes of the Gulf. 

Our republic, dominating a conti- 
nent separated by leagues of rolling 
oceno. from foreign intervention or 



control, temperate in its climate, di- 
versified in its products, unbounded 
in its resources, — over whose broad 
areas and league of states a journey 
of a thousaud miles is but a step, — 
jewelled with palace-crowned cities, 
dotted with prosperous hamlets, — 
grand, as we stand upon our own 
cloud-capped granite hills and listen 
to the echo, as wind, that weird old 
harper, smites his thunder harp of 
piues in the primeval woods of 
Maine, — beautiful, where the Father 
of Waters rolls his turbid tide through 
bayou and ancient city to the dark 
blue waters of the Gulf, or where by 
her Golden Gate she sits and drops 
her starry banner to the great god of 
day, as the evening gun from her 
western-most fortress salutes the 
beams of the setting sun ; — such are 
we as a nation to-day, the centennial 
of the year in which Washington took 
his seat as president over a confed- 
eration of thirteen sparsely settled 
states, poverty-stricken by their great 
war of independence, and straggling 
down the line of Atlantic sea-board 
from New Hampshire to Georgia, 
with the vast country beyond the 
Alleghanies a terra incognita, and 
perils on every hand both from within 
aud from without. 

Here in this virgin land was tried, 
for the first time in the world's his- 
tory, the experiment of a confedera- 
tion of states, sovereign aud inde- 
pendent, bound together by a central 
government. Here was to be tested 
that immortal principle of self-gov- 
ernment among men, " a government 
of the people, by the people, and 
for the people." 

And look at the result ; — a galaxy 
of forty-two states, besides territo- 

ries ; rich beyond the dream of ava- 
rice ; great in all that makes man- 
kind better and progressive ; strong 
past the power of two foreign 
wars, and one civil, to disintegrate; 
bound together by that enduring 
principle, that corner-stone of our 
political fabric and embodied in our 
constitution, that all men before the 
law are free and equal. 

Here in this rich and spacious 
country, what blessings of freedom 
and of civilization do we not enjoy ! 
A freedom from taxation such as 
would not be believed in Europe ; 
no standimg army to support; no 
ever threatening war-cloud to drain 
the people's purses and disturb the 
peaceful current of trade and arts ; 
no army conscription, that calls for 
three of the best years of a man's 
life, whether in peace or war ; no 
civil list to provide for royal mar- 
riages and settlement of younger 
sons ; no nobility to bow to ; no 
church to cringe to, — but every man 
the peer of every other before the 
law, and all places, all positions, 
eligible to all. 

This is the country, these the prin- 
ciples, that you, Gentlemen of the 
Grand Army, rose up to defend. In 
the days in which a great and power- 
ful North stood facing a fierce and 
solid South ; when brother's hand 
was raised against brother ; when 
the land was in travail, — you felt 
the thrill of battle, and you joined 
that glorious company of citizen sol- 
diery whose tramp caused the ground 
of every loyal state to tremble with 
the rhythmic beat of hurrying feet. 
You left your occupations and your 
homes, your wives and little ones, 
and stood grandly forth in your 

Ebenezer Lock 


habiliments of blue, that cm many a 
lattlefield you might test the right of 
this nation to live. It matters not, 
so far as the esteem of a grateful 
people is concerned, what befell you 
in Tour campaigns. "When you de- 
serted pen and plow for sword and 
gun, you by that act accepted all the 
chances of war. To many of you 
came wounds and disease, to some 
death, to all glory — I wish I might 
add, a pension. 

From Sumpter to the grand cli- 
macteric at Gettysburg, where the 
South lost her courage and the flower 
of her armies, where Pickett rode 
the incarnation of battle in his last 
charge, down to the end at Appomat- 

tox, the nation leaued on you for 
weal or for woe. On you, and on 
you alone, rested not only the saving 
of this nation, but that immortal, 
God-given principle of equality among 
men, of which this nation was and 
is the exponent and the test. 

Your name and fame, though chis- 
elled in granite and impressed in 
bronze, are graven still deeper in the 
hearts of your countrymen ; and as 
long as time lasts, your deeds and 
praise shall be told by sire to son, 
and recurring spring-times find sen- 
tinel at the door of each soldier's 
"low green tent, whose curtain never 
outward swings," the nation's emblem 
placed there by reverent hands. 


By Benjamin L. Bartlett. 

In the old burying-ground at East 
Deering, N. H., lie the remains of 
several Revolutionary heroes. Amoug 
the number are those of Ebenezer 
Lock and his three sons. 

This Ebenezer Lock, the first Amer- 
ican to fire upon the British, was born 
in 1734, at Woburn, Mass., which 
had been the home of an unbroken 
line of Locks since 1650. He was 
the seventh child and only surviving 
son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth Lock; 
grandson of Deacon William, and 
great-grandson of William, an orphan 
boy six years old when he came to 
America in 1634 in the family of 
Nicholson Davies. 

This William was a cousin of John 
Locke, the philosopher, and those 
curious in such matters can trace the 
ancestry back to the middle of the 
15th century and perhaps further, 
with a good degree of certainty. 

Ebenezer married Lucy Wood, at 
Woburn, Feb. 22, 1759. He was a 
farmer liviug in the extreme westerly 
part of Woburn, and here his wife 
died Feb. 14, 1765, leaving three 
sons, Ebenezer, Jonathan, and Ben- 
jamin. Mr. L. did not marry again, 
but employing a relative he kept the 
family together for several years. 
But the troubles with the mother 
country were fast coming on, and, 
though but one of the humblest citi- 
zens, he could not remain indifferent. 

On the memorable 19th of April, 
Pitcairn having given the signal of 
w*;r, the Americans flew to arms. 
Instead of joining the party on the 
green, Mr. Lock took position in an 
open cellar, and for some ten min- 
utes worked valiantly, bringing down 
an enemy at nearly every shot. A 
volley of balls lodging in the oppo- 
site wall told that he was discovered, 


Ebcnczer Loch. 

but he continued to load and tire till 
closely pressed by the British. Hav- 
ing but one bullet left he levelled his 
gun at the soldier near by, dropped 
the weapon as the man fell shot 
through the heart, and sprang for the 
orchard, his only way of escape. 
The balls whistled close around him, 
but reaching the brink of a steep hill 
he threw himself to the ground, roll- 
ing downward as if mortally wounded, 
thus escaping unhurt. 

Throughout the long and fearful 
struggle, weary with incessant toil, 
destitute of suitable clothing, suffer- 
ing the pangs of hunger, cold, and 
exposure, he with others endured all 
their forced marches, frequently leav- 
ing traces of blood at every step. 

Hastening home after the disband- 
ing of the army, Mr. L. found his 
little property greatly diminished, 
and some years after he followed 
his sons to Deering, N. H. Fond 
of reading, good-natured and cheer- 
ful, he spent the evening of life in 
quiet seclusion, and died at his 
youngest son's, Sept. 12, 1816, aged 
82. A plain stone upon the hillside 
marks the final resting-place of the 
man who only did his duty, when, 
forty-one years before, in manhood's 
prime, he had devoted all his ener- 
gies, and life itself, if need be, to the 
service of his country. 

At the commencement of hostilities 
Mr. Lock's eldest son was scarce fif- 
teen, and his youngest a lad of ten, 
yet all three took part in the War for 

Ebenezer, the eldest, was wounded 
and left on the battle-field with those 
unable to proceed, while his father 
marched onward with the- troops. 
Jonathan served on the sea. and Ben- 
jamin, born 1765, Feb. 10, was a 

soldier from the beginning of 1780. 
In 1784 the latter two were in Deer- 
ing, N. II., each clearing the respec- 
tive farm on which he was to speud 
his days. Although their scanty wages 
had been carefully saved, yet the 
depreciation of continental currency 
left them little capital save strong 
arms and stout hearts, and for these 
they found constant requisition while 
founding a home in the wilderness. 

Jonathan, born 1762, had married 
Lucy Brooks, of Woburn, and hither 
he brought his wife and infant daugh- 
ter. After a useful, prosperous life, 
he died June 21, 1830, Mrs. L. join- 
ing him May 21, 1839. Their only 
child, Lucy, married H. Hadlock of 
Deering, and died in 1857. 

In 1786 Benjamin Lock married 
Anna, daughter of Moses and Sarah 
(Norton) Eastman, then of "Weave, 
but originally of Concord, N. H. 
Born Jan. 11, 1767, and having but 
few educational facilities, Mrs. L. 
was yet a woman of decided intellect- 
ual vigor, skilful, industrious, frugal, 
and persevering, she proved a worthy 
helpmeet, ably seconding all her hus- 
band's efforts at improvement. Mr. 
L. died Sept. 14, 1839, his widow 
Dec. 14, 1843. Of their nine children 
one only survives, Mrs. Anna, widow 
of the late Col. John Bartlett, of 

Ebenezer came to Deering a little 
later than his brothers, and married 
Mollie Eastman, a younger sister of 
Mrs. Benj. Lock. Incapacitated for 
much labor, he wa3 among the first to 
receive a pension. The wound in his 
knee never healed, and he died in con- 
sequence after years of suffering. 
One sou preceded him to the spirit 
world, and in 1815 the other two with 
their mother removed to Pennsylvania. 

TJi€ Departure. 55 


£ After the Norwegian of A. Munch.] 
By Mart H. Wheeler. 

At dawning of a summer day 

A ship lay under lee, 
Where cliff, and grove, and island quay, 

Were mirrored in the sea. 

A sweet, refreshing morning breeze 

Out through the night air went ; 
And ocean's breath with scent of trees 

In grateful fragrance blent. 

Still lay the dark ship near the land ; 

No word the roaster said ; 
It but awaited his comtsjand 

Its snowy wings to spread. 

For when the sun's first golden ray 

The signal height should hail, 
We were to leave the quiet bay 

The wide, wide sea to sail. 

On deck, with sweet, expectant air, 

My wife sat in repose ; 
She was as lovely, vxas as fair, 

As is the blushing rose. 

To her warm hand ray own she drew 

So hopefully, for lo ! 
Her cherished dream was coming true — 

We should together go 

Far o'er the sea to countries strange, 

In sunny southern: lands, 
With youthful eagerness to range 

Arno's and Tiber's strands. 

For her life seemed so morning-pure, 

So beauty-rich, so long, — 
She floated on that charming tour 

As might a queen in song. 

But, God be praised ! that happy day 

Her future was untold : 
Not long thereafter still she lay 

With white cheek 'neath the mould. 


Literary Mention. 


" In a Fair Country ," 

Soon to be published by Lee & Shepard, 
Boston, with hb full-page original illustra- 
tions, engraved on wood, and printed 
under the direction of George T. Andrew, 
with nearly one hundred pages of text by 
Thomas Wentworth Higginson — a perfect 
union of art and literature. Over the 
clear-cut thoughts of a modern master of 
classic essay, one of the foremost of Amer- 
ican artists draws the magic pencil which 
has achieved so many triumphs, and " in* 
verdure clad,' 1 starts into life the rural 
beauties of " April Days,'* " My Out-door 
Studies," "Water Lilies," "The Life of 
Birds," " The Procession of the Flowers,'' 
and u Snow." It was a happy thought 
that selected these models of literary 
genius for illustration, a loving homage to 
nature which guided the artist in her wan- 
derings "In a Fair Country." The fifty- 
five illustrations which ornament this vol- 
ume are not surpassed even by the former 
triumphs of " One Year's Sketch Book," 
" Nature's Hallelujah," " A Bunch of Vio- 
lets," and '* The Message of the Blue- 
bird," — household treasures throughout 
the land. Whether floating in her boat 
on Concord river, with its wealth of floral 
adornments, its scenic surprises in the 
windings of its stream in and about places 
made famous by Thoreau and Emerson, or 
in her loftier flights amid the hills of 
"beautiful Camden" down by the sea, 
where the grandeur of mountain views 

Eossesses charms to wake enthusiasm, she 
as exhibited the same fidelity to nature 
in her beautiful pictures, the same exqui- 
site taste in the selection of her subjects, 
which have characterized her previous 
achievements. Without the illustrations 
the essays would be admirable; without 
the essays the illustrations would be 
charming; but the union of pen and pen- 
cil has produced a book in every way 

The Cosmopolitan may be taken as 
embodying the best literature of the 
world, as the magazine editor pays the 
highest prices to novelists, scientists, 
statesmen, soldiers, and even kings and 
princes, for the best they can furnish in 
the literary line. The well edited maga- 
zine becomes an educating influence in the 
family circle, whose importance cannot be 
over-estimated. The children, as they 

grow up, are attracted by its illustrations, 
and so come in time to have a taste for 
reading. There is alwavs something .that 
is new, something tnat is strange, some- 
thing that is interesting; and we consider 
that we are doing our readers a positive 
benefit if we are instrumental in placing 
such a publication within their reach. The 
special arrangement which we have made 
with the Cosmopolitan presents very un- 
usual inducements. That magazine, al- 
though only in the tenth month under its 
new management, is already recognized as 
one of the most interesting publications of 
the day. It is seeking subscribers every- 
where, and obtaining them. The proprie- 
tors believe that the Cosmopolitan has only 
to be examined to secure a permanent sub- 
scriber. That is why we are enabled to 
make, if the offer is accepted before Janu- 
ary next, such a very low rate, by which 
our readers can obtain the Cosmopolitan 
for little more than the cost of this 
Journal alone. Just think of what the 
combination means ! You obtain your 
o?wn home journal at about the regular 
price, and have thrown in a magazine 
which gives you, in a year, nearly fourteen 
feundred pages of reading matter by the 
Ablest writers of the world, including 600 
pages of illustrations that are unsurpassed 
m point of interest and execution. Will 
k not pay you to send a subscription to 
fJhis office for the Granite Monthly and 
the Cosmopolitan immediately ? Remem- 
ber, only £3 00 for the two. 


The undersigned is about to publish a 
History of Dartmouth College and of the 
Town of Hanover, N. H. 

It is the aim of the writer to furnish, so 
far as possible, a complete and accurate 
•record of the important facts connected 
with the college in all its relations, begin- 
eing with the rise of Dr. Wheelock's 
school in Connecticut. 

As, owing to the peculiar circumstances 
the life of the town of Hanover has been 
rr separably connected with that of the col- 
lege, the "history of both must be told in 
the same pages. 

The work is drawn to a great extent 
from original and unpublished sources. It 
-will be comprised in two large octavo vol- 
umes (Svo), executed in the best style 
of the printer's art, with a number of illus- 
trative cuts, and copies of many documents 
and letters. 

Literary Mention. 


The first volume, covering the period 


to 1615, will be first issu< 

It will 

contain upwards of 600 pages, besides an 
adequate index, and may be expected 
during the coming winter. 

Contents of volume I. 

Chap. 1. Dr. Wheelock and his school 
in Connecticut. 

Chap. 2. The incorporation and loca- 
tion of Dartmouth college. 

Chap. 3. Early history of Hanover ; 
how the grant was obtained ; physical 
features of the town ; proprietary acts ; 
first settlers, &c. 

Chap. 4. The official church of the 
town ; the Grafton Presbytery ; and the 
schism of Rev. Mr. Burroughs. 

Chap. 5. The College and College 
District from 1770 to 1775. 

Chap. 6. The Town and College in the 

Chap. 7. Political relations of College 
and Town 1774 to 1786 ; early efforts to 
restore New Hampshire authority west of 
the river; quarrel with New Hampshire 
about representation; conventions and do- 
ings of the " College Hall' 1 party; jealousy 
of state officials; town of "Dresden;" 
unions with Vermont; records and letters 
hitherto unpublished; collapse of the union; 
persistency of Dresden party ; ensuing 
trouble with New Hampshire about taxa- 
tion, &c. 

Chap. 8. The College and Moor's Char- 
ity School to 1815. 

The second volume is expected to con- 
tain, — 

1. The College Church, and the causes 
leading up to the great College contro- 

2. The College and the University, and 
the College Case, between 1815 and'l820. 

3. The College subsequent to 1820. 

4. Annals of the town and village. 

5. Monographs on topics connected with 
Town and College. 

6. Prominent families. 

The price of each volume will be $3.50 
net. Those who wish to subscribe are re- 
quested to do so at once, that the size of 
the edition may be determined in view of 
the probable demand. 


Frederick Chase, 
Hanover, N. H. 


From this time forth the New York 
Ledger will contain sixteen pages. The 
publishers have been urged for years by 
their subscribers to make this change, so 
they would have the Ledger in a form con- 
venient for binding. Jn making the 
change from eight to sixteen pages, 
Messrs. Robert Bonner's Sons have util- 
ized the opportunity to introduce impor- 
tant improvements into the Ledger, and to 
add many new and costly features. The 
new number of the Ledger (November 
16th) leads off with the opening chapters 
of an extraordinary story from the pen 
of Anna Katharine Green (author of the 
"Leavenworth Case"), entitled "The 
Forsaken Inn." 

This remarkable story was written in a 
white heat — dashed oft' almost without 
rest from commencement to end. It has- 
been the habit of Anna Katharine Green 
to deliberate for a long time before taking 
pen in hand to begin a new work, and then to- 
devote at least a year to its completion, but 
"The Forsaken Inn 11 presented itself to 
her in a way so forcible and vivid that all 
her former methods were discarded, and she 
wrote the story under the spur of over- 
powering inspiration. The result was the 
production of an exceptionally brilliant 
and glowing literary gem. 

In addition to Anna Katharine Green's 
great story, the Ledger of November 16tb 
contains the following brilliant articles ; 

" Nihilism in Russia, 11 by Leo Hartmann, 
Nihilist; "Old-Fashioned Fashions, 11 by 
James Parton ; " Dr. Hoknagel's Strange 
Story 11 (illustrated), by Julian Hawthorne ; 
"A Missionary's Life in the Wild Nortli 
Land," number one (illustrated), by Rev. E. 
R.Young; "A Scientist's Bright Thoughts," 
Editorials, etc. ; " The New South," 
by Hon. Henry W. Grady; "American 
Cookery," by .Miss Maria Parloa ; "The 
Lady of the Rock," a poem (illustrated), 
by Thomas Dunn English; "An Original 
Temptation " (illustrated), by the Mar- 
quise Clara Lanza; " Paying the Penalty," 
(7th instalment), (illustrated), by ^laj. 
Alfred R. Calhoun ; Correspondence, 
Science, Wit, and Humor, and a fine 
variety of miscellaneous reading matter. 
Notwithstanding the vast outlay to which 
the publishers of the Ledger have gone, 
the price of the Ledger is only two dollars 
a year. Considering its extraordinary ex- 
cellence, the New York Ledger, at two- 
dollars a year, is the cheapest — as it is the 
best — family paper in the world. 

5 8 

Literary Mention. 


" The Century Magazine " in 1890 — 

Joseph Jefferson's Autobiography — 

Novels by Frank R. Stockton, 

Amelia E. Barr, and others. — 

A Capital Programme. 

During 1890 The Century Magazine 
(whose recent successes have included the 
famous " War Papers," the Lincoln His- 
tory, and George Kennan's series on 
" Siberia and the Exile System' 1 ) will pub- 
lish the long-looked-for Autobiography of 
Joseph Jefferson, whose " Rip van Win- 
kle 1 ' has made his name a household word. 
No more interesting record of a life upon 
the stage could be laid before the 
public. Mr. Jefferson is the fourth in a 
generation of actors, and, with his children 
and grandchildren, there are six genera- 
tions of actors among the Jeffersons. His 
story of the early days of the American 
«tage, when, as a boy, travelling in his 
father's company, they would settle down 
for a season in a Western town, playing in 
their own extemporized theatre, — the par- 
ticulars of the creation of his famous " Rip 
van Winkle," how he acted Tieket-of- 
Leave Man " before an audience of that 
class in Australia, etc., — all this, enriched 
with illustrations and portraits of contem- 
porary actors and actresses, and with anec- 
dotes, will form one of the most delightful 
serials The Century has ever printed. 

Amelia E. Barr, Frank R. Stockton. 
Mark Twain, H. H. Boyesen, and many 
other well known writers, will furnish the 

fiction for the new volume, which is to be 
unusually strong, including several novels, 
illustrated novelettes, and short stories. 
*' The Women of the French Salons " 
are to be described in a brilliant series of 
illustrated papers. The important dis- 
coveries made with the great Lick telescope 
at San Francisco (the largest telescope in 
the world), and the latest explorations relat- 
ing to pre-historic America (including the 
famous Serpent Mound, of Ohio) are to be 
chronicled in Tlie Century. 

Prof. George P. Fisher of Yale Uni- 
versity is to write a series on " The Nature 
and Method of Revelation," which will at- 
tract every Bible student. Bishop Potter 
of New York will be one of several promi- 
nent writers who are to contribute a series 
of " Present-day Papers " on living topics, 
and there will be art papers, timely arti- 
cles, etc., etc., and the choicest pictures 
that the greatest artists and engravers can 

Ever} bookseller, post-master, and sub- 
scription agent takes subscriptions to The 
Century (8^-00 a year), or remittance may 
he made directly to the publishers. The 
Century Co., of New York. Begin new 
subscriptions with November (the first 
issue of the volume), and get Mark 
Twain's story, ' ; A Connecticut Yankee in 
Kins: Arthur's Court," in that number. 


The Century Co.'s Magazine for 

Young Folks. Enlarged and 

Printed in New Type. 

Since 1873, when, under the editorial 
management of Mrs. Mary Mapes Dodge, 
the publication of St. Nicholas for Young 
yolks was begun, it has led all magazines 
for girls and boys. Nothing like it was 
known before, and to-day, as the Chicago 
Inzer-Ocean recently said, " it is the model 
and ideal juvenile magazine of the world." 

Literary Mention, 


Tfcrongh its pages the greatest writers of 
our time are speaking to the youth of 
America and England, and the best artists 
and engravers are training the eyes of the 
boys and <;irls to appreciate the highest in 
art. Nobody knows how many readers 
St. Nicholas has. In the third largest 
public library in America — that in Indian- 
apolis — more than 3,000 people read each 
month's number. 

Since the first isstg'3 Mrs. Dodge has re- 
mained as editor. Early in its history 
other young people's magazines, " Our 
Young Folks,* 1 "The Little Corpora}," 
" Riverside," etc., were consolidated with 
it, and its history has been one of growth 
from the first. Tennyson, Bryant. Long- 
fellow, Whittier, Miss Alcott, Mrs. Burnett, 
Charles Dudley Warner, W. D. Howells, 
and almost every well known writer of our 
time, have contributed to its pages. There 
is only one way in which its conductors 
can make it better, and that is by making 
more of it; and so they announce that, 
with the beginning of the seventeenth vol- 
ume (November, 1389), St. Nicholas will 
be enlarged by the addition of eight, and 
sometimes sixteen, extra pages in each 
number. This enlargement is absolutely- 
required to make room for the rich store of 
new material which has been secured for 
the benefit of St. Nicholas readers. The 
use of new and clearer type will be begun 
with the November number. 

During the coming year there are to be 
four important serial stories by four well 
known American authors. Athletics and out- 
door sports will be a special feature (con- 
tributed by Walter Camp of Yale and 
others), and there will be stories of character 
and adventure, sketches of information and 
travel, out-door papers, articles of special 
literary interest, suggestive .talks on nat- 
ural history, other scientific subjects, and 
the march of events. Both the December 
and January numbers are to be holidav 

The price will be the same as hereto- 
fore, $3.00 a year, 25 cents a number, and 
all dealers and the publishers (The Cen- 
tury Co , New York) take subscriptions. 
Xew subscribers should begin with No- 



The New York Fashion Bazar. 

Price, 50 cents. By subscription, $3.00 
per year. 

The Christmas number contains a mag- 
nificent chronio supplement of Meissoru'er's 

great painting, 4 'Friedland: 1807 ," repre- 
senting Napoleon at the zenith of his glory 
at the battle of Friedland. From the orig- 
inal picture now in the Metropolitan 
Museum of Art, New York, for which 
$66,000 was paid at the famous Stewart 

" It is the leading fashion publication on 
this continent, and is no doubt the cheap- 
est." — Truro Sun. 

Most of the fashion plates in the Bazar 
are issued simultaneously in New York 
and Paris. It is the most complete period- 
ical for dress-makers in the world, and the 
most popular fashion magazine for mothers 
and heads of families. The Christmas 
number is superbly illustrated ! A beauti- 
ful colored winter fashion plate! A brill- 
iant cover plate of children's winter suits. 

The plates and engravings contained in 
this number embrace evening and ball 
costumes, winter over-garments, visiting 
and reception gowns, winter bonnets and 
hats, suits for boys and girls, capes, coats, 
cloaks, wraps, jackets, muffs, and cos- 
tumes for all occasions, embroidery pat- 
terns, etc. 

New stories by Mrs. Alexander, John 
Strange Winter, Mr. W. E. Morris, 
Erekmann-Chatrian, a new continued story 
by the author of " His Wedded Wife, 11 
and a splendidly illustrated Christmas 
story, entitled " Jim-of-the-Whim.' 1 

The Bazar editorial department is full 
of bright articles by various contributors. 
Mrs. Stowell has an interesting article on 
novelties for Christmas. Mrs. Bryan has 
an article on Elizabeth Barrett Browning. 
All the regular departments are replete 
with choice and seasonable reading matter. 

Mrs. Alice Walker writes, — "I am a 
dress-maker, and I have bought The New 
York Fashion Bazar every month for 
the past four years. I could not do with- 
out it. The fashions are the very latest. 1 ' 

Now is the time to subscribe ! Price 
$3.00 a year. Any person sending $3 for 
a year's subscription will receive the beau- 
tiful Christmas chromo supplement of 
Meissonier's great painting, "Friedland: 

The following premiums in cash will be 
given to parties sending us subscriptions : 

For five subscribers, one year, at 

§3.00 a year, we will give $ 3 75. 

For ten suoscribers, one year 7 50. 

M twenty " " 15 00. 

<k thirty " " 22 50. 

" fortv »« " 30 00. 

" fifty » " 37 50. 

*• one hundred subscribers, 

one year 75 00. 


JL it era ry Men tio n . 

For one thousand subscribers, 

one year $750 00 

And for larger numbers in proportion. 

Send remittances by postal money 
order, registered letter, or cheek, and 


Munko's Publishing House, 
P. O. Box 3751. 

17 to 27 Vandewater St., N. Y. 

ufacture the sleighs in different parts of 
the country, and all information will be 
given by addressing the Berry Spring 
Sleigh Company, at Concord, where the 
offices and factory are located. One is on 
exhibition at the store of Humphrey & 
Dodge, or they can be seen at the fac- 


The Berry Spring Sleigh. fi ii f {? C F ' S MagazifiC 

The Berry Spring Sleigh, covered by 
letters patent issued in the Dominion, 
March 13th, and in the United States, 
Sept. 25th, 18*8, is the greatest invention 
of modern times. 

For ease and comfort it stands without 
a rival. 

A company has been formed in Con- 
cord, and incorporated under the laws of 
New Hampshire, for the manufacture of 
the Berry spring sleigh, with the following 
officers : President, E. S. Nutter, Con- 
cord, N. H. ; Treasurer, M. J. Pratt, 
Concord, N. H. ; Clerk, N. E. Martin, 
Esq., Concord, N. H. ; Directors, E. S. 
Nutter, M. J. Pratt, Concord; F. A. Cut- 
ting, Winchester, Mass.; Hon. J. W. 
Patterson, Hanover; Austin E. Berrv, 
"Warden, P. Q. 

The new company has been styled the 
Berry Spring Sleigh Co., and' has ac- 
quired by purchase the patent issued in 
this country, Sept. 25, 1888, covering 
every part of the new device. Ample shop 
room has been secured in the workshop of 
the old State Prison, the work of construc- 
tion has been commenced, and a sufficient 
number has been completed to supply the 
demand which has already sprung up for 
the new sleigh all oyer New England and 
the Middle States. 

The Berry Spring Sleigh is the very 
acme of ease and comfort. With the body 
built of the best material, artistically 
formed and elegantly iinished, mounted on 
the best of tempered steel springs, which 
allows it to give with every inequality of 
the road, with runners so made that they 
glide over the snow instead of cutting 
through to the gravel beneath, it cannot 
help being all that is claimed for it, — the 
greatest invention of modern times ; an 
invention that is destined to revolutionize 
the sleigh-building industry of the country 
so soon as its merits become universally 

In addition to manufacturing themselves, 
the home company will sell rights to man- 


Anew Shakespeare— the Shakespeare of En-WES 
A. Abbev— will be presented in Harper's Maga- 
zines tor 1890, with comments by AXbR ( w Lang. 
Harper's Magazine has also made special ar- 
rangements With alphonse Dacdet, the greatest 
of living French novelists, tor the exclusive publi- 
cation, in serial fursu, of a humorous story, to be 
entitled "The Colonists of Tarasron: the Last Ad- 
ventures of the Famous Tarrarin." The story will 
be translated bv henry James, and illustrated by 
Kossi and Mi RBACii. 

W. D. Howell* will enntrpu^e a nove'lette in 
three pares, an<1 Lafcadio Hearn a novellette in 
two parts, entitled •'Youxna," handsomely illus- 

In illustrated papers, touching subjects of current 
interest, and in its ?h>rt st< ries, poems, and timely 
»rt ctes, the Magazine will maintain ita well- 
known standard. 


Per Year: 





Pottage Free to all subscribers in the United 
States, Canada, or Mexico. 

The volume? ot the Magazine begin with the 
Numhers for June and December ot each year. 
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^Devoted to Literature, 'Biography, History, and State Progress. 

VOL. III. (New Series.) MARCH, 

Vol. XIII. 


Nos. 3, 4. 


By Rev. J. Z. Armstrong. Ph. D., LL. D. 

" You will confer the greatest ben- 
fit on your city, not by raising the 
roofs, but by exalting the souls of 
your fellow-citizens ; for it is better 
that great souls should live in small 
habitations, than that abject slaves 
should burrow in great houses." 

These are the words of Epictetus, 
a Roman philosopher of the first cen- 
tury of our era, and it is not difficult 
for any right-minded man to appre- 
ciate the sentiment as expressed. 

We know full well that neither the 
wealth of an individual, nor his worth, 
rests in what he has, but in what he is, 
and in fact it has come to be one of the 
most universally accepted opinions in 
matters of state or national econom- 
ics, that the wealth of a people is in 
the *■« vigor, valor, genius, and integ- 
rity of the individuals constituting 
8uch state or nation." 

Nor has there ever been a time in 
the history of the world when the 
demand for cultured, broad, earnest, 
philanthropic, Christian men was so 
great as to-day. 

We seem to be in the rapids of the 

stream of progress, and men of cool- 
est brain and steadiest nerve are 
required to hold the craft in position, 
and steer clear of the rocks and shoals. 
A great man, competent to take 
the status of public activities, and to 
mark the trend of popular thought, 
with a vision clear enough to discover 
man's needs, and a hand strong 
enough in a measure, to supply them, 
with a heart in sympathy witii his fel- 
low-beings, wishing for and willing to 
help along the best interestsof human- 
ity, and not at all lacking in faith in 
the great God and His Providence, — 
such a great man, I say, is the great- 
est fact in the history of his genera- 
tion. Such an one will find a way 
out of the ruts and grooves of pres- 
ent local surroundings and ordinary 
life, and gain a broad, comprehensive, 
aud accurate knowledge of the times 
in which he lives, and, by virtue of 
the lofty source from which springs 
his life, and its irresistible onward 
and outward iiow, will be a perpetual 
blessing to the world in which he 


Horace Way Oilman. 

Such a life is as a majestic river: 
its source high among the pure white 
snow of the mountain ranges, boiling 
up from the very heart of their eter- 
nal fastnesses, now bounding over 
some rocky precipice, now murmur- 
ing through quiet dells, uow meander- 
ing across a daisy bespangled mead- 
ow, then bounding through some 
dark gorge, or resting in a cool and 
secluded pool, whence it rejoices 
on its journey, until broadening out 
into a majestic river, upon whose 
bosom rest the ships of commerce 
and the interests of vast populations, 
its brim rises to kiss, beautify, and 
fructify the rich valley that skirts its 
banks. It is the life of such a man 
that we are permitted now briefly to 
sketch — Horace Way Gilman. 

Mr. Gilman comes of a family that 
is said to be remarkable rather for 
the even worth of its members than 
for the brilliancy or genius of a few ; 
but we find no lack of names highly 
honorable in the annals of the country. 

Among the judges, lawyers, divines, 
professors, commissioners, senators, 
representatives, doctors of medicine, 
architects, and artists of this country, 
the name of Gilman is quite com mon ; 
and the gubernatorial chair of New 
Hampshire has been filled by men of 
that name, and of the family to which 
H. W. Gilman belongs, in larger 
numbers and for more years than by 
men of any other name or family. 

The pedigree of the family has 
been prepared at great expense and 
with the utmost care, and from it we 
gather the following : 

Edward Gilman lived in Caston, 
Norfolk, England, and was married 
to Mi>s Rose Rysse, June 22, 1550. 
Robert was the son of Edward, and 

was born, lived, and died in Hing- 
ham, Eng. Edward (the 2d), was 
the son of Robert, and was born in 
Hingham, Eng., about 1588, came 
to this country, and was received 
and recorded as an inhabitant of the 
town of Exeter in the year 1652. 

Moses was the son of Edward (2d), 
and emigrated to this western world 
with his father, and was received and 
recorded at the same time and place. 

Moses (2d) was the son of Moses 
(1st), and was a freeholder in Exeter, 
where he led an industrious, quiet 
life, and died at a good age. Moses 
(3d) was the son of Moses (2d), and 
lived in Newmarket, where he died 
in 1769. Samuel was the son of 
Moses (3d), and was born in Exeter 
in 1750, and died in 1821. Stephen 
was the son of Samuel, was a farmer 
in East Unity, and a cavalry officer 
in the Revolutionary war, and died 
In 1830. 

Emerson was the son of Stephen, 
bom in 1794, in East Unity, a 
farmer and a .clothier by trade, and 
the honored father of Horace Way 
Oilman, a sketch of whose life we 
are called upon to prepare. 

Mr. Gilman was born in East Unity, 
on the 6th day of December, 1833. 
In 1837 his parents moved to Low- 
ell, Mass., aud from thence to Mil- 
ford in 1843, and from Milford to 
Nashua in 1844. During these first 
eleven years of his life Mr. Gilman 
received in the home of his parents, 
and in the public schools of the places 
above named, a fair start toward an 

As a boy he was reserved, indus- 
trious, and remarkable for his habit 
of close observation, which was but 
the prophecy of his future success. 

Horace Way Gil man. 


Shortly after coming to Nashua, 
young Gilman went to work for him- 
self in the cotton-mill at the wages 
of 25 cts. per day, begiuning at 
four o'clock in the morning aud labor- 
ing until seven in the evening, being 
allowed only a short time for break- 
fast and dinner For five years from 
the time he began work in the mill 
he was deprived of school privileges, 
excepting two terms a year, which he 
improved to a degree far in excess of 
the average youth of his day. 

In 1849 he went to Springfield, 
Mass., to work in a new cotton-mill, 
and by this time he had gained such 
skill as an operative that he received 
$1.25 wages per day. The following 
year he returned to Nashua and 
entered the private school of Prof. 
Crosby, where he continued for two 
consecutive years, and to this day his 
conversation bears testimony at once 
to the worth and ability of the teach- 
er and his own diligent application, 
close observation, and accurate mem- 
ory, by frequent reference to the say- 
ings uttered and maxims taught by 
h'13 old masters. 

He attended the high school in 
Nashua during the fall term of 1852, 
having taught during the winter of 
1851-'52 in Nashua, and the winter 
of 1852-53 in Hudson. 

There can be no doubt that the 
most important step a man or woman 
can take as bearing upon the happi- 
ness of life in this world, and in fact 
not among the least important with 
reference to the life in the world that 
is to come, is the selection of a wife 
or a husband. It was during the win- 
ter term of school taught in Hudson 
that Mr. Gilman became acquainted 
with Miss Adaliue W. Marsh, and in 

December, 1854, they were joined in 
the holy bonds of matrimony. Mrs. 
Gilman is a lady of the finest culture, 
possessed of a warm, sympathetic 
nature, a kind, unselfish heart, capable 
of the highest and strongest affec- 
tions ; and meutally she is remark- 
able for the accuracy and power of 
that intuition characteristic of woman- 
hood in highly cultured and refined 
circles. For thirty-six years Mr. 
and Mrs. Gilman have lived together 
in the enjoyment of rare connubial 
felicity ; and their home is an ideal 
in all its appointments and order. 

They have been blessed with four 
children. The eldest, William Virgil, 
was born Nov. 25, 1856, and is now 
an active business man largely inter- 
ested in the manufacture of paper in 
Bath, S. C. 

The second child, a son, Horace 
Emerson, was born May 24, 1860, 
and was suddenly taken from them 
on the 19th day of August, 1870. 

Edward Marsh is their third child, 
and was born Sept. 26, 1862. He is 
a young man of sterling business 
qualities, unswerving integrity, and 
a general favorite in the social circle 
where he moves. He is the eastern 
manager of the Davidson Investment 
Co., and has the honor of being a 
member of Gov. Goodell's staff. 

Their fourth and last child was a 
daughter, Ada Florence, born Feb. 
14, 1865, but she only remained to 
brighten their home about one year 
and a half. 

During the years 1853, '54, and 
'55, Mr. Gilman worked in the card 
factory of Gage, Murray & Co. in 
the summer, and taught in the public 
schools of Nashua in the winters. 

In July, 1856, he moved to Albany, 

6 4 

Horace Way Oilman, 

N. Y., and formed a copartnership 
with Mr. John Dobler iu the card 
business, and there remained for five 

It will be remembered that during 
these years there occurred one of the 
most trying financial panics this coun- 
try has known. Money brought 6% 
per month on the streets of Albany 
for a considerable length of time ; 
and it goes without saying that it 
required the finest grade of business 
talent to tide a new business enter- 
prise, somewhat limited iu capital, 
over such a season of trouble: never- 
theless the concern prospered, and 
in the year 1859 erected a magnifi- 
cent factory building, extending from 
Hamilton street to Hudson street in 
the city of Albany. 

In the spring of 1861, Mr. Oilman 
sold his interest in Albany aud came 
again to Nashua. In January, 1862. he 
bought one fourth interest in the con- 
cern of Gage, Murray & Co., and 
assumed the responsible position of 
financier. In 1866 the whole concern 
was bought by Gilman Bros., of which 
H. W. Gilman was one, and in 1869 
was organized under a charter as the 
Nashua Card & Glazed Paper Co. - 
and H. W. Gilman was elected treas- 
urer, which position he held without 
interruption until 1888. During these 
twenty-six years of business adminis- 
tration the Nashua Card & Glazed 
Paper Co. experienced a growth and 
success seldomed equalled in this or 
any other land. During the whole 
term it paid dividends averaging 16J% 
annually ; and the capital stock quad- 
rupled in value. During this period 
of prosperity the American world was 
shaken by several financial panics — 
one, that of 1873, being very try- 

ing to all the moneyed interests of 
the country ; and it seems to us worthy 
of note that during all these times the 
concern under consideration had no 
paper protested, nor its bank account 
overdrawn, nor its credit in any way 
impeached. While the magnificent 
success of the Nashua Card & Glazed 
Paper Co. is the crowning business 
achievement of Mr. Gilman's life, it 
is by no means the only one. In 1872 
he bought one half interest in the 
Contoocook Valley Paper Co., and 
was its treasurer until he sold his 
interest in it in 1879 ; and during 
that time the capital stock tripled in 

During the years 1883 and 1884 he 
was a stockholder, director, and presi- 
dent of the Underbill Edge Tool Co. 
of Nashua. He was also one of the 
inaugurators of the Electric Light 
business in Nashua, and for some 
years was a heavy stockholder and 
director in the Second National Bank 
of Nashua. Mr. Gilman retired from 
active business life in 1889, selling 
out the stock he held. 

We have thus briefly sketched the 
career of a man from poverty to afflu- 
ence, from obscurity to social prom- 
inence, and that success achieved 
by virtue of energy, industry, and 
patience, guided by a clear head and 
a far-seeing eye. I am asked, u How 
much is he worth?" The answer 
you expjsct is, He is worth dol- 
lars. I shall give you no such 
reply. He is worth infinitely more 
than can be represented by dollars 
and cents. He has been and now 
is worth bread to the hungry, cloth- 
ing for the naked, help to those 
who are in distress, sympathy for 
the sorrowing. And he is worth, oh, 

Horace Way Oilman. 


i?o much as a friend to those who 
<»et near to and become acquainted 
with his great, warm, manly heart. 
His right hand is const autiv doing 
what his left hand knows not of ; and 
so his material wealth is steadily 
being transferred into immaterial 
treasure, the worth of which shall be 
known hereafter. 

We asked him one day, ''Brother 
Oilman, when and where were you 
converted?" And with no small emo- 
tion he replied, — " In Springfield, 
Mass., in the year 1849, in a Metho- 
dist prayer-meeting, under the pas- 
torate of Rev. Mr. Ames." 

And we were again reminded of the 
invaluable service this branch of the 
universal church has rendered to this 
great and rapidly growing country by 
laying the foundation and building 
the superstructure of stalwart Christian 
character and sending it out to purify 
business methods, to adorn American 
society, and by its consecrated wealth 
to spread divine truth through the 
whole earth, and so establish a uni- 
versal Christian civilization. Mr. Gil- 
man first united with the Congrega- 
tional church. Upon goingto Albany 
he transferred his membership to the 
•Methodist Episcopal church. When 
he returned to Nashua he united with 
the Chestnut St. M. E. church. After- 
ward he joined the Lowell St. M. 
E. church by a certificate from the 
Chestnut St. church. And when in 
1867 and 18G8 the Lowell St. society 
built the Main St. church, Mr. Gilman 
was one of her official members, and 
no small degree of the success of the 
enterprise so wisely planned and so 
ably executed is due to the business 
ability and broad Christian benevo- 

lence of this one man. As a Metho- 
dist he is known abroad fully as well 
as at home. He was a member of 
the centennial convention held in 
Boston in 18G6 upon the one-hundredth 
anniversary of the preaching of the 
first Methodist sermou in this country 
by Philip Embury. He was also a 
member of the general conference 
of 1872, held in Brooklyn, and a mem- 
ber of the centennial convention of 
1884, upon the one-hundredth anni- 
versary of the holding of what is 
known as the Christmas conference. 
And at the last session of the New 
Hampshire Annual Conference he was 
elected as a delegate to the Lee Cen- 
tennial celebration to be held in Bos- 
ton in the near future. 

He has for years been vice-presi- 
dent of the New England Educational 
Society, and has beeu vice-president 
of the New England Methodist His- 
torical Society since its organization. 

And from his liberal contributions 
to the various benevolent enterprises 
of the church, and from his extensive 
acquaintance among the leaders in the 
church, both of the clergy and laity, 
he has come to be very generally 
known in New England Methodism, 
and universally respected for his ster- 
ling worth as a Christian gentleman. 

As a character he is fitly represented 
by the words of Charlotte Bronte : 

" Man of conscience, man of reason, 

Stern perchanre, but ev»r just, 
Foe to falsehood, wrong, and treason, 

Honors shield and virtue's trust! 
Worker, thinker, firm defender 

Of Heaven's truth— Man's liberty; 
Soul of iron— proof of slander, 

Rock where founders Tyiamiy. 
Fame he seeks not — but full surely 

She will seek him in his home. 
This I know, and wait securely 

For the atoning hour to come." 


Bessie Beaumont. 


Chapter III. 

O the lonpr and dreary Winter! 
O the cold and cruel Winter! 
Ever thicker thicker, thicker, 
Froze the ice on lake and river, 
Ever deeper, deeper, deeper, 
Fell the snow o'er all the landscape, 
Fell the covering snow and drifted 
Through the forest, through the village. 

— Hxavcatha. 

44 Do you think we shall ever carry 
out our plan of a trip to the Rockies ?" 
asked Wentworth of his friend Pome- 
roy, as they sat together in the libra- 
ry of the latter the evening before 
Wentworth was to sail from Boston 
to comply with his father's urgent re- 
quest to return home. 

44 It is a little doubtful, now," said 
his friend. 4k You will soon be the 
happy husband of Carrie Beaumont. 
You will hate to leave her, and you 
cannot take her with us. " 

44 If you should marry Miss Bes- 
sie "— 

44 Well, why not? I am awfully in 
love with her." 

44 Oh, nothing, only she is an awful 
swell at home and has got no end of 
money. Cecil Howard is all gone on 
her, and would gladly make her a" 

44 Is she really very rich." 

44 Enormously so, in her own right, 
— worth a cool million, at least." 

44 Is this Lord Cecil very sweet on 

44 Tremendously so." 

44 What kind of a fellow is he?" 

44 He's immense — a thoroughly good 

44 Wentworth, I believe I have been 
a fool !" 

44 Why so, Pomeroy ?" 

44 Why, I have fallen dead in love 
with that girl." 

4 * You could not help that, old fel- 
low !" 

44 And I have been vain enough to 
think I was making a good impres- 
sion. I have been on the point of 
offering my heart, and hand, and for- 
tune. My fortune ! It is too bad, 
Wentworth ! You should have told 

44 What?" 

44 That she is engaged." 

44 But she is not engaged." 

44 That she is so confoundedly rich 
and — She has a title too, I suppose?" 

4 ' Oh yes, she is the Lady Eliza- 
beth Beaumont." 

44 And I have made love to her as 
if she were ' a simple American maid- 
en ' !" 

* 4 Why not? She is simply a British 
maiden, very sweet, very lovable." 

44 You do not seem to understand, 
my boy. Why, I have courted her. 
I have loved her." 

44 You may have gained her heart !" 

44 Stuff! She probably thinks I 
have been after her money." 

44 You do her injustice, Arthur. 
She is a true woman. She may not 
be taken with you ; but she will not 
deceive you. I was warned not' to 
4 give away' her rank and wealth. She 
thought that during this journey she 
would like to be judged on her 
own merits." 

44 So I have judged her, Walter, 
and have found her the dearest, 
sweetest, most charming girl in the 
world. Had I known that she was a 

Bessie Beaumont. 

6 7 

great heiress I would have left her 
for Lord Cecil." 

» k And after all your attentions you 
have not given her a chance to accept 
or refuse you? Do you think you 
have done right, Arthur?" 

4 \She knew for a month before 
leaving Montreal that I loved her. She 
must have known it. Yet she never 
by word or sign has shown that she 
eared the least bit in the world for 
me. I would as soon have offered 
my hand to a marble statue." 

'• Would you have had her 

1 heart hung on her sleeve 
. For dans to peck at?' 

English girls wait until they are 
asked before they show their love — if 
they have any." 

" I suppose so, old fellow ; but one 
might give one a hint. I even lec- 
tured her about going to Manitoba — 
acted as a proprietor, without any 
right. She would not have me now, 
aoyway. I wish she were as poor 
as — as a church mouse, or Job's tur- 

44 4 Faint heart never won fair lady/ 
my boy. My idea is that you ought, 
in honor, to offer yourself to her." 

"I guess you are right, Walter, but 
it will be only a form." 

The next morning after the above 
conversation, ArthurPomeroy accom- 
panied his friend to Boston and waved 
a last farewell to him as the Cunarder 
steamed down the harbor. 

Arthur Pomeroy was not an idler. 
His visit in Montreal was brought 
about by reason of business. A pres- 
ident of a great corporation suddenly 
decided that a foreign climate would 
best agree with him. Young Pome- 
roy had been sent to interview him in 
the course of a pending law-suit in 

which large interests were involved. 
He was a lawyer, and his many friends 
already predicted for him a brilliant 

Arthur Pomeroy was a typical 
young New Englander. His pioneer 
ancestor, the younger son of a uoble 
but impoverished family, had migrat- 
ed to the sterile coast of the old Bay 
Colony while the unfortunate king, 
Charles I, was disputing with his par- 
liament, and in a new world had 
founded a family which in the several 
generations for over two centuries 
had been identified with the history of 
the colony, state, and nation. A re- 
mote ancestor had fought with Harold 
on the field at Hastings ; hundreds of 
years later another had falleu a vic- 
tim to the wiley Indian foe. One had 
followed Puugus to his lair among the 
foot-hills of the White Mountains ; 
another had followed Rogers and 
Stark in their raid for vengeance 
against the St. Francis tribe. His 
great-grandfather held a commission 
under Washington ; his grandfather 
was with Perry on Lake Erie ; his 
father fell at Gettysburg while leading 
a regiment in a counter-charge against 
the legions of General Lee. His 
widowed mother, upon whom the early 
training of the boy devolved, came of 
that Scotch-Irish stock which made 
Londonderry so famous. She was a 
charming woman, gentle yet firm, 
possessed of strong common sense 
and remarkable tact. 

From his boyhood Arthur had been 
devotedly attached to his mother. She 
it was who soothed him in his boy- 
hood's troubles, and instilled into his 
mind his high sense of honor and his 
care for truth. He had been edu- 
cated in the graded schools of his 


Bessie Beaumont. 

Dative town ; had graduated with dis- 
tinction at the famous old college of 
his native state, where many of his 
forefathers had preceded him ; had 
taken a post-graduate course of two 
years in Heidelberg seminary, where 
he had met young "Went worth ; had 
wandered for a year over his own 
country, visiting noted localities, 
studying human nature, preparing to 
enter upon his life's work, — the study 
and practice of the law. In college 
he had been Professor Dole's favorite 
pupil ; the stroke-oar in the college 
crew ; and second baseman on the 
college-nine. His favorite plaything 
was the 1 00 lb. dumb-bell. On the 
plains of Texas and the prairies of 
the far west he had become a fearless 
horseman, and an expert shot with 
shot-gun. pistol, and rifle. The skin 
of a grizzly and a mountain lion as 
rugs on the floor of his library attested 
to his good marksmanship as well as 
to his courage. After sowiug the 
few wild oats natural for a man of 
great energy and tireless activity, he 
had entered the law office in which 
his father had been senior partner, 
and took up the study of law with 
zeal and perseverance. He had been 
admitted to practise law in the high- 
est courts of the land some months 
before Miss Beaumont and her nieces 
landed in Quebec. He was a grace- 
ful dancer, a good billiard player, 
and had recently been commissioned 
colonel and aid-de-camp on the gov- 
ernor's staff. In the state militia he 
had advanced previously to the rank 
of major. 

His mother, Mrs. Pomeroy, had 
been left in comfortable financial cir- 
cumstances by her patriotic husband, 
and did not fret and worry about the 

necessities of life. Her home near 
the village was a social centre ; and 
she was one of the acknowledged 
leaders of society. 

At this time Arthur Pomeroy was 
in the prime of vigorous young man- 
hood. In person he was a little above 
the medium height, his figure erect, 
and every muscle in perfect training. 
His dark hair waved over a smooth, 
high forehead ; dark eyebrows and 
long eyelashes shaded honest black 
eyes ; a drooping mustache covered a 
handsome mouth and a perfect set of 
teeth. In attire he was modest; 
yet his dress was faultless, and the 
model of his less fortunate compan- 
ions. His one weakuess was immac- 
ulate linen. 

The Pomeroy homestead, which has 
been in the Pomeroy family since colo- 
nial days, was a little out of a New 
England village. It included a few 
acres of land charmingly situated. 
The house, of two stories, with a 
spacious L in the rear, crowned the 
summit of a knoll, and commanded, 
from beneath several lofty over-reach- 
ing elms 'an extended view up and 
down a fertile and beautiful valley. 
Like a ribbon, a river wound in grace- 
ful curves through a broad intervale 
until lost in the distance. Far away 
could be seen the tops of mountains of 
more than local celebrity. In the 
rear of the house, across a slight de- 
pression, a hill, almost a mountain, 
rose abruptly, its granite ribs crowned 
to the summit with a dense growth of 
chestnut trees. 

The estate was originally extensive ; 
but field, orchard, pasture, and wood- 
land had been sold off from time to 
time, and the proceeds invested, where 
no trouble was involved in the care of 

Bessie Beaumont. 


the funds, until at this time hut a few 
acres of hind remained. Without, 
the house was painted to represent 
sandstone : within, the taste of mother 
and son had been freely exercised to 
produce an artistic effect. On the 
right of a central hall, as one entered 
the front door, was the room claimed, 
occupied, and decorated bv Arthur 
Pomeroy — the library. Here, sur- 
rounded by his books, he was most at 
home ; and the emanations from his 
active and well-schooled brain were 
already, through newspapers and 
magazines, bringing its occupant into 
favorable notice. 

The contents of this room, as indi- 
cating the character of its owner, are 
worthy of notice. It was not only a 
working library, but one in which a 
scholar could restfully pass many a 
leisure hour. Its strength lay in its 
many books of reference, atlas, dic- 
tionary, encyclopaedia, history, and 
text-book. Statesmen, jurists, poets, 
novelists, and philosophers were all 
represented. Spanish, French, Ger- 
man, Italian literature, genealogy, 
and local history had each by them- 
selves a quiet niche. Ancient and 
modern arms, swords, muskets, and 
bayonets gracefully arranged on one 
wall were opposite a choice painting 
of a -bit of American scenery ; an 
etching hung over a study in marble ; a 
bronze; a vase from Japan ; a skin, 
and a rug from Persia, all produced a 
pleasing effect. 

The evening after Arthur Pomery's 
return from Boston to see his friend 
Wentworth off for Europe, he sat 
alone in his library late into the night, 
pondering. As a result of his cogi- 
tations he at length took his pen and 
wrote the following letter: 


Saturday Evening. 
Dear Miss Beaumont : 

This afternoon I saw our mutual 
friend, Walter Wentworth, on board 
the steamer in Boston Harbor, en 
route to his English home. Last night 
he spent at Elysium, and in our con- 
versation, just before retiring, he told 
me much that before I did not even 
suspect. He told me that you were 
really Lady Elizabeth Beaumont, the 
daughter of a nobleman, the descend- 
ant of titled ancestry, and that you 
are the possessor of great wealth. 
To me you will always be Miss Bessie 
Beaumont, the girl who won my heart. 
I loved you at first sight, Bessie. You 
are ray ideal. In vain I tried to win 
one look or word of affection from 
you, yet I loved you more and more. 
I was shocked when I learned of your 
wealth and rank. There seemed to 
arise between me and the one whom 
I have been proudly hoping would as 
my wife share my humble home, an 
impassable barrier. I love you very 
dearly, Bessie. If you will become 
my wife, my life shall be devoted to 
making you happy. All that 1 am, 
all that I hope to be, I will freely de- 
vote to you. If my offer is not fav- 
orable received, I pray, dear Bessie, 
that you will not allow it to interfere 
with your plans for the future. 
I am, 

With devoted love, 
Yours ever, 

Arthur Pomeroy. 

The letter was sealed, directed, and 
stamped, and lay on the library table 
ready for the Monday's mail-bag. 

Early, before sending out the rnailj 
Mrs. Pomeroy entered the library, 


Bessie Beaumont, 

and said, — " I think, Arthur, it would 
be well to mail your friend, Bessie 
Beaumont, one of our pretty invita- 
tions to next Wednesday's afternoon 
tea. It will be a pleasant reminder." 

So, side by side the two envelopes, 
directed in the same manly hand-writ- 
ing, went speeding on their way to 
Bessie Beaumont. 

On the following Wednesday morn- 
ing Miss Beaumont was in the break- 
fast-room of the Victoria Hotel, in 
Kingston, in the Province of Ontario, 
awaiting the arrival of her neices at 
the table before ordering breakfast. 
A morning newspaper was open be- 
fore her, and her attention was at- 
tracted by an article in reference to 
some old friend in Wiltshire. Just 
as she was making up her mind to 
preserve the paper for another perusal 
in the future, an office-boy brought 
and laid by the side of her plate tier 
mail. Hastily she opened the package 
and carelessly sorted over the letters. 
Folding up her paper she inadvertent- 
ly enclosed within it the letter from. 
Arthur Porneroy to Bessie Beaumont,. 
and carefully bestowed them where 
she would be sure to find them when 

Presently her two nieces came ia 
and gracefully took their seats. 

"Oh, Aunt Amy, you have got the 
English mail !" cried Carrie. "Is 
there anything for me?" 

"There are several foreign, or rather 
home, letters for each of you, my 
dears. Here, Bessie, is one for you 
form the 'States.' I think I know 
the hand-writing." 

With a pretty blush, Bessie took 
her letter and a glad look came into 
her face as she noted the postmark 
and the manly superscription. With 

coy haste, and apparent indifference, 
she opened the envelope and held in 
her hand the engraved invitatiou to 
attend an "afternoon tea" at the 
residence of Mrs. Porneroy, that very 

In spite of every effort a tear 
welled up and blurred each eye, so 
acute was the young girl's disappoint- 
ment. Of course they were quickly 
and bravely suppressed ; but had an 
on-looker witnessed them and under- 
stood the circumstances, they would 
have conveyed the very delicate and 
tender little intelligence that Bessie 
Beaumout was sadly disappointed 
and probably very much in love. 
However, they were unnoticed. " Is 
this all, Aunt Amy?" she asked. "I 
think so, love, except your Wiltshire 

A few days after, in their private 
parlor, the followiug conversation 
took place. Said Miss Beaumont, — 

" My dear Bessie, you are cer- 
tainly not so foolish as to think of 
accepting Mrs. Blake's invitation 
to Winnepeg? Indeed, I cannot 
allow you ; it would be madness 
after what we heard to-day. Only 
think, if you were to get there, 
and a disturbance broke out, you 
might be scalped, murdered, and 
eaten by these wild savages. It is 
in vain saying more. I shall not per- 
mit you. Why can you not be con- 
tented here? Or let us go South. Be- 
sides, you have accepted invitations 
to two " sugaring-off" parties, and 
have endless other engagements. Do 
not make me regret haviug acceded 
to your wishes in coming here. One 
would believe, in spite of your pros- 
testations to the contrary, that you do 
care for this handsome Captain A lvvyn, 

Bessie Beaumont. 


iod that your anxiety to go out to 
jiuh a wild, bleak place at this season 
,;f the year is on his account. You 
fcitow Dr. Loss said on no accouut 
must I take Carrie into such a climate. 
Besides, I do not think it at all maid- 
enly for a young girl to be travel- 
ling with him such a distance, and 
Having with these friends of his who 
are quite strangers to us.'' 

"Now I call that too interfering! 
Why may I not, pray? What worse 
is it for me to go to Mrs. Blake's, 
than to these 4 sugaring-off' parties 
you hold up before me with such unc- 
tion. I tell you, once for all, I have 
accepted aud mean to go. What old 
woman has been frightening vou now 
ahout a rising of the Crees and other 
tribes? Poor, subdued, ill-used crea- 
tures ! I wish they would rise and 
teach these despicable rulers of the 
laud a lesson ! Has not my pretty 
'Pusjan Xatchee sue a gun' (belle of 
the Touchwood hills) told me how the 
government or government agents are 
cheating them out of their just rights. 
I should glory in seeing the fray ! 
Pretty darling! with her sweet musi- 
cal name and liquid soft voice ! I am 
more determined than ever, and it is 
useless saving anything more. I do 
not intend going any more to these 
stupid sugar parties. Carrie and you 
may do as you please about these de- 
lectable feasts, and assist in gorging 
yourselves with this boiled syrup and 
then suck a little raw salt fish to whet 
your appetites to begin gorging again. 
Pah ! it is too disgusting ! Then as- 
sist in scandalizing your neighbors 
between acts ; and watch how Mr. 
Alf flirts with Miss Bee ! Nice match- 
making places ! You need not think 
I shall countenance such low, vulgar 

doings. Carrie can honor them with 

her presence if she so wills, but I 

never, never! I have been already 
once too often. I shall go to the 
North West, as I said ; so aunt, not 
another word ! What is that about 
Mr. Pomeroy? And pray what right 
had he to interfere in our affairs? or 
rather in mine? Let him know his 
place, if he does not already ! 1 shall 
give him a lesson he will not forget in 
a hurry. Pray when did he dare to 
meddle and give his opinion? It is 
like an American's assurance ; but he 
shall find I allow no one to take such 
liberties with me. — Dear Aunt Amy, 
do not look so shocked. I know I 
have been very rude. Had I not been 
bent upon going before, this imperti- 
nent interference on his part would 
have quite decided me. Carrie, it is 
useless your trying to find excuses 
for him. I am resolved ; so let us 
say no more ; but ring for the maid to 
take my letter to the post, with my 
acceptance for the 28th." 

Though no more was said about 
the journey, Bessie could not but feel 
a little remorse for all the ill-temper 
she had displayed, while there lin- 
gered a secret uneasiness whether her 
aunt was not correct in her distrust 
about the country being so really quiet 
as she wished to believe it. It was 
well known there had been many 
meetings among the Indian tribes. 
Bands of them were seen at intervals, 
passing along the then almost track- 
less plains. However, she reassured 
herself there could arise no possible 
danger to herself personally ; and 
should there be a little row, it would 
not probably be more than that of a 
-'strike" in England. It would be a 
splendid opportunity of seeing the'Hed 

72 The School-House Flag. 

Man in all his war-paint. If any one give in to their supposed superior 

was to blame for her obstinacy, it was knowledge; but he would find one 

Mr. Pomeroy ; what right had he to woman who would judge for herself the 

make an observation on her doings? fitness of undertaking this journey, 
lie was like all men ; every one must [To be continued.] 

By George Bancroft Griffith. 

Over the school-house floats the flag, 

Symbol to every scholar's eye, 
In each added star and widened fold, 
Of the glorious heritage they hold, 

And for which their fathers dared to die ! 

Thanks for the patriot heart inspired, 
For the willing hands that led the way 

To make the beautiful custom ours, 

And may a wreath of sweetest flowers 
For all time over his ashes lay ! 

Wherever learning may have its seat, 

With pillared front and lofty dome, 
'Neath humbler roof by the village spire. 
And where is lit the winter fire 

In the hillside school-house far from home, 

Above them raise our banner dear ! 

Its strong pole made by youthful hands, 
While each child's little offering 
Makes it more of a sacred thing 

From the frozen north to our golden sands ! 

As long as youthful hearts aspire, 

As long as that emblem stirs in air. 
Over each school-house may it wave, 
That the boys, like their sires, may be grandly brave. 

And the girls courageous as well as fair! 

Symbol of order, of love, of law, 

Symbol of power, wherever seen ; 
Adding new stars with the passing years. 
Wakening memories dewed with tears, 

While our skies are blue and our shores are grreen ! 

New Castle and the Piscataqua. 


- S 3 



the spring or earlj 
summer of 1623 r 
David Thomp- 
son, with a small 
company, made 
a settlement at 
Little Harbor. 
New Castle, or 
Great Island, must have been occu- 
cupied shortly thereafter ; for in 1G35 
many houses had been built thereon, 
and the settlers had wt erected a ffort 
and mounted it with tenn Guns for 
the Defence of said Island and River" 

New Castle is, therefore, one of 
the very oldest settlements in the 
United States. Its situation at the 
mouth of a broad and deep river, with 

a good harbor on either side of it, re- 
commended it to the early settlers 
who sought a livelihood from the 
neighboring ocean, and still com- 
mends it to the people from the inte- 
rior, who periodically seek on its 
shores the pleasure and benefit of 
brine-laden ocean breezes. 

SirFerdinando Gorges and Captain 
John Mason planned to create on these 
shores a feudal estate, the princely 
revenues of which would for countless 
years revert to their lordly descend- 
ants. They died before their dreams 
were realized. On the banks of that 
stream, where their agents and fac- 
tors found so much difficulty to subsist, 
princely fortunes have been accumu- 
lated for nearly two centuries. 


Newcastle and the Piscataqua, 

HQ«rtY>»i'lt : 



Soon after its settlement Great 
Island became a place of considerable 
importance. During foreign or In- 
dian war, a garrison was stationed at 
the fort ; vessels were built on the 
shore, and merchants and artisans 
throve on domestic and foreign com- 
merce. After New Hampshire be- 
came a Royal Province, the Island, 
under Lieutenant-Governor Cranfield, 
became the seat of government. It 
was incorporated as a town in 1693. 
Its area is 458 acres. 


On a gentle eminence near the south- 
ern section of the island, overlooking 
Little Harbor, is built the Wentworth 
Hotel, a palace in all its appointments. 
where an emperor and his court might 
be entertained. 

It is an imposing structure, of or- 
nate architecture, luxuriously furnish- 
ed, with a troop of well drilled ser- 
vants. It is opened for the accom- 
modation of the public through the 
hot months of the summer; and its 
hospitality is appreciated by a host of 
people from every section of the 

44 Went worth Hotel 2 is in such a 
commanding situation, that from its 

piazzas, and all its 
floors, the view of 
ocean and land is un- 
obstructed. With- 
in is every conven- 
ience known to the 
modern hotel. It is 
so many yards of 
metropolitan com- 
fort and luxury set 
on a seaside emi- 
nence, in the midst 
of a pleasant coun- 
try. The grounds are well laid out in 
walks, terraces, and flower plots ; no 
attempt has been made to transform 
the natural character of the situation. 
but to adapt all improvements to it 
The present owner is a lover of trees, 
and has planted a mile of elms on the 
road from the hotel to Sagamore 

"I have mentioned that the first ho- 
tel, about one third part of the pres- 
ent, was built in 1874, by a gentle- 
man who fell in love with the situation 
but did not sit down to count the cost. 
In the year 1879 it fell into the hands 
of an owner who did not need to, and 
who has spared no expense to make 
it a perfect establishment within and 
without. The good luck of New Castle 
is that it always attaches people, and 
both the owner, Hon. Frank Jones, 
and the present landlord of the 
Wentworth, combine enthusiasm for 
the place with due attention to busi- 
ness. The house contained originally 
eighty-two rooms, and cost about 
$50,000. The first addition was made 
in 1880 ; the second in 1881 , by which 
the whole arrangement aud architect- 
ure of the building were changed and 
improved. It now contains over two 

* John Albee's History of New Casile. 

New Castle and the Piscataqi 



bond red rooms, and 
in consequence of 
their arrangement, 
and the natural ad- 
vantage of situation, 
it can be said with- 
out exaggeration that 
every one of them 
has some pleasant 
view ; and the same 
can be said of every 
other window in New 
Castle. The hotel 
faces southeast, so that the sim goes 
quite around it in summer, and this was 
the most ancient manner of setting a 
house on this island. If you find an old 
cellar hole here you can tell infallibly 
where the front door wa3. The sun 
went around it in mid-summer, leav- 
ing it in shade from noon to sunset, 
and in winter shining upon it all day. 
" The privilege of naming the Went- 
worth was granted to the writer (John 
Albee) by the original projector, and 
was chosen on account of its proxim- 
ity to the old Went worth mansion, 
and its popular, widely known asso- 
ciations ; and also because the name 
itself is well sound ins; and sli^htlv 

er of the family, and the immediate 
ancestor of Governors John and Ben- 
ning Wentworth, was an inhabitant of 
New Castle from 1669 to 1678, and 
during this time kept a tavern, " hav- 


rr l^.li^h 








-. -■ 


iff *p 


T^i^;' X '- 


" . % 


fiyiiSq \ 

..-.- 4^y^A^ 






d h i r> 

i --Li\ l 

ins, libertie to entertain strangers and 
to sell and brew beare, — at the sign 
aristocratic ; as much, however, from of ye dolphin." 

its sound, as any immediate or gen- 
eral counectiou. At any rate it is a 
little superior to those names of hotels 
and of everything else, almost, in our 
country, chosen arbitrarily and multi- 
plied indefinitely. Yet it has one weak- 
ness, — it was borrowed. But what, 
since Adam's time, is not? We no 
longer invent names ; we adopt and 
transfer, and it is fortunate if they 
prove to be appropriate." 

All about New Castle are the most 
romantic and attractive places. In 
the first place there is Portsmouth, 
svith its quaint streets and picturesque 
houses, where the old and the new are 
near neighbors. Across the harbor is 
the Kittery navy yard, where the 
largest ships-of-war can be built, and 
float without hindrance from the wharf 
to the ocean. Further down the riv- 
er there is Kittery Point, defended by 

Samuel Wentworth, eldest son of Fort McClary ; close by is what is. 
Klder William Wentworth, the found- left of the old Pepperrell house, so 

7 6 

Nezv Castle and the Piscataqna. 

WstS— ~'~""--^gl 

W? A 

j ! B 


^/[aLesj^ IfiGHr, 

famous in colonial times, and still 
massive in its old age. At the mouth 
of the river and harbor is Whale's 
Back Light ; while a few miles out to 
sea are the Isles of Shoals. Across 
Little Harbor is Odiorne's Point, the 
site of Mason Hall, where Thompson 
and his little party settled in 1623. 

The show place of the neighborhood 
is the old Governor Wentworth man- 
sion, which is open to the public for 

a small fee. This fee becomes neces- 
sary for repair and protection of the 
council chamber, the best specimen of 
of a colonial interior in this region. 
The property should be owned and 
cared for by New Hampshire, for it is 
the most interesting monument of the 
colonial period in the state. It was 
built in 1750 by Governor Beuning 
Went worth. He was governor of 
New Hampshire for twenty-five vears, 

JVezv Castle and the Piscataqua. 


^■f\\y--^ : '^A : '^ 

*jfif%r?^ffi/ts i 

during a time of great material ad- 
vancement in the eastern provinces. 

"His hospitality was great, but it was 
excessively formal and stately. Every- 
one was ambitious of an invitation to 
his dinners, and when he got there, 
yawned and wished it over. He held 
his councils in the great room of state, 
built for the express purpose, as the 
visitor will observe, on a lower level 
than the remainder of the mansion, 

for convenience of access from the 
waterside, and, also, probably to 
separate it more completely from the 
res domesticce. Below the council 
chamber was stabling-room for forty 
horses. Although the official meeting- 
place of the Provincial Councillors was 
in Portsmouth, on assembling, they 
would usually find a summons from 
Gov. Wentworth in this form : A The 
Governor desires his respects, and 


New Castle and the Piscataqua, 


rev, . 5>.--~. - ,Js .*:%* /W£ 

S^fe4S-^-^^ ^ "i- j^?r ^T'^nf £, 

Ol'4 Weniuio\i\\ \\q\j^ 

invites the council to his residence at 
Little Harbor, to Drink the King's 
health.' This meant business indeed 
and consumed a long time, at the end 
of which, such as did not sleep under 
the table were provided with quarters 
among the fifty-two rooms of the 

" The parlor and the council cham- 
ber are the only portions of the Went- 
worth mansion now shown to the pub- 
lic. The parlor is a fine old room, 
rather low-studded, but on that account 
more comfortable-looking. — a room in 
which, with a cheerful, open fire, you 
might take your ease with your Mar- 
tha Hilton, and defy the gossips. 
From the parlor you descend a short 
flight of stairs, through a quaint hall, 
in which are racks for muskets, and 
the great outer door of the council 
room. The council room is of srood 

proportion and lofty. The woodwork 
of the fireplace is hand-carved, and is 
said to have been a year's labor. Some 
good portraits adorn the walls — one 
by Copley of Dorothy Quincy, John 
Hancock's wife. There are also auto- 
graph letters of distinguished peo- 
ple, — Washington, Adams, and oth- 
ers. Several side rooms belong to it, 
for cards and billiards ; and a beaufet 
for the wiue and punch-bowl, never 
empty when the councillors were ex- 
pected, — the Governor's prevailing 
argument in affairs of State. 

••The situation of the "Wentworth 
mansion is very retired, being a mile 
from any highway and reached by a 
road of its own. Little Harbor wash- 
es its walls, however, and this, in old 
times, was the more common way of 
going to it, as well as to all the other 
dwellings around the adjacent shores. 

Nczv Castle and the Piscaiagua. 


*' Benning Went worth was succeeded 
in office by bis nephew, John Went- 
worth, the second governor of that 
name. He expected to inherit his un- 
cle's estates, but they all went to Mar- 
tha Hilton (Lady Wentworth), who 
continued to reside at the Little Har- 
bor seat, and married, next, Col. 
Michael Wentworth. Her daughter by 
this husband married Sir John Went- 

"It was in 1789 that Washington 
made the tour of the Eastern States, 
and arrived in Portsmouth on the 31st 
of October. The next day being Sun- 
day, he went to church twice, two 
different sects dividing the honors. 
On Monday, Nov. 2d, Washington 
went a fishing, with a band of music ; 
in his diary he complains of his 
luck, and no wonder ! As he passed 
Fort Constitution on this excursion, 


he was saluted with thirteen guns. 
When the fishing was over, he was 
rowed up Little Harbor to the Went- 
worth mansion. 

"We cannot leave the Wentworths 
without remarking the early and ex- 
tensive connections of the family in 
this colony, and with all the promi- 
nent people of New Castle. The 
Sheafes, Jaffreys, Waltons, Atkinsons, 
Jacksons, and Frosts of this town were 
connected bj T marriage with the Went- 
worths. And as has been heretofore 
alluded to, Samuel Wentworth was 
an inhabitant of New Castle, and 
kept a tavern 4 at the sign of ye 
dolphin.'" 1 

A boat excursion up Sagamore 
creek takes one to one of the ancient 
portions of New Castle. Families of 
renown originated here : their houses 
once studded the shores. They went 


New Castle and the Piscataqua. 










/0$&&*m i^yffS 



*S - 





OR LantjAonTarmstecU 

to church in New Castle, going across 
Little Harbor by ferry, or fording. 
One of these farms contains seven 
hundred acres, first occupied by To- 
bias Langdon, and now by his seventh 
descendant. From Tobias sprang 
John Langdon, governor of New 
Hampshire, and first president of the 
U. S. Senate. Here also was the cra- 
dle of the Lears and the Sherburnes. 
The houses are all old aud small, and 
many are gone. 

In 1798, Louis Philippe was a guest 
for some days at the Martine cottage, 
and flowers from its garden were sent 
to him when he became king of France. 

On the island itself there is much 
that is quaint and interesting. There 
is the Jaft'rey cottage, the Bell house, 
and a portion of the old Province 
House. The cape road leads along 
the bank of the river, and is bordered 
by houses, some of which are in their 
third century. 

IVezv Castle and the Piscatat 







^^^f^^X 4^i • ^ 

dkfTVQtf* Cott^o; 


*^~~2>*f \ 


ODe of the earliest men of promi- 
nence on Great Island was Richard 
Cutt (a son of Richard Cutt, a mem- 
ber of Cromwell's Parliament in 1654) 
who came to this country from AYales 
before the year 1646, with his broth- 
ers, John and Robert Cutt. He set- 
tled at first at the Isles of Shoals, and 
carried on the fishery there ; after- 
ward removed to Great Island, where 
he was captain of the military company. 
He died at the k * Great House" at 
Strawberry Bank in 1676. He was 
successful in the acquisition of prop- 
erty, being the wealthiest man in New 
Hampshire. He was one of the com- 
missioners of small causes (trial jus- 
tice) for several years, and was an 
associate (judge) of the county court 
from 1653 to 1675. He was also a 
deputy to the Massachusetts General 

Court for six years. He was proba- 
bly an Orthodox Puritan, for he was 
one of the active members of the 
society who employed Rev. Joshua 
Moody as their minister in 1671, and 
erected a new meeting-house. He 
was one of the nine original members 
who formed the first Congregational 
church in Portsmouth in 1674. John 
Cutt, the first governor of the Royal 
Province, was his brother. Richard 
Martyn, a councillor, was his son-in- 
law. Richard Martyn's third wife 
was the widow of the tavern-keeper, 
Samuel Wentworth. 

Another son-in law of Richard 
Cutt's was William Vaughan, a coun- 
cillor, and one of the judges who 
found the unhappy Gove guilty of 
high treason. He himself was after- 
wards arrested by Governor Cranfield. 
and lodged in orison in New Castle 


Nczv Castle and the Piscataqua. 

^oatjv/a'iTj ^llenslloa^e 

for nine months. Later he was chief- 
justice of the province for eight 
years. His son, George Vaughan, 
was lieutenant-governor of New 
Hampshire, married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Robert Elliot, of New Castle, 
and was the father of Lieutenant-Col- 
onel Vaughan, the projector of the 
Lewisburg expedition. 

Another of Richard Cutt's sons-in- 
law was" Councillor Thomas Daniel, 
once of Kitterj, who built the old 
Wentworth house on Daniel street in 


was a great man in New Castle, or 
Great Island, in the seventeenth cen- 
tury. He came with his father to 
Salem about 1629, in his early boy- 
hood, and was about forty years of 
age when he settled on the Piscataqua 
in 1658. The next year he was elected 
a justice for the trial of small causes. 
He was selectman, town-clerk, and 

deputy to the General Court at Bos- 
ton for many terms, and was one of 
Governor John Cutt's council. He 
was an associate judge of the county 
court for many years. He was a 
soldier as well as a magistrate, and 
for several years had command of the 
fort at the mouth of the harbor. He 
was the first secretary of the province. 
After the overthrow of Andros he 
was chief-justice of the court of com- 
mon pleas. He was one of the nine 
original members of the first Congre- 
gational church of Portsmouth. He 
died in 1605. 


originally of Boston, settled on Great 
Island before 1660. He was a mari- 
ner. Most of the time from 1665 to 
1633 he was a selectman of Ports- 
mouth, which then included Great 
Isjaod. For ten years he was treas- 
urer of Norfolk county, of which 
Portsmouth was a part. In 1683 be 

JVew Castle and the Piscataqua, 


' "'-Cal?*^*V« 




■Jc4^V>.-^r^ ^. "^ ^ --V ^;^^^^ 

was a councillor of Gov. Cranfield, 
aud an associate justice of the court 
of common pleas. He was after- 
wards chief-justice of the court, and 
also president of the council. He 
was judge of probate from 1G97 till 
his death in 1705. One of his daugh- 
ters married Robert Elliot. 


was a merchant of Great Island, and 
lived there as early as 1660. In 1662 
he succeeded John Cutt as constable 
of Strawberry Bank. It was in 1681- 
'82 that Walter Barefoote seized the 
bark, the Gift of God, which belonged 
to Mr. Elliot, which resulted in a 
conflict of authority between the local 
provincial government aud the king's 
officers. Mr. Elliot was appointed a 
councillor in 1683, and served manv 

years. He afterwards lived in Scar- 
borough, and died in 1720. 


another of the provincial councillors, 
was a resident of New Castle. He 
settled there in 1672, and was a mer- 
chant. He was a magistrate and 
chief-justice of the superior court for 
several years. He disappeared from 
New Castle records in 1704. 

"Walter Barefoote and George Ma- 
son, k ' the claimant" of the Mason 
estates, both claimed a residence at 
New Castle. 

In later years, of the councillors 
resident in New Castle were Sampson 
Sheafe, 1698, George Jaffrey, 1702, 
Theodore Atkinson, 1716, Shadrach 
Walton, George Jaffrey, Jr., 1716, 
John Frost, 1724, Jotham Odiorne, 


T..rtV.<t tttt«fc..-n. .I*"- Tl»c«*w» 


JYeiv Castle and the Piscataqua, 




1724, Theodore Atkinson, 1732, Samp- 
son Sheafe, 1740, George Jaffrey, 

The office of state secretary was 
held by Theodore Atkinson, father 
and son, from 1741 until the Revo- 


was state treasurer from 1742 to 
1775; a justice from 1717 to 1720; 

John Frost was a justice of the 
supreme court from 1724 to 1734; 
Jotham Odiorne, from 1742 to 

Theodore Atkinson was chief-jus- 
tice from 1754 to 1775. 


was born in New Castle, December 
20, 1697 ; graduated at Harvard col- 

chief-justice from 172G to 1732, and lege in 1718 ; and died September 22, 
from 1742 to 1749. 1789. 

Mew Castle and the Piscataqua. 


k 1 1 

A f P xd 

I Hi 


fpwViNCE "Mouse 


for many years a member of the state 
legislature ; died in New Castle in 

In 1820 the town had a population 
of 932. The next year the bridge 
connected it with Portsmouth. In 
1850 it had 891 inhabitants ; in 1880, 


In 1706 a meeting-house was taken 
down, and another erected and fur- 

nished with somewhat more than ordi- 
nary elegance for that period. It was 
furnished with a bell of a fine tone, 
sent over from England, decorated 
with a beautiful altar-piece, and sup- 
plied with a silver communion ser- 
vice. The precise date of the organi- 
zation of the church is unknown, as 
the early records were destroyed by 


was the first ordained minister of the 


New Castle and the Piseataqua. 

■■— ww***"—?"" 

,_ — ^<V J *^" — - «i--c5(SC^» . 



separated parish. He was born in 
1670 ; graduated at Harvard college 
in 1689 : settled in Manchester, 
Mass. ; was ordained and settled in 
New Castle, in 1703 ; dismissed in 
1712; settled in Portsmouth; died, 
January 21, 1732. 


second pastor, born in 1689; gradu- 
ated at Harvard college in 1707; set- 
tled in New Castle in 1712 ; died May 
9, 1747. 


the third pastor, born in 1706 ; grad- 
uated at Harvard college in 1727 ; 
was ordained at New Castle in 1732 ; 
died August 17, 1747. His wife was 
the daughter of Hon. John Frost. 


the fourth pastor, born in 171C ; 

graduated at Harvard college in 
1738 ; was ordained at New Castle in 
1748 ; and died Nov. 18, 1749. 


was born in 1705 ; graduated at Har- 
vard college in 1728 ; was installed iu 
New Castle in 1756; and died in Jan- 
uary, 1778. 

During the Revolution the church 
was destitute of a pastor. 


was born in 1736 ; graduated at Yale 
college in 1757 ; was installed in New 
Castle, August 18, 1784; and died 
Dec. 15, 1792. 

After the death of Mr. Noble, the 
interest in church matters declined 
until there was but one church mem- 
ber, Mrs. Mehitable White ; she died 
aged 76, iu 1826, and with her the 

JVew Castle and the Piscataqua, 

8 7 


J s 

>&^& i 


last vestige of the old church organi- 
zation disappeared. The next year, 
however, the old meeting-house was 
taken down and a new one com- 
menced, which was finished nearly 
ten years later, by a newly orgauized 
church. Among the more recent 
preachers were Rev. Messrs.. Norris, 
Plumer, James Hobart, 1839; J. P. 
Tyler, 1841 ; J. W.Ward, 1844-46 ; 
Lucius Alden, 1846-56. At the lat- 
ter date there were 34 church mem- 


wa3 born in New Castle, May 27, 
1642 ; was a minister in Portsmouth 
from 1789 to his death Jan. 10, 1822. 


" Founder of the Free Will Baptist 
•Society of America," was born in 

New Castle in 1749 ; became inter- 
ested in religion through hearing Rev. 
George Whitefield ; organized the 
Free Will Baptist church ; settled in 
New Durham, and died Oct. 22, 

Fort Constitution, a ruin before it 
was completed, its construction hav- 
ing been stopped by the government 
within recent years when great guns 
changed offensive and defensive war- 
fare, is an interesting place to visit. 
Its massive walls, built of huge cut 
granite blocks, were considered im- 
pregnable when they were laid, but 
the modern soldier would prefer to 
seek shelter behind a sand bank. 
Within the walls somewhere rest the 
mortal remains of Governor Samuel 
Allen. The fort occupies the site of 
the famous fort William and Mary, 
whose small garrison were surprised 


A Morning Shower. 

M^Z^mm § i .^CwCAsrU Tl s n e^eN: 

by John Sullivan and his associates, 
and compelled to surrender to the 
rebels enough powder to partially 
supply the patriot army at Bunker 
Hill. The powder was taken up the 
river and hidden in the basement of 
the old church at Durham. Near by 
is Walback's tower, a theme for story 
and song. 

The inhabitants of New Castle, like 

their ancestors, draw largely on the 
neighboring ocean for their suste- 
nance. During the summer months 
the island receives at numerous cot- 
tages along its sea front a concourse 
of guests. The Wentworth Hotel is 
large enough, had it been built two 
centuries ago, to harbor not oniy the 
inhabitants of New Castle, but of tbc- 
whole province of New Hampshire. 



The rueful skies at last have leave to bless 

A parching world with gracious bounteousness, 

And rain-clouds drifting o'er the mountain's crown 

Unstinting pour their benefactions down ; 

The thirsty earth drinks in the welcome flood, 

And odors sweet arise from field and wood ; 

On hill and mead a livelier hue is seen, 

The dusty roadside dons a brighter green, 

And every blade upon the sterile heath 

Its weight of jewelled drops is bowed beneath. 

And now the clouds, their work of mercy done, 

Roll slowly back before the rising sun 

That warms with quick'ning ray the grateful sod, 

While radiant Nature smiles her thanks to God. 

Nathan R. Morse. 

8 9 



For many years there has been a 
migration of the energetic young men 
of the country towns of New Hamp- 
shire, not only to the cities of their 
native state, but to every part of the 
Union. We hear in after years of 
only such as distinguish themselves. 
They are the ones their native towns 
delight to recall as shedding lustre on 
the place of their birth. Such a one 
is Dr. Nathan R. Morse, of Salem, 

Nathan R. Morse, A. M.,M.D., of 
Salem, Mass., was born in Stoddard, 
N.H., February 21, 1831. He was 
the eldest son of Nathan and Jane 
(Robb) Morse, who had a family of 
eight children, four sons and four 
daughters, all of whom are living and 

in good health. Not one has ever 
used tobacco or alcoholic stimulants 
in any form. His brother, Dr. M. V. 
B. Morse, of Marblehead, studied in 
his office, and is now enjoying a large 

The rudiments of his education 
were received in the common school 
of his native town, and he was fitted 
for college at Tubbs' Union Acad- 
emy, Washington, and as a private 
pupil of M. C. W. Stebbins, A.M., 
then principal of the high school at 
Nashua, in company with J. Harvey 
Woodbury, of Weare, now president 
of the Massachusetts Homoeopathic 
Medical Society, and one of the most 
successful physicians iu the city of 


Nathan R. Morse. 

He entered Amherst college, fitness for the sick-chamber. In co!- 
Amherst, Mass., in 1853, andgraduat- lege he was always called to the care 
ed in 1857. While fitting for college, of any who were sick. At one time 
and during his whole collegiate he watched and nursed a friend and 
course, he taught school each winter classmate, sick with t3*phoid fever, 
to aid in paving his expenses through for sixteen days without undressing, 
college. During his senior year he He attended his first course of rnedi- 
was publisher of the Amherst Col- cal lectures at Harvard Medical 
legiate Magazine, and was noted for School, in the fall and winter of 1861, 
his energy and business capacity, and graduated at the University of 

Vermont in June, 1862, being first 
in his class. After graduating, he 
spent a few weeks in the office of Dr. 
J. H. Woodbury, of Boston, prior to 
locating at Reading, Mass., in August. 
1862, where he soon secured a large 
and successful practice. 

After residing a few months at 
Reading, he was appointed a member 

Leaving college, he engaged in teach- 
ing at Marion, Mass., and subse- 
quently as principal of the high 
school in Holyoke, Mass. In March, 
1859, he married Miss Lottie L. 
Bordin, youngest daughter of Cap- 
tain Frederick Bordin, of Charles- 
ton, S. C. She died May 4, 1863, 
leaving him two sons. In the spring 
of 1860 he resigned his position as of the school-committee and was made 
principal of the Holyoke school, and its chairman, and he was reelected 

went South as private tutor in the 
families of Rev. Levi Parks, and 
his son W. A. Parks, of Ouachita 
City, La. 

His original intention had been to 
enter the profession of the law ; and 
so, while engaged as teacher, he read 
Blackstone and Kent's " Commen- 
taries." The winter of 1860-'61, 
which he spent in Louisiana teaching, 
was the memorable winter of seces- 
sion. Most of the Southern people 
having withdrawn their allegiance 
from the Union by pretended acts of 
secession, and civil war having 

and made chairman of the school- 
committee each succeeding year, 
until he went to Salem. 

On the 8th of December, 1864, he 
married his second wife, Rebecca H. 
Brown, of Gorham, Me. In 1865 
he was induced by Dr. Hiram Gore to 
remove from Reading to Salem and 
engage in practice with him. and at 
the end of the first year he bought 
Dr. Gore's practice, that gentleman 
removing to East Boston. The large 
practice of Dr. Gore has already in- 
creased three-fold, and Dr. Morse 
has the largest practice in the city. 

actually commenced, he returned He has devoted himself to his profes 
north in June, 1861. with all his plans 
for the future destroyed. It was 

then that he finally decided to enter 
the medical profession, which he had 
made a study more or less for a num- 
ber of years. The officers of the 
college, his classmates, and many 
others can bear witness to his special 

sion with great eners^v and enthu- 
siam, leaving little time for recrea- 
tion or study outside his chosen call- 
ing. A kind word, and a large heart 
full of sympathy, are always ready for 
all who come to him in distress, and 
no one who asks for aid or assist- 
ance goes away empty-handed. He 

Nathan R. Morse. 

9 1 

, genial iu his intercourse, but firm 
*c<l independent in his conviction of 

aty. Offices of trust and honor in 
•he gift of the city have been urged 
B poo him, but he has refused all save 
ihat of one of the school-committee, 
vt which he is now a member. The 
o*. etor is a member of the American 
Institute of Homoeopathy, of the Mas- 
sachusetts Homeopathic Medical 
And the Essex County Homeopathic 
.-ocieties. He is also the efficient sec- 
retary of the last-named society, and 
was elected to deliver the annual 
address before the Massachusetts 
Homoeopathic Medical Society at its 
annual meeting in 1874. 

In politics Dr. Morse is a Demo- 
crat. His face and figure are famil- 
iar to all who attend the annual con- 
ventions of that party. He has fre- 
quently been urged to allow his name 
to appear as a candidate for office, 
hut he has been restrained by his 
professional duties. He could hardly 
resist, however, the temptation to run 
for congress. It may be, in the future, 
that he will head his party's ticket for 
the high office of governor of the com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts. 

He has for many years been chair- 
man of the Democratic city commit- 

In early life Dr. Morse was a lib- 
eral in his religious views, but more 
mature deliberation has drawn him 
into the orthodox fold. 

As an executor, a man of affairs. 
Dr. Morse takes high rank. To him 
was mainly due the inception, organ- 
ization, and successful lauuching of 
the order of the Pilgrim Fathers, of 
whieli he was for some years the 
supreme governor. 

Off Salem, a few miles from shore, 
there is an island of many acres, which, 
witis the exception of a government 
reservation for a light-house at the 
easterly end, has come into the pos- 
session of Dr. Morse, and thereon 
is b^ilt a cottage city, which bids 
fair to be the most attractive seaside 
resort on the New England coast. 

Dr. Morse lives in one of the large 
old Idstoric mansions of Salem, and 
he has become one of the leading 
citizens of that fine old city. He 
delights to show a stranger about the 
old town, and every one he meets 
seems to know him. 

9 2 

Siunmcr Resorts in New Hampshire. 


As the sun moves Dearer the zenith, 
daily the denizens of town and city 
cast about them to select some spot 
where their vacations may be passed. 
New Hampshire offers a great variety 
of pleasure and health resorts from 
which to choose. 

Sunapee lake, on the Concord & 
Claremont railroad, is fast becoming 
a popular resort. The fishing there 
is unequalled in New England. There 
are nice hotels at Sunapee Harbor, 
and plenty of building sites ou every 
hand. A letter to John E. Robert- 
son, Concord, N. H., will bring the 
inquirer all necessary information. 

At the station in Concord we lately 
boarded a north-bound train on the 


Few people realize the importance 
of this great trunk line, or consider its 
magnitude. The main line starts from 
the city of Nashua, and follows the 
Merrimack valley northward nearly to 
Franklin, where it deflects to the right 
and enters the lake regions, skirting 
the shore of Winnipiseogee for many 
miles ; thence it extends by the swift 
Pernigewasset into the mountain dis- 
tricts, passes Moosilauke and the 
Franconia Range ou the right, fol- 
lows the Connecticut through Haver- 
hill, and thence goes to the Amnio- 
noosac valley, by the White Moun- 
tains, to its juuetion with the Grand 
Trunk Railway and the Upper Cods 
Railroad at Stratford, only a few 
miles south of the Dominion line. At 
Manchester tlie main line is joined by 
a branch from North Weare, and by 
its more important feeder, the Ports- 

mouth branch ; at Hooksett it is joined 
by the Pitts field branch, which now 
extends to Barnstead ; at Tilton, by 
the P>elmont branch ; at Lake Village, 
by the Lake Shore branch, which ex- 
tends to Alton Bay ; at Plymouth, by 
the Pemigewasset branch, which ex- 
tends to North Woodstock nearly to 
the Franconia hotel ; at Littleton, by 
the Wing Road, by which one can go 
to Bethlehem and the base of Mount 
Washington ; and at Whitefield, by 
the Jefferson brauch. 

To the people of central and north- 
ern New Hampshire this road offers 
a route to the resorts along the coast 
of New England from Cape Cod to 
eastern Maine. To the people of 
the coast and of the great inland 
cities it is the route to the beautiful 
rural retreats scattered over a thou- 
sand hills, to the charming scenery 
about Lake Winnipiseogee, and to the 
majestic mountains, which are cele- 
brated throughout the civilized world. 
Along the route are attractions for 
every class. The palatial hotels 
among the mountaius or the foot-hills 
annually draw their guests from the 
commercial centres. Modest hotels 
overlooking a bit of lake or mountain 
scenery attract the over-worked father 
and delight the mother, and afford a 
health-giving vacation for the young- 
sters. The doors of many a fine old 
homestead, surrounded by broad 
acres, are hospitably open. The 
sportsman with gun or rod will find 
the finest sport on lake or trout-brook, 
or in tiie shadows of the " forest 
primeval. " 

New Hampshire welcomes the tour- 

Summer Resorts in JVczv Hampshire. 


ist. extends to him the hand of fel- 
lowship, transports him to his destina- 
tion in palace cars, witlr the best of 
train service, over steel rails and iron 
bridges and a carefully guarded road- 
bed ; meets him at the station with a 
tally-ho coach, a mountain wagon, or 
a buck-board, and offers him the larg- 
est variety of accommodation. Long 
years ago the sea-side resorts were 
famous ; later, the beauties of lake 
and mountain regions dawned on the 
American people ; and now, annually, 
the resources of a great railroad are 
being heavily taxed to care for the 
throng of pleasure-seekers, whose 
numbers are certainly increasing, yet 
not faster than provision is made for 
their reception and well-being. 

A trainman informs us that the 
road operates 425 miles ; that, starting 
from the sea at Portsmouth, the road 
reaches an elevation of over one thou- 
sand feet ; that Moosilauke is nearly 
a mile high and that Mount Washing- 
ton is nearly a mile and a quarter 
above the sea-level ; that Bethlehem 
is far enough up in the air for people 
to escape the hay-fever. 

While he is talking the train comes 
to a stand-still at The Weirs station, 
and we alight to look over the pleas- 
ant resort. We find Mr. George W. 
Weeks at his old stand, at the Lake- 
side hotel. The hotel is in a balsamic 
pine grove, which extends to the 
shore of the lake, and which renders 
still shadier the broad piazzas. This 
is a very popular hotel. Its doors are 
open in June, and are not closed until 
November. It is well to notify Mr. 
Weeks beforehand of one's intention 
to prolong his stay, to be sure of ac- 
commodation. However, he has sev- 
eral cottages near by which are very 

elastic. The office and parlor and 
dining-room of the hotel are artisti- 
cally decorated, and the traveller is 
sure of a "square meal." The sleep- 
ing-rooms are large and well fur- 
nished. Mr. Weeks has had much 
experience, and well knows how to 
44 run a hotel." He is also proprietor 
of the Winnecoette, a large, new hotel, 
perhaps a quarter of a mile away, and 
<on such high land that it over-looks 
the lake for miles beyond Governor's 

The popularity of The Weirs is 
steadily growing. The Methodist 
camp-ground, with its multitude of 
cottages and its open-air auditorium 
was the first attraction. Now its 
beauties are appreciated by several 
societies. The N. H. Veterans of the 
Rebellion have at The Weirs their re- 
union grounds, and the survivors of 
the different organizations are with 
each other in their regimental head- 

The chief attraction of the Weirs 
is the lake : sail-boats, row-boats, 
steam yachts, and steamboats are at 
one's service. The waters of the lake 
teem with fish. There are many pleas- 
ant walks along the shore, and wind- 
ing up the neighboring hills. 

The number of families who spend 
their summer at the Weirs is constant- 
ly increasing, and the season here 
has been lengthened well into October 
when the changing foliage produces 
some of the most picturesque effects. 

The Concord and Montreal Rail- 
road opened with much ceremony the 
Lake Shore Branch, in 1890, afford- 
inv a delightful ride of an hour from 
Lake Village to Alton Bay along the 
shore of Lake Winnipiseogee. 

The train again moves northward, 


Summer Resorts in JVew Hampshir 

and soon after starting the traveller 
is in the midst of mountain scenery. 
Hills beyond hills in every direction ! 
On and on we go, ever north, until we 
reach the thriving village of Lisbon. 

On a late journey we were met there 
by Hon. A. A. Woolson, ex-speaker 
of the N. H. House of Representa- 
tives, and with him rode over the new 
road through the " Gulf, "up to the 
Breezy Hill House. 


deserves more than a passing notice. 
It makes one of the most interesting 
drives in the whole mountain region. 
It was conceived by Mr. Woolson, 
who obtained for its construction a 
legislative appropriation, as well as 
one from the town of Lisbon, and who 
not only surveyed the route but ener- 
getically hasteued its completion. It 
follows for several miles a deep ra- 
vine, overhung on the either side by 
lofty cliffs, and is shaded by grand 
old trees. Care was taken in its con- 
struction not to mar the natural beau- 
ties, but to enhance them. The road 
leads directly to the commanding ele- 
vation on which is built the commo- 


The proprietors, Messrs. Wells and 
Woolson, have spared no pains to 
make this one of the most attractive 
houses among the mountains. From 
the broad veranda, which nearly sur- 
rounds the building, can be obtained a 
fine view of the whole Franconia Range, 
Sunset Hill, and a wide, deep val- 
ley between. To the west is the val- 
ley of the Ammonoosuc, and beyond, 
the hills of Lyman, and farther on, 
the whole of the Gardner Mountain 
Range, extending from Littleton into 

Bath. Through a cleft in the range 
can be caught a glimpse of the dis- 
tant Green Mountains. The grounds 
about the Breezy Hill House are artis- 
tically laid out. Near by are a pine 
tree grove and several maple orchards. 
The offices, hail, parlor, and dining- 
room of the hotel are ample, and the 
rooms are tastily furnished. The cui- 
sine is unexceptionable. The neigh- 
borhood offers pleasing walks and 
drives in every direction, but no 

On the train going north from Lis- 
bon we met a brother editor — one of 
the honorable railroad commissioners 
of New Hampshire. From politics 
our conversation drifted into college 
matters. In the course of our talk 
he said : 

" Dartmouth college has conferred 
the degree of Master of Arts upon 
James T. Furber, general manager of 
the Boston & Maine Railroad, and 
when he gets official notification of 
the fact he will have an undoubted 
right to book his name J. T. Furber, 
M. A. Just imagine him doing it ! 
Just imagine anybody else who knows 
him doing it ! Just imagine his busi- 
ness associates addressing him as 
Master of Arts Furber, or Mr. Furber, 
M. A. ! Just imagine a newspaper 
man referring to him as that adopted 
but worthy son of Dartmouth College, 
James T. Furber, M. A. ! Master of 
Arts ! Why if there is anythiug 
James T. Furber isn't master of, its 
Arts, and if there is any other title 
that would fit him less, it must be D. 
D. He is certainly master of his 
business. As a railroad manager his 
match in many respects does not walk 
New England soil. He is always mas- 
ter of himself; he is generally master 



Resorts in JVezi> Hampshire, 


of all about him, and the situation 
that he is n't master of is a very bad 
one. He is, moreover, a master of 
very vigorous language ; but Master 
of Arts, of such arts as a college de- 
gree is supposed to certify to profi- 
ciency in, he certainly isn't and prob- 
ably has no desire to be. 'Master of 
Arts?' What is it? 'The second 
degree of a university,' the title 
which men are entitled to after they 
have successfully completed a four 
years college course and supplement- 
ed it with three years more of study. 
What does it mean? Familiarity 
with books, literary accomplishments, 
learning what is taught in colleges, 
acquirement of a liberal education. 
Of these James T. Furber has none, 
and he needs none. His education 
was obtained in the common schools, 
with possibly an addition of a term or 
two in a small academy, and he knows 
no more of a college curriculum than 
president Bartlett knows of running 
railroad trains and keeping road-beds 
in repair. He began life as a laborer, 
and he has worked his way up with- 
out any of the helps that come from 
a liberal education, with very little 
assistance from books, with none 
whatever from professors and tutors. 
But all the same, he is, by the grace 
of Dartmouth college, which he prob- 
ably never saw, an M. A., — an hon- 
orary M. A-, to be sure, but an M. 
A. Now r , we submit, the Boston & 
Maine directors can do no less than 
to appoint some Dartmouth professor 
an honorary master mechanic, or a 
superintendent of motive power, or at 
least make President Bartlett an hon- 
orary section-boss." 

The speaker acknowledged, how- 
ever, that although he was a son of 

Dartmouth, and entitled in course to 
such a degree, it had never been con- 
ferred upon him. 

The judicious traveller does not 
pass Lancaster without stopping for 
at least one meal at the Lancaster 
House. It is a nice place ; and one's 
only regret is that he must move on. 

We are bound for the Upper Coos 
region, however, so must not delay. 
x\t Groveton we change to the Grand 
Trunk Railway, and at North Strat- 
ford, to the 


At Colebrook there are two good 
hotels. The Parsons House, steam- 
heated, with all modern conven- 
iences, James G. Parsons, proprie- 
tor ; and the Monadnock House, also 
a first-class hotel, of which Thomas 
G. Rowan is proprietor. A free 
coach runs to both hotels from the 

The Upper Coos Railroad not only 
connects Colebrook with the rest of 
the world, but also Stewartstown, or 
the village of 


which is the northernmost point in 
New Hampshire reached by railroad. 
It is a thriving village, and contains 
many wide-awake people. During a 
short sojourn there we met several of 

Lyman W. Alger is an old and re- 
spected merchant of the village. He 
was born in the Dominion, but sprang 
from Massachusetts' ancestry. For 
thirty years he has occupied the same 

Ephr. S. Parker is a manufacturer 
of sashes, doors, etc., and has lived 
in the village for a third of a ceutu- 
rv. His father, Otis Parker, and his 


Summer Resorts in New Hampshire* 

grandfather, John Parker, were resi- 
dents of Lisbon. 

L. 0. Shurtlcff, a brother of W. H. 
Shurtleff, is the druggist of the town. 

Isaac F. Jacobs, a native of Ger- 
many, has carried on the clothing bus- 
iness for a dozen years. 

Mrs. E. M. Flint has a nice milli- 
nery store. 

Charles M. Quimbyhas a hardware 

The Stewartstown hotel is a fair 
country tavern. 

The whole village has picked up 
wonderfully since the advent of the 
railroad. New houses are springing 
up on every hand, and business seems 
to be brisk. Here the fisherman leaves 
the train for the Connecticut Lakes. 

From West Stewartstown to Hamp- 
ton is quite a jump, but editors are 
privileged persons, and sometimes 
have to jump farther. We made the 
last successfully, and brought up safe- 
ly on Great Boar's Head. 

boar's head hotel 

is now open to the public. The same 
genial landlord, Stebbins H. Dumas, 
and the same smiling clerk, Samuel 
D. Baker, meets us with cordiality. 
And there is the same bluff from off 

whose crest eight generations of white 
men, and countless generations of red 
men, have watched the sun rise from 
the same old ocean. On the table are 
the fresh lobsters, fried clams, broiled 
scrod, and baked cod, as in days of 
yore. As the sun sinks in the west, a 
cool breeze sweeps inland from the 
sea and refreshes the hot and weary 
pilgrims. If there is any breeze any- 
where it will be found on the summit 
of Mount "Washington and on Boar's 
Head. On the piazzas we meet faces 
we have seen year after year from 
New Hampshire, for it has ever been 
a favorite hotel with New Hampshire 
people from Massachusetts, from 
New York, Ohio, Illinois, Kansas, 
Minnesota, and elsewhere. As the 
shades of night deepen from the ocean 
side of the hotel, one catches the 
gleam of the beacon lights on Thatch- 
er's Islands, on the Isles of Shoals, 
on Boon Island, on the Nubble, on 
Whale's Back, and all along the 
shores of Ipswich Bay. 

What a night's rest one gets, fav- 
ored by the salt-laden and refreshing 
breeze ! Life is a joy on old Boar's 
Head, and will be for generations 
yet unborn, at least through the hot 

My Lord Bangs, 



By the Author of " The Widow Wyse.' 


Chapter X. answered, deliberately and seriously, 

looking straight into her eyes. 

Margery shrugged her pretty shoul- 
The idea of Margery's being in love ders, blushed a little, and turned away, 
with him pleased My Lord Bangs im- saying in an undertone, — 

meusely. " I wonder what put that 
idea into his mind?" he said to him- 
self as he turned away, and strolled, 
in an idle sort of way, back towards 
his neighbor's premises, — which was 
strange, seeing that he had just 
parted from Margery. " Possibly he 
is right, although I must confess the 
little witch has onven me no cause, as 

" Deep subject I 3 ' 

" Yes," he answered, still seri- 
ously, 44 so deep that I cannot fathom 

Margery opened her eyes wide. 

44 What makes you try, then ?" 

" Because well, I suppose it is 

because I can't help it," he answered, 
pulling carelessly at the leaves which 

yet, to think so. However, girls have partially hid her form. 

now and then shown a decided pref- 
erence for my society, and, by Jove ! 

if I were a stranger Pshaw ! that 

would be a complication. It would n't 

do. It would n't do at all." Then, 

after a pause, — 

41 Don't spoil the foliage on my 
account," she answered ; " see how 
ragged you have made it look !" 

44 1 wonder if you have any heart 
at all," he said finally. 44 I pity the 
poor mortal who is unfortunate 
enough to fall seriously in love with 

44 1 wish Edith had a little of Mar- 
gery's style. But Edith 's a deuced you." 

fine girl, all the same, and I am quite 44 Why, an' please your lordship?" 

satisfied," with a half sigh. 44 Because I know of no one who 

44 4 From grave to gay — from lively would be so capable of making a man 

to severe,' " quoted a well known voice suffer as you." 

from behind the shrubbery. 44 I have 44 Thanks — oh! unlimited," she 

been watching you for the last ten answered airily. 44 You will, of course, 

minutes, and judging from the rapid 
changes your mobile countenance 

has undergone, I should say you ha~e 
been thinking. Are n't you afraid of 
headache? Pray do n't be rash !" and 
Margery's mocking face appeared in 
close proximity to his. 

44 1 have been thinking " 

44 Possible?" interrupted his com- 
panion. 44 Of what, or of whom, pray ?" 
44 I have been thinking of vou," be 

warn vour friends in season, and then 

if they still persist 

and a gay 

laugh finished the sentence. 

44 Good-night, Margery," he said 
very seriously, and then went slowly 

" He did n't smile once," said Mar- 
gery to herself. 44 What can have 
come over the spirit of his dream? 
One would think that he really cared, 
that is, for my opinion, judging from 

Copyright, 18S3. 

9 8 

My Lord Bangs. 

the way he sometimes looks and talks. 
I hope he does ; I should like to have 
him. Oh, wouldn't I punish him? 
But then, there's Edith: I would n't 
like to — to annoy her. But see how 
he treats her !" growing fierce. " He 
feels so sure of her, he 's — why ! he 's 

almost indifferent ; and well, I 

must acknowledge that Edith is quite 
the same. They might be really mar- 
ried, for all the love-making one caa 
discover. How strange they are ! If 
I ever have a lover, and he does n't 
pay me the most particular and 
devoted attention, I'll — I'll dismiss 
him, that's all. But Edith isn't of a 
jealous nature. She is n't the least 
bit suspicious. Perhaps if I were any- 
body else she would n't like to — 
to have us so much together. But as 
I am only ; little Margery,' I don't 
count. She seems to forget that 
mamma was only eighteen when she 
was married. She has told me so a 
dozen times. I wish Edith would n't 
treat me so much like a child. I dare 
say I could make trouble if I tried. 
But I sha' n't try : I J d hate myself if 
I did : and if Charlie Bangs ever tries 
to make love to me, I'll — I'll box 7u$ 
ears; I won't even shake hands with 
him again. I hate shaking hands. 
, It 's a detestable fashion ; I thought 
he would never let my hand go the 
last time. How strange Edith is ! 
She insisted upon our taking a long 
drive this morning while she went 
missionarying. Yes, she fairly insists 
upon my driving, walking, and play- 
ing tennis with him, whether I want 
to or not. I would n't leave my lover 
to the mercy of another girl, even ixry 
sister, for all the heathen in Christen- 
dom " Then aloud : " Yes, I "m 

coming, Edith. She 's the dearest 

girl in the whole world, and I wish — 
I wish I were more like her." 

In the meantime My Lord Bangs 
was saving to himself : 

" The dear, tantalizing little witch ! 
I envy the fellow who first stirs the 
tender passion in her heart. It will 
be all, or nothing, with her. By Jove, 
I would like to feel the clasp of those 
little white arms about my neck. 
How different she is to Edith ! But 
I like repose of manner, and Edith 
has that to perfection. She is my 
ideal of a lady, born and bred. But 
little Margery is very fascinating ; I 
like her girlish enthusiasm. It is so — 
so appealing. I came very near 
snatching her to my heart and smoth- 
ering her dear little mouth with kisses 
this morning. Ah ! I would like to 
be loved as Margery will love, and 

Geoffrev seems to think- 

■What in 

the name of common sense could he 
be thinking of to put such an idea into 
my mind? He's usually quite level- 
headed, but he has certainly made a 
mistake in this matter. I sha' n't be 
able to rest until I find out that he is 

wrong, or Good Heavens ! if little 

Margery should fall in love with me — 
poor little thing — why ! I should be 
so sorry for her I am afraid I should — 
do something rash, I am, indeed." 

Margery was flattered, notwith- 
standing her protestations, and it 
must be confessed, a little exultant 
also, in a vague sort of way, although 
she would have indignantly denied 
the fact had she been accused of it, 
and quite honestly, too. She was a 
little curious, moreover, and found 
herself wondering how he would look 
and talk the next time she saw him. 
Edith rallied her on her absent-mind- 
edness two or three times during din- 

My Lord Bangs. 


ner, and she finally succeeded in dis- 
missing the subject from her mind, 
and became her own gay little self 
again. She resolved, however, that 
she would not see the object of her 
disturbing thoughts, should he make 
his appearance that evening ; so, after 
playing a few gay waltzes, chattering 
nonsense meanwhile, she announced 
to her sister that she was going to 
her room to attend to her long neg- 
lected correspondence. 

" She is really going to write let- 
ters, " said Edith, in mock surprise. 
11 She never did it before without 
being alternately coaxed and scolded 
for days. I really have hopes of 

"Oh, you needn't indulge in any 
false hopes," said Margery, laughing. 
e" It is only a sudden spasm that will 
soon pass off, and leave me, if possi- 
ble, worse than before. I do n't like 
work, and it is work to write to Maude 
Eaton, I am sure. She has written 
three letters to my one. Such 
wretched scrawls they are, too. Poor 
Maude is such a simpleton ! I wonder 
if she has become reconciled to her 
step-mother 3 T et. Such a lovely woman 
as she is ! Geoffrey says so, and she 
looks it. You remember her, Edith? 
She was at the reception at Madame 
Chaudet's last June. She invited me 
to visit Maude, then, and Maude 
writes begging me to come. I would 
like to go if she were not so tiresome. 
Well, good-night, dear. Yon need n't 
call me if H. R. H., the Prince of 
Wales, should call." 

Margery's room was not richly fur- 
nished, but it was, like herself, full 
of picturesque effects. There was a 
charm about it, even in its most dis- 
ordered state, which appealed to one's 

sense of beauty, as well as to one's 
appreciation of the eternal fitness of 
things. It was " just like Margery," 
her friends said, and they liked it 
accordingly. Not that she intended 
that it should be so ; she was always 
intending to bring order out of 
chaos, and make it look u just like 
Edith's," but she never found time to 
do it. 

Margery did not go to her writing- 
desk directly she reached her room, 
but sat down before her dressing- 
table, and, leaning her chin upon her 
hands, looked dreamily into the mir- 
ror. Her fair face was tinged with 
the color of the rose ; the tiny freckles, 
which were so objectionable in her 
younger days, had almost entirely dis- 
appeared ; the few which remained 
only tended to enhance the delicate 
fairness of her complexion. She 
smiled at the flattering semblance of 
herself, and began uncoiling her long, 
beautiful hair. She was greatly puz- 
zled at the turn of affairs. " Cannot 
understand me, eh? Well, that isn't 
strange, seeing that I am somewhat 
of an enigma, even to myself. I am 
sure of one thing, however ; my lover 
shall love me, and be neither afraid 
nor ashamed to show it." 

Approbation was the very wine of 
her life, but flattery, to be acceptable 
to her, as I have said, must be of the 
most delicate and subtile kind. Even 
Maude Eaton had, during the last 
year of school, become dimly aware 
of the fact. 

She had a fit of industry the next 
morning, and she resolved to spend 
most of the forenoon in her room 
sewing, although she acknowledged 
to herself that she was fairly expir- 
ing with curiosity to know what 


My Lord Bangs. 

her prospective brother-in-law's next 
move would be. She sewed desper- 
ately for a short time ; then her work 
dropped from her fingers, and she 
gazed longingly out of the window. 

44 What a lovely morning !" she 
exclaimed. " I don't know why I 
should shut myself up just because — 

just because " Well, what was she 

shutting herself up for? She hardly 
knew. She would go down and get 
Kate Langdon, and they would walk 
to Oakville. It was only three miles, 
and Margery's favorite walk. There 
was a delicious bit of woods, where 
they sat and discussed the coming 
winter fashions, the latest novels, 
and the exceeding stupidity of 
women's clubs. Edith belonged to 
three. How she ever found time to 
attend to her various duties the two 
girls were at a loss to understand. 
But then, Edith always enjoyed work. 
She was scarcely ever idle. 

" I '11 tell you something, Kate, if 
you will promise not to speak of it," 
said Margery, after a pause in their 

44 Of course I won't tell," said 
Kate, reproachfully. 

44 Well, then," answered Margery, 
" something is going on between 
Edith and Mrs. Bangs ; and as I 
am not admitted to their council, I 
strongly suspect that they are plan- 
ning to give me a surprise. Indeed, 
I heard a few words as I passed them 
yesterday, and one of them was 
4 dance.' " 

44 Oh, they are going to give a ball 
in your honor !" exclaimed Kate. 
- 44 I just know it ! Won't it be charm- 
ing !" 

" Nothing quite so grand as a ball, 
I am afraid." answered Margery ; 

" but certainly a party of some kind ; 
and as we have no room large enough 
to make dancing a pleasure, dear Mrs. 
Bangs will open her house. You know 
they added a wing on the left of the 
house, and built a hall for that very 
purpose. I wish papa would trans- 
mogrify our old shanty — if Edith 
should hear me ! — I mean modernize 
our mansion ! How ugly it is ! But I 
would not dare to suggest it, even. 
Edith would think me sacrilegious ! 
Well ! it is a dear old house, and on 

the whole Kate, what shall you 


41 Oh, I do n't know. I have n't a 
blessed thing. I shall have to get 
something new. Oh, Margery, do let 
me just whisper it to mamma !" 

44 Not for the world, Kate ! Remem- 
ber your promise ! Because, you see* 
I do n't really know. Just as soon as 
I am sure about it, you shall tell her. 
Oh, there will be time enough. But 
you must look your prettiest. You 
might hint that as there are sure to 
be parties you ought to have some- 
thing ready." 

"To be sure; how stupid of me 
not to think of that !" said Kate. 

44 And, Kate, just as soon as we 
quite know, you must write to your 
brother Richard, and if he has any 
particular friend at Harvard who is 
especially nice, he might " 

" Paul Lutteridge !" broke in Kate, 
eagerly. I am glad you spoke of it. 
He 's Dick's chum, aud all right, every 
way. He will be awfully glad to 
come, and so will Dick." 

44 But not a word until I give you 
leave, remember !" said Margery. 
4 * Now let us go home, for I am des- 
perately hungry. It must be near 

My Lord Bangs 


Kot many days after this came the 
revelation of the secret. Everything 
bad been planned to the smallest 
detail. Margery was to come out 
with eclat; and for the next fortnight 
nothing else was thought of. 

The spirit with which My Lord 
Bangs entered into the affair was 
very gratifying to Edith. He had 
determined that nothing should be 
spared to make it a perfect success, 
as indeed it proved to be, nothing 
approaching it having been attempted 

It was astonishing how often he 
found it necessary to consult with 
Margery beforehand. The smallest 
arrangement must be submitted to 
her taste and judgment. How could 
she help being flattered and pleased ! 
There was not a jar of any kind until 
the very night of the party. Then 
mdeed his handsome face clouded 
many times. He did not seem quite 
himself unless he was dancing with 
Margery. She was ravishingly pretty, 
and accepted the homage done her in 
a deliriously unconscious sort of way, 
which was very charming. But 
Charles was not satisfied. 

" You-er ought to speak to Mar- 
gery, Edith," said he, when he found 
himself near her. " It is n't neces- 
sary for her to dance with Tom, Dick, 
and Harry just because they happen 
to be here." 

41 It is strange to hear you speak 
of our guests as c Tom, Dick, and 
Harry,' Charlie," said Edith, flushing ; 
" and nobody happens to be here. 
They are friends whom we have 
always known, and Margery can 
scarcely " 

" Pardon me," he broke in, " but 
what do you know of that insuffer- 

able young prig Lutteridge, who has 
been hovering over her half the 

" The Langdons vouch for him, 

and I really cannot understand 

What is there objectionable about 
him? He seems a nice young man." 

"There are a good many fellows 
who 4 seem nice' who are perfect 
scoundrels," he answered, " and 
Margery is very impressionable. I 
think she ought to be more careful, 
that is all." 

" I think you are unnecessarily 
anxious," she replied, as she turned to 
speak to a passing guest, while he di- 
rected his gaze once more towards the 
object of his solicitude. Her face was 
sparkling with animation, but there was 
do cause for jealousy now, for she was 
surrounded by a bevy of young girls. 
He admired her more at this moment 
than he had ever done before. 

" ' Queen rose in the rosebud gar- 
den of girls,' " he quoted softly as he 
approached the charmed circle. 

He was Margery's very shadow for 
weeks after this. He did not dream 
of danger for himself. He was only 
curious to find out if Margery really 
cared, as Geoffrey had suggested, he 
told himself; and then, again, he en- 
joyed her society ; she diverted him 
while other girls bored him. But 
before he was aware of it he had 
drifted into a flirtation which resulted 
in his utter defeat and subjugation. 
In fact, she drew him to her with a 
fascination which it was impossible 
to resist. She held him in absolute 
thrall, while he felt that she was as 
far from falling into his arms as 
though a yawning guif separated 
them. He grew reckless, and showed 
his feelings too plainly, whereat she 


My Lord Bangs, 

became alarmed, and kept aloof from 
his society. Not once did he fiud 
himself alone with her for many days. 
It was then that he discovered the 
state of his heart towards her. Was 
'it possible that she had made the 
same discovery concerning himself, 
he wondered, and avoided him accord- 
ingly? He made many attempts to join 
her in her daily walks, but was balked 
in every one. She gave him the slip 
without seeming to do so. She sur- 
rounded herself with companions. 
She went to new and strange places. 
She disappeared from view in the 
most unexpected ways if she saw him 
•coming : and yet he could not com- 
plain. He had made up his mind 
that he should see her soon. She 
might refuse to drive with him, once, 
twice, thrice, but she could n't have 
a headache forever. She could n't 
have a perpetual engagement. There 
must come a time when she could not, 
in reason, decline. But as the days 
went by he began to be impatient, 
-and to think of ways and means. 
Finally fortune favored him. 

It was on one of those crisp, clear, 
dazzling October days, which brought 
out fresh, unexpected beauties every- 
where — a day when it was impossible 
to walk without experiencing a buoy- 
ancy of spirits which quickened the 
-step and brightened the eyes. The 
woods, rich with the colors of the sea- 
son, glowed in the sunlight, deep, 
intense, splendid. What could be 
pleasanter than a drive on this delight- 
ful morning? 

Suiting the action to the word, he 
-ordered out the thoroughbreds. Mar- 
gery had not driven behind them in 
weeks. He would take Edith and 
Margery, well knowing, sly mortal, 

that the former would ask to be left 
at the Guild rooms for missionary 
work, as was her habit on that partic- 
ular morning. Margery had forgot- 
ten it for the moment, and readily 
acquiesced, allowing herself to be 
helped into the carriage before her 
sister, who said, — 

" I must be left at the Guild at the 
end of half an hour." 

64 Oh, let your old Guild arrange- 
ment go for once !" said Charlie, with 
seeming earnestness, at the same time 
devoutly hoping that she would not. 

" I wish I might," answered Edith 
with a little sigh of regret, " but I am 
particularly needed there this morn- 

''You are always 'particularly 
needed,' " said Margery, indignantly. 
" The idea of your allowing yourself 
to be mewed up in those stuffy little 
rooms on such a day as this. But 
it's just like you, just! You don't 
allow yourself any pleasures at all. 
It 's a shame !" 

"Oh, come now, it is n't worth 
while getting cross about it, little 
girl," answered Edith, smiling bright- 
ly into her sister's face. "It isn't 
as though I could n't go another time 
just as well. I shall enjoy thinking 
that you are out, and that will be 
some compensation." 

" I wish everybody were as unsel- 
fish as you," said Margery with sud- 
den compunction. "I have half a 
mind to go with you." 

"Oh, no!" answered her sister, 
quickly. " I would rather you should 
be out this fine weather. Besides, I 
doubt if there will be anything you 
could do, as we have planning and 
cutting to attend to this morning." 

But Margery was anything but 



Lord Bangs. 


• leased at the turn of affairs. She 
kos half vexed with Edith for insist- 
tog upon leaving them, wholly vexed 
*ith herself for wanting to go on, 
and unreasonably angry with Charles 
for asking her to go at all, thus put- 
ting her in this unpleasant dilemma. 
She glanced at her companion, and 
encountered an admiring pair of blue 
eves. This was to be expected, but 
the look of entire satisfaction which 
settled on his face as they turned from 
the Guild-house she could not bear. 
Her mind was made up in an instant. 
She would not drive with him this 
morning. She would mortally offend 
him, first. Suddenly she asked, — 

"What day is it?" 

"To-day is Tuesday, the tenth of 
October, and a very beautiful day," 
he answered, smiling complacently 
upon her. 

" Oh, I must go to Kate Langdon's 
directly," she said with great earnest- 
ness. " Please take me there. lam 
late. Kate will be waiting for me. 
We were to walk this morning. " 

He let her see the disappointment 
in his face ; then asked quietly, — 

44 Would you rather walk with Kate 
than drive with me?" 

" That is n't a fair question !" she 
burst forth, a little indignantly. 
" Would you have me break an en- 
gagement?" (She really could not 
help it, she told herself. After all, it 
was a very white lie.) 

" Not if it is an engagement that 
you ought to keep," he answered. 

"Besides," she added, "Kate 
would be very much disappointed if 
she did n't see me this morning." 

" You do not seem to care for my 
disappointment," he said in an ag- 
grieved tone. 

" You have no right to be disap- 
pointed," she answered, " for I did n't 
make you any promise." 

" No, you did n't make me auy 
promise," he acknowledged, " but I 
am very much disappointed, and I 
think you know it. However, I hope 
you will feel more kindly disposed 
towards me another time." 

He drove her without another word 
to her friend's door, helped her out, 
and then, with a polite salutation, 
drove away. 

Down the street at a furious pace 
he dashed, noticiug no one by the 
way, nor caring whither he went. To 
be so sure of her and then to lose 
her was doubly vexatious. He was 
obliged to confess to himself that she 
did not care. 

" Geoffrey's a fool," he muttered 
at last. There was a sense of humil- 
iation in his failure that was new to 
him, and his spirits sank as they had 
never done before. He gave no 
thought to where he was driving, and 
it was only when he found himself 
passing through his own gateway that 
he came to himself. He had no 
intention of going in ; he was too 
nervous for that. But happening to 
remember some letters he had forgot- 
ten to post, he sent for them, and 
then drove out again. On arriving 
at the post-office — he had just given 
the letters to one of the numerous 
small boys who gathered around his 
carriage whenever it stopped (he 
was too free with his pennies ever to 
be at a loss in such a case) — whom 
should he see but Margerv, walking 
slowly along, and alone. She stopped 
as she got opposite to hirn, and, look- 
ing up into his face with an irresistible 
smile, said, — 


My Lord Bangs, 

" Will you take me home, please?" 

He was so astouished that be looked 
at her without a word. 

"Oh, if you don't want to " 

she began with a delicious pout. 

He sprang down and helped her iu, 
with a happy light in his eyes. 

44 1 am glad you repented," he said, 
as he seated himself by her side. 

" Oh, I have n't repented," she 
answered. " There is nothing to 
repent of. Do n't think it, and it is 
very easily explained. Kate has a 
headache " 

44 I 'm so glad !" he broke in. 

u What an unfeeling wretch you 
are I" she answered, as severely as she 
could under the circumstances. 

" I felt that way about you a short 
time ago," he replied, ;t only I did n't 
call you a wretch." 

"Isn't this a delicious morning?" 
she said, ignoring completely his last 

" It is quite the most delicious 
morning I ever knew," he answered, 
looking admiringly into her eyes. 

" You are passing the gate," she 
said warningly, at this moment. 

" Of course I am passing the gate," 
he replied. " Do you think I am go- 
ing to give you up so easily?" Then, 
after a moment's pause, 44 Margery, 
what is it? What have I done to 
make you so unkind to me?" 

" I — I am not unkind to you," she 
stammered in a half frightened tone. 
The truth is, she had noticed the 
pained look upon his face as he left 
her at her friend's door, and took 
herself severely to task for it. Once 
more she acknowledged to herself that 
she was a " horrid little beast," and 
she made up her mind to be kinder, 
and here was the result. 

" lam getting to be an abominable 
little flirt," she said to herself at this 
moment. "I hate myself. I'll go 
away. I ? 11 go and visit Maude Eaton 
for a month, and when I come back 
I'll see if I can't behave myself •" 

" What is it, Margery, dear?" in 
his dangerous, persuasive tones. The 
horses were walking up the long hill. 
His handsome, eager face was close 
to hers. She felt his hand tremble 
upon her own. Suddenly he snatched 
it to his lips, and covered it with pas- 
sionate kisses. She gave him one 
swift, indignant look. Her soft, rosy 
lips paled, and grew hard. 

"How dare you?" she uttered in 
low tones, while tears of anger and 
mortification sprang to her eyes. 

"Why! what a dreadful look for 
such a small matter !" he answered 
lightly. l4 One would think that I 
had committed an unpardonable sin 
in kissing the hand of a charming 
young lady. Why, my dear child, it 
is the common form of salutation in 
some places." 

" That is not so — you know it is 
not — to kiss any one in that way," 
she burst forth. " I wonder you dare 
to look Edith in the face- — Take 
me home at once I" 

"I will take you home, Margery," 
he answered quietly, "but first we 
must understand each other a little 
better. What has Edith to do about 
the matter? Why should I not be 
able to look her or any one else in the 
face ?" 

She turned on him a face full of 
cold, curious wonder, and answered 
not a word, and he went on : 

"You know that I love you, but 
you are curiously deceived " 

41 Stop !" she commanded. " It is 

My Lord Bangs. 


nicked for you to talk, aud a shame 
for me to listen. Take me home !" 

"You 're not treating me fairly, Mar- 
rerv," he answered. "You must let me 
explain. Then I will take you home." 

" I will not hear you explain !" she 
answered vehemently. " I will not 
hear another word, and if you do not 
instantly turn about, I will jump from 
the carriage." 

44 Won't you give me five minutes, 
Margery?" he asked imploringly. 

44 I won't give you the tenth part 
of a second," she answered, rising to 
her feet. 

He caught her arm, saying, — 

44 Margery, sit down. I will take 
you home, but you are very cruel." 

She jumped from the carriage as it 
reached her door, disdaining his 
assistance, and rushed to her room, 
locked the door, and threw herself 
upon her bed with a wild burst of pas- 
sionate tears. 

Edith found her, a few hours later, 
after repeated knockings, with flushed 
cheeks and a pained look about the 

44 What is it, dear?" she asked 
anxiously. 4t Are you ill?" 

44 Oh, no," answered Margery, 
pressing her locked hands above her 
eyes. 44 It is only a stupid headache, 
and I'm so tired of this place, of 
everything. Don't you think I might 
accept Mrs. Eaton's invitation to visit 
them? I want to go right away — 
to-morrow. Do say I may, please ! 
I want a little change so much." 

44 You are not well, Margery, I am 
sure," said Edith still more anx- 
iously. 44 Your face is very flushed, 
and your hands are hot. You must 
have taken cold. Oh, Margery ! if 
you would only be more careful !" 

44 Do n't be foolish, Edith!" ex- 
claimed Margery, jumping up, and 
walking excitedly up aud down. 44 I 
am not ill. I have not taken cold. I 
have only a headache, and — and I'm 
angry. Don't ask me why, for I 
sha' n't tell you. It 's nothing of con- 
sequence, nothing at all for you to 
worry about ; and — and I shall be all 
over it when I come back. Say I 
may go, Edith ! There 's a dear 
girl !" 

41 1 am perfectly willing that you 
should go," answered Edith ; 44 only 
you need not be in a hurry about it. 
I do n't like to think that you are 
tired of home so soon. I have tried 
to make it pleasant for you, and I 
hoped you were happy." 

4i Please do n't talk like that, Edith ; 
you make me feel like a wretched 
iugrate. I am happy, and I love my 
home and you " — embracing her im- 
petuously — i4 more than anything else 
in the world." 

44 She has been quarrelling with 
Charles, 7 ' said Edith to herself, sor- 
rowfully. 44 I had hoped that that 
would never happen again." 

4i Well, dear," she said aloud, 4t you 
can go when you choose ; but you must 
promise to be your own cheerful little 
self when you come back." 

4i Oh, I will," answered Margery 
delightedly. 44 1 will be so good — 
just as good as it is possible for a 
horrid little beast like me to be. Now 
send Katy to help me pack, and do n't 
let a single soul, not even Geoffrey, 
know that I am goino-." 

She no longer looked ill, but eager, 
bright, and cheerful, until she said 
good-by at the station the next 

[To be continued.] 




At the presentation of a flag to the pupils of the Lincoln Grammar School of Manchester by 
the United American Mechanics. 

The suggestion that our national 
emblem, the star spangled banner, 
should float above all our institutions 
of learning, — that it should meet the 
daily gaze of the youth of the laud as 
the object of their highest respect and 
veneration, and the inspiration to 
their loftiest patrotism and love of 
country, — was a most timely and most 
happy suggestion. And it is, at the 
same time, one that comes most 
naturally and logically from the ex- 
periences of our national life. The 
men who, but a quarter of a century 
ago, plunged this country into a most 
bloody war of rebellion — a war only 
known as history and tradition to 
these young friends, though seeming- 
ly but yesterday to those of mature 
and more advanced life, — were not 
illiterate, unlettered, or ignorant. 
They defied national authority, and 
insulted the flag of their country, 
through no want of intelligence or 
culture, but because over the school- 
houses of their youth no starry ban- 
ners floated, — by which expression, I 
mean, in a broader and wider sense, 
that they were not taught in their 
youth to look upon our national ban- 
ner with reverence, respect and 
patriotic devotion, as a banner sym- 
bolizing the unity, the nationality, and 
the solidity of these United States, as 
one country, one people, inseparable 
and indivisible forever. But they were 
taught in their youth — in their school- 
boy days — to look upon the flag of 
their country as symbolizing no ir- 
revocable national unity, but rather a 

copartnership of states, to be perpet- 
uated only during the pleasure of the 
contracting sovereignties and deter- 
minable at the will of any oue of 
them. It was the teaching of this 
pernicious doctrine to the youth of 
the South that made rebellion possible, 
and a long and bloody war inevitable. 
Warned by this experience, and shar- 
ing in a sentiment universal, I am 
happy to say, in this community, the 
order of the United American 
Mechanics, an association of most 
honorable history, and distinguished 
for the high character and patriotism 
of its membership, for whom I have 
at this time the honor to speak, are 
here to-night to present to the Lin- 
coln street grammar school this beau- 
tiful flag. A flag-staff from which 
it will float above this substantial edi- 
fice, consecrated to the education of 
the youth of this city, will be supple- 
mented in due time, and thus com- 
plete the gift. These donors would 
not have yon look upon this flag as 
the flag of your city or of your state, 
but as the flag of your country. It 
is not the product of these granite 
hills alone, but it is "at home" alike 
on the shores of the two. oceans, and 
by the tepid waters of the gulf, while 
to the northward its stars shine out, 
longingly, restlessly, and impatiently 
over vast areas, fast ripening for 
peaceful conquest As by the wand 
of some master magician, they would 
by this flag indelibly impress upon 
these young hearts the great lesson 
of loyalty and undying devotion to 



country. They would have you feel, 
si vou gaze upon its waving folds 
and its starry field of blue, that it 
«tauds for your country, — whose hon- 
or is your honor, whose glory is your 
glory, whose rights you will ever main- 
tain, and whose authority you will 
ever vindicate with the zeal, courage, 
and devotion with which you would 
defend your own lives and honor. 

We are still walking in the shadow 
of a great war. Its victims are still 
mourned. Its waste is yet felt, and 
its great debt unpaid. That war was 
waged to uphold the authority of this 
flag, to maintain its honor and integ- 
rity, and to preserve its glory un- 
dimmed and unimpaired. That war 
was fought by the present generation 
of mature manhood. It was the war 
of the fathers of these pupils of to- 
day. Survivors of it still walk among 
you, honored examples of that high 
sense of duty, unfaltering patriotism, 
and indomitable courage with which 
we would have this flag inspire your 
hearts and find an abiding lodgement 
in the plastic soul of youth. Under 
these circumstances it is inevitable 
that youth should, first of all, asso- 
ciate this flag most prominently with 
that great struggle in which a million 
of noble men perished, and who sanc- 
tified it anew by sacrifices unparal- 
leled in magnitude in the history of 
the world. It is thus that these men 
would have your miuds impressed, 
and they would abate nothing from 
the sublime lesson it teaches. But 

they would not have you feel that 
you can honor this flag only in war, 
and that your lives are in vain if war 
affords no opportunity for military 

It is not the mission of patriotism 
to fight battles only, but its highest 
mission is to make war impossible. 
When the heart is imbued with loyal- 
ty and patriotic devotion to country, 
the hand will never be uplifted in re- 
bellion, and if the world can see this 
banner upheld by the millions who 
are to people this favored land with 
that spirit of loyalty which is sought 
to be implanted in these young hearts 
to-night, no foe will ever assail it 
from without. 

This banner is the banner of peace 
as well as the banner of war. You 
can honor it by good scholarship, by 
good citizenship, by the highest type 
of manhood, as well as by the most 
brilliant soldierly achievements. Look 
not upon it, then, as inspiring a mar- 
tial spirit only ; associate it not al- 
ways with the drum beat and bugle 
blast. Probabilities all lie in the 
direction that over you it will always 
float in peace. God grant that it 
may be so, and that it may be your 
happy lot to contribute your full 
share to its future glory by mak- 
ing this country the grandest and the 
greatest, this people the wisest, the 
happiest, and the best, and this gov- 
ernment the freest and the purest, to 
be found upon the face of the wide 

10S To Lake Winnipcsaukcc. 


By Walter S. Peaslee. 

(Winnipesaukee, or Winnipiseogee, is an Indian name, upon the meaning 
of which authorities are divided. Sorae say it means " The beautiful water 
of the great high place," others that it means "The smile, of the Great 
Spirit." This last and most beautiful fancy is the one commonly associated 
with it.) 

iEgean seas are wondrous fair, 

And Como's waters clear ; 
Killarney's lakes, far famed in song, 

To Irish hearts are dear. 
But girted round by northern hills 

The fairest waters play 
That e'er a summer sunset tinged 
With gold at close of day. 

I sit beside thee on the shore, 

The wind's low monotone, 
Among the pine boughs overhead, 

Is mingled with thine own. 
The magic of its gentle art 

Makes youthful fancies spring, 
And now, once more, as when a child, 

I hear the fairies sing. 

The unseen locust's shrill refrain, 

The air's dull, hazy hue, 
The fleecy clouds that lightly float 

In thy cerulean blue. 
The graceful water-fowl that sail 

Upon thy sparkling breast, 
All make a rhythmic pastoral 

That lulls my soul to rest. 

My tired senses, worn with care, 

Yield to thy gentle charm, 
And o'er them falls, like summer dews, 

A peace divinely calm. 
I lie and dream tils evening shades 

Upon thy waves I see, — 
Then turn from thy beatitude, 

And leave my peace with thee. 

What wonder that the red man saw, 

Where he would softly glide, 
The sweet, benignant smile of God 

Reflected in thy tide ! 
In that same charm whose power awoke 

The savage thought so grand, 
I find a kindred one to-day, 

And own the Master Hand. 



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The Great Through Line 


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An Old-Time Minister— Mrs. Mary C. Cutler, .... 
Lawyers of Goffstown — Hon. David A. Taggart, 
Rev. Cyrus W. Wallace. D. D.-Rev. John E. Wheeler, . 
Lawyers Omitted in History of Belknap County Bench and 

Bar— Hon. E. A. Hibbard. . . . 

My Lord Bangs— Author of "Widow Wyse," . . 
The Writing on the Wall — Virginia C. Wallace, 


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The Little Contessa — Emma C. Kumrriel, . 

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The Advocate and His Influence. — Hon. Charles H. Burns, 
Argument of Em-G^v. David H. Goodell, . .... 

Open Letter — Hon. Samuel Upfc 

The Discovery of America by the Northmen — Rev. Edmund F. 

Slafter, D. D 

Lethe— Alice Frieze Durgin, 

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devoted to Literature, 'Biography, History, and State Progress. 

VOL. III. (New Series.) 
Vol. XIII. 

MAY, > Q 
JUNE, \ l8 9°' 

Nos. 5, 6. 

By James R. Jackson. 

George Azro Bingham is a native 
of Concord, Vt., a locality fertile in 
the production of such men as Harry 
Ilibbard, Harry Bingham, Ellery A. 
Hibbard, Edward F. Bingham, and 
William W. Grout. He was born 
April 25, 1820, and was educated in 
his native town and at academies in 
the vicinity, teaching a portion of the 
time to obtain the means to prosecute 
his studies. When twenty years of 
age he commenced reading law at Lyn- 
don, Vt., in the office of Hon. Thos. 
Bartlett, Jr., then a leading, and ever 
since a well remembered, member of 
the bar in that state, where he re- 
mained until December, 1848, when 
he was admitted to the bar at Dan- 
ville, in Caledonia county. During 
his course as a student, he applied 
himself with the diligence which has 
since been characteristic. Soon after 
his admission he made a trip through 
the West, spending some months in 
Iowa, but returned in June, 1819, to 
Lyndon, and formed a partnership 
^ith Mr. Bartlett, under the name of 
Bartlett & Bingham. This firm ex- 
isted two years, when Mr. Bartlett 

was elected to congress, and George 
W. Roberts became a member of the 
firm under the name of Bartlett, Bing- 
ham & Roberts. Mr. Bingham, dur- 
ing his practice in Vermont, was 
engaged in some important causes of 
which he had the preparation and 
principal direction in the trial, and 
met with good success. In 1852, Mr. 
Bartlett, owing to the redisricting of 
the state, was not a candidate for re- 
election, and Mr. Bingham sold his 
interest in the firm to the other mem- 
bers and moved to Littleton, Grafton 
comity, N. H., and formed an equal 
partnership with his brother Harry, 
under the name of H. & G. A. Bing- 
haaa. In 1859, the brothers asso- 
ciated with Hon. Andrew S. Woods 
and Edward "Woods of Bath, having 
an office in each town, the Littleton 
office beiug in charge of Harry 
Bingham and Edward Woods, and 
that at Bath of Judge Woods and 
G. A. Bingham. At the expiration 
of the copartnership, in 1882, Mr. 
Bingham returned to Littleton and 
resumed business with his brother 
under the old firm name, which con- 


Hon. Gcorgx A. Bingham. 

tinned until 1870. The different 
firms did a good business, and were 
engaged in important causes, though 
not a large business. After the dis- 
solution in 1870, the brothers con- 
tinued to reside in Littleton, and to 
some extent became rivals in busi- 
ness. In August, 1876, Geo. A. 
Bingham was appointed an associate 
justice of the supreme court. From 
1870 to this time he had been alone 
in business and had been successful, 
his engagements being chiefly as 
associate counsel in the trial of 
causes, bringing but few suits him- 
self. At the time of his appointment 
his retainers numbered about four 
hundred in cases pending in the dif- 
ferent courts in which he practised, 
which gave him an income as good 
as any individual lawyer in the 
state. October 1, 1880, he resigned 
his place on the court and resumed 
practice. In January following he 
formed a partnership with Edgar 
Aldrich, and two years later Daniel 
C. Remich was taken into the firm 
under the name of Bingham, Aldrich 
& Remich, which continued until 
December, 1884, when the senior 
member was reappointed to the 
bench. After he resumed his prac- 
tice in 1880, very many of his former 
clients came to him ; and soon he was 
doing as successful a business as 
when first appointed, which was among 
the most lucrative in the state, his 
business being in the Xew Hamp- 
shire, Vermont, and United States 

As early as 1858, ' Mr. Bingham 
w'as retained in the important case of 
Russell v. Dyer, involving the title 
to the Fabyan House and property, to 
argue it to the jury, F. O. J. Smith, 

of Portland, Me., being employed t" 
argue it ou the other side ; and from 
that time forward he was retained, 
and took an active part in the prepa- 
ration and trial of many of the im- 
portant real estate cases in northern 
New Hampshire, and some in Ver- 
mont, such as Wells v. Jackson Iron 
Manufacturing Company, commenced 
in 1860 to recover 12,000 acres 
including the top of Mt. Washing- 
ton ; Cahoon v. Coe, for the re- 
covery of Wentworth's Location, a 
tract of fourteen thousand acres ; and 
the cases of the so called Neu: Hamp- 
shire Land Company v. //. L. Tiltoi> 
and others, for the recovery of large 
tracts in Bethlehem, in all about 26,000 
acres ; also several important will cas- 
es, of which that of Dr. Samuel Bc- 
mis was as noted as auy. He was also 
counsel for six years in the business 
of the Grand Trunk Railway Com- 
pany, during which several important 
causes were tried, such as Richard- 
son v. G. T. it., in the United States 
Circuit Court for the district of Ver- 
mont, and reported in 1 Otto 4.54 : 
Taylor v. G. T. R., reported in 48 
N. H. 304. 

Mr. Bingham is a good, thorough 
lawyer, quick to apply his knowledge 
to the case in hand ; his mind is clear 
and penetrating ; no flaw in the prep- 
aration or case of his opponent 
escapes his keen scrutiny, and no 
fact essential to his client is neglected 
or left obscure. As an advocate he 
had great influence with the jury, as 
he was strong in statement, powerful 
in appeal, and eloquent in address. 
His knowledge of human nature and 
his commanding presence combine to 
make him an effective advocate. For 
the high' office ' which he now holds, 

An Old-Timc Minister. 


v<? possesses the essential qualifica- 
tions of an admirable presiding jus- 
lice. He holds the scales of justice 
with even poise. His extensive 
knowledge of the law and practice 
enable him to detect the main points 
in issue, and hold the contending 
counsel quietly but firmly to them. 
He possesses great patience, and here, 
as at the bar, his industry is continu- 
ous and unflagging, and thus in his 
judicial life he has earned and worth- 
ily wears the title of model judge. 

He has been twice married, and has 
five children. Judge Bingham has 
taken great interest in public affairs. 
Democratic in politics, in the coun- 
cils of his party he has been an 
active and sagacious leader, and it 
has often recognized his merits. He 
has been twice elected senator in the 
state legislature, — in 186-1 and 1865, — 

twice representative from Littleton to 
the General Court, — in 1875 and 
1876, — a delegate to the Democratic 
national convention held at Charles- 
ton and Baltimore in I860, and was 
the candidate of his party for con- 
gress in 18S0. 

His interest in educational matters 
is evinced by his membership and 
presidency of the Board of Education 
for Union School District in Littleton 
from 1874 to 1886, and by his holding 
the office of trustee of the State Nor- 
mal School eight years from 1870. 
He is a director in the Littleton 
National Bank and president of the 
savings-bank. Amid the pressing 
demands of a large professional 
business, he has discharged the duties 
of all these minor positions with fidel- 
ity and success. 


By Mrs. Mary C. Cutler. 

Among some relics of by-gone days 
I have found a piece of perforated 
card upon which is wrought, in threads 
of silver hair, the name "Rev. L. 
Ainsworth," a name well known in 
southern New Hampshire a undredh 
years ago, and not wholly forgotten 

This little memento brings to mind 
a cold winter's journey in early child- 
hood, while as yet the iron spokes of 
the railroad reached hardly more than 
fifty miles beyond " the hub of the 
universe." My parents had been 
summoned to the sick-bed of my 
grandmother in Vermont ; and on 

their return they visited the town of 
Jaffrey, N. H., where my father had 
spent his school-days, and where he 
still had many friends. Foremost 
among these was this old minister, — 
the first pastor of the first church in 
the town, — who was then nearly a 
hundred years old. Having often 
heard his great age spoken of, I 
looked forward to seeing some one 
quite different from other old people 
I had known. There seemed to my 
childish imagination something un- 
canny in the idea of being a hundred 
years old, and I fancied one at that 
age must be like the strange beings 


An Old- Time Minister 

that inhabit the world of elves and 

After a bitterly cold ride through 
drifted snows, which made the road 
in some places almost impassable, we 
drove up to a house where my father 
said we would stop and warm our- 
selves. I was too much benumbed with 
the cold to take notice of the hearty 
greetings that were exchanged on our 
entrance ; but a benign old gentleman 
took me upon his knee and held me 
close to the blazing logs in an old- 
fashioned chimney corner. It never 
occurred to me that this was the 
" Priest Ainsworth " of whom I had 
so often heard, for he seemed not 
very unlike my grandpa, whom we 
had just been visiting. Had I sooner 
realized that it was he, I think I 
should have remembered some of the 
things he said, but I was absorbed 
first in considering what a dreadful 
thing it must be to live in the country 
in winter ; and then the queer room 
we were in occupied my attention. 
It was long and narrow, with uneven 
and bare but well-scoured floor, 
dark, wainscoted walls, and low, 
smoky ceiling. I only came to my 
senses when our host lifted me to the 
floor, as we were about to go, saying 
pleasantly, — 

" Now remember that Priest Ains- 
worth held you on his knee when he 
was most a hundred years old." 

He seemed much amused at my 
ill-concealed astonishment, and we 
soon bade him good-bye. He lived 
to the age of one hundred and two, 
and this little memento, wrought 
from his long silver hair after he had 
passed his centennial, was sent us by 
his friends. 

" Priest Ainsworth " was noted in 

all the county round during his younger 
days for his enjoyment of practical 
jokes, which, however they might be 
regarded in these days, did not seem 
to weaken the esteem in which he was 
held by the people of his time. 
Among the great number that were 
told of him, the two which I remember 
most distinctly were perpetrated upon 
the neighboring minister of Dublin, 
who was sadly deficient in practical 
knowledge, though very learned in 
theology. One day this neighbor 
came riding over to Mr. Ainsworth's 
in great dismay, and announced that 
the Lord had cursed his beans, for 
they were all growing wrong side up. 
Mr. Ainsworth at once mounted his 
horse and rode back with his brother 
minister to survey the unfortunate 
beans. He gravely advised him to 
pull them up and try again, and then 
left him to accomplish the task. 

At another time this same minister 
came to call on Mr. Ainsworth, and 
left his horse so insecurely fastened 
that while the two were busily discus- 
sing some knotty point in theology, 
the animal became restless and broke 
away. An aunt of my father's, then 
a school girl, secured the horse and 
noosed the bridle in the ring of the 
hitching-post. When the minister- 
was ready to depart, instead of un- 
fastening the bridle, he stood gazing 
at it in blank amazement, until Mr. 
Ainsworth came out to see what was 
the matter. 

" See," said the minister, with 
consternation in his looks and tones, 
44 my horse must have gone through 
that ring ! " 

" Sure enough ! " responded Mr. 
Ainsworth, doubtless with mental 
reservation, and he stood calmly by, 

An Old-Time 3 f mister. 


while the perplexed minister arrived 
at the conclusion that there was no 
other way out of his difficulty than to 
cut the bridle, which he proceeded 
at once to do. 

Fond as he was of amusing himself 
thus at the expense of others, Mr. 
Ainswortb would tolerate no petty or 
ill-natured criticisms of his brethren 
in the ministry. When a young 
divine once remarked how his neigh- 
bor minister carried his head bent 
over, Mr. Ainswortb turned upon 
him with the question, — 

" Did you ever see a field of rye?" 

Being answered in the affirmative, 
Mr. Ainswortb continued, — 

"Which were the full heads, those 
which bent over, or those which stood 
erect like yours ?' ? 

The name of this old-time minister 
survives in that of the Librarian of 
Congress, Ainsworth R. Spofford, 
whose grandfather, Dea. Eleazer 
Spofford, owned the farm where the 
village of East Jaffrey now stands. 
Here the father of the librarian, 
Rev. Luke Ainsworth Spofford, was 
born in 1785. He was afterwards 
well known as pastor of the church 
in Gilmanton, N. H., and labored 

also in Lancaster, Brentwood, and 
Atkinson. His father, — Dea. Elea- 
zer, — was warmly attached to his 
pastor, and sometimes entrusted his 
children to Mr. Ainsworth's care 
while they were pursuing their stud- 
ies. One of his sons thus met a sad 
fate. On an ill-starred night Mr. 
Ainsworth's house was burned, and 
the fire was discovered so late that 
all efforts to rescue the unfortunate 
student were unavailing. 

One generation has entirely passed 
away since those olden times. Their 
children unto the third and fourth 
generation are scattered over all the 
earth. But few remain within the 
shadow of the dear old mountain un- 
der whose eye their fathers were 
reared, yet there are few, even of 
those who have wandered the farthest, 
who do not sometimes look lovingly 
back from memory's heights and see 

i4 Monadnock lifting from his night of pines 
His rosy forehead to the evening star." 

And for all "the strength of the 
hills " that has entered into their 
restless lives, and helped to make 
them what they are, they, give silent 

II 4 

Lazvycrs of Goffstoivn, 

By Hon. David A. Taggart. 

john goat: 
"Was born at Groton, Mass., Feb- 
ruary 17, 1771, bis parents being Dr. 
Jonathan and Mary Hubbard Gove. 
His father located in town and gained 
a widespread reputation as a physi- 
cian and polished gentleman. The 
subject of this sketch was a half- 
brother to the Hon. Charles Frederick 
Gove, who also practised law here. 
John graduated at Dartmouth col- 
lege in the class of 1793, read law 
with Wra. Gordon, of Amherst; was 
admitted to the bar September, 1796, 
and practised law in Goffstown till 
about the year 1800, when he removed 
to Chilicothe, Ohio, where he died in 
1802, aged only 31 years. 


Was the son of Hugh and Jane Barr 
Jameson ; was born at Dumbarton 
in 1771 ; graduated at Dartmouth col- 
lege, class of 1797 ; was admitted to 
the bar in 1803, and practised in 
Goffstown, where he died June 10, 
1813. He studied law with Barucii 
Chase, of Hopkinton. 


Was the son of Capt. James and 
Elizabeth Pinkerton Aiken ; born at 
Londonderry, June 19, 1781 ; gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth college, class of 
1807 ; read law with Josiah Forsaith 
who was also settled here at that time 
and a classmate of Aiken ; admitted 
to the bar, settled in practice in 
Goffstown, and remained here till 
1839, when he removed to Peoria, 
Illinois, where he died the same year, 
on August 28, aged do years. 


Was the son of Deacon William and 
Jane Wilson Forsaith, and was bom at 
Deeriug, December 14, 1780; gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth college, class of 
1807, the same as that of Aiken; 
read law with Hon. George Baxter 
Upham and Caleb Ellis, of Claremont ; 
was admitted to the bar and prac- 
tised law in Goffstown from 1810 to 
1823, when he removed his office to 
Newport, and died there March 30? 
1846, aged 65 years. He was a ver 
successful lawyer from a financial 
point of view, accumulating a fortune 
from his practice. 


Was the son of John and Betsey Ide 
Slack, born at New London in June, 
1789, graduated at Dartmouth col- 
lege, class of 1811, read law with 
Hon. Moses Paul Payson,of Bath, and 
Hon. John Harris and Baruch Chase, 
of Hopkinton ; was admitted to the 
bar in February, 1817, and practised 
his profession at Andover, Pembroke, 
and Goffstown ; he also engaged in 
teaching school; removed to Loudon 
county, Virginia, where he died Aug. 
2, 1857. 


Was the son of Gen. John and Polly 
Wilson Steele ; born at Peterborough, 
December 2, 1795 ; graduated at Dart- 
mouth college, class of 1815; read 
law with James Wilson of Keene ; 
was admitted to the bar in October, 
1819, and went into practice first in 
the town of Deerfield ; thence he 
removed to Goffstown, where he fol- 
lowed his profession till his death, 

Lawyers of Goffsto; 


which occurred Oct. 1, 1875; he 
represented our town iu the legisla- 
ture of 1827, and was a state senator 
iu 1828 and 1829 ; he was a safe 
counsellor, careful aud assiduous in 
the collation of evidence and in the 
general preparation of a case. The 
following was said of him in the 
press, at the time of his death: vt It 
is said for 53 years he never failed in 
attendance at the Hillsborough County 
court, though for several years past 
failing health and the increasing 
infirmities of age prevented his former 
constancy in attendance. As a lawyer 
he was safe, prudent, and trustwor- 
thy, rather than brilliant. A man of 
sound, practical common sense, he 
possessed in a remarkable degree the 
confidence and esteem of his brethren 
of the bar, as well as of the public 


Was the son of Dr. John and Polly 
Dow Gove ; born in Goffstown, May 
13, 1793 ; graduated at Dartmouth, 
college, class of 1817; read law at 
Harvard Law School, where he gradu- 
ated as a ll. b. in the class of 1820 ; 
he entered upon the practice of his 
profession in this town, and during 
the time he resided here filled many 
places of honor and responsibility. 
He was clerk of the New Hampshire 
house of representatives ; repre- 
sented this town in the legislature in 

the years 1830. 1831, 1832, 1833, and 
1834 ; was state senator and presi- 
dent of the senate in 1835 ; solicitor 
of Hillsborough county from 183-4 to 
1837 ; attorney-general of our state 
from 183S to 1842 ; he then became 
circuit judge of the court of common 
pleas, and held that honorable office 
from 18-12 to 1848—18 years of con- 
tinuous public office, discharging his 
duties with fidelity and ability, aud 
honoring himself and his native town. 
He removed to Nashua, aud was con- 
nected with the management of the 
Nashua & Lowell Railroad. He died 
in Nashua, Oct. 21, 1856, aged 63 

Isaac Gates, Hon. George W. Mor- 
rison, and John Steele practised law 
here for a very short time each. 
Isaac Gates graduated at Harvard 
college, class of 1802 ; moved to Con- 
cord in 1813, and subsequently to 
Charlestown, Mass. George W. Mor- 
rison began his professional career at 
Amoskeag, in 1836, which was then 
a part of Goffstown ; in a few years 
he moved across the river to Man- 
chester, and gained a reputation well 
known to all. John Steele, son of 
David Steele, commenced the prac- 
tice of law in 1861, but soon aban- 
doned his chosen profession and en- 
tered upon a military life ; in 1863 
he became a member of the New 
Hampshire cavalry, and died in 1869. 


Rev. Cyrus Washington Wallace. 

By Rev. John E. Wheeler. 

The subject of this sketch can com- 
mand more than usual interest on 
account of his superior powers, re- 
markable beauty of character, unsur- 
passed success, and during nearly half 
a century rarely equalled influence 
over many minds and hearts. He was 
born in Bedford, March 8, 1805. 
From his father, Thomas Wallace, 
and his mother, Mercy Frye, respec- 
tively, he inherited doubtless Scotch 
and English blood ; but the latest 
foreign ancestor of the former immi- 
grated to New Hampshire in 1719, 
and that of the latter to Massachu- 
setts as early as 1638. His great- 
grandparents, John and Annis (Ear- 
nest) Wallace, were the first couple 
married in Londonderry, of which the 
groom was one of the original grant- 
ees. Scotch-Irish, a term much ap- 
plied to the class coming into the 
the paternal line of his ancestry, 
rightly means no blending of the 
blood of two distinct nationalities. 
Scotchmen of the province of Ulster, 
that includes counties in northern 
Ireland, left that country to settle in 
this western world where real liberty 
in Christ could be better established. 
They had, as a people, lived there a 
hundred years, yet not thereby become 
changed into Irishmen, any more than 
the descendants of the latter in Amer- 
ica are real Americans in blood as 
well as by birth. 

The principles peculiar to Presby- 
terianism, instead of the polity of the 
Pilgrims, gave them their rules of 
church government ; though their 
religious sentiments, modes of wor- 

ship, and profound feelings of duty 
to the Unseen One were remarkably 
like those of the earlier settlers of 
New England. Nor could distinct 
classes of believers in the Bible be 
more really equal in strength of 
spirit, excellency of character, and 
devotion unto the rights of man and 
the requirements of God. Dr. Wal- 
lace once said of the Scotch-Irish, so 
called, — " In stern integrity, in up- 
rightness of purpose, in conscientious 
regard to truth, they were surpassed 
by no men who ever lived." Although 
not then noticing intentionally his own 
ancestors, such they truly were ; and 
no one will wisely lessen the force of 
his words, while those sublime men 
take quite pleasant satisfaction in the 
eulogy and the eulogist, that were, 
respectively, a right representation 
and a fair representative of virtues 
still living in their descendants. To 
escape persecution of Irish Catholics 
and the payment of tithes to the English 
Establishment, those staunch Presby- 
terians, entertaining nothing nearer 
and dearer to their hearts than the 
true religion of Christ, quit that 
adopted country, rich in their char- 
acters that had been built up in its 
school of sufferings, upon principles 
pure as heaven, and of such qualities 
as Scotch courage, genuine earnest- 
ness, and determined minds and wills, 
which called for religious liberty, the 
rights of conscience, and direct con- 
formity to the higher laws laid down 
in divine scriptures, rather than the 
human edicts of bishops, popes, and 
kings. Such class kept the best tra- 






tiitions, social habits, sacred customs, 
marked characteristics, and devout 
spirit of their fathers until this illus- 
trious one was born and bred. 

The formative influences felt from 
without in his childhood hardly seem 
suited and sufficient to be beneficial, 
like conditions surrounding other 
bright boys of those times. Thomas 
Wallace, with wisest economy, may 
have met the wants of his household 
during good health, though consump- 
tion, successful friend of death, took 
him away when Cyrus was six years 
old, leaving also five other children 
dependent upon poor resources. "It 
is easy to understand," said he, hav- 
ing very solemn memory of experi- 
enced facts, " that the howling of the 
wolf could be heard not far from the 
door." It was within the age of 
homespun garments. Sheep were 
raised on nearly every farm. Much 
sport was in store for the boys at the 
time of their washing, although the 
timid creatures came to the brook 
baptized always with fear. Flax was 
widely and easily cultivated, though 
a variety of weary work was required 
to convert it into coarse rather than 
fine linen. "Not many professional 
knights of the shears, as they are now 
here, had appeared. Dressmakers, 
Madame Demorest's styles, and Har- 
per's plates, or even their forerunners, 
were not then in near future ; yet the 
feminine head of the household had 
sufficient of what Mrs. Stowe calls 
" faculty " to cut and make clothing 
of each kind comfortable and dura- 
ble, or, in fact, fashionable, but not 
truly ** splendid," according to more 
modern notions. A peripatetic cob- 
bler, bearing a kit of tools on his 
back, came around at autumn to 

make or repair enough foot-wear for 
the winter, while nature's shoes and 
stockings served the children of the 
family four or five months of the 
year. His surviving brother, Alfred 
Wallace, living in Washington, D. 
C, sends some facts full of interest 
in respect to methods of manufacture 
common and necessary in those times. 
The doctor writes in substance that 
among most vivid recollections of his 
childhood was seeing one ride up on 
horseback, to the- house where he 
lived, with large bundles of yarn tied 
about the saddle, to be woven into 
cloth through the slow hand process ; 
so he was wont to assist early and 
late at the loom, learning an intelli- 
gent use of very beautiful figures 
found in the word of God. 

During his second seven years, us- 
ually the most happy period of life, — 
for it is spent in each child's sweet 
home, — he was serving on a farm four 
miles from the cherished circles of 
kindred, as -a solitary youth among 
grown-up persons, in a pleasant place> 
it may be, but no natural boy's de- 
light. The lad living in such con- 
ditions certainly would have more 
right training, than teaching, in the 
technical sense of the term. Manual 
labor became the means of making the 
powerful preacher of the future just 
what he said his father was, — "a tall 
man, of vigorous frame and a strong 
voice." Very likely keenest experi- 
ence of early affliction strengthened 
in his spirit that which he also as- 
cribed to the departed parent, — "a 
gentle and kind disposition," as such 
quality was strong in his own heart. 
The schools of Bedford, deprived in 
all its history of an appropriation 
only once, would be better than those 


Rev. Cyrus Washington Wallace. 

of most towns, though not the best ; 
but the boy "bound out" to work 
could have the advantage of very few 
weeks in winter, with the trouble, 
both to himself and teacher, of being 
" a rainy day scholar " ( ?) in sum- 
mer. Reading of valuable books, 
besides sacred scriptures, could not 
become common, as such works were 
not in the homes of unprofessional 
men, and public libraries were almost 
unknown. No Sunday-school was 
organized in the parish until 1818. 
At its first session, " on a very rainy 
day," the venerable, lame Lieut. John 
Orr, a hero of the battle of Benning- 
ton, talked to the children and ex- 
horted them to " love God, His Holy 
Word, and their country." Our hero, 
in nobler battles on fields of blood- 
less war, was then entering his teens, 
and became of age just as that school 
of the sabbath took up its sacred con- 
nection with the church and began to 
be held at its house, having been at- 
tended thus far rather irregularly, in 
different districts, to accommodate 
all alike. Children, who were wont 
to be present at the services of the 
sanctuary, received scriptural instruc- 
tion as spiritual lessons or religious 
education at home, although that com- 
ing clergyman never heard — hence he 
ever regretted it — the voice of prayer 
at family worship within either of the 
two households where the principal 
part of his youth was spent. 

There were other educating influ- 
ences flowing into his soul, some of 
which continued to be felt in his ser- 
mons, speeches, and conversations. 
Accounts of the cruelties of the wild 
men of the woods were real recollec- 
tions of persons still living ; and never 
written stories about bears, related by 

believing ones, were more recent in 
their facts than that one which chil- 
dren read in the Bible. Besides, su- 
perstitions, Scotch, Irish, English, 
American, and not a few from other 
realms of the wide world, with weird, 
witchlike conceptions, supplemented 
through thoughts of ghosts, gave very 
much color to the talk of the aged, 
yet taking chief delight to excite and 
entertain the curiosity of youth. 

"Tis a history, 
Handed from ages down ; a nurse's tale, 
Which children open eyed aud mouthed devour; 
And thus as garrulous ignorance relates, 
We learn it and believe." 

Living outside of the influences of 
finest fiction, as well as those of secu- 
lar poetry, to awaken, cultivate, and 
adorn his imagination, he had it early 
aroused and fed and filled from the 
lips of many a one with the above 
views of things so strange, just as 
their relators were waiting to pass 
away with those " profane and old 
wives' fables," superstitions since 
faded from the minds of men. No 
doubt, though, they gave vigor, great 
activity, that glowing fire to his fan- 
ciful faculty, that afterwards was 
smoothed, sanctified, and sublimed 
by better appreciation of the old, old 
story and the supreme poetical lan- 
guage of the Book of books. 

But one more class of causes affect- 
ing his earlier education need be 
noticed. That generation grew up 
amid modes of intellectual life, forms 
of entertainment and means of amuse- 
ment that had their place and power 
in each community; though some still 
linger only in older minds, many are 
much modified, and none are remain- 
ing as they were ; while all left from 
them, in present sources of pleasure 
to the mind and heart, have but little 

.Rev. Cyrus Washington Wallace. 


Influence, speaking comparatively, 
among the greater variety of modern 
activities. Spelling-matches, singing- 
schools, corn-huskings, apple-bees, 
balls, raisings, spring trainings and 
autumn musters, thanksgivings and 
fourths of July, weddings, and in 
fact, funerals, ordinations, and every 
reception of a new pastor, as they 
were then, are now no more. Mem- 
ory reminds some still living of those 
things, and our reflection shows what 
would be their result. There was 
none of "the gravity with which the 
English disport themselves" in those 
Scotchmen, nor did it appear in their 
families for a hundred years. Joke 
they would, whether at work or at 
play, in preaching or praying and 
praising God. Do not these sup- 
posed scriptural lines look like quite 
jovial language? 

" Ye monsters of the bubbliDg deep, 
Your Maker's praises spout; 
Up from the sands ye codlings peep, 
And wag your tails about." 

To read reports of their sparkling 
conversations, such queer combina- 
tions of wisdom and wit. of humor 
and pathos, of very ludicrous concep- 
tions and drollery, is simply like lis- 
tening to Dr. Wallace when in a 
merry mood — and who happened to 
meet him in any other? A man of 
ninety years recently said to the 
writer,—:" I never saw him but that he 
had something funny to say." Scotch 
spirit it was which caused George 
Macdonald to declare, in a lecture on 
Tom Hood, he did not believe we 
would be perfectly happy unless we 
could laugh heartily in the presence 
of God Himself. Songs, stories, 
superstitious, sports, schools comical 
on some sides, storms, mornings and 

evenings in nature, customs, toils, 
thoughtfuluess in scenes of sadness, 
highest hilarity in its times, much of 
life, little of literature, aud daily les- 
sons among men, made him what he 
was, while learning never removed 
any of their results, rather refining 
feelings and faculties that they filled, 
and divine crace iruided and directed 
all lasting effects to the glory of God 
in the good of men. 

Much change came over religious 
affairs in Bedford from the work com- 
menced by Rev. Thomas Savage. 
Spiritual activities seem to have been 
neglected until that time. The influ- 
ence of the Sunday-school could have 
been but little felt, for it was scarce- 
ly worthy of its sacred name. Meet- 
ings for prayer and conference, or 
social worship, were really unestab- 
lished. There had been no general 
revival of religion, or renewal at the 
same spiritual refreshing of many 
hearts, in the whole history of the 
town. Temperance sentiments never 
regulated any man's habits ; but this 
statement, made within two months, 
*' My father always took a drink of 
rum before he went to church," could 
be adopted by other sons still living. 
If the pastor entered a house having 
no ardent spirits, the good woman 
was troubled like the mother of the 
Master at that wedding without wiue ; 
and some swift-footed one was secret- 
ly sent out at the back door, directed 
to cut quickly across lots to the 
nearest neighbor and borrow a little 
liquor in order that the exemplary 
man might receive such kindness as 
sacred custom made imperative, and 
not suffer from any neglect of church 
courtesy suited to the occasion. It is 
stated that a whole barrel of rum was 


Rev. Cyrus Washington Wallace. 

once served at a funeral in that town. 
New life for religion and reform fol- 
lowed the settlement of Mr. Savage. 
Justin Edwards delivered the first 
temperance sermon at the church on 
Thanksgiving Day, in 1829. Not 
long after, an abstinence society was 
formed, many signed the pledge, and 
habits became much changed. Gen- 
eral religious interest increased, cul- 
minating in a rich revival at protract- 
ed meetings, and ninety-one were 
received into sacred communion in 
September, 1831. We cannot doubt 
that the coming preacher, clothed in 
the matchless strength of early man- 
hood, and having an earnest nature, 
came iuto his spiritual life filled far 
more than many a one with the Holy 
Ghost, and always warm with thoughts 
and desires of future usefulness such 
as few feel and none ever excel. 

Some motherly opposition, in part 
probably because of conditions and 
difficulties that would be as lions, not 
to say wolves, in the street, stayed 
his purpose of preparing for the min- 
istry till he had doubtless satisfied 
the direction of an old divine to a 
young man, not to enter the sacred 
calling as long as he could keep out 
of it. There was something in his 
heart " as a burning fire shut up in 
his bones, and he was weary with 
forbearing, and he could not stay" 
out of the ministry. The spectacle 
of a person standing at the age of 29 
years, yet uneducated, on the thresh- 
old of such continued useful life, 
finds few if any equals in New Eng- 
land's best biographies. In the au- 
tumn of 183-1 he" entered the college 
at Oberliti, Ohio, founded the same 
year. Using his skill as a cabinet- 
maker and painter, he performed 

manual labor in the shop, and also set 
glass in one of the halls, of the insti- 
tution, so paying in part the price of 
a little learning. An eclectic course 
of study was pursued, and doubtless 
selected with the wisdom of maturity. 
Two things, no doubt, beyond usual 
lessons in books, became mighty 
forces in forming his character as a 
clergyman, nameh', life in an atmos- 
phere filled always with the intense 
spirit of very radical reformers, as 
well as strongest abolition sentiments, 
and deepest of all earthly influences 
from the pure personality of that 
prince of America's successful revi- 
valists, the Rev. Charles G. Finney, 
not far from forty-two years of age, 
just in the prime of his superior 
powers, and with the wisest experi- 
ence of a decade as an evangelist. A 
mature man in years, yet youthlike 
in uneducated intellectual life, full 
of the unkindled elements of great 
genius, and, as it were, waiting the 
touch of a master in his chosen call- 
ing, a fire to inflame faculties of his 
mind and feelings of his heart, he 
was indebted to the animating enthu- 
siasm of the preaching, and the abid- 
ing inspiration of the prayers, of Fin- 
ney far more than to any other human 
medium or instrumentality that can 
be named. Necessarily or not, the 
age of such complete personalities in 
sacred seminaries, certain to impart 
powerful forming influence, seems to 
have passed away. 

One year's work closed his studies 
at Oberlin. New Hampshire secured 
the honor of further educating her 
richly gifted son. The theological 
seminary at Gilmanton opened in 
success, about fifteen years. Yield- 
1835, and continued, yet with various 

Rev. Cyrus Washington Wallace. 


in<r to the wishes of family friends, 
Cvrus remained in his native state, 
studying under direction of Dr. 
Whiton of Antrim, and his pastor, 
Rev. Thomas Savage, until he en- 
tered the first class of the new semi- 
nary in March, 1836, completing the 
course with ten others at the appoint- 
ed time. The institution seems to 
have become quite well furnished for 
its work when they commenced. More 
than the usual or recent attention 
was given to the practical cultivation 
of personal piety. The learned Dixi 
Crosby became lecturer on Anatomy, 
Physiology, and the Philosophy of 
Health, there was a sacred music 
society, and the general design of the 
whole work was specifically stated in 
the following : " To train up men for 
the Gospel ministry, who shall truly 
believe, and cordially love and en- 
deavor to propagate and defend, in 
its genuineness, simplicity, and ful- 
ness, that system of religious belief 
and practice which is called Orthodox 
or Evangelical." Less can be said in 
commendation of its material than its 
inental^food, for even in those times, 
4t with washing and mending 7 ' includ- 
ed, the small sum of one dollar and a 
half per week would furnish only a 
frugal fare, although it was stated 
that, "This price will vary from this 
with the price, of provisions." 

It is not difficult to judge just how 
one with his high purpose, previous 
inspirations, strength of maturity, 
thirst for fitting knowledge, and, 
doubtless, special sense of educa- 
tional wants, would devote himself to 
the prescribed course of theological 
lessons ; still less genius and more 
rigid discipline of mind might have 
secured richer results of those special 

studies. With some supplementary 
reading at Gilmanton, after he had 
begun to preach and engage in Sun- 
day-school work, which would make 
his pursuits practical, quite likely he 
had more nearly complete preparation 
for the ministry than was generally 
supposed. Probably it is difficult 
for any one knowing his naturalness, 
ease, and apt power in the pulpit, to 
think of him as once set in manners, 
measuring gestures, and poising as 
graceful, like the latent, yet 
no doubt he did it until leaving off fool- 
ish preaching and devoting all his abil- 
ities to the foolishness of preaching of 
such kind as the apostle speaks. 

Great preachers rise above condi- 
tions such as others respect. Christ 
implied that a prophet was without 
honor in his own country and town. 
That carpenter's Son never really 
looked like a king even to converted 
Jews. Yet here was a farmer's son, 
a worker in wood and a painter, rank- 
ing as an artisan instead of an artist, 
that wrought his life work within an 
hour's walk of where he was born, 
brought up, and diligently performed 
physical labor until he began to be 
about thirty years of age. Judging 
from his own words, we should say 
he had held his adopted town in some 
slight and dishonor, as it was, when 
noticed with others of inferior rank. 
Not its schools, church, culture, and 
natural products could compare well 
with those of most towns. The ster- 
ility of its soil and the poverty of its 
people were reproaches spoken of in 
mirth rather than malice or rejoiced 
satisfaction. Such a collector of 
laughable things as he was, once 
wove together the following for his 
own and others' delight. A father, 


Rev. Cyrus Washington Wallace. 

owning 400 acres of land iu old Derry- 
field, desired bis son to stay at home 
and have the whole. He, however, 
ran away, wishing to be free from such 
cause of work, weariness, worry, and 
want. There is a tradition, stating 
that a traveller once saw a grasshop- 
per, on some of its pine plains, sadly 
weeping and wiping the tears from 
"his swarthy face, and when asked 
about the cause of his grief, he re- 
plied, "The last mullen is wasting, 
and I see nothing but certain death 
by starvation." Some time iu 1753 
it was voted in town-meeting that 
44 Benj. Steveus' barn and Wm. 
McClintock's barn be the places of 
public worship till the money voted 
last March be expended." Of the first 
church's house he wrote these words : 
''One part would decay before an- 
other part was completed, so it was 
always iu a dilapidated condition. 
Those met to attend the ordinances 
of the gospel on a summer's Sabbath 
might have been reminded of these 
beautiful words of the Psalmist : 
4 Yea, the sparrow hath found a 
house, and the swallow a nest for her- 
self where she may lay her young, 
even thine altars, O Lord of Hosts.' " 
He began his steady work with the 
church of fourteen members at Amos- 
keag, in May, 1839. Not a spindle 
had run on the Manchester side of 
the river until that year ; yet it was 
soon evident that a union of that lit- 
tle flock and the one at the old centre 
should be effected, and all meet at a 
place of worship within the midst of a 
manufacturing village just beginning 
to grow as few if any other places 
have ever grown in Eastern states. 
The two small churches came together 
as one Aug. 15, 1839, named as the 

First Congregational Church iu Man- 
chester, and numbering twenty-seven. 
November 21, of the same year, he 
preached the dedicatory sermon in the 
new house on Hauover street, where 
he was ordained and installed Jan. 8, 
1840, thereby becoming, according 
to his own statement, the first pastor 
of any denomination, settled in the 
town. That relation continued thirty- 
three years, since his active work with 
the church closed soon after his resig- 
nation, Feb. 11, 1873, when he was 
about sixty-eight years old. although 
he preached quite constantly and with 
wonderful force some time after, 
reaching the rank of an octogenarian. 
No account of his pastoral work 
can be given in this place. Probably 
it was scarcely ever approached in the 
state in its steady devotion, its spirit- 
ual activities, and abiding as well as 
immediate effects. For much the 
greater part of a generation, not a 
Lord's Supper passed away without 
additions to the church, containing, as 
he laid down his office, 507 members. 
But few are at all aware what amount 
of mental labor a long pastorate re- 
quires. Could Dr. Wallace's words, 
spoken in public, be printed, they 
would fill a hundred volumes. Min- 
isters are the most thinking class of 
speakers or writers. Irving and 
Emerson, Everett and Phillips, Sum- 
ner and Webster, or richest authors 
and orators of England, left little as 
compared with what many a preacher 
produces. Some advantage general 
writers show in the quality of their 
work, which would, however, vanish 
in nearly like quantity that the com- 
mon minister writes. 

Special strength was shown by him 
in noblest efforts for reform. Few 

Rev. Cyrus Washington Wallace. 


were more radical in spirit, although 
po one was wiser in words, which 
kept people pressing on against slav- 
ery, wrong in nearer results, and in- 
temperance, so much checked during 
grand battles in which he heartily 
enlaced, and of which he never acted 
an inferior part. There were real 
Luther-like qualities in his spirit. In 
response to remarks concerning his 
heroic course, certain to smite all 
evil in the city of his home, he said 
be never asked what it would cost to 
stand by the truth, but " What is 
truth?" and when once found he 
should not desert it. The generation 
to which he belonged left some min- 
isters " strayed or stolen" out of the 
pulpit, although they were rank re- 
formers until death, aud, as the fol- 
lowing instance shows, somewhat 
wanted to be the same hereafter. To - 
one of such a class he expressed deep 
regret that a person so sincere and 
conscientious should desert the Mas- 
ter to be lost, and received this lan- 
guage : u You admit mv sincerity and 
conscientiousness, still send me to 
perdition. Now, let me tell you that 
if I do go there and can find another 
of like character, then there will be a 
revolution in hell." He went within 
that undiscovered country's bourn 
before future probation, in ancient 
words, was discovered. 

To the Granite State belongs the 
honor of his birth, the benefits that 
have been borne by his labors, and the 
lasting influences of his life. Few if 
any of her home ones were so well 
known, aud none ever held in higher 
esteem. The open secret of his suc- 
cess should be better told. There are 
no such self-made men. Nature 
clothed him in her richest qualities of 

mind and heart. He had the advan- 
tage of an education in the midst of 
common life, furnishing knowledge of 
human wants, which no college course 
can impart. Au eminent novelist tells 
us, — " Our Savior Himself had to be 
thirty years in the world before he 
had footing enough in it to justify 
Him in beginning to teach- publicly. 
He had been laying the foundations 
all the time." There is more fact 
than fiction in this, so far as it applies 
to the man Christ Jesus ; and Dr. 
Wallace was wisely educated in the 
same way, which gave him much com- 
mon sense, not common knowledge 
of human nature and discernment of 
the duties of his holy office. It was 
not his habit to take the part of a 
Malaprop. Probably but few failed 
so little to say aud do and direct the 
right thing in ever right circumstances,. 
so it was shown to be beautiful in its 
time. That he was one with an easy 
eloquence, a real orator and natural 
actor, thousands often felt. " He 
was," said one, ''a remarkable speaker. 
One charm was that he always, in 
some part of his sermon, managed to 
get up a fight with somebody or some- 
thing, and, to sift it down, it always 
seemed to be with the devil. At 
those times Mr. Wallace would clinch 
his fists, raise them high in the air, 
and in a sharp, excited voice get off 
passages of tragic eloquence." Such 
quotation suggests small part of his 
sustained power as a preacher. It 
tells of the thunder rather than the 
lightning. It was something that 
followed a full flash of the light of 
truth that was sent forth from a text 
ar^d darted down into every receptive 
heart, to be followed always with a 
g-jntle though plentiful shower of the 


Rev. Cyrus Washington Wallace. 

glad doctrines and precious promises 
in the words of God. He was won- 
derful for his happy power of putting 
things through right terms, matchless 
symbols, beautiful figures, stories or 
anecdotes, and whatever a sense of 
adaptation so keen, and of applica- 
tion so quick, or what one has styled 
" a homiletic frame of mind," might 
take from his own field for observa- 
tions. An instance shall be given. 
The last story related by him in our 
presence was this: "Some genera- 
tions ago. when negroes served as 
slaves in New England states, the 
owner of a ship was much concerned 
on account of its non-arrival with a 
valuable cargo. Going to the best 
point of view, he had his servant 
climb to the top of a tree ; then he 
asked, i Do you see her, Sambo?' 
* No, Massa, see nothing.' Again 
and again the inquiry rose, receiving 
the same answer. At last the time 
came, when Sambo, bent far forward, 
with two bright eve-balls still farther 
advanced, strained all optical ener- 
gies and dared reply, l I e'enamost 
see her.' " This was told to illustrate 
the position, strain of thought, and 
stretch of truth on the part of some 
self-supposed progressive ones, who 
;t e'enamost see" something along the 
offing of the ocean of eternal truth. 
The following illustrates his aptness 
in assisting others as teachers of 
themselves. As we were once seated 
together on a railway train, the seller 
of news silently left this written ques- 
tion in his hand : " Does the word 
save?" Viewing it a moment, though 
without an indicated thought, he con- 
tinued in conversation until the in- 
quirer returned and stopped in silence, 
when the Doctor read, "Does the word 
save ?" and only asked," Does the axe 

cut?" Quick came the response, " No, 
not without the one who uses it." 
Thus that question, on which clergy- 
men might multiply words, was satis- 
factorily answered by its author. 

The habit of extemporaneous speak- 
ing, in which he hardly had a superior, 
rendered every written sermon more 
full of force and fire. Frequently 
told by his earlier companion, " You 
are getting dull," he would dismiss 
manuscript, shoot without resting 
gun, and make clean-cut words, with 
aim unerring, go straight to the 
hearts of his hearers. As a match 
for ministers, and, indeed, all other 
talking men, not many a one was so 
certain to hit the mark. Much of his 
success as a speaker can be ascribed 
to this somewhat wonderful facility, 
to unexcelled adaptation in the sub- 
stance of sermons, and to an easy, 
still ever energetic, charming address, 
such as " lodged the text, the subject, 
and the manner firmly in memory." 
Rich in religious experience and 
knowledge of life, in its temporal as 
well as spiritual affairs, rather than 
truly learned in literature and philos- 
ophy, he had happy power over every 
rank. Among good and great gospel 
preachers, residing always in New 
Hampshire, he has had no superior, 
and whatever ones shall come after 
him, he will long remain unsurpassed, 
since in an obituary's words " one of 
the best men God ever made." 

Mr. Wallace was honored with the 
title of D. D. from Dartmouth college 
in 1868, and by being elected twice to 
the legislature. He was married, 
May 18, 1840, to Susan A. Webster, 
who died May 15, 1873 ; and Sept. 
30, 1871, to Elizabeth A. Allison, who 
survived him at the time of his death, 
which occurred Oct. 21, 1889. 

Lawyers omitted in "Belknap County Bench and Bar." 125 


By E. A. IIibbard. 

Ad article under the above caption 
was published in the Granite Month- 
ly for January an*! February, 1889. 
]t was furnished in March, 1886, for 
the information of the editor, and 
was not intended for publication. It 
contained only the names of those 
" lawyers omitted " whom I could 
then recall, and was very incomplete. 
The editor having since offered to 
publish a corrected list, 1 have under- 
taken to prepare one. The following 
is as complete a list as I have been 
able to obtain. It includes not only 
those who were omitted in the His- 
tory, but also those who have com- 
menced practice in the county since 
its publication, which was in the fall 
of 1885. It has not been thought 
advisable to attempt to give the early 
history of any. A brief reference is 
made to the later career of all, so far 
as it has been ascertained. Doubtless 
several who are not mentioned as dead 
are not now living. 


John M. Berry : commenced in 
1850; left in 1852; was for many 
years a judge of the supreme court 
of Minnesota; died in office in 1887. 

John A. Kilburn : commenced about 
1856 ; continued about three years ; is 
supposed to be dead. 

Jefferson M. Moody : commenced 
in 1855 or 1856 ; continued between 
six and. seven years ; afterwards lo- 
cated in a Western state. 

John W. Currier: commenced in 
1862 ; continued until the failure of 

his health a short time before his 
death, which occurred in June, 1887 ; 
was assistant clerk of the senate in 
1867 and 1868, and clerk in 1869 and 
1870 ; and was solicitor of Belknap 
county several years. 


Isaac O. Barnes : commenced about 
1822 ; continued till about 1832 ; was 
a representative from Barnstead in 
1829 and 1830 ; lived afterwards 
many years in Boston, and died there ; 
was United States Marshal of Massa- 
chusetts, and naval officer and pen- 
sion agent at Boston. 

Moses Norris, Jr. : commenced 
about 1833 ; continued until he re- 
moved to Pittsfield about 1835 ; re- 
moved to Manchester about 1849, and 
remained there till he died, in Janu- 
ary, 1855 ; was a representative from 
Pittsfield several terms, and was the 
speaker in 1839 and 1847 ; was a rep- 
resentative to congress from 1843 to 
1847; was a U. S. senator from 
March 4, 1849, until his death. 

Charles S. George : commenced in 
1845 ; practised about two years ; has 
since been a farmer, practising his 
profession occasionally ; was a repre- 
sentative from Barnstead in 1860 and 
1861, a delegate to the constitutional 
convention in 1876, and senator from 
the Pittsfield district in 1887. 

Albert E. Hodgdon : commenced 
about 1S46 ; continued about a year, 
until his death. 

Charles li. Rogers : commenced in 
1847 ; continued about three years. 

126 Lawyers omitted in "Belknap County Bench and Bar.' 

Benjamin F. Winklej : commenced 
about 1S48 ; continued but a short 

Henry B. Leavitt : commenced 
about 1853 ; removed to Pittsfield in 
1854 ; was a captain in the seventh 
regiment of New Hampshire volun- 
teers ; died in July, 1863, in Charles- 
ton, S. C, from wounds received in 


John H. Smith : commenced about 
1824; continued till about 1828; 
afterwards practised in Rochester and 
in Dover ; was a representative from 
Rochester in 1832, 1833, and 1834 ; 
was clerk of the courts for Strafford 
county from 1841 until he was killed 
in the great railroad accident at the 
Weirs, October 7, 1852. 


Orestes H. Key : commenced about 
1868 ; continued about eleven years ; 
was a delegate from Gilford to the 
constitutional convention in 1876, and 
a representative in 1878 and 1879 ; 
now practising in Danville. 

Benjamin C. Dean : commenced 
about 1869 ; continued between two 
and three years ; is agent of the Man- 
chester Print Works and has been 
for several years. . 


Edwin P. Thompson: commenced 
in April, 1876 ; removed to Belmont 
in October, 1877; practised there till 
January, 1885 ; has ever since been 
clerk of the supreme court for Bel- 
knap county ; was a delegate from 
Belmont to the constitutional conven- 
tion in 1889. 

Edwin H. Shannon : commenced in 
1882 ; removed to Farmington in 
1883 ; to Pittsfield in 1885 ; to Barn- 

stead in 1888 ; returned to Gilman- 
ton Iron Works in 1890. 


Henry II. Orue : commenced about 

1818 ; removed to Wolf eborough about 

1819 ; returned about 1823 ; again re- 
moved to Wolfeborough about 1833 : 
remained there many years, until his 
death, though not in general practice. 

William C. Clarke : commenced 
about 1837 ; continued till he removed 
to Manchester about 1844 ; remained 
there till his death about 1872 ; was 
the first solicitor of Belknap county, 
his term commencing in 1841 ; was 
judge of probate for Hillsborough 
county several years, ending in 1856; 
was attorney -general during the last 
ten years of his life. 

M. Bradbury Goodwin : commenced 
about 1850 ; continued about two 
years ; resided afterwards many years 
in Franklin, and died there. 

Hiram A. Spear: commenced in 
1852 ; continued about one year ; then 
removed to California ; returned about 
1855 ; continued until his death, in 
February, 1858, being then register 
of probate for Belknap couuty. 

C. W. Clarke : commenced in Jan- 
uary, 1853 ; continued till he returned 
to Chelsea, Vermont, in the fall of 

Charles II. Butters : commenced in 
1855 ; continued a few months in 
partnership with George W. Stevens 
(Stevens & Butters) ; previously prac- 
tised in Pittsfield ; afterwards in Con- 
cord, and died there about 1860. 

William P. Bartlett : commenced 
about 1856 ; continued about two years 
in partnership with George W. Ste- 
vens (Stevens & Bartlett). 

Lazvyers omitted in tk BckJknaf County Bench and Bar." 127 

William L. Avery : commenced in 
}v>3; continued about five years, 
niostof the time in partnership with 
Daniel C. Woodman (Avery & Wood- 
man) ; was register of probate for 
Belknap county about three years, 
commencing in 1858 ; now resides in 

Daniel C. Woodman : commenced 
in 1859 ; continued about four years 
in partnership with William L. Avery 
(Avery & Woodman) ; was a soldier 
of the Union in the civil war ; died a 
few years after his return. 

Lncian Gale : commenced about 
1861 ; continued until he died about 
1878 ; had previously practised a good 
many years in Boston. 

Woodbury L.Melcher: commenced 
in March, 1862 ; relinquished practice 
in July, 1884 ; has since given his at- 
tention mainly to banking and insur- 
ance ; was register of probate for Bel- 
knap county ten years, commencing 
in 1861 ; was a delegate from Laconia 
to the constitutional convention in 

Daniel S. Dinsmoor : commenced in 
1865 in -partnership with William N. 
Blair (Blair & Dinsmoor) ; relin- 
quished practice in 1866 ; was subse- 
quently engaged in banking until his 
death, March 24, .1883; was register 
of probate for Belknap county about 
eight years, commencing in 1871 ; 
was a representative from Laconia in 
1875 ; was a senator-elect from the 
Laconia district at the time of his 

Silas B. Smith : commenced about 
the first of 1872 in partnership with 
Erastus P. Jewell (Jewell & Smith/; 
continued till he removed to Oregon 
in 1875 ; now resides there. 

W. George Alden : commenced in 

the fall of 1873 ; coutiuued till the 
spring of 1875, most of the time .in 
partnership with O. A. J. Vaughan 
(Vaughan & Alden) ; subsquently re- 
moved to Illinois ; died there in 1887. 

Hayes Lougee : commenced about 
1872; continued a year; afterwards 
practised several years in Moultou- 
borough ; now and for many years 
past practising iu Boston. 

Stephen S. Jewett : commenced in 
March, 1880; has continued till the 
present time ; in partnership with Wm. 

A. Plummer since September, 1889 
(Jewett & Plummer) ; was assistant 
clerk of the house of representatives 
in 1887 and 1889, and clerk in 1890 
and 1891. 

John W. Ashman : commenced in 
March, 1880 ; relinquished practice in 
January, 1885, aud engaged iu bank- 
ing ; was register of probate for Bel- 
knap county from July, 1885, to July, 
1889, and again elected Nov., 1890. 

Waiter S. Peaslee : commenced in 
the fall of 1885 ; has continued till 
the present time ; is solicitor-elect of 
Belknap county. 

Charles B. Hibbard : commenced in 
August, 1886, after practising several 
years in Massachusetts ; has contin- 
ued till the present time in partnership 
with Ellery A. Hibbard (E. A. & C. 

B. Hibbard) ; was solicitor of Bel- 
knap county from July. 1887, to July, 

George B. Cox : commenced in 
August, 1888 ; in March, 1889, en- 
tered into partnership with Napoleon 
J. Dyer (Cox & Dyer) ; has con- 
tinued till the present time. 

Napoleon J. Dyer : commenced in 
March, 1889, in partnership with 
George B. Cox (Cox & Dyer) ; has 
continued till the present time. 

128 Lawyers omitted in "Belknap County Bench and Bar v 

Clarence II. Pearson : commenced 
in the spring of 1889, after practising 
several years in Michigan ; removed 
to Sequachee, Tenu., in the fall of 

Frank M. Beckford : commenced 
in July, 1889, in partnership with the 
late Thomas J. Whipple (Whipple & 
Beckford) ; has continued till the 
present time ; was a delegate from 
Laconia to the constitutional conven- 
tion in 1889. 

William A. Plummer : commenced 
in September, 1889, in partnership 
with Stephen S. Jewett (Jewett & 
Plummer) ; has continued till the 
present time. 


Aaron Woodman : commenced about 
1834- ; continued about two years. 

David S. Yittum : commenced about 
1850 ; continued about two years in 
partnership with George W. Stevens 
(Stevens & Yittum) : removed to 
Wisconsin soon afterwards ; died there 
not long ago. 

John W. Ela : commenced in 1858 ; 
continued about two years ; removed 
to Plymouth ; remained there until he 
enlisted in 1862 ; was a captain in 
the fifteenth regiment of New Hamp- 
shire volunteers ; removed to Chicago 
at the close of his army service ; ever 
since in practice there. 

George S. Hilton : commenced in 
October, 18G6 ; has continued about a 
year ; then removed to Paterson, N. 
J. ; ever since in practice there. 

James L. Wilson : commenced in 
April, 1886 ; has continued till the 
present time ; practised also at Ash- 

laud, and resided there at the same 
time, as well as before. 


Ira St. Clair: commenced about 
1824 ; continued till he removed to 
Deerfield about 1825 ; was in practice 
there until his death in 1875 ; was 
judge of probate for Rockingham 
county from 1848 to 1857. 

George A. Emerson : commenced 
in 1880 ; continued until he was ap- 
pointed clerk of the supreme court 
for Belknap county early in 1883; 
resigned in the fall of 1884 ; now in 
practice at Bristol. 


Stephen Grant: commenced about 
1838 ; continued till about 1843. 
William T. Morris : commenced in 

1860 in partnership with Charles C. 
Rogers (Norris & Rogers) ; continued 
about a year; afterwards, as well as 
before, practised in Danbury, and re- 
cently died there ; was a representa- 
tive from Danbury in 1856 and 1857. 

Elijah D. Hastings : commenced 

about 1861 ; continued about a year. 

J. Ware Butterfield : commenced in 

1861 ; coutiuued two or three years 
in partnership with Charles C. Rogers 
(Rogers & Butterfield) ; now resides 
in Kansas. 

Walter D. Hardy : commenced in 
1882 ; continued until he removed to 
Franklin Falls in 1885 ; was solicitor 
of Belknap county from July, 1883, 
to July, 1885. 

William B. Fellows : commenced in 
1884 ; has continued till the present 
time ; lias been solicitor of Belknap 
countv since July, 1S89. 

My Lord Bangs. 



By the Author of m The Widow Wyse.' 

Chapter XI. 


My Lord Bangs retired to his 
chamber, the night after bis last 
interview with Margery, disheartened, 
but not utterly cast down. The more 
difficulties he encountered, the more 
determined he was to find some step- 

She would not, of course, yield at 
once. Perhaps he had frightened 
her, poor little thing ! He wished he 
had not been so precipitate. But 
then, it was better she should know, 
and get accustomed to the idea. He 
wished lie knew just how she felt. 
She certainly did not dislike him. 
She had even sought his society, upon 

ping-stone by which he might scale occasion. It vexed him that she 
the walls, and lay siege to the citadel should have seemed so angry. What 
of her heart. There must be some right had she to be angry? He had 
way, he argued to himself. He had just paid her the highest compliment 
never in his life been balked of any- a man could pay a woman, and she 
thing he had set his heart upon, and ought to appreciate it. Oh! he re- 
he would not be now. What could membered now. It was Edith. She 

be the reason that Margery was so 
insensible to his charms? There 
must be a reason. He had always 
been looked upon as irresistible. 

had said as much. 

" I understand it all now, perfect- 
ly," he said, with some excitement. 
" It is as clear as dav. She thinks 

Why, he could marry any one of a that I am bound to Edith. Well, I 

dozen girls he knew. He turned the shall speedily disabuse her mind of 

matter over and over again without that idea. I should like to know," 

coming to any definite conclusion as lie went on irritably, " what right any 

to what he ought to do. He thought body has to settle that I am to marry 

of writing to her, but he felt that in Edith, or any other girl, before I am 

her present mood her indignation 
would be stronger than her curiosity, 
and she would return the letter un- 
opened : he could not afford to 
risk that. He wanted no more re- 

old enough to know my own mind ! 
Edith is a fine girl, an extremely fine 
girl, but — hang it ! — am I expected to 
marry every charming girl I happen 
to come across ? I might as well turn 

buffs. They were not suited to his 3Iormon at once. No ! I am capable 
temperament. But of one thing he of disposing of my own future, and I 
was sure : he wanted to marry Mar- propose to do it by marrying Mar- 
gery, and nobody else. He made a gery. I've never made love to Edith, 
thousand excuses for her treatment They take too much for granted !" 
of him. She was young, and hardly Then a wave of shame swept over bis 
knew the meaning of love as yet, and face. " It's a deuced unpleasant fix," 
then, she had a great deal of pride, and My Lord Bangs thought himself 

Copyright, 18S9. 


My Lord Bangs. 

a much abused young gentleman 
indeed, aud puffed furiously at his 
cigar for several minutes. 

" They ought to know," he went on, 
with delicious inconsistency. "Geoff 
suspected the true state of things long 
ago. He spoke to me about it. He 
could see that Edith and I were not 
suited to each other. By Jove ! I 
believe the old man would be mighty 
glad to see the coast clear in that 
direction. I have known for some 
time of his penchant for the stately 
Edith. Well, if he should conclude 
to marry my fair sister-in-law, I shall 
be able to congratulate them both 
with all my heart." And having set- 
tled this important matter in a man- 
ner eminently satisfactory to himself, 
he turned his thoughts once more to 

"Ihave half a mind to go away 
for a short time," he said musingly. 
"I shouldn't be at all surprised if 
that should prove to be the very best 
thing possible, under the circum- 
stances. She certainly would miss 
me, and — perhaps — regret me. I'll 
sleep over it ;" — and suiting the action 
to the word, he was soon in the land 
of dreams. 

He sauntered over to the other 
house the next morning, in his usual 
leisurely fashion, looking, however, it 
must be confessed, very eagerly for 
a glimpse of a dainty, white-robed 
figure, for a gleam of Titian hair 
luminous in the morning sunshine, for 
a flutter of gay ribbons through the 
trees of the garden, for a flash of 
white teeth through the cherry lips. 
But no such vision greeted him, and 
he felt a sense of personal loss which 
he could hardly account for, as he 
stooped to pick a late autumn flower. 

That everything would come out all 
right he felt quite sure. He had 
settled the matter in his own mind 
and to his own satisfaction. He even 
admitted to himself that he was by no 
means sure that Edith would accept 
him should he offer himself to her. 
although he would never have ac- 
knowledged such an extraordinary 
thing, had his feelings towards her 
sister been otherwise than they were. 
The more he thought of it, the better 
he was convinced that Edith and 
Geoffrey were made for each other. 
They both had that quiet, calm tem- 
perament which would be satisfied with 
a love founded upon mutual esteem, 
while he — Good heavens ! how the 
blood tingled in his veins at the 
thought of Margery — his own, yes, 
his very own. He stepped eagerly 
inside as he caught a glimpse of a 
white dress through the open door, 
and encountered — Edith. She greeted 
him with a bright smile and words of 
welcome, but his pulsations were 
speedily reduced to their normal con- 
dition, as he sat down for a few 
minutes' conversation. How calm 
and self-possessed she always was, 
and how proud he should be of her as — 
his sister-in-law ! 

He began to fidget. After a while 
Edith noticed it, it was so unlike him — 
walking about the room, picking up a 
book only to put it down and take up 
some ornament, displacing things 

wt What is the matter?" she asked 
quizzically. tw You seem nervous this 
morning." She suspected that he 
had quarrelled with Margery, and that 
he had come over to complain of her. 
kt Are you looking for something you 
do n't find ? Perhaps I can assist you."" 

M\ Lord Bangs. 


"Yes — no !" he answered in some 

confusion. 'That is — I would like 

VTill you drive with me this morning 
— you and Margery?" 

44 Margery has gone," she answered, 
looking at him in wonder at his 
strange manner. 

"Gone?" he repeated like one 

"Yes, gone," she answered ; " but 
you need n't look so troubled. She 
is n't lost. She has only gone to visit 
Maude Eaton for a few weeks.' She 
has talked of it for some time, you 
know, and last night she made up her 
mind quite suddenly. I have just 
come back from the station after see- 
ing her off." 

44 Does Geoffrey know?" he asked, 
waxing angrv. " Am I the onlv one 
who is kept in ignorance of your in- 
tention ? I must say I consider it 
very shabby treatment." 

44 Nonsense !" said Edith, laughing. 
"There was no intention of secrecy, 
on my part at least. It was only 
one of Margery's little whims. Papa 
is away, and she did not wish any- 
one but Aunt Sarah to know. It is 
nothing worth having any feeling 
about. Geoffrev knows no more than 

" I certainly think it very strange," 
he answered, nowise mollified, " that 
you should permit a young girl like 
Margery to travel alone, when it is so 
unnecessary. There is Geoffrey, if 
you do not feel like trusting me," 
and something resembling a sneer 
accompanied these words. 

<k It is-a very small matter to waste 
words over," said Edith, quietly. 
44 Margery is going on a short jour- 
ney, without change of cars, to visit 
a friend ; and I consider her perfectly 

capable of taking charge of herself, 
to that extent. It was not necessary 
to trouble either you or Geoffrey. 
Besides, she did not wish an escort." 

" But you are letting her visit 
strange people — people whom you do 
not know at all " 

44 Geoffrey knows them," she inter- 

" Geoffrey be hanged !" Then he 
laughed. He was ashamed of his ill- 
humor. " No, I'll be hanged," he 
corrected, " if I understand this busi- 
ness at ail ; but I suppose you do, and 
that it is all right. The truth is, I 
am not very amiable this morning. I 
have to go away myself, to-morrow, 
on some annoying business, and I am 
rather cross about it. I suppose I 
ought to beg your pardon. I 'm very 
sorry," with one of his irresistible 
smiles : " I won't do so again." 

"Of course I forgive you," Edith 
answered, smiling. " You remind me 
so much of Margery in her childish 
days, that I really could n't have the 
heart to refuse. Now do sit down, 
and tell me where you are going so 
suddenly, and for what — that is, if 
you choose to have me know." 

" Oh, yes, certainly, of course," 
he answered, a little embarrassed. 

"I'm going to New York to — er 

It 's about an investment that I — er — 
am not quite sure about." 

44 Ah ! that is all? I thought, per- 
haps, that it was something that was 
troubling you," she answered, as 
though dismissing the subject. 

44 Oh, no," he answered, as he rose 
to go. "That is, I think it will be 
arranged to my satisfaction." 

Then to himself as he closed the 
door behind him : 

" By Jove !. What a different house 


"The Writing on the Wall." 

that is without Margery ! I am glad 
that I made up my mind to go away. 
How savage 1 was with poor Edith. 
Well, it is all ou account of Margery 
Heavens ! how I love that girl ! Ah ! 
if she only knew !. But she shall know. 
Just as soou as she gets back I shall 
insist upon being heard. She has no 
right to refuse to listen to me, and 
I firmly believe that she will not, if I 
can once impress her with the idea 
that Edith will be far happier with 
Geoffrey. I can say that to her with 
a clear conscience, for I honestly be- 
lieve it to be true, and the judge is 

worthy of her too, by Jove ! and I 
could n't say that of many men. 
Bless you, my children, I think I see 
you happy ;" and he strolled down 
town, while Edith looking after him, 
said, — 

" He has forgotten about driving, 
and I am rather glad on the whole, 
for I want to mend that frightful hole 
in Margery's new dress. She is very 
unfortunate, is Margery in the matter 
of rents. But I think with fine 
stitches, and a new arrangement of 
drapery, it will be wearable once 

[To be continued.] 


By Yirgixia C. Hollis. 

In the room where I am sitting, 
Lost in reveries and knitting, 
I perceive upon the wall * 
Pencil-marks — a baby's scrawl ; 
When the scrawl, or whose the baby 
I may never fathom, maybe, 
But a baby's 't is, I know, 
For they always scribble so. 

All Art's limitations scorning, 
" Baby " thinks but of adorniDg 
14 Where the pretty flowers run :" 
Laughing " Baby " — full of fun ! 
I can see just how her fingers 
Clutch the pencil while she lingers : 
Mamma chides, but she persists, 
Doubling up her chubby fists. 

Zig-zag marks — now long ones, short 

(Just about as babies' thought runs) 
Then, attempts at something nice : 
I shall guess it in a trice : 

Oh, a horse ! and that 's a kitty ! 
Baby certainly was witty, — 
She has made them look so droll : 
Bless her, — merry little soul ! 

In this house a stranger, lonely, 
Here is consolation only 
Just to gaze at baby's scrawl 
On the paper of the wall ; 
For the while that I am gazing, 
Memory, Time's veil upraising, 
Shows me babes of long ago — 
Two sweet babes I used to know ; 
And they stand before me " drawing,' 
All the change of years ignoring : 
Then no longer lone am I, 
With my precious babies by — 
Sweetest gift to woman given ! 
When the dear home-ties are riven, 
When to womanhood they're grown 
And to other nests have flown, 
Often comes the mother-yearning, 
And, in fanciful discerning, 
They are with us, babies small. 



<>&'■ i 

. ' -, ''• -. 

^>- ^ 






HDezvted to Literature, biography, History, and State Progress. 

VOL. III. (New Series.) 
Vol. XIII. 



Nos. 7, 8. 


Among the leading men whose 
activity, enterprise, and persistent 

industry have been powerful motors 
in furthering the growth and develop- 
ing the busiuess interests of Lancas- 
ter, is Frank Smith, son of Chester 
and Betsey (Hutchins) Smith. He 
was born at Lunenburg, Vt., Sept. 
12, 1833, and was the youngest of a 
family of ten children. His child- 
hood years were passed with his par- 
ents, and, like many farmers' sons, 
he had to use his hands to help move 
the wheels of the household economy. 

At the age of sixteen he went to 
Newbury, Vt., where he attended the 
seminary one year with good results, — 
having acquired sufficient education 
to start him in life as a clerk in a 
store in Boston, where he remained 
two years, gaining a knowledge of 
business, and fitting himself in vari- 
ous ways for his future field of labor. 

In the fall of 1852 he came to 
Lancaster, and commenced his long 
and active business career in the 
store of J. A. Smith. 

The energy and ambition of Frank 
Smith, from which his success comes, 
would not allow him to be an em- 
ploye, and the next spring, with his 
little savings, he began trade in a 
small wav in the building now the 

Colby Brothers' drug store, as a gro- 
cer and provision dealer ; and from 
that small beginning he has, by his 
own ability and honest dealing, 
placed himself high on the list of 
business men, as having achieved a 
justly merited success.* 

For four years Mr. Smith con- 
ducted this store, then built and oc- 
cupied for about ten years the store 
since occupied by D. \Y. Smith, but 
by his unremitting devotion to his 
labors his system became prostrated, 
and he was compelled to relinquish 
business for a time. 

In 1870, however, with a partner, 
George A. Goodrich, under the firm 
name of Smith & Goodrich, he en- 
gaged in the Burnside store, in the 
same line, only paying more atten- 
tion to the jobbing of flour, feed, and 
grain. This partnership continued 
three years, when the firm became 
Frank Smith & Co., Mr. Goodrich 
being succeeded by A. M. Bullard, 
who died in 1881, when his son, 
Willie E. Bullard, became Mr. Smith's 
partner. At this time the business 
had assumed large proportions — over 
a quarter of a million per annum — 
and included grain, flour, agricultural 
implements, etc. 

In 1875 they were burned out in 

J 34 

Frank Smith. 

the great fire, losing heavily, but, 
with characteristic energy, business 
was carried on without intermission 
in a rented building, and the con- 
struction of the large mercantile es- 
tablishment now occupied by them 
was begun as soon as the land could 
be bought. 

About 1873 the firm purchased a 
half interest in the grist-mill in the 
village, and, with John P. Hodge, 
conducted it until it was burned in 
1875. The next year they rebuilt it, 
with facilities for grinding 150,000 
bushels of grain per auuum. In 1879 
Mr. Hodge sold his half to Frank 
Smith k Co. 

In 1881 they bought the Freeman 
mill, remodelled it, put in machinery 
to cut annually 4,000.000 feet of lum- 
ber, and from that time have manu- 
factured lumber. 

They are also largely interested 
in the Kilkenny Lumber Company. 
Their business has steadily increased. 
They own and cultivate the Brooks 
farm of 120 acres of beautiful mead- 
ow land, on which they will cut this 
year 130 tons of hay. They give 
constant employment to about seven- 
ty-five men, and in the winter season 
many more. 

Mr. Sm'th married, first, Harriet 
B., daughter of Fielding and Mary 
(Bingham) Smith, on May 8, 1855. 
She died August 1, 1875. They had 
one child, Minnie, who married Ed- 
win T. Morse, of Charlestown, Mass. ; 
they have one child, — Frank. 

Mr. Smith married, second, Decem- 
ber 20, 1877, Esther J., daughter 
of Benjamin and Eunice (Bennett) 
Rhodes. She was born in Cairo, N. Y. 
They have two children, — Florence J. 
and Frank C. Mrs. Smith was for 

several years a successful teacher in 
the State Normal School. 

Although Mr. Smith has been au 
assiduous business man, yet he has 
been mindful of the civil affairs of 
the town. He has had the entire* 
supervision of the public schools in 
Lancaster, and has been a prominent 
member on the board of education 
for twelve years. 

He was a Republican until the 
Liberal party was started, when he 
joined the Greeley movement, and 
has since acted with the Democrats. 
In 1881 he was nominated for repre- 
sentative to run against the very 
popular candidate, Chester B. Jor- 
dan, and was defeated by one vote. 
In 1885 he was again nomiuated, and 
elected by seventy-five majority over 
George F. Rowell. He was chair- 
man of the important county conven- 
tion of 1886, which decided the re- 
building of the court-house. He is 
frequently a delegate to county and 
state conventions. 

He has been a Free Mason for 
over twenty-five years, belonging 
now to the North Star Lodge and 
the North Star Commandery. He is a 
member of the New Hampshire club. 

In his religious preferences he is a 
Unitarian, a regular attendant at the 
church services, loyal to its princi- 
ples, and generous to its charities. 

In his home life he is kind and 
attentive ; as a manufacturer and 
business man, an energetic and prac- 
tical worker ; and his labors have 
been crowned with financial success. 
Mr. Smith can always be relied upon 
as a hearty cooperator in, and liberal 
supporter of, any enterprise pertain- 
ing to the public good, and is a pop- 
ular and esteemed citizen. 

The Little Contcssa, 



By Emma C. Kummel. 

In the Via del Fasso, only a short 
distance from where it enters the 
Piazza S. Croce, stands the old Gua- 
rini palace, a gloomy, massive build- 
ing, of dark stone, frowning down 
upon the narrow, sunny street, as 
though in disapproval of its bright- 

It is a quiet old street, hemmed 
in by high, almost windowless walls, 
and shadowed in many places by 
overhanging loggias, and the grass 
grows in the crevices of the uneven 

In the ancient days, when every 
man's house was a fortress and con- 
stant frays and feuds convulsed the 
fair City of the Lily, these dusty 
stones were often washed in blood ; 
and the speechless, watchful windows 
of the old palaces still keep the secret 
of many a fierce conflict or treacher- 
ous assassination. But no trace of 
such tragedies darkens the Florence 
of to-day. The war-like factions 
have crumbled into dust, and from 
this dust have arisen a gay, light- 
hearted, careless people, more or less 
forgetful of their past and indifferent 
to their future. 

The venerable Palazzo Guarini had 
become a rookery of painters, and 
from day-dawn to purple dusk the 
historic stones resounded to the rapid 
footsteps, the merry whistle, and the 
gay chatter of nineteenth century 
mortals, who were irreverent enough 
to drive the stately ghosts of by-gone 
mighty princes in despair from their 
ancient habitation. Unlike most of 
these burdensome relics of the feudal 

ages the Palazzo Guarini had re- 
mained a family possession, and still 
sheltered one of that famous name, a 
pathetic little figure, so small that it 
was difficult at first sight to determine 
whether she were child or woman. A 
delicate pale face, with large dark eyes 
and quantities of lovely fair hair, a 
sweet, small mouth, a graceful car- 
riage, and simple, easy manners char- 
acterized this last scion of a noble 
race. But if she still owned her an- 
cestral home, the coutessa was far 
poorer than many a rosy-cheeked con- 
tadina who drove her loaded donkey 
through the dewy Val d' Arno into 
market every day before the sun was 
up, or than not a few of the flower- 
girls who sold their great sheafs of 
hyacinths, lilies of the valley, auem- 
ones, and Arum lilies, upon the stone 
benches of the Strozzi palace every 
bright spring morning. 

Left an orphan at an early age, her 
only companion was an old woman 
who had been her nurse as she had 
been her gentle mother's before her. 
Old Catarina was that rarest of all 
rare creatures, a handsome old Italian, 
and her picturesque appearance earned 
her constant employment as a model 
among the artists of Florence. Few 
painters in the city had failed to 
sketch Catarina ; she was as much of 
an institution as the Ponte Vecchio, 
the Duomo, the glorious Campanile, 
or any other object of special interest 
about the city, and nearly as much 
sought after. It was she who eked 
out their slender living by renting 
rooms to the artists ; and she knew 


The Little Co nt ess a. 

how to drive good bargains. She was 
so generally admired and respected, 
that it was rarely any one attempt- 
ed to take advantage of her ; and 
they, not she. suffered for it, if they 
did take any advantage. 

In the eyes of the faithful servant the 
*' little contessa," as every one called 
her, was a creature far too noble and 
beautiful to mingle with ordinary mor- 
tals. Catariua was much more watch- 
ful and jealous of the Guarini rank 
and dignity than the little lady her- 
self ; and the good woman would have 
worked her fingers to the bone before 
she would have allowed one of that 
noble line to soil her hands with labor, 
or lower herself by the care and respon- 
sibility of providing, even in the least 
objectionable manner, for her own liv- 
ing. She guarded her young mistress 
rigorously, and few of the tenants 
under the old palace roof had ever 
caught a glimpse of its fair owner. 
Catarina collected all the rents, cared 
for the rooms, waited on the artists, 
and served the contessa from morn- 
ing until night ; and for all her seventy 
years, the hardy old peasant was fully 
equal to it all, and more. 

There was, however, one privileged 
invader of this monastic seclusion. 
One of the members of the artistic 
circle had won his way within the 
closely guarded lines, and, having 
- mollified the grim sentinel, he enjoyed 
a close friendship with the young 
Italian ; and it came about in this 
way : Several years before, when the 
contessa was scarcely more than a 
child, a young American painter had 
engaged the handsomest studio on 
the first floor. Catarina, of course, 
became his model, and as he had a 
special gift in portraiture, he painted 

the old woman with a picturesque 
faithfulness that was far beyond any 
attempts of his predecessors. Monha 
Catarina was so delighted with this, 
that one morning, when she bad 
watched the artist out of the house on 
a sketching expedition, she could uot 
resist the temptation of bringiug the 
contessa up to see it, and while they 
stood before it eagerly discussing its 
merits, the gentleman returned. It 
was too late to escape. Catarina 
looked annoyed, and the young lady 
blushed deeply, but the American 
soon put them at their ease. He did 
the honors of his beautiful room in a 
kindly, graceful manner, exhibiting 
all his paintings and sketches, describ- 
ing the quaint old armor and odd fan- 
tastic weapons, the china bric-a-brac 
and gems of gold and silverware, the 
bits of statuary and rich hangings of 
rare old tapestry with which the room 
was decorated ; and when they were 
obliged to leave, he politely escorted 
them to the door with a kind invita- 
tion to come again as often as they 

This was the beginning of an ac- 
quaintance that opened a new world 
to little, quiet, lonely Aiitea Guarini. 
She looked up to this handsome, 
kind-hearted young artist as to a 
superior being — one as widely removed 
from herself as she seemed to old 
Catarina above the flower girls or 
market women in the streets. There 
never was, there never could be, any- 
one quite so beautiful, so noble, so 
kind. His footstep upon the ringing 
stone stair, his cheery whistle as he 
sat at his easel hour after hour, his 
gay, hearty laugh, every tone of his 
rich, tender voice, was sweetest music 
in her ears. 

The jLillte Co)flcssa, 


She did not know that she loved 
[iim, the approach of the blind god 
v,as so slow and stealthy. She called 
him her best friend, and believed that 
she thought of him ouly in this way ; 
but her whole intense, passionate 
voung life was bound up in him. 

Frederic Denton had arrived in 
Florence five years before, a disap- 
pointed man. He had been engaged 
to a lovely girl to whom he was most 
deeply attached, but she had jilted 
him suddenly without excuse or regret 
of any kind, and married a mau who 
had long sought her and was also a 
close friend of young Denton's. She 
lived in the West where he had also 
resided a short time, and no cloud 
had ever arisen between them until a 
few months after he left to pursue 
his studies in New York. Then her 
letters became less and less frequent, 
and colder and more constrained 
in tone ; finally, they ceased entirely. 
He wrote : his letters were returned 
unopened, and a year from the time 
of his departure he received a paper 
containing a brief notice of her mar- 
riage to his whilom friend and pre- 
viously unsuccessful rival. Almost 
broken-hearted, his hopes for the 
future crushed at one blow, the young 
man sailed at once for Europe, eager 
only to place the world, if possible, 
between him and his false, though 
still passionately adored, love. With 
a heart still filled with the image of 
his shattered idol, young Denton had 
formed the acquaintance of the Con- 
tessa Guarini. She seemed such a 
mere child to him that he had treated 
her as. a child, and was unusually 
tender and thoughtful of her because 
he pitied her dreary life of seclusion 
and deprivation. He called her his 

little sister, and no matter how sorely 
his heart ached, or how gloomy and 
joyless his life appeared, he had 
always a bright smile and kindly word 
for her. 

As the years rolled on he discov- 
ered a fact of which the girl was 
entirely ignorant, namely, that the 
adoring affection she exhibited toward 
himself was not the simple love of a 
child for a guardian, or even an elder 
brother, but the passionate devotion, 
of an Italian woman, though con- 
tained in so small and frail a casket. 
She worshipped him, but was as inno- 
cent, artless, and unsophisticated as a. 
child, with no idea of concealing her 
feelings, or any clear comprehension, 
of them. Such unsought adoration 
could not fail to make a deep impres- 
sion ou a lonely, disappointed, chival- 
rous nature like Frederic Denton's. 
He had said all idea of love and 
marriage was over for him forever :. 
he was a homeless exile, an em- 
bittered man : but by imperceptible 
degrees it dawned upon him that 
because one woman had deceived him 
and jilted him, that was no reason he 
should find all others false ; because 
he had loved once passionately was 
no proof that he could never experi- 
ence a calmer, quieter affection.. 
Although the voice and touch he had 
loved best could never bless his fire- 
side, could he not find a restful pleas- 
ure in the society of a gentle creature, 
who would sit silent at his side as he 
worked, or flit singing about the 
grand old room? He had no doubt 
of his ability to make her happy ; he 
would bring perpetual sunshine into 
that sad little life, and in her joy he 
would find the peace and contentment 
he had believed vanished forever. 


The Little Contessa, 

So for more than a year he had 
been slowly drifting into the intention 
and desire of marrying Litta Guarini. 
and one day he told her so in his 
gentle, kindly way, asking her if she 
could love him and be happy with 
him. The girl seemed stunned at 
first. Much as she loved him she had 
never dared to think of this, that her 
grand, beautiful Signor Denton would 
love her enough to marry her ! She 
was almost too confused and surprised 
to answer him, but her great dark 
eyes spoke a language he easily 
understood, and when he left her it 
was a very happy little girl who sat 
dreaming in the dusk in her quiet 
room till old Catarina returned to 
provide her supper. A very bare lit- 
tle room it looked, with its cold marble 
floor covered only for a small space 
in the centre with a rather threadbare 
rug. Gn the rug stood a massive, 
richly carved table containing an 
exquisite silver lamp, a few books, 
and a quaint sandal-wood work-box 
heavily inlaid with gold and pearls, — 
relics of former grandeur and wealth, 
that necessity had not compelled 
Catarina to sell for food as she had 
Dearly everything else of value. 

Near the table, curled up in a great 
carved armchair covered with tar- 
nished leather, and flooded by the 
soft, many-colored lights of a magnifi- 
cent stained-glass window, sat Litta, 
-her head resting on the dark old oak, 
lost in happy thoughts. 

• 4 What is it, cara mia?" asked the 
old woman, quickly. li Art thou ill? 
Hast thou been crying?" 

" Gh, no, no! dear Monna Cata- 
rina," answered the musical, plaintive 
voice, as the bright head was lifted, 
showing a pale, demure little face 

lighted tip now by a singularly sweet, 
happy smile. " But I am so happy, 
oh, so happy, Catarina! I never 
knew what it was to be happy be- 
fore r 

" And what should make thee so 
happy?" inquired the nurse jealously. 

tw Oh ! I have such a beautiful 
secret to tell thee, dear Catarina. 
Come here and kneel right down 
before me, and I will whisper it to 

Catarina dropped upon her knees 
before her mistress, bringing her 
bronzed and wrinkled face close to 
the delicate one outlined against the 
rusty leather of the chair. The girl 
laid both hands on the old woman's 
shoulders and looked her in the face, 
smiling and blushing. 

" Canst thou not guess my news. 
Monna Catarina? Thou hast been 
young. Thou hadst lovers, many of 
them, thou hast told me. Ah, yes! 
I see thou hast guessed ! My heart is 
so full, oh ! I could sing for iov all 
the time ! It was only just now he 
told me that he wanted me — poor, 
little, lonely me — to be his wife. Think 
of that, Catarina! His wife! Oh! I 
cannot tell thee how I love him ! He 
is so good, so noble, so beautiful, — 
and to think that he should care for 

u He is not as good, not as beauti- 
ful, —far, far from being as noble as 
thou art, Contessa. Dost thou forget 
thou art a Guarini, and thine ances- 
tors owned this palace ages and ages 
ago, while he — he is only an Ameri- 
can ! But there, there ! Thou lovest 
him, cara, and poor, old, foolish 
Catarina will say no more;" for 
the tears had filled the happy dark 
eyes, and the sensitive lips begau 

The Little Contessa. 


I0 quiver, and Catarina could not 
ice her darling cry. If tlie contessa 
had desired to marry a peasant 
from the street, the old servant, bit- 
tor as- the struggle with her pride 
would have been, could not have 
resisted her nursling's entreaties ; and 
i» this case, though she thought the 
contessa made far too little of her 
own rank and birth, the young painter 
was a great favorite of hers, and in 
all other respects, save the important 
one of rank, in every way deserving 
the heart and hand of the last of the 

" Yes," the girl continued, " I have 
been blind. I did not know that I 
loved him, but when he told me that 
he wanted me to marry him and took 
me in his arms just now, I felt that 
I had loved him always, — that I be- 
longed to him forever ! I did n't need 
to stop and think if I did. I love 
him better than my life, Monna Cata- 

The old woman sighed, and her 
heart sank as she gazed at the glow- 
ing face, but she gave no hint of her 
fears. So Danae Girondi had looked 
and spokeu twenty years before, when 
she had defied her father, lost her 
inheritance, and given up all life had 
to offer the beautiful daughter of a 
rich, proud noble, to marry the hand- 
some, dark-eyed, poverty-stricken 
Paolo Guarini and take up her abode 
.in his gloomy mansion. She soon 
made the discovery that a poor, dis- 
inherited wife was not what gay, cold- 
hearted, selfish Paolo wanted. He 
was burdened with debt, and in marry- 
ing Count Giroudi's only child had 
hoped to retrieve his fortunes. A 
year from the day of her marriage 
gentle Danae was dead : she had not 

loved wisely, but far too well ; and 
she left her infant daughter to her 
only friend and comforter, her old 
nurse Catarina. 

It was May in Florence, and the 
beautiful city beamed and sparkled in 
the radiant summer weather. The 
people lived out of doors, but the 
heat was not intense ; soft breezes 
from the surrounding mountains 
cooled the air at all times, and the 
nights were often chilly. The many 
fountains splashed and murmured, 
the gardens blazed with brilliant 
flowers, and the cool, dark groves 
upon tiie hill-sides and in the public 
gardens were favorite places of resort 
from morning until night. 

Litta Guarini's dull, joyless life 
bloomed into richness and beauty, like 
the summer. Surrounded from in- 
fancy by noble monuments of history 
and priceless art treasures, her total 
ignorance of all that made her native 
city so famous and world-renowned 
was almost pitiable, and it was Fred- 
eric Denton's first duty and greatest 
pleasure to make her familiar with 
the spot that he considered one of the 
most interesting aud beautiful in the 
world. So with w T eary, panting Monna 
Catarina as duenna, who wondered 
what pleasure people could tiud in 
visiting long, dismal picture galleries 
all day, or examining churches and 
palaces that were as old as the hills 
and far less beautiful in her eyes, 
Denton and his young compauion 
spent the long summer days, when 
the city was sleeping in its dust and 
heat, the gardens deserted, and the 
empty galleries echoed like vaults 
to their solitary footsteps, in explor- 
ing Florence and its environs. Min- 
gled with her pride in her beautiful 


The Utile Confess a. 

birthplace aud her artistic delight in 
the beauties aud wonders unfolded 
to her dazzled eves, was the happi- 
ness Litta felt in seeing all this with 
the man she loved. His low, tender 
voice explaining and describing would 
have made the dullest scene charm- 
ing, — and to be with him, hanging 
upon his arm, gazing in his face, was 
heaven on earth to her, and the days 
flew all too quickly by. 

One bright September morning 
Frederic Denton sat busily painting 
.and gayly whistling in his studio. 
The languid, idle summer was past, 
and with the returning vigor and 
energy of the fall days his work 
pressed upon him more heavily, and 
he could give less time to the rambling 
sketching expeditions that had been 
such happiness and delight to himself 
and the li little Contessa." and such 
unspeakable weariness of body and 
anguish of mind to the patient Cata- 
rina all through the summer days. 

Denton was very happy. If a deep 
scar, still tender to the touch, re- 
mained in his heart, a gentle, pitying 
love for Litta had sprung up and 
buried it out of sight. He had put 
the past away from him, and there 
was nothiug to recall it. He had 
resolved never to return to America : 
he had no parents there, — no one who 
needed or wanted him : he would 
marry an Italian wife and become a 
Florentine. They were to be married 
soon, and his thoughts were busy 
planning, as he worked and whistled, 
how he would beautify and adorn the 
dim old "rooms for his quiet little 
bride ; it was such a pleasure to plan 
little surprises for her, and to see her 
great eyes shine with love and happi- 
ness. She was a sweet, lovable little 

thing and devotedly fond of him, and 
he had every reason to believe that 
their life together would be a very 
blissful one. Then he looked back 
to the blank despair with which he 
had reached Florence six years be- 
fore, believing love, happiness, home 
and peace forever lost to him. How 
long ago that seemed ! Life still had 
some brightness and sweetness left if 
one woman had deceived him. Ah, 
yes, it was still good to live ! 

Into the midst of this pleasant rev- 
erie came the postman's knock, and 
a large, thick envelope was placed in 
Frederic's hand. He looked at it io 
surprise. The postmark was Amer- 
ican, and the handwriting puzzled him 
with its familiarity, — he received so 
few letters from there now. He tore 
it open hurriedly, and a cabinet photo- 
graph fell out. 

Frederic Denton turned ghastly 
pale, and a sharp exclamation burst 
from his lips as, envelope and letter 
falling to the floor unheeded, he 
grasped it in both hands and de- 
voured it with dilated, burning eyes. 
It was the picture of a beautiful 
woman, perhaps of three or four aud 
twenty. She was clad all in delicate 
wmite lace and muslin, and the slender 
hands hanging loosely clasped before 
her held a great cluster of roses. The 
eyes, large, dark, and dreamy, gazed 
straight into those of the man whose 
agonized face testified to the emotion 
that convulsed him. 

"What is this? What does it 
mean? "he muttered, still gazing as 
if his eyes could never leave the 
lovely, speaking face. " Mollie's 
picture ! her own sweet face but little 
changed, only much more beautiful. 
That dear little mouth I have kissed 

The Little Centessa. 


so often, those lovely eyes that were 
^0 full of tenderness and sorrow at 
Diy departure ! Could she have sent 
it to me?" He bent quickly and 
picked up the letter. " Frederic Den- 
ton," he read : noio he knew the 
handwriting, and for a moment a 
mist swam before his eyes : then his 
vision cleared, and he continued, — 

'•Frederic Denton: 

44 Six years ago you stole from me 
the woman I loved, the one I had 
loved all my life, and I vowed 
revenge. I have had it. You won 
her and left her, and I, who was an 
old and trusted friend, poisoned her 
mind against you, — how, it does not 
matter now ; but I gave her such 
proofs of your baseness and vileness 
that she broke the engagement. I 
secured your letters to her ; I with- 
held hers to you ; but after all my 
labor, I did not succeed as I had 
hoped. You lost, but I did not win 
her, and when I sent you the notice 
of our marriage she had sent me from 
her forever. A year ago her father 
died, leaving her penniless. She was 
beautiful, helpless, unable to earn 
her bread, — and a month ago she 
married .a man old enough to be her 
father. He loved her ; he was good 
and kind ; he could give her a pleas- 
ant home and all that money could 
procure, — and believing ?/o«,whom she 
had never ceased to love, lost to her, 
she married him. This is my revenge, 
that when it is too late you shall 
know what you might have enjoyed 
for these five years, and have now 
lost forever. Roger Lewis." 

u She loves me still ! She was not 
false!" Denton cried, his face glow- 
ing with love and delight ; then the 

light died out of his eyes, and he 
staggered back. 4i But she is mar- 
ried !" he whispered, — then in a loud 
voice crying out, ' 4 Lost! Lost to 
me! O Mollie! my little Mollie ! 
my only love ! my darling ! O God ! 
how can I give her up !" He pressed 
the picture to his lips passionately 
again and again, and the scalding 
tears rau down his face. ' 4 Oh, ray 
dear, bright, sweet little girl ! Oh, 
if I could die for you and with you, I 
would ask no more !" 

He placed the picture in the breast 
pocket of his coat, ran both hands 
through his heavy hair with a deep, 
despairing sigh, picked up his hat, 
and turned wearRy to go out. He 
longed for air, for room ! A leaden 
weight seemed pressing upon his 
brain ; the walls of the room smoth- 
ered him ; — he must get away some- 
where, where he could think, could 
plan, and could subdue the tumultu- 
ous emotions that were tossing him 
hither and thither, a feeble human 
straw in the grasp of the inevitable. 
But as he dashed down the wide, low 
stoirs to the street he did not see the 
little, slight figure that fled before 
him around an angle of the hall. 

As Denton's last footsteps died 
away in the echoing hall, Litta 
Guarini rose from her crouching posi- 
tion on the floor, and staggered blind- 
ly down the stairs and into her own 
room, where she fell upon the faded 
rug with a wail of agony. 

She had followed the postman to 
faer lover's door with a message, and 
arriving just in time to catch his first 
muttered words, had remained an 
unseen, petrified auditor and specta- 
tor of the whole scene. The tender 
words, the passionate kisses, the 

I 4 2 

The Little Contessa. 

beautiful face she could see so plainly 
iu his bauds, his own agonized coun- 
tenance, were burned into her brain 
and heart and soul. He loved this 
woman as he had never loved her ; he 
had never looked at her, he had never 
kissed her,'m that way. Something had 
separated them, and he had turned to 
her; but now he knew the old love 

was still true, and he ah ! all 

his old love had come back again. 
Hours of suffering passed before the 
-girl resolved to release him from his 
promise to her, to set him free — free 
to return to the woman he loved. 
She believed it would kill her to let 
him go, but if it was for his happi- 
ness, or for his good, she could and 
would do it, and then die. 

When Frederic returned to the old 
palace, determined, after many hours 
of sorrow and suffering, to do his 
duty by the gentle creature who loved 
him so well, he sought the contessa 
in her little bare room. He found 
her in the great chair by the table, 
looking so white and faint that the 
kind smile with which he had greeted 
her faded away in alarm, and with an 
anxious inquiry, he bent to kiss her, 
but the girl drew quickly back. 

" Please do n't, Signor Denton," 
she said. 

"Why, Littai" he cried in sur- 
prise. " Have I offended you ?" 

" Signor Denton," she continued,, 
mustering her courage, "I wish to 
break our engagement." 

For a moment the young man 
looked blank with astonishment ; then 
he said with a half smile, — 

" I did not expect this from you, 
Litta. I thought you loved me." 

" Do you think it so utterly impos- 
sible for me to live without you. 

Signor Denton?" she asked, drawing 
up her slight figure proudly. 

kl No, Contessa," was the quiet 
answer; "-and if you tell me that 
you wish the engagement broken be- 
cause you have ceased to love me, I 
have not another word to say. Do 
you tell me this?" 

Litta put her hand suddenly to her 
heart and gasped for breath. 

" No," she murmured faintly, " I 
caunot tell you that, but it must be 

" I cannot consent without some 
better reason, Litta," he said gently. 
" Remember our life's happiness is at 

" You are saying this in pity, be- 
cause you know — you know how 1 
love you, but you do not love me." 

41 Why do you doubt me ? I should 
not have asked you to be my wife if 
I did not love you very much." 

" But not as much as you do that 
picture you carry in your pocket." 

Frederic Denton gave a great start. 
He was thrown completely off his 
guard, and instinctively his hand 
sought the pocket that contained the 

"Why-? What — ? Where—?" 
he stammered, staring at her blankly. 

" I saw you put it there," she 
said. kt I saw you kiss it as you 
never kissed me, and you love her." 

Denton was silent, stunned, bewil- 
dered by this assertion, and the con- 
tessa continued with gathering pas- 
sion and grief, — 

" I heard you — all you said. She 
is the only woman you have ever 
loved. I love you, but I will not 
keep you from her. Leave me now, — 
and go to her P 1 and she burst iuto an 
a^onv of tears and sobs. 

The Little Contessa. 


" Litta," said Frederic very gen- 
tly, coming to her side and taking the 
iittle hand she flung out so despairing- 
ly, " I am very, very sorry that you 
i«aw and heard what you did, but you 
.are making yourself needlessly un- 
happy over it. This wornau can never 
he auything to me now. Do n't you 
know that she is married ?" 

" Married !" The head bowed upon 
the table was lifted suddenly, and she 
looked at him with a ray of hope in 
her sad, wet eyes. "Married! then 
you cannot go to her?" 

" No, I have no such intention. I 
shall stay here with you." 

''But you love her: I heard you 
say so," the Italian girl rejoined jeal- 

44 I will not deny," the artist 
answered sadly, 4t that I have loved 
her very much ; but that need not 
trouble you now, Litta: I have not 
seen her for six years. She is in 
America, and lost to me forever. You 
need not be jealous of her, dear. You 
are all that I have now, and I love 
you very dearly. Do n't you think 
you can forget all this, and be happy 
with me?" 

44 Happy with you, when you carry 
another woman's picture near your 
heart ! You forget my Italian blood, 
Frederic Denton ! » I am no cold- 
hearted American." 

"I will destroy the picture, child. 

I will try and forget, as I had nearly 
forgotten until to-day, that I ever 
knew her; but you must help me," 
the young fellow replied patiently. 

II You can hold me, and strengthen 
me. Without you, I should be utterly 
desolate and miserable." 

" Oh, Frederic !" Litta exclaimed, 
looking at him with her soul in tier 

eyes. "If I could only believe it! 
but I cannot — I cauuot ! You think 
you can forget, but it will be impos- 
sible, and I — can I ever forget? 
Every day, every hour, every moment 
her face will come between me and 
you, and I cannot share your heart 
with any one." 

44 There can be no sharing, Litta. 
She is another man's wife. I shall 
try and forget her ; but if I have no 
one to love me, no one to whom I can 
torn for comfort and sympathy, how 
can I do it? If you will be my wife, 
if you can love me well enough to 
bear with all my moods and fancies, 
if you will bless me with your love, 
my Litta, I promise you that in a 
short time you will drive this other 
love out of my heart; there will be 
only room in it for my wife, and I 
shall love her as much as she can ever 

4i Oh, my dear ! my dear !" the girl 
cried, still holding him away from 
her. 4£ How you tempt me ! But I 
fear it is all in vain." 

44 I know I shall try you often, 
little one. I may be moody at times, 
absent-minded, sad, even cross, but 
if you can love me through it all, we 
shall be happy yet. I feel that it is 
a great deal to ask of you, Litta, — to 
ask of any woman, and I want you 
to consult your own happiness. If 
you would be happier and more con- 
tented, I will go away to-morrow 
where you shall never see me again, 
but if you will take me just as I am, 
faults, disappointments, and all, I am 
yours, Contessa, just as sincerely as 
I was four months ago." 

44 Oh, Frederic ! Frederic !" The lit- 
tle arms went up around his neck as 
be bent over her, and her head rested 

J 44 

The Little Coniessa, 

upon his breast. " I love thee enough 
to risk anything rather than lose thee. 
I had resolved— and it almost killed 
me — but I had resolved to set thee free 
and send thee back to her, and make 
thee happy. That was my only wish, 
— to make thee happy, dear. But now 
thou tellest me she is married, and 
thou needest me ; so 1 cannot let thee 
go. I cannot ! I love thee so !" 

" Of course you cannot, and you 
shall not, my darling Litta," kissing 
her affectionately. 4v We will both 
begin anew from this day. We will 
let the past aud all its sorrows go, aud 
think only of our future, aud try and 
be happy." 

The weeks glided on, but they were 
not happy. Frederic had destroyed 
the photograph, but he could not 
erase the face painted on his heart, 
and his thoughts would wander con- 
tinually to days long passed. He shut 
himself up more and more in his 
studio, and worked with feverish 
activity. He grew silent. Litta never 
heard his gay whistle now at his 
easel, on the stair, or in the hall, and 
he very seldom laughed aloud. He 
was abstracted, moody, irritable. 
He tried to be always kind and pleas- 
ant to the little creature who lived 
upon his smiles, but it was always very 
difficult, often impossible. Even in 
her presence he would lapse into 
gloomy meditation, to start from it 
when she spoke with a murmured 
apology : he had forgotten her exist- 
ence ! All this was very hard upon 
poor Litta. With her fiery South- 
ern temperament, jealousy was a 
fierce and active passion, and &he had 
as little control over herself as a 
child. When stung by his indiffer- 
ence or coldness, she assailed him 

with reproaches and tears, — one mo- 
ment commanding him to leave her, 
the next clinging to him with convul- 
sive sobs, and protesting that she 
could not live without him. Frederic 
was very patient and kind, pityiug 
the poor child, and well aware what 
good cause she had for complaint. 

Torn by conflicting emotions and 
exhausted by the violence of her 
fierce love, Litta Guarini grew like a 
shadow. She neither ate nor slept 
enough to keep herself in health. 
Old Catarini became terribly worried 
about her, and finally reported her 
fears to Mr. Denton. Then Frederic, 
also aroused by the seriousness of the 
case, had a long talk with the girl, 
imploring her to marry him, to love 
and trust him, to be patient, and all 
would still be well. But marry him 
she would not. ¥t Never, until you 
love me better than you do now,'* 
she said ; and he could not persuade 

As time went on she grew weaker 
and weaker, more and more colorless 
and wan, aud at last her condition 
alarmed her. Had she thrown life 
away after all in fretting and repining, 
when she might have enjoyed so 
much? One day she slipped away 
by herself to see a famous doctor, 
and when she emerged from his office 
a long while after, she was calm and 
composed, though her face was white, 
and she had evidently been crying. 
She went home quietly, and the next 
morning sent Catarina for Fra An- 
tonio, the old priest who had bap- 
tized her, and beeu her adviser and 
confessor ever since. He was clos- 
eted a long time with her, and Cata- 
rina, too anxious to go far away, met 
him in the hall as he passed out^ 

Helen and Menelaus. 


Tears stood in bis quiet eyes, aud his 
wrinkled face was twitching with 

"Oh, Fra Antonio!" cried the 
good woman, all her fears confirmed, 
•• what is the matter?" 

" She is very ill, Monua Catarina." 
answered the priest. "I fear she is 
not long for this world ; but the best 
beloved die young, we know." 

"Santa Maria! Is she dying?" 
screamed Catarina. 
"Hush ! hush '"the father answered. 

•" Do not let her hear you. You 
must be very calm and quiet — she is. 
If you scream and cry you may lose 
her all the sooner. She is very weak, 
good Catarina." 

The faithful servant threw her 
apron over her head to conceal her 
sorrow. " Oh, my mistress, my little 
Contessa !" she moaned. " If I could 
only die for thee ! I am such a poor, 
homely, miserable old body, and thou 
so young and sweet and happy ! Ah, 
srood God ! why must she go first ! " 

[To be concluded.] 



By Fred Myron Colby. 

The ten long years of stormy siege were over, 
And lofty-walled Ilium had fallen. 
In her chamber sat beauteous Helen, 
Menelaus' false wife, and Paris' bride, 
"Who had left her lord and fled from Sparta, 
And all these weary years of war had lived 
Away from husb'and, child, in Priam's house, 
Among the valiant sons and daughters fair 
That he had born of Hecuba, his queen. 

The years had dealt gently with the god-born. 
Bright were those lustrous, purpled-iris eyes 
As when they flashed on Theseus their wrath 
Of injured maidenhood, before that time 
When she had stood iD Lacedaemon's halls, 
To choose, among all those admiring chiefs, 
Him who should be king and rule in Sparta. 
Fair was that face of more than mortal bloom, 
As when it had lured Paris across seas, 
Twenty long years before, to behold her 
Whom the laughing Queen of Love had promised 
Should be his guerdon for a judgment passed, 

146. Helen and Menelans. 

When the three goddesses stood before him 

To fire his eyes, his mind, ambition's flame, 

For that vain prize which every woman loves — 

The meed of " fairest," — source of all the ills 

That fell to Troy and countless woes to Greece. 

And as sweet that regal grace as when first 

It shone in the royal halls of Priam, 

When all the bucklered chiefs of Ilium, 

And all the crested, long-robed Trojan dames, 

Shouted welcome to Paris' stolen bride. 

So sat she on her chair of burnished gold. 

Her buskined feet upon a panther's skin, 

Sidonian garments of richest dye, 

Clothing the regal form in perfect grace. 

One shoulder, white as Parian marble is. 

Had slipped from out her chiton's open fold, 

A sight for gods to gaze at, and be charmed. 

The rosy light fell on her from the east, 

And showed a woman perfect from Jove's hands ; 

Perfect as Aphrodite's self when she 

Arose from Paphiau wave, supremely fair. 

Around her rang the sounds of war's alarms, 

Fierce shouts, and groans, and din of brazen arms, 

And over all the war-cries of the Greeks. 

But her cheeks paled not, rather did they flush ; 

And her pulses thrilled with a rapture sweet, 

Such as she had not felt since Paris died, — 

Paris, her lover, with the leopard's grace 

And the beauty of gods, who had wooed her 

In those long summer days in Sparta's halls, 

And who had loved her well these many years. 

But he was dead, killed by a Grecian spear \ 

And Menelaus lived, the conqueror — 

Husband of her youth, father of her child ; 

A brave, a gallant man, though not so fair 

As Paris was, nor half so full of wit, 

Yet still a man it were well to look at. 

Oft had she marked him in the fights at Troy, 

Holding his own against the noblest there ; 

Outshone only by Peleus' valiant son, 

And Agamemnon, king of* men. in arms. 

Once had he met Paris himself in fight, 

And she had deemed him nobler then by far 

Than he, the fair, the craven one, who fled. 

Helen and Menelaus* 147 

She thought of him as she had seen him stand 
Among the Argive chiefs that sought her hand — 
Not one more comely, none so brave as he ; 
And she had loved him then, aye, loved him well, 
And would have loved him still but for that face 
Of Trojan Paris, and the ardent speech 
That day by day made inroads in her heart. 
Then came the day when they were left alone, 
And he had urged his suit, and promised her 
A life of ease, and love, aud state ; and she 
Listening, had left honor, husband, child, 
And fled with him. And so the years had gone. 

She had been happy in her Trojan home. 

All loved her. , Great Hector called her " sister," 

And hoar-headed Priam called her * ; daughter." 

But that was passed : gone was the dalliance, 

The joy of that sweet time. Hector was slain ; 

Paris lay 'neath the flowers 00 Ida. 

Troy had fallen before the Argive sword ; 

Its walls were dust, its glory but a name. 

For her was only that long distant past, 

So far away it seemed a flitting dream. 

Yet 'twas no vision. She had lived, and loved. 

Her child was his, that rosy Hermione whom 

In that far off day he had loved as hers, 

And traced her image in the infant's face. 

Through all these years she had remembered that : 

Would he remember, the son of Atreus? 

The rest had fled. Old Priam and his queen 

Had sought the sanctuary of the fane. 

Handsome Deiphobus, with the spear and shield, 

Was gone forth to meet the Argive foemau. 

She was glad she would never see him more. 

He was not like Paris nor Meneiaus ; 

A goodly man enough, but not like them. 

She would not flee : she would die there, rather, 

Among her precious things, her memories — 

Die like a queen, or live to reign again. 

Her buxom maids, Clymene and Ethra, 

Had decked her in her fairest, and left her 

There, to seek the altar, with flying hair. 

But what had she to fear, daughter of Jove 

And Leda, fairest of the fair, and queen 

148 Helen and Menelaus. 

Of women? Even he, the injured one, 
Would clasp her in his arms should she but smile 
Ou him again, and say 44 I love thee, dear," 
As she had done in those bright days of old. 
He was a man, and men were all alike. 
She knew them ; not one but was as weak as 
Water when a fair woman smiled at him. 
And he bad loved her well in that old time. 

There was the clang of armor in the hall, 
At the door the sound of brazen-shod feet : 
Into the room strode King Menelaus, 
Tall, fair of face, majestic as a god ; 
In all his armor decked, his shield on arm, 
His spear in hand, his lofty horse-tail plume 
Floating behind like a dark, boding cloud. 
She saw him standing there, her lord and king, 
And half rose from her chair, with outstretched arms. 
Her loosened hair fell o'er her like a vail : 
Her cheeks were pale, her eyes like gleaming stars. 
She looked no guilty woman, but a queen. 
44 My dear lord," she murmured low, t4 thou art come." 
Then o'er these two a silence fell like night, 
Or, rather, like that of a summer noon 
In a wooded place. A spell came o'er him 
At the music of her voice, that made him 
• Dumb as fate. He was blinded by the gleam 
Of those bright eyes that held for him the fate 
Of half a life of happiness or woe. 
It was the woman that he loved, the queen 
Whom he had crowned, the mother of his child. 
She for whom the world had warred ten long years. 
His Helen, bright and beauteous — his wife. 

She, gazing at him with those soulful eyes, 
Read every thought and feeling in his heart, 
Knew she was saved. She saw the lines of care, 
The silver in his hair, and felt again 
Her heart beat fast that such a handsome man 
Should live as he was and be forever hers. 
44 He is indeed a goodly man and true, 
■ But those grey hairs I 've made," she thought with pain. 
44 Lo ! these twenty years of life he has lost, 
And all for me. How can they be retrieved? " 
A deep remorse passed over her, and a 

Helen and Men elans. 149 

Geutle pity touched her. 4i My lord, forgive : 

Blame not me, but the gods. I 'ni innocent." 

And he : "I blame neither the gods, nor thee ; 

It was to be. After all this I think 

Thou wilt be the dearer to me. And thou ?" 

And Helen, fairest of mortal women, 

Wreathing her fair white arms around his neck, 

While her eyes, deep as a misty, moonlight lake, 

Beamed on him their lustrous light, answered him, — 

il My Spartan hero, lord of my first love 

And father of my child, I love thee more 

For these years of war thou hast fought for me, 

For these grey hairs, these rugged lines of care 

Upon thy brow, and all the dints and scars 

Of strife upon thy goodly form, than ever 

I could have loved thee else ; aye, than ever 

I loved that handsome Trojan prince, whom she, 

The Queen of Love, gave me — although a wife 

Wedded, and a mother — for a husband, 

To love and honor while he lived. The gods 

Are great, and so I went to Troy with him. 

The gods are good. They have sent thee to me, 

What mattered it, the years of war and woe ! 

Forgotten were his wrongs, his bitter tears. 

He held her in his arms, and she was his, 

His evermore while suns rose and suns set. 

In all the years to come she 'd grace his halls, 

Be mistress at his feasts, be wife and queen, 

And cheer his pathway to the grave at last. 

Stroking the scented golden hair, he said, — 

" Helen, my queen, whom years ago I wooed 

In Sparta's halls, and ever since have loved, 

And all these years have fought to make my own, 

More to me thou art than all the treasures 

In my Argive halls, than kingdom, or child. 

Thou dost not know how I have languished for 

A glimpse of thee : even the shadow of 

Thy graceful form upon the walls of Troy 

Has been a joy and comfort to my soul. 

On that dark night, when with the other chiefs 

1 lay concealed within the vast fabric 

Of the fraudful steod, and thou with Priam's 

Court walked around the insidious pile, 

15° ' Helen and Men elans* 

Thou call*st on all the chiefs by name, thy voice 
Counterfeiting the tones of each Argive dame. 
But I — I knew the music of thy voice, 
And when thou call'st my name, * Menelaus !' 
I would have answered despite the peril 
To me and to my friends in arms, but that 
The wily Ithacus placed his strong hand 
Upon my mouth, and bade me silent be. 
Such was my love, that even then I would 
Have risked all to have spoken thee but once. 
Thou art my queen, and thou hast changed only 
To grow lovelier with the passing years." 

She pulled his great rough beard with one small hand, 

And kissed his lips to silence. Then she said, — 

" Thou art generous, O king, and lovest 

Me overmuch ; but I can promise thee 

Love for love, aud gentleness for mercy. 

I long, my lord, to tread once more the halls 

Of my old home, where my mother Leda 

And my brave brothers played with me in the 

Happy days of childhood ; to walk with thee 

Once more along the Eurotus' banks at 

Eventide, and sceut the lilies in the pool, 

And hear the eagles scream from the rugged 

Heights of Mount Taygetus. And my dear child — 

How has she grown? Are her cheeks still rosy? 

Is she tall, or short? Are her eyes like mine, 

Or blue, like yours? Why., bless me ! She is a 

Woman now, and will not know her mother. 

Alas ! lead me hence, Menelaus ; come, 

Let us go from out these accursed halls. 

I cannot bear to linger here amid 

So many memories hateful to my soul — 

Hateful, so hateful, now that I have thee." 

He stooped and touched the whiteness of her brow 

With his bearded lips, caressingly, and 

Then threw over her sunny hair a vail, 

And left the room. She, giving one long look 

At all the old familiar things therein, 

Slow followed him. And so these two walked on 

Through the ruins of ashes — smoking Troy — 

Down to the Grecian ships. 

Pure Life Insurance. 



By Sheppard Romans, 
President of Provident Savings Life Assurance Society. 

The proper function of a life insur- 
ance company is to collect premiums 
or small periodica^ payments from its 
policy-holders, and to pay death 
claims as they occur amongst them. 
Investment or endowment, constitut- 
ing the enormous deposit reserves 
held by the old companies, has no 
necessary connection with insurance 
proper : it does not increase the secur- 
ity of the insurance, but, on the con- 
trary, rather lessens that security by 
adding unnecesarily the hazards una- 
voidable in the custody and manage- 
ment of trust funds to the hazards of 
insurance proper. Protection, not 
speculation or investment, is the true 
mission of a life insurance company. 

The main object of life insurance is 
to enable a man, by means of small 
periodical payments, to put a large 
sum of money into his estate when he 
dies, and thus protect his family or 
his creditors. 

It is obvious that, if a life insur- 
ance company could in some way be 
guaranteed sufficient money each year 
to pay current death claims and legit- 
imate expenses of conducting the 
business, no reserve or accumulated 
fund would be necessary. All that 
would be necessary in such case would 
be to see that each person whose life 
is insured should pay his equitable 
and full proportion of the current 
death-claims and expenses. 

The Insurance Commissioner of 
Massachusetts, in his official report for 
1884, says very tersely, — "I am 

moved to express a regret — shared, 
I believe, by the conservative and 
most sagacious men in the business — 
that our insurance establishments 
have adopted schemes of insurance 
whereby they have become so largely 
institutions of investment. This may 
be legitimate in a certain sense, but 
it has no just relation to life insur- 
ance. To unite, more than need be 
for the assurance of its contracts, the 
proper business of an insurance com- 
pany with the functions of a savings- 
bank makes a combination both in- 
congruous and unwise. A provident 
person will-do wiser to buy his insur- 
ance of an insurance company, and 
make his deposits, if he wishes to 
make investments of that character, 
with some regular savings institution 
whose sole business is the adminis- 
tration of trust funds. 

;t The normal cost of life insurance 
is fixed by an immutable law of 
nature. For the man who wants 
insurance, the plain life policy, with 
no investment beyond what is needed 
to protect the insurance, is the cheap- 
est and best. If insurance and in- 
vestment are the objects, each can be 
better got in its separate place than 
by a combination which impoverishes 
the investment, and does not improve 
or cheapen the insurance." 

The Flon. Amzi Dodd, president of 
the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance 
Company of Newark, N. J., one of 
the largest and best companies in the 
country, in his annual report, dated 


Pure Life Insurance. 

Jan. 1st, 1S83, states, in referring to 
renewable term insurance, — ;w The 
com pan j and its members would do 
busiuess on the rule of ' pay as you 
go.' The policy-holder would get 
yearly the equivalent of his money 
paid. But under the system almost 
universally in use he pays largely in 
advance, and the company holds the 
money to offset against insurance in 
after years, when the insured does not 
wish to be called on for larger pay- 
ments. The reserve fund thus aris- 
ing is sometimes called the wealth of 
life insurance companies. It is obvi- 
ously not such, but a debt from the 
corporation to its members, — a great 
trust fund confided to the mana- 

Until the introduction, by the Prov- 
ident Savings Life Assurance Society 
of New York of its plan of Renewa- 
ble Term Insurance, a man. wishing 
simply to provide for his family or 
estate in case of his own death, was 
not only obliged to pay the price for 
the current insurance, but was also 
compelled to make in addition, and 
unnecessarily, deposits for mere accu- 
mulation or investment. That is to 
say, Under the usual level-premium 
system a man must make yearly 
deposits, in addition to paying the 
current cost of insurance, in order to 
create an endowment or investment 
reserve, payable to himself in old age. 
Many persons, doubtless, are willing 
and desirous of accomplishing both ob- 
jects, namely, to protect their fam- 
ilies in case of their own death, and 
to provide a fund for themselves in 
case of surviving to old age. The 
first is insurance, the second is invest- 
ment. There is no necessary con- 
nection between the two. 

Insurance may be had separately 
from investment, as investment mv. 
be had separately from insurance : 
the two would better be independent, 
and would better be secured by sepa- 
rate and independent contracts. In- 
surance can best be had in its purity 
from an insurance company, and in- 
vestment from an institution dealing 
solely with trust funds or in securities 
selected by the owner. Under sueb 
an arrangement, the family, in the 
event of death, would have not only 
the insurance, but the accrued invest- 
ment also. Or, if it should be found 
desirable to terminate or realize the 
investment during the lifetime of the 
insured, the insurance could still be 
continued without prejudice, so long 
as it might be needed. 

The advantages of separating in- 
vestment from insurance are mani- 
fest and numerous. The very best 
form of insurance protection is a 
renewable term policy in the Provi- 
dent Savings. There are many desir- 
able forms of investments, such as 
the guaranteed coupon bonds of sev- 
eral loan and trust companies, the 
instalment bonds issued by, at least, 
one mortgage and trust company, the 
shares iu well managed Building and 
Loan Associations, — all of which are 
likely to yield better returns, in the 
way of interest, than the ordinary 
forms of securities at present prices. 
Insurance and investment may thus 
be kept entirely separate and distinct, 
as they should be. 

A Renewable Term Policy in the 
Provident Savings provides insurance 
at the actual cost during the term 
selected, which may be three, six, or 
twelve months. The right to renew 
the insurance at the end of each sue- 

Abandoned Farms of New Hampshire. 


cessive terra during the remainder of 
life, without medical reexamination or 
other condition, is given in the policy 
contract. If the dividends are left 
with the Society, the premium for the 
first year of the policy will probably 
not increase during the whole "expec- 
tation" or probable lifetime of the 

The Provident Savings has $293.17 

of assets to each SI 00 of reserve lia- 
bility to policy-holders. Its percent- 
age of payments for death claims and 
expenses to the mean amount of in- 
surance in force is smaller than that 
in any other life insurance company, 
thus providing Maximum Security 
and Minimum Cost. 

[From Gardex and Forest.] 


By J. B. Harrison. 

Mr. N. J. Bachelder, the Com- 
missioner of Agriculture and Immi- 
gration, sends me a price list of 
more than one hundred abandoned 
farms in this state. An accom- 
panying note says that these farms 
have been reported by the selectmen 
of the various towns to have fairly 
comfortable buildings, and that they 
comprise but a small part of the 
abandoned farms of the state, a full 
description of which will lie given in 
a forthcoming catalogue, if the neces- 
sary facts are reported by the own- 
ers. The commissioner observes 
that " in most instances these farms 
have not been abandoned because the 
soil has become exhausted, or from 
the lack of natural fertility, but from 
various causes appearing in the 
social and economic history of the 
state, which will be more fully dis- 
cussed hereafter." 

This is an interesting and impor- 
tant undertaking. The law author- 
izes the collection of necessary infor- 
\ mation in regard to the opportuni- 
ties for developing the agricultural 
resources of the state through immi- 

gration, and the facts obtained and 
the advantages offered to immigrants 
are to be circulated where the gov- 
ernor and council may consider it for 
the best interest of the state. The 
inquiry and discussion which will 
result cannot fail to be of great inter- 
and value, and I hope that everybody 
will cooperate with Mr. Bachelder 
in his purpose to make the investi- 
gation as thorough as possible. At 
this stage I submit some notes of 
observations made while living here 
during the last ten years. 

Some of the abandoned farms 
belong to men who left them in early 
life aud have established occupations 
and homes elsewhere. There is 
nothing mysterious or remarkable in 
their having remained away ; the 
point of interest is in the fact 
that nobody has cared to buy and 
work these farms, as many of them 
have long been for sale on extremely 
easy terms. One of the chief rea- 
sons why men who could have bought 
such farms have not done so, is that 
they have preferred to go West, and 
take the chances of bettering their 


Abandoned Farms of IVew Hampshire. 

condition there. I have seen many 
of them, in all the regions from west- 
ern Iowa and Minnesota to the 
Pacific coast ; most of them working 
harder than they would have to work 
here, and having a much poorer liv- 
ing, the life of the women a long 
starvation from homesickness and 
hunger of mind and heart. But a 
few of these emigrants have grown 
rich, and they all leave their old 
homes in the hope of being among 
the few fortunate ones. 

The conditions of soil and climate 
in this state are such that farming- 
will yield a living on most of the 
land that has been brought under 
cultivation, if the farmer and his 
family do all, or nearly all. of the 
work, and practice reasonable econ- 
omy. Some accumulation would be 
possible, but the gain would be slow. 

Some of the best farms would 
admit of the employment of a hired 
man, during a part of the year, at 
least, if he would work faithfully 
and efficiently for moderate wages, 
as in earlier times ; but, in general, 
the farmer and his wife and children 
would have to do nearly all the work. 
The return for their toil, the pros- 
pect or outlook for them, would be 
the possession of a home of their 
own, with the same steady hard work 
kept up till age unfits them for it, 
when they may hope to have laid by 
something for the support of their 
later years. 

Now the race of men and womeu who 
will go on thus toiling patiently and 
practising small economies all their 
lives for the sake of a mere living, is 
very nearly extinct in this region. 
The young men and women will not 
stay here under such conditions ; 

they will go elsewhere for the chance 
of doing better. Illusion is an im- 
portant element in the life of most 
Americans. We do not value secur- 
ity very highly, but prefer the possi- 
bility of splendid fortunes to Un- 
certainty of moderate gains. Usually 
the possibility is only imaginary, 
but the fascination of the game lures 
young men on, and there is still an 
element of inflation and romance in 
the practical life of our country. 

It is also to be noted that the 
growth of manufacturing industries 
has brought about great economic 
and social changes. In many instan- 
ces the former town-organization has 
been modified by the development 
and dominance of the manufacturing 
villages, with their population of 
operatives, often largely a floating 
or changing one, in the employ of 
the proprietors of the mills ; and it 
is often apparent that the farmers 
have less interest and prominence in 
town affairs than they had under the 
old order of things. One effect of 
the change is, that the sense of com- 


a common interest in 

the welfare of the town r has been 
to a considerable degree eliminated. 
There appears to be less of public 
spirit, and, at any rate, what remains 
is not distributed among so many 
citizens as formerly. 

The truth is that the old New Eng- 
land civilization and organization of 
society has here mostly come to an 
end. It has run its course, has com- 
pleted its cycle, and we are begin- 
ning; again with new and verv differ- 
ent materials. We have already 
large populations of French Cana- 
dians aud other foreigners, and it is 
plain that for a long time to come we 

Abandoned Farms of JVezv Hampshire. 


iball have, in tbe principal commu- 
nities of this state, the civilization 
ami the intellectual and social life 
which these people and the Roman 
Catholic Church will- produce under 
the new 7 conditions of life in New 
England. The farmers still stand by * 
the churches of the earlier time, but 
the bond which they formerly sup- 
plied for the social life and public 
spirit of the towns has become less 
vital and efficient with the decline of 
the rural population. 

Many people here advise the en- 
couragement of immigration from the 
north of Europe ; and I have no 
doubt that Swedes and Norwegians 
could make a living on these aban- 
doned farms, because they would do 
more work and consume less for their 
living than native New Englanders, 
and the value . of taxable property 
and the volume of business in the 
towns would be increased. But the 
gain would be temporary. If the 
new inhabitants send their children 
to our schools, we shall soon Ameri- 
canize them to such a degree that 
they will not stay on the hills, and 
in twenty or twenty-five years the 
farms will be more abandoned than 
they are now. I think there can be 
no permanent restoration of farming 
in this state without some consider- 
able changes in the methods of it, 
and in the thought and methods of 
life of our people ; and beginnings in 
such things are apt to be difficult. 

Natural conditions are favorable 
for stock-raising, and many of our 
leading citizens have done much to 
promote the general welfare by im- 
proving tiie character of farm ani- 
mals. The state is adapted, in a 
peculiar degree, to the growing of 

sheep. I have eaten mutton in 
every part of our country which pro- 
duces it, but have never anywhere 
else found any that approached the 
excellence of that which is grown in 
New Hampshire. If the people of 
the cities were aware of its quality 
there would be a great demand for it 
at the best prices, but there is not 
enough to supply the few people who 
use it in the villages here. The dog 
is a kind of sacred animal with us, 
and dominates the community. He 
is the object of a personal affection, 
a sentiment of romantic regard, 
which rises far above such sordid 
considerations as the possible profits 
of sheep raising. Our best people 
— and some others — keep dogs, and 
when the instinct of the chase 
awakens iu them, and they go forth 
upon the hills and hunt down the 
sheep, and have to die themselves 
for their frolic, we all mourn their 
fate. The sheep can be paid for out 
of the public treasury — there is a tax 
on dogs — but nobody has any senti- 
ment about sheep. We are in that 
stage of developement in which we 
grow dogs and delight in them, but 
not sheep. 

There is considerable land in farms 
in this state which, if properly 
managed, would be more profitable 
for the production of timber than for 
any other crop, and which would be 
worth more than it is to-day if forest- 
conditions had always been main- 
tained on it. But timber land here 
needs to be handled with judgment 
and foresight. It has to be protect- 
ed against fire and pasturage, of 
course, and unless the timber, when 
it has grown, is cut off intelligently, 
forest land is not always a good per- 


Abandoned JFartns of JVew Hampshire. 

manent investment. Tt is the opinion 
of many of onr intelligent lumbermen 
that much of our timber land might 
be made more profitable by improved 
methods of management. 

The results of our system of culti- 
vation, as shown in many of the 
farms in all the older parts of our 
country which have not been aban- 
doned, and the inclination of so 
many of our people to seek their 
fortunes by leaving their early homes, 
point to the fact that a considerable 
proportion of our material success 
has been achieved by the partial ex- 
haustion of our capital in the fertil- 
ity of the soil. We have amassed 
wealth by robbing the future, and we 
are transmitting our impaired and 
damaged heritage to those who come 
after us. Whatever 'may be the 
fertility of the abandoned farms of 
this state, the methods of culture 
widely followed in our country have 
seriously diminished the productive 
capacity of the soil ; and many 
farms in other parts of the United 
States would in time be abandoned 
if there were stili, as formerly, a 
boundless area of virgin land for our 
people to appropriate. Perhaps we 
may in time come to understand that 
the earth is adapted to yield a living 
to a considerable number of men if 
they will wisely till it and husband its 
capacities ; but that its resources are 
not profuse enough to sustain indo- 
lent luxury or careless waste, and 
that toil and scant indulgence are, in 
the long run, inevitable for the mass 
of men. Thus far in human history 
slavery and war have been pretty con- 
stant conditions. The forms change, 
but the essential facts abide hitherto, 
and perhaps they may still do so. 

In my judgment, existing condi- 
tions cooperate to make an opportu- 
nity for an important change in the 
economic and social elements in the 
life of the state. I think that many 
of the abandoned farms, and many 
of the hill farms which have not been 
abandoned, would be good invest- 
ments for men of means who live in 
the cities, and who would like to 

have summer homes for their families 
in the country. The climate of our 
state does not suit everybody, of 
course ; but for those whom it does 
suit, it would be hard to find any- 
where on the planet, a more salubri- 
ous and delightful region than this is 
for the time between the first of June 
and the last of October. No other 
mountain country that I have seen 
has such expanses of uncontaminated 
and vital air. I think that, looking 
far ahead, as a few men at least 
should try to do, looking at all con- 
ditions and relations comprehensive- 
ly, the best and wisest thing for ail 
concerned would be a considerable 
movement of men of wealth from the 
great cities of our country to the hill 
farms of this state. They should be 
men of intelligence, with adequate 
knowledge and judgment for the 
management of their woodlands, so 
that the growing of timber as a crop 
would be profitable. There is no 
ground of hope for the future pros- 
perity of our people" unless forest- 
conditions are permanently maintain- 
ed on a large proportion of the laud 
of the state. At the same time a 
system of highly concentrated farm- 
ing should be followed on whatever 
land is kept in cultivation. The 
ownership of farms here by men 
from the cities would render such 
methods of culture possible, would 
give profitable employment to many 
laborers, and would increase the 
value of land and the amount of bus- 
iness in every part of the state occu- 
pied by the new summer homes. It 
would be the establishment of better 
conditions, the beginning of a new 
order of things which would be per- 
manently favorable to the interests 
of onr entire population. 

I should be glad to stimulate 
public interest in the investigations 
which are now in progress under the 
direction of the government of this 
state, and I am sure that the reports 
of the New Hampshire Commissioner 
of Agriculture and Immigration 'rill 
deserve the attention of all studeuts 
of American civilization. 



Mr. President and Gentlemen : A celebrated wit, 
being asked to make a pun, said, — "Give me a sub- 
ject : " and some one suggested " The King." Instantly 
the punster replied, — " The King is no subject ! " 

It is always more or less troublesome to select a proper 
and desirable subject for a public performance of any 
kind, and it is a particularly delicate task to get one 
suited to a company of lawyers. 

If an orator is able to make his address interesting, he 
is considered as fortunate in his subject. Daniel O'Con- 
nell was fortunate in having Ireland's woes for his sub- 
ject. The anti-slavery agitators were fortunate in their 
subject. Phillips was fortunate in his subject when he 
pronounced his glowing eulogy upon O'Connell. Geo. 
William Curtis was most fortunate in having Phillips as a 
subject for his matchless oration ; — and all these subjects 
were certainly more than fortunate in being treated by 
such consummate orators. Indeed, the very test of the 
genius of eloquence is, that it adorns and magnifies what- 
soever it touches. 

The profession of law affords many attractions. It 
is almost without limit in grand opportunities. It is 
always exacting and usually compensating, requiring 
absolute devotion, and yielding ample revenues to its 
successful devotees. The variety and quality of mind 
needed in its proper practice and administration are as 
varied as the myriad of principles its careful study 
reveals ; and the men who have achieved eminence in 


158 The Advocate a?id his I)iflue)ice. 

the profession are as unlike, and as dissimilar in tastes, 
habits, manners, and methods, as it is possible to con- 

In choosing The Advocate and His Influence for your 
attention to-day, I do so well knowing that there are 
very many able and learned lawyers who are among 
the giants of the profession, but who do not possess the 
qualifications necessary to successful oral advocacy ; 
they often wield a powerful and versatile pen, but the 
tongue refuses to clothe their thoughts in attractive and 
persuasive diction : for, while rhetoric is a creation of 
art, eloquence is born in a person, and cannot be learned 
in the schools. Although much of what follows applies 
to lawyers generally, it is intended to particularly refer 
to those members of the profession who are popularly 
regarded as advocates. 

The advocate, to succeed, must have integrity and 
ability. Without either, he can achieve but little : his 
vision must be comprehensive, his knowledge accurate, 
his convictions clear and o'ermastering, and his char- 
acter as fair and fully established as his mental attain- 
ments. Cato required the advocate to be "a good man 
skilled in talking." Phillips once said, "The strength 
of an idea depends upon the man behind it." And Emer- 
son, speaking of the power of eloquence, says, " The 
special ingredients of this force are, — clear perceptions ; 
memory; power of statement ; logic; imagination, or 
the skill to clothe your thought in natural images ; pas- 
sion, which is the heat: and then a grand will, which, 
when legitimate and abiding, we call character, the 
height of manhood. As soon as a man shows rare 
power of expression, like Chatham, Erskine, Patrick 
Henry, Webster, or Phillips, all the great interests, 
whether of state or of property, crowd to him to be their 
spokesman, so that he is at once a potentate — a ruler of 

The Advocate and his Infliience. 159 

The history of human struggles, of nations, of litigation 
and legislation, of bench and bar and battles, abounds 
in uncontradicted proofs that it is such a man whom 
-everybody is seeking in vital controversies. "There 
is no true orator who is not a hero." He must be brave 
and healthful, vigorous and honest, and he must suc- 
ceed . It is not surprising, then, that the life and char- 
acter of a great advocate so charm and fascinate, so 
allure and enthrall, that their contemplation is always 
useful and delightful. If " eloquence is the power to 
translate a truth into language perfectly intelligible to 
the person to whom you speak," how essential and 
important its possession becomes to the lawyer and 
advocate! The anxious litigant, conscious of the recti- 
tude of his cause, and of its intricacies and difficulties as 
well, compelled to commit its decision to twelve men of 
variable tempers, prejudices, and capacities, or to courts 
almost as variable, earnestly seeks for an advocate who 
possesses the power and ability to unravel its mysteries, 
lay bare its merits, and so present the case that it shall 
b>ecome clear to the tribunal who decides it. 

We have the authority of Cicero, that "no man can be 
•eloquent upon a subject that he does not understand ; " 
and from Erskine, that " no man can be a great advocate 
who is no lawyer ; " and Webster, who is reported to 
have said, — " If there be so much weight in my words, it 
is because I do not allow myself to speak on any subject 
until my mind is thoroughly imbued with it." Cicero, 
Erskine, and Webster are foremost among the world's 
greatest advocates, and they speak with authority. To 
answer the test made by these renowned orators is not 
an easy task. To understand and be thoroughly imbued 
with the subject upon which the advocate is oftenest 
compelled to speak, requires the strength and persist- 
ency of an unflagging will. The limitless field in which 
he must toil diligently, if he would address juries and 

160 The Advocate and his Influence. 

courts of law with any degree of success, is that of juris- 
prudence, which is called by an eminent lawyer " the 
collected reason of ages combining the principle of 
original justice with the infinite variety of human con- 
cerns." In order to be thoroughly versed in the princi- 
ples which lie at the very foundation of all justice, he 
must possess great legal learning ; and, if he would 
understand "the infinite variety of human concerns," he 
must have a mind enriched with almost infinite knowl- 

It is related of a skilful advocate, who was one of us 
not long ago. that he once exclaimed in the course of a 
trial that his case had gone to the dogs on the evidence, 
and it must be saved by the argument, — but the argument 
does not often save such cases. When a cause goes to 
pieces on the evidence, the verdict is very likely to go to 
the other side. Verdicts, that go with the argument and 

against the law and the evidence, are sometimes ren- 

dered, it is true; and, indeed, they are not so rare as 
they should be, — thus in some measure justifying the old 
proverb that "wise men argue cases, while fools decide 
them." But facts are stubborn things, and are vastly 
harder to meet than an eloquent tongue. Nothing is so 
eloquent as the truth, and nothing so effective in estab- 
lishing the truth as facts : and while the advocate can- 
not safely rely upon " memory for his wit," or upon 
" imagination for his facts," he must surely have the 
faculty of making " auld claes look amaist as weel's the 

The popular notions of the qualifications necessary to 
the successful advocate are absurd. Something more 
than mere flippancy of speech is required. There must 
be not only facility and felicity of expression, a strong 
physique and a good voice, but a keen and active brain, 
a methodical and logical mind, extensive and accurate 
knowledge, and an instinctive and natural comprehen- 

The Advocate and his Influence. 161 

sion, a towering conviction of justice and right, which 
find clear and clean cut expression amounting in its 
perfection to what we sometimes call genius. 

Nothing can atone for the want of special preparation 
in whatever the advocate has to do. He must not only 
spend year? in storing his mind with the thoughts of 
great thinkers, the facts of history, the episodes of fiction, 
the treasures of art, but he must be a philosopher and a 
philanthropist ; and, above alL he must know the secret 
avenues that lead to the heart and brain of his fellow- 
men ; — but, even with this vast general equipment, he 
must carefully examine and thoroughly prepare himself 
for each new and separate performance in court or con- 
gress, in the forum or on the platform. 

It is not necessary for us toSay to go away from home 
for examples of men who have made themselves deser- 
vedly famous as great advocates of great causes and 
great principles. 

I am New Hampshire bono, and bred. Indeed, my 
ancestors on both my father's, and my mother's side, for 
one hundred and fifty years, have been to this " manner 
born ; " moreover, I am a passionate admirer of the good 
old Granite State, and therefore I may be a prejudiced 
witness ; but I do not believe there is a state in this 
Union, or a spot in this world, where liberty, property, 
and everything that is valuable in life and worth protect- 
ing, are more secure than in our beloved state. I am 
sure that our courts are of the highest order, aT$[ "th£t 
the law is administered here with as much ability and 
justice as anywhere in this union. Mr. Webster once 
said that " he had practised law, commencing before old 
Justice Jackman in Boscawen. who received his commis- 
sion from George the Second, all the way up to the 
court of John Marshall in Washington, and he had 
never found any place where the law was administered 
*with so much precision and exactness as in the county 

1 62 The Advocate and his Influence. 

of Rockingham ; " and, surely, there never has been an 
abler set of lawyers in any single county on this conti- 
nent than Rockingham county contained when Mr. 
Webster practised there. Daniel Webster, Jeremiah 
Mason, Ichabod Bartlett, and Jeremiah Smith constitute 
an array of legal giants rarely if ever excelled. Again — 
quoting Mr. Webster — that " he never met anywhere else 
abler men than some of those who initiated him into the 
rugged discipline of the New Hampshire courts : " and 
since the time of Webster, Smith, and Mason, we have 
continued to produce able lawyers and brilliant advo- 
cates ; — and while it is not probable we shall ever have- 
another Webster, I am not willing to acknowledge that 
the bar in New Hampshire at the present time is deteri- 
orating in character, in learning, or in practical strength. 
Cases are still prepared here with great exactness, and 
are tried with marked ability ; and as a place for train- 
ing strong, careful, and successful lawyers, New Hamp- 
shire deservedly takes high rank among the states of the 
Union. Ever since Webster and Mason left New Hamp- 
shire and became the foremost advocates of Massachu- 
setts, we have, from time to time, furnished that state 
and other states with men of eminence who have taken 
high rank in the profession — men who not only answered 
Mr. O'Trigger's description as having "the appearance 
of a probability of succeeding," but who had the physical 
strength, pluck, and courage, as well as the mental 
qualifications, which would achieve success anywhere 
and everywhere. Moreover, it requires no stretch of 
statement to say that among the men who have wrought 
wholly upon their "native heath," contributing the 
wealth of their genius, vast legal learning, and master- 
ful industry to the construction and adornment of the 
jurisprudence of their state, are many great advocates 
and learned jurists — Livermore, Woodbury, Bell, Per- 
ley, Atherton, Sullivan, Farley, Hubbard, Pierce, Chris- 

The Advocate and his Influence. 163 

tie, Bellows, George, Tappan, Marston, Clark, and 
scores of others whose names are pronounced with de- 
light and pride by every citizen of this commonwealth. 

The work of these great lawyers has left its abiding 
impress upon the whole state : and it has had, and is hav- 
ing, a very marked influence upon the bar. Their tire- 
less industry, intelligent but relentless tenacity, impreg- 
nable integrity, great learning, and, above all, their 
unswerving loyalty to their clients and the state, make 
them striking models, each in his own separate charac- 
ter of advocate, lawyer, and judge, commanding admira- 
tion, and worthy of imitation. 

Fortunately the profession of the successful advocate 
is not one of ease. It requires indomitable, persistent, 
intelli sent work. The trouble with manv lawyers is an 
indisposition to work. The law is an enemy of loafers. 
Idlers are never found in the forefront. A moderate 
supply of brains in a healthy body, with good digestion, 
temperate habits, and indefatigable industry, will surely 
achieve success ; while the more brilliant mind, in a 
weak, lazy, or abused body, will never accomplish any- 
thing worthy of notice. Jeremiah Mason once said that 
unless a man tax his brain occasionally to the utmost, he 
will soon begin to fail. John Adams once told Mr. 
Quincy that it was with an old man as with an old horse : 
if you wish to get any work out of him, you must work 
him all the time. Gen. Grant is reported to have said 
that after he had fought one or two battles in the civil 
war, and when obliged to meet grave responsibilities, he 
actually felt his brain grow ; that each severe test to 
which he was subjected made him stronger, preparing 
him for every emergency. 

Every great battle fought by the advocate, each suc- 
cessive intellectual struggle, each knotty question which 
he succeeds by skilful study and powerful advocacy in 
making clear to court or jury, each victory won in the 

164 The Advocate and his Influence. 

forum or on the platform, adds to his power, and ren- 
ders him a more formidable adversary in the next cause 
he espouses. It must be conceded that there is no half 
way method that will bring success in the practice of the 
law. The lawyer must work hard, or do nothing. Hard 
work and hard cases, such as require the closest study 
in preparing and presenting, are what develop and en- 
large his powers. "No cross, no crown" is strikingly 
true of our profession. 

When I first began the practice of law I called on 
John Sullivan, then attorney-general. He was the last 
of an illustrious family of New Hampshire lawyers, 
every one of whom added lustre to his native state. 
I found him with his coat off, in his shirt-sleeves, 
drawing indictments. He inquired where I was located, 
putting many pointed questions to me, and gave me the 
agreeable information that I was setting sail on a diffi- 
cult sea, liable to be wrecked at any time : and that 
whether I should be something, or nothing, depended 
upon the amount and character of the work which I was 
willing to put into the business. I said, " Mr. Attorney, 
I notice that you work." To which he replied, "Yes, 
sir, and I tell you a man must work to get a reputation 
at the bar ; he must not only work to get it, but he must 
work hard to keep it." I have never forgotten the 
earnest manner which he exhibited when he used this 
language. He had risen from the table, and was walking 
back and forth in front of my chair, gesticulating vehe- 
mently as he spoke. Mr. Sullivan was an incisive and 
aggressive speaker, a tremendous worker, a learned and 
critical lawyer, and one of the most accomplished advo- 
cates our state has produced. 

The necessity of work, of long and patient drill, and 
extensive attainments in the advocate, is seen in every 
sphere in which he acts. He is dealing in his profes- 
sional life with trained adversaries, and his powers are 

The Advocate and his Influence* 165 

frequently put to the test He must have the ability to 
control and command his entire equipment of wit and 
sarcasm, logic and learning - , upon a moment's notice. 
He confronts perpetual surprises. He must rest, if at 
all, upon his arms. 

It is interesting to witness exhibitions of keen wit, 
sharp retorts, and flights of spontaneous rhetoric ; and 
many examples of thrilling scenes might be given, but 
the object of this address does not require it. I will, 
however, venture to relate one incident, occurring in our 
own court, which, it seems to me, is worth preserving : 

Hon. George Y. Sawyer, who was born and educated 
among the Granite Hills, was one of the most learned 
and astute of New Hampshire lawyers. He was not 
only a very successful practitioner and brilliant advocate, 
but he was an able jurist. He was one of the best and 
most thoroughly equipped men it has ever been my lot 
to meet in the profession. One of his last great efforts 
before a jury was his defence of Major, who was tried 
and convicted for murder in Hillsborough county in 
1876. The two presiding justices were Judge Smith 
and the late Mr. Justice Rand, and Mr. Justice L. W. 
Clark was the attorney-general. It was during this 
trial that I witnessed a memorable scene, and one I 
never shall forget. It was before the advent of stenog- 
raphers in our court ; and as the case seemed to lag 
somewhat, the court becoming impatient, Judge Smith 
said, with considerable spirit. %i This case must pro- 
gress more rapidly." To which Judge Sawyer replied, 
" Your honor, we want an opportunity to take down 
the testimony." To which Judge Smith said, "Of 
course, that you should have, but the trial is consuming 
altogether too much time." Judge Sawyer, at this, 
sprang to his feet, his face flushed with intense earnest- 
ness, and advancing towards the court, pointing the 
index finger of his right hand toward the judge, said, 

1 66 The Advocate and his Influence. 

il Time ! your honor. Time ! — it is time, or eternity, with 
my client ! " This tremendous outburst produced pro- 
found silence in the court-room and among the great 
throng of spectators, and, it is needless to say, nothing 
more was said to the great advocate about taking too 
much time. 

Notwithstanding the great attractions of the life of the 
advocate, the delight and mental exhilaration of sharp 
legal and intellectual encounters, the intense satisfaction 
in repeated victories, and the consciousness, if defeated, 
that the result was inevitable and not due to blundering 
or stupidity, — still, man}' lawyers seem willing to at least 
temporarily abandon this grand field of human activity 
for what is generally understood to be a broader field 
of work — parliament or congress. The motive that 
induces them to do this, of course, differs with .each 
individual. Some, no doubt, expect to achieve a fame 
more lasting and glorious than they deem possible in the 
limited sphere of legal practice, while others, quite 
likely, feel that it will open to them an easier and more 
dignified career ; and it is possible that there are a few 
(although we certainly hope not many, if any, in New 
Hampshire) who desire to get into congress for the 
reason that the brilliant Sheridan said he wanted to go 
to the British parliament, and that was, " he should not 
then be subject to arrest." 

But whatever may have been, or may be, the motive 
that urges the lawyer to abandon litigation for legisla- 
tion, it is certain that civilization and humanity have 
been benefited, and will be helped, by the advocate's 
influence in the grave affairs of state. It is only neces- 
sary to examine what has been accomplished in improv- 
ing the administration of the law in England since Vic- 
toria ascended the throne, and the instrumentalities 
which have brought it about, to see to what extent that 
government has been benefited by the presence in her 

The Advocate and his Influence. i6y 

legislative halls of distinguished lawyers. It has been 
said of this change, that "All the procedure, equitable,, 
legal, and criminal, much of the substance of equity,. 
law, and justice, as we understand the word, is gone. 
Law had a different meaning fifty years ago ; equity 
hardly had any meaning at all ; justice had an ugly 
sound." It stirs the blood with indignation to read of 
the delays, perplexities, stratagems, and intrigues which, 
a half a century ago, were successful in keeping suitors 
out of their rights in the English courts. A law-suit, in 
those days, was absolute ruin to honest litigants. It was 
a vicious trap, and caught in its deadly grip many vic- 
tims. The reform in the administration of the law under 
the reign of Victoria has been radical, and highly bene- 

It is the habit of each generation to feel that it is bet- 
ter and brighter than any of its predecessors, and as its 
advocates always take the liberty to close all discussions 
in which the question is mooted, they generally have 
the best of the argument. That each successive decade 
should show progress in everything that pertains to right 
living and good and desirable results cannot be doubted. 
In an age when every failure and the causes that pro- 
duce it, and every success and the method of its attain- 
ment, are forever preserved on the printed page ; and 
with a record of constantly accumulating experiments- 
and experiences, of each great achievement followed by 
another still more important, and of rapidly increasing 
evidences that the forces of nature, if rightly utilized,. 
may yet become more powerful and obedient, as the 
servants of mankind, — the tremendous advantage of the 
present over the past, the vast inducements for work and 
energy, and the greatness of possible discoveries are 
plainly apparent. It is impossible to survey this great 
field of invention, discovery, and progress, which have 
added so much to human comfort, wisdom, and knowl- 

i6S TJie Advocate and his Influence. 

•edge, without feeling that Shelley, after all, was not 
very far from stating the truth when he said that "The 
Almighty had given men arms long enough to reach the 
stars, if they would only put them out." 

It cannot be denied that many of the more important 
reforms and improvements which have almost completely 
remodelled and greatly helped and purified society, secur- 
ing a more certain protection of law to person and property 
and a better government, have originated, or been put in 
force, since the beginning of the present century. Indeed, 
much of all this has been accomplished during the last 
fifty years ; and what is more to our present purpose 
is the fact that to the influence of great advocates can be 
directly attributed many of these reforms. Slavery, 
public executions, the pillory, and imprisonment for debt 
"have all gone. To the unsurpassed advocacy of great 
lawyers, and great laymen as well, we must ascribe the 
death of slavery. Before the earnest eloquence of Garri- 
son and Lincoln, and our own matchless advocates, 
Nathaniel P. Rogers and John P. Hale, it disappeared, 
never to return ; while to the imperial oratory of O'Con- 
nell and Sheridan and a long list of European advocates 
must be given much of the credit that is due for the 
increased freedom of their race, and for the breaking 
down of those iron rules of tyranny, long prevalent in 
their courts, by which "justice was strangled in the nets 
of form." 

Brougham, a lawyer and advocate of surpassing vigor 
and inexhaustible learning, although possessing many 
faults, easily leading in his generation the English bar, 
upon entering parliament led in a masterly work. He 
purged the Court of Chancery of countless abuses; he 
•wielded giant blows against human slavery ; he cham- 
pioned with great power popular education ; he was fore- 
most among the advocates for reforms intended to lift, 
.as much as possible from the shoulders of his great con- 

The Advocate and his Influence. i6g> 

stituency, burdens that had been borne for centuries,, 
evils that had grown up and become fixed by inexorable 
custom ; — and to this powerful and somewhat erratic, 
advocate we are indebted for some of the most beneficial 
of the law reforms of the present century. 

GambetU, a great lawyer and an advocate of infinite 
grace and eloquence, gifted to an extraordinary degree,, 
possessing tremendous courage and unbounded audacity, 
in a single day became famous, stepping from the limited 
arena of the court-room and the gaze of admiring juries 
to the confrontment of the excited populace of France. 
In a little court-room in the -palais de justice, before the 
correctional court, in the celebrated Baudin prosecution, 
and in the presence of a few newspaper reporters and 
interested spectators, in a burning passion and magnifi- 
cent speech, he indignantly arraigned the head of the 
second empire as a betrayer of important trusts and 
" the destroyer of the liberties of France." So vehement 
and overpowering w r as his Philippic, that neither the 
imperial advocate nor the court could stop or moderate 
his fiery and immortal words. His client, the proprietor 
of a newspaper of Paris, had been arrested for publish- 
ing something not agreeable to the throne, and the 
prosecution was for violating the press laws then in 
vogue, — laws which completely degraded and destroyed 
the liberties of the people in this respect. Trial by jury 
for press offences had been abolished. It was not a jury 
of twelve men whom Gambetta, the lawyer advocate, 
addressed, neither was it the little criminal court estab- 
lished in the interests of the reigning power ; but he 
spoke to forty millions of -people, many of whom were 
eagerly looking for a voice whose power was capable of 
expressing their indignation at the destruction and sub- 
version of sacred rights; and the masterly arraignment 
of this, till then, comparatively unknown advocate, rang 
through the whole empire. The electric effect of his 

170 The Advocate and his Influence. 

eloquence appalled his opponents, and attached to his 
following all lovers of liberty. He at once became, and 
until death remained, one of the most conspicuous fig- 
ures in Europe ; and to the influence of his powers of 
speech and his resistless advocacy is attributable the 
repeal of the most obnoxious statutes that ever disgraced 
the legislation of France. 

It would be easy, but it is not necessary, to give other 
prominent instances of the powerful influence of distin- 
guished advocates in effecting great changes in the law 
that have greatly contributed to its improvement and to 
the progress of humanity. 

A proposition is to be made to the British parliament, 
now in session, for the abolition of all remedies for breach 
of promise of marriage ; and it is a significant fact that the 
lawyers on both sides of the house are foremost in the 
demand for a radical change, if not an entire abandon- 
ment of the law. England, Germanv, and the United 
States are the only countries that tolerate actions for 
breach of promise on account of wounded feelings. Italy, 
Holland, Austria, and France afford no remedy for vio- 
lating a promise of marriage, except when " followed by 
betrayal." It is a fact which is not very creditable to the 
jury system, that pretty and fascinating female plaintiffs 
not infrequently obtain verdicts for breaches of promise 
that are wholly unjust. This is conspicuously so in the 
great centres where there are families of well known 
wealth, and the leading advocates of both continents 
are substantially agreed in demanding a modification or 
repeal of all laws upon the subject. 

In an address of great interest and value, delivered by 
the Hon. James C. Carter, of New York, before the 
American Bar Association at its last annual meeting, is 
the following admirable statement of the origin of law, 
and how it is made, in cases where there is no statute 
upon the subject. " All the knowledge, therefore, which 

The Advocate and his Influence. 17 1 

we really have of the law comes from the judge. But 
how does he get at the law? Does he make it? If he 
did, it would be his command, and he would be the sov- 
ereign, which would be, itself, fatal to the theory. Any 
such imputation of sovereignty to the judge would be 
contrary to the observed and manifest fact. No such 
function was ever yet assumed by a judge, either openly 
or tacitly. The exercise of any such power would be 
ground for his impeachment. We all know the method 
by which he ascertains the law. . . Let us examine 
the process. . . . It is agreed that the true rule must 
be somehow found. Judge and advocates — all together — 
engage in the search. Cases more or less nearly ap- 
proaching the one in controversy are adduced. Anal- 
ogies are referred to. The customs and habits of men 
are appealed to. Principles already settled as funda- 
mental are invoked, and run out to their consequences; 
and finally a rule is deduced which is declared to be the 
one which the existing law requires to be applied to the 

That there should be no such thing as judge-made law, 
there can be no doubt. The court has really no discre- 
tion in strictly legal questions ; but there has grown up, 
in this country, a practice in the courts, and nowhere 
more marked and effective than in New Hampshire, of 
applying, wherever it is possible, equitable principles in 
the decision of important legal questions. The courts 
endeavor to sandwich into their decisions those just rules 
which are so important to the protection of suitors. Paul 
says., "The law is good if a man use it lawfully." 
Courts strive to see that the law is Used lawfully— that 
what was intended to be, and is, a solid and safe legal prin- 
ciple, if used as it should be, does not become an engine 
of oppression and injustice. That the cold, technical 
rules of law, in the hands of designing and unscrupulous 
men, can be made to work immense harm, is a fact with- 

172 Hie Advocate a?id his Influence. 

n the knowledge of every lawyer of any considerable 
practice; and it can be said to the honor of American 
jurisprudence, that its highest aim is to secure to every 
human being exact and impartial justice ; that merit 
and not malice shall prevail; and above all, that " he 
that hath committed iniquity shall not have equity;" and 
in this purpose the great advocates of the world are work- 
ing in full and powerful sympathy with the courts. 

There are two methods of making law — litigation and 
legislation. Both are expensive, and to some extent un- 
satisfactory. Both are engaging th e attention of a vast 
army of workers. The former employs, in the United 
States alone, seventy thousand lawyers, several hundred 
judges, and many courts ; and notwithstanding their assi- 
duity, suitors are compelled to wait long and patiently 
for results. Legislation is carried on by forty-two states 
and five territories, besides the National Congress ; and 
that they are prolific bodies is shown by the fact that 
these states in 18S9 passed ten thousand laws, with five 
hundred more by congress. Many of these statutes, of 
course, were merely of local interest, while many others 
are known to be hasty and ill-considered legislation ; and 
all signify work for advocates and courts, in ferreting" 
out their meaning and application. Notwithstanding 
this tremendous multitude of statutes, our legislature is at 
this moment working hard to add to the accumulation ; 
and, unfortunately? we have no longer the protection of 
the brave Gen. Marston, who for years stood at the door 
of the judiciary room and with his deadly hammer 
knocked in the head many a legislative bantling, very 
much to the relief of courts and people. 

But in spite of all this constant legislation, and although 
hundreds of courts, all over the land, are engaged in 
evolving legal decisions which in some cases clash with 
each other, the administration of the great science of law- 
has immensely improved during the period I am consid- 

The Advocate and his Influence. 173 

ering. Courts are enlarging, as already stated, their 
equity powers, and are looking more and more to what 
is just and right ; and it seldom occurs that technicalities 
are allowed to defeat the ends of justice : but there is yet 
room for vast improvement in the administration of the 
law, even in the United States- The time will come, — for 
it is imperative that it should, — when it will be admin- 
istered with more promptness, efficiency, cheapness, and 
certaint} T than it now is. 

There are still, particularly in the Federal courts, disas- 
trous delays in determining causes ; and the fact is so noto- 
rious, that many compromises are forced and much injus- 
tice done. It is current of one litigant, that he insisted 
upon making a settlement clearly unfair to his own inter- 
ests, rather than invest in what he called " Supreme 
Court futures :" and it is hoped that the bill for the relief 
of the Supreme Court of the United States, now before 
congress, will become a law ; but the fact that it is 
unanimously deemed a desirable and meritorious mea- 
sure, is not sufficient to warrant its enactment. 

Almost every attorney-general of the United States, for 
the last twenty years, has called the attention of congress 
to the necessity of a radical change in the pleadings and 
forms now essential in prosecuting the criminal business 
of the general government. Indictments must be drawn 
after the old common-law rule, that prevailed so far back 
that " The memory of man runneth not to the contrary," 
and in language well calculated to conceal, rather than 
make clear, the charge, and with so much verbosity and 
so many technicalities, that neither' court, prisoner, nor 
jury can comprehend their meaning without careful and 
long continued study. The whole path over which the 
prosecution must travel is hedged about with delays, 
technical objections, and dilatory motions, which are 
almost sure to prevent a speedy trial. These legal quib- 
bles and senseless obtrusions are a positive hindrance 

174 The Advocate and his Influence. 

to the administration of justice. They should be swept 
away as relics of an age not at all in harmony with the 
practical business methods of the present, and give place 
to plain, simple rules of procedure which go to the sub- 
stance and merit of the causes. There never was any 
utility in such long-winded monstrosities. The whole 
system never had any foundation in reason. It may be 
characterized, as Judge Ladd did the old common-law 
rule, which happily prevails no longer in New Hamp- 
shire, that, without the word " heirs*' in a deed, a fee 
simple in land cannot pass. He says, — 

" I venture to affirm that since the revolution by w r hich 
the house of Stuart was finally excluded from the British 
throne, when most of the'shackles which feudalism had 
riveted upon the tenure of lands throughout the kingdom 
were removed, not a reason, nor the semblance of a 
reason, growing out of the condition and wants of soci- 
ety, the progress of civilization, the exigencies of trade, 
or the analogies of the law r , can be found in its support in 
any country or state where the common law has been 
used. ... In the nature of things the word is no 
more necessary to the valid conveyance of land than to 
the valid conveyance of a horse. Its use was necessary 
in the scheme of a semi-barbarous institution, a vast 
engine of slavery and oppression, an instrument of vio- 
lence and disorder, which had no better security for its 
continued existence than superiority of brute^ force, and 
which was swept away upon the dawn of a better civili- 
zation more than five hundred years ago." 1 

But Congress has, been too busy, or too tired, to purge 
the statute books of these rules in criminal procedure, 
which are simply ancient relics of sham learning, and 
which should no longer occupy the attention of man- 

When the fact appears as it is said to be, that more 

1 See Cole v. Lake Co., 34 N. H., pp. 279, 2S9. 

The Advocate and his Influence, 175 

men are lynched in the United States than are " exe- 
cuted by the mandates of the courts," and when an open 
defiance of law and order in many great centres is not 
infrequently heard, it goes without saying that there is 
work to be done to the end that the future maybe secure. 
If this nation shall ever meet with the doom predicted 
by those who challenge its permanency, one of the agen- 
cies by which it will be effected will be a contempt and 
disregard of law ; and the time now is when the Ameri- 
can people must inculcate and insist upon a deep rev- 
erence for law and its administration. In this great 
field of usefulness the advocate will still find an oppor- 
tunity to make his influence felt. His work in the past 
in this regard has been of supreme importance to the 
nation. Mr. Justice Harlan, in an address on the occa- 
sion of the centennial celebration of the organization of 
the Federal judiciary, thus complimented the bar of the 
United States : " The Temple of Justice which has been 
reared in this fair land is largely the work of our law- 
yers. If there be security of life, liberty, and property, 
it is because the lawyers of America have not been un- 
mindful of their obligations as ministers of justice. Search 
the history of every state in' the Union, and* it will be 
found that they have been foremost in all movements 
having for their object the maintenance of the law against 
violence and anarchy, — the preservation of the just rights 
both of the government and the people." 

But it seems the field of advocacy is to be occupied, to 
some extent, at least, by the fair sex, as it is now no un- 
common occurrence to have women admitted to the prac- 
tice of the law ; and gentlemen of the bar must look to 
their laurels. They have been striving with commend- 
able enterprise for many a day to get in, and they have 
succeeded because no good reason could be given for 
keeping them out. Their natural qualifications for the 
business of talking has long been conceded. Even John 

176 The Advocate and his Influence, 

Milton understood their skill in this regard ; and when 
asked if he would have his daughters instructed in the 
various languages, the old poet replied with spirit, " No, 
sir ! one tongue is sufficient for a woman ;" and nobody 
has ever seen fit to question the wisdom or accuracy of 
the statement. It is a curious fact that Buxtorf, in his 
Hebrew Lexicon, finds our first mother's name "Eve n 
from a root signifying to talk ; and it has been claimed 
for woman, what she is sometimes disposed to deny, and 
what " perhaps is not sufficiently in her valued," that she 
possesses the high command of talk ; and candor com- 
pels me to say that if I were required to name those whom 
I regarded as the most eloquent of living orators, I should 
deem myself false to the facts if I failed to place in the 
renowned column the name of Mary A. Livermore, as 
well as several other famous x\merican women. 

The gift of speech is a splendid endowment which God 
has given to man alone. Its cultivation often produces 
eloquence, and by it man may show his splendid powers ; 
its abuse brings disgrace and dishonor ; while its judi- 
cious use crowns him with a kingdom. A single elo- 
quent thought, opportunely spoken, has established his 
fate, and placed him as a peer of kings and princes. 
He who possesses this gift to any remarkable degree has 
that which gold cannot purchase ; he has a power and an 
influence which move the heart of his fellow-men, and 
the gifted and great 4i 6do him homage." By the exercise 
of this power verdicts are won, senates are moved, 
armies are controlled, and the world governed. 

An eloquent thought never dies. And so great ora- 
tors are touched with a fame that shines through dim 
ages, and lives when monuments of stone and brass are 
crumbled to dust. Caesar and Cicero, names as familiar 
to us as our own, living in an age before our Saviour, 
corrupt in many things, yet, being gifted in speech, are 
among the names we count immortal. ./Esop, a slave, 

TJic Advocate and his Influence. ijj 

though ugly in his personal appearance, and a cripple, 
uttered fables that have come down to us through more 
than two thousand years and are rehearsed by school- 
boys to-day. To be an orator, to be able to sway the 
minds of men, to touch emotions that slumber and rouse 
the soul that sleeps, is among the grandest achievements 
of man. Indeed, talk in its various forms has always 
been one- of the chief agencies that rule the world. 

But it is gravely asserted that in these modern times 
the press has taken the place of oratory ; that it is amply 
equal to the suppression of all evils ; that its supremacy 
over all other moulding and moving forces is a foregone 
fact ; that the profession of the advocate has seen its day ; 
that the glamour and the glory that for all time have been 
thrown over the great profession have disappeared never to 
return ; that great causes and great human struggles for 
liberty have been settled ; and that there is no occasion 
now for agitation, for invective, for bitter sarcasm, for 
fervid appeals, for burning eloquence. 

. It is indeed true that only rarely in the march of the 
ages are there occasions of such momentous import as 
roused Grattan in the Irish Parliament, Pitt in the House 
of Commons, Thiers in the French Assembly, or Patrick 
Henry in the Colonial Congress. It may never again be 
the lot of the American advocate to grapple with so 
stupendous a wrong as American slavery, to abolish 
which there came to the forefront scores of grand ora- 
tors, among whom were Lincoln, whose Gettysburg 
speech Emerson pronounced one of the seven greatest 
speeches of the world, and Seward and Sumner, and 
Hale and Phillips, whose matchless eloquence was thun- 
dered into every nook and corner of the whole earth 
where the English tongue is spoken, or where lofty, 
sublime, and heroic thought is revered; but if it be true, 
as Berquier claims, that " advocacy is the growth of lib- 
erty, and where there has been freedom there have been 

178 The Advocate and his Influence. 

advocates, " the end of the great profession is not yet. 
If liberty and freedom beget orators and advocates, we 
have yet but touche.d the threshold of human eloquence. 
The time will never be when the press will supplant 
the platform and the pulpit ; when the printed brief will 
take the place of oral argument ; or when the trial of 
facts will be carried on with printers' ink. The power 
of the spoken word is still to wield its magic influence 
over the feelings and the wills of men ; it will continue to 
sway the multitude, and shape the thought and affect the 
action of courts and juries and senates ; and its resistless 
charm will never be broken so long as human voices 
possess the marvellous power of revealing the feelings, 
'the impulses, the thoughts, the hopes, the longings, the 
aspirations, and the convictions of the brain and heart 
of humanity. 




Jtjdiciaby Committee, Jan. 28, 1891. 

Gentlemen of the Judiciary Committee ; 

The object of temperance legislation is, or ought to he, to 
reduce the sale aud use of intoxicating liquors. The object 
of the Nuisance Act is, to assist in the enforcement of the 
Prohibitory Law. 

In order to discuss the merits of the Nuisance Act, I feel 
obliged to discuss first, briefly, the merits of the Prohibitory 
Law itself. It is admitted that the Prohibitory Law would be 
better than a License Law. provided it could be enforced. It is 
claimed that it cannot be enforced, and that therefore a 
License Law would be a more effective weapon in fighting 
the liquor traffic. 

I assert that the Prohibitory Law is being enforced better 
and better as the years go by. In 1879 we had 180 prisoners 
in our state prison, 27 of whom were temperate and 153 in- 
temperate ; ten years later we had 110 prisoners, 36 of whom 
were temperate and 74 intemperate, — thus showing that there 
were less than half as many prisoners in our prison in '89 as 
there were ten years before, on account of drink. 

While our prisoners diminished 40 per cent, during these ten 
years, in Massachusetts with its Local Option License Laws the 
number of prisoners during the same time more than doubled. 
I also find that there were in 1889 about four times as many 
criminals in the prisons of Massachusetts, per capita, as there 
were in the prisous of New Hampshire, thus showing that 

i8o Argument of 

under the Prohibitory Law drunkenness and crime in New 
Hampshire diminished largely during this decade, while it 
more than doubled in Massachusetts under a High License 

I think I am safe in saying that the Prohibitory Law in 
New Hampshire has a good influence in every town and city 
in the state. In some cities and towns it does not seem to 
have any influence; and yet I And that in the year ending 
Sept. 30, 1890, there were 1,278 arrests for drunkenness in 
the city of Manchester, while in the city of Lawrence for the 
year ending May 1, 1890, there were 1,486 arrests for drunk- 
enness. The two cities are very much alike in the character 
of their population and business. The population of Law- 
rence is less than 1§ per cent, more than the population of 
Manchester, while the number of arrests for drunkenness, 
under a very High License Law, is more than 16 per cent, 
more than in the city of Manchester. 

I find, too, by careful examination of many of the reports 
from the cities of Massachusetts, that whenever they vote no 
license the number of arrests is largely diminished. For in- 
stance, Worcester, under high license (from 61,000 to 61,500 
apiece), for the three months ending July 1, 1889, had 678 
arrests for drunkenness, and for the three months ending- 
July 31, 1890, under no license, had 332 arrests for drunken- 

The city of Fitchburg, for the three months ending July 
31, 1889, had 164 arrests for drunkenness under the. high 
license system, and for the three months ending July 31, 
1890, had 81 arrests for drunkenness under no license. 

The city of Lowell, notwithstanding the Dracut 68,000 
licensed saloon, had only 540 arrests for drunkenness in the 
three months ending July 31, 1890, under no license ; while 
in the three months ending July 31, 1889, under the license 
system, they had 926 arrests for same cause. 

And I assert, from all information I have been able to 
obtain from any quarter, anywhere, under any circumstances, 
whether favorable or unfavorable, that the number of arrests 

■>■■ ■. 

Ex-Governor Goodell. 181 

for drunkenness has been vastly less under the no license sys- 
tem than under any license system, whether the licenses were 
high or low, or whatever restrictions there may have been 
placed upon them. 

There never has been, so far as I have been able to learn, 
a single instance where this result has not been shown. 

A gentleman who spoke strongly in the legislature of 1889 
in favor of the repeal of the Prohibitory Law, admitted to me 
in private conversation that he had no doubt the facts were 
on our side. 

The Nuisance Act does assist in the enforcement of the 
Prohibitory Law. I, myself, requested a certain person to 
stop the sale of liquor. He promised faithfully to do so, but 
did not keep his word. I had him arrested twice, and upon 
his admission that he had broken the law, and his earnest 
entreaty for mercy, and his positive agreement to go out of 
the business, I released him without further prosecution ; but 
as he did not keep his word, I had him arretted a third time, 
tried as common seller, and sent to jail under the Prohibitory 
Law. He was pardoned by the governor, after signing an 
agreement, which was lodged with the secretary of state, that 
he would never sell liquor again in New Hampshire. Not- 
withstanding all that, he continued the business. 

In June, 1888, I got an injunction served upon him and his 
house under the Nuisance Act, and from that time to this I 
have no reason to believe that he has sold liquor. 

Instances of this kind have been numerous in different 
parts of the state. 

But it is said that an injunction upon a building injures 
its value. I see no reason for this statement. 

It is contrary to law for any man to rent a building for the 
unlawful sale of intoxicating liquors. No injunction can be 
served upon a building, under the law. that is not used for 
unlawful purposes. If it is used for that purpose and the 
injunction is served upon the owner and the building, the 
owner suffers no loss and no injury whatever until he has 
broken the law a second time. The injunction' has no effect 

1 82 Argument of 

upon him or upon his building, except so far as it is used for 
unlawful purposes. 

No one would say that it was an injury to the man's prop- 
erty to have an injunction served upon it to prevent its being- 
used for gambling, or for the concealment of stolen goods, or 
for any other unlawful purpose of that kind; why, then, 
should there be any claim made that property was injured 
because the firm hand of the law was placed upon it to pre- 
vent its being used for the unlawful sale of liquor ? 

This Nuisance Law seems to be dreaded more by liquor 
dealers than any other law ever enacted, because it makes the 
Prohibitory Law so much more effective. If it is repealed, it 
is a step towards the repeal of the Prohibitory Law. 

Good judges always have said that this was the most effec- 
tive temperance legislation ever placed upon our statute 

An eminent member of the Supreme Court said to me some 
time ago substantially as follows : '-The Nuisance Law is the 
law that has got teeth in it." 

One of the ablest lawyers in the state, a member of the 
legislature of 1889, after finding that the legislature would 
not repeal the Prohibitory law, said, to a member of that legis- 
lature who stated the conversation to me, substantially as fol- 
lows : We can get along with the prohibitory law because we 
can usually make out a case as one of the first offence and 
pay a small fine ; but we must get rid of this Nuisance Act, 
for that is the law that gets hold and hangs on. 

A man who is engaged in a business knows better what 
affects his business for good or ill than any other person, and 
consequently I have great confidence in the opinion of a dis- 
tinguished member of the Senate of 1889 on this question, 
who urged a fellow-senator in the session of 1889 to vote to 
repeal the Nuisance Act, because, said he, addressing his 
friend, "It will do you no damage, and it will be a great 
advantage to my business." 

Inasmuch as the Prohibitory Law is growing in its effi- 
ciency from year to year, and is being enforced in many 

Ex-Governor Goo del L 183 

towns to-day where it was not enforced a few r years ago, and 
as the Nuisance Act has been a great assistance in the en- 
forcement of this law, and since the effect of the general legis- 
lation of our state has been marvellously good as compared 
with other legislation in other states, it would seem that the 
repeal of any of these laws must come, not because of a desire 
to promote the cause of temperance and reduce the sale of 
liquor, but for some other purpose. 

This bill to repeal the Nuisance Act was introduced by a 
gentleman from Portsmouth. I am not aware that Ports- 
mouth has yet suffered in anyway from the enforcement of 
this law. I am glad to learn, however, that an effort has been 
made during the past few months to enforce the Prohibitory 
Law, even there, on the Lord's day. Possibly there may be 
some friends of the saloon in that city who fear the efficiency 
of the Nuisance Act in the future. 

I therefore appeal to you, in the name of the temperance 
men and women of the State of New Hampshire, to oppose the 
passage of this bill, or, any other bill which will in any way 
reduce the efficiency of our present temperance legislation. 

Goffstovtx, Jan. 26, 1891. 
D. H. Goodale, Esq. : 

Honorable Sir: I do not see how I can be at Concord 
Wednesday. If I were to be there I should be puzzled to know 
what to say. The necessity of that law, and its power when 
enforced, are so apparent that to repeal it is without excuse. 

I have heard of no petition asking for its repeal. I am cer- 
tain no temperance man would sign such. 

Would its repeal lessen the number of places where evil is 
done for gain? 

Is there anything that the law my% that justifies its repeal? 

It declares gambling-piaces nuisances. Is that why it 
should be struck from the statute-book? It declares houses 
of ill-fame nuisances. Does the legislature propose to say 
they are not? It declares places where liquors are illegally 

184 Argument of 

sold nuisances. Will the legislature say they are not? No 
one suggests its repeal for either of the two first reasons. Is 
the illegal sale of liquors less an offence against law than 
gambling or prostitution ? 

These are all the offences that this act relates to. Which 
one of them is surrounded with such sacred ness that this law 
must be repealed ? 

The law says that either of these offences may be sup- 
pressed by petition to the court. Is there anything in this 
objectionable ? You live in a city or village, — own your house 
there. Your next neighbor, not one hundred feet from you, 
perhaps, rents his house for one of these purposes. Do you 
object to a law by which you can drive him from the busi- 
ness, and protect your property and your family from the 

The court has decided that what this law says is constitu- 
tional, and has prescribed the way for its enforcement. Inter- 
preted by that decision, the law is too mild rather than too 
severe ; and as men to whom the interests of the state are for 
the time committed, the legislature should amend by allowing 
the petition to be signed by a less number, say five, instead of 
twenty, and authorize the selectmen of towns, as well as the 
solicitor of the county, to commence proceedings. 

If the repeal is not asked for because of what it says, it 
must be because of what it does. 

What is its action? It suppresses no legal business. It 
injures no law-abiding citizen. It has been the means of 
sending some men to jail; but; in every case the man deserved 
his -fate. 

Its very existence, as law. is a wholesome restraint. It has 
closed up some places of evil. It has never caused one to be 
opened. It has compelled evil-doers to conceal their busi- 
ness. Before this law was enacted, liquor-ellers displayed 
their goods in windows and doors, hung out their signs to 
public view, and advertised their business in the papers. 
They do none of these things now. 

Have the attempts to enforce the law injured the towns 

Ex-Governor Goodell, 185: 

and cities where the attempt has been made? Let the census- 
report answer. 

It was attempted in Dover, and there the population in- 
creased from 11,687 to 12,790. — over 1,100. 

It was tried in Concord, and the population increased from- 
13,845 to 17,004,— over 3.000. 

. It was tried in Nashua, and the population increased front 
13,397 to 19,311,— almost 6,000. 

It was tried in Manchester, and the population increased 
from 32,630 to 44.126— a gain of 11,500. 

It was not tried in Portsmouth, and that liquor-enslaved, 
beer-benumbed city increased 137. The little town of Hill 
came within 1-0 of equalling it. The staid old town of Bos- 
cawen came within 20 of it. In its own county, Derry v 
Epping, Exeter, Hampton, Newmarket, and Northwood beat 
it, while away up in mountainous Coos, Berlin, Carroll, Cole- 
brook, Gorham, Jefferson. Lancaster, Milan. Northumberland, 
and Whitefield beat it from 50 to 2,000. There is hardly a 
town in the state, having within its borders a shoe-shop or 
a sash and blind factory, that has not made more progress — 
and does Portsmouth ask for the repeal of this law? 

The law has not, and cannot, injure an innocent man. It 
simply enjoins one against the doing of either of three illegal 
things. An injunction against a man, forbidding him to sell 
liquor, does him no harm if he sells no liquor. An injunction 
against a landlord and his building does no injury to him or 
his building if he does not use or rent it for illegal purposes. 

Again: An injunction does not stick to the man, — it does 
not -follow him. It forbids his doing that evil thing in that 
place. He can move to the next door, and leave the injunc- 
tion behind him. But an injunction against an owner, for- 
bidding the use of his building for an illegal purpose, sticks to 
the building. Hence, the landlord fears the law; and those 
who want to rent for these purposes desire the law's repeal. 
Is it a good reason for granting their wish that the noose of 
the halter is around the neck of the wealthy ? 

This law is not strange or uncommon, nor is it a peculiar- 

I S6 Argument of Ex-Governor Goodell. 

ity of states having prohibition laws. It exists side by side 
with license laws. This statute is almost a verbatim cop}' of 
a similar law in Massachusetts. The state surrenders its 
sovereignty when it repeals a law upon the demand of its 

The times demand courage — the courage of convictions. 
More law, not less ; more enforcement, not less, — is what is 
needed. The power and efficiency of any law depend largely 
upon its stability. Let it be known that this act is upon the 
statute book to remain, and from that moment its restraining 
influence will be greatly increased. Law abiding citizens will 
be encouraged, and those whose duty it is to enforce law will 
be more ready and more efficient in their action. 

No reason can be assigned for the repeal of this law that 
cannot be urged for the repeal of any law. 

This law is better in some respects than any new law can 
be. Doubtful questions arising under it have been judicially 
determined. Its modus operandi has been settled. It is now 
in good condition for use. Its terrible possibilities hang 
over the liquor interest. They see and fear them. They do 
not want to feel them. Their opposition should be the law's 

We cannot afford to go backward. 

The law is a good law, designed only for a good end. It 
has in its operation accomplished good, and good only. It is 
well enough. Let it alone ! 

I am very truly yours, 





Before the N. H. Historical Society, April 24, 1888, 

On the 29th day of October. 1SS7, a statue erected to the 
memory of Leif, the son of Erik, the discoverer of America, 
was unveiled in the city of Boston, in the presence of a large 
assembly of citizens. The statue is of bronze, a little larger 
than life-size, and represents the explorer standing upon the 
prow of his ship, shading his eyes with his hand, and gazing 
towards the west. This monument 1 suggests the subject to 
which I wish to call your attention, viz., the story of the dis- 
covery of this continent by the Scandinavians nearly nine hun- 
dred years ago. 

I must here ask your indulgence for the statement of a few 
preliminary historical facts in order thafwe may have a clear 
understanding of this discovery. 

About the middle of the ninth century, Harald Haarfager, or 
the fair-haired, came to the throne of Norway. He was a 
young and handsome prince, endowed with great energy of 
will and many personal attractions. It is related that he fell 
in love with a beautiful princess. His addresses were, how- 
ever,*coolly rejected with the declaration that when he became 
king of Norway in reality, and not merely in name, she would 

1 If it be admitted, as it is almost universally, that the Scandinavians came to this 
continent in the last part of the tenth or file early part of the eleventh century, it is 

1 88 The Discovery of America. 

give him both her heart and her hand. This admonition was 
not disregarded by the young king. The thirty-one principal- 
ities into which Norway was at that time divided were in a 
few years subjugated, and the petty chieftains or princes who 
ruled over them became obedient to the royal authority. The 
despotic rule, however, of the king was so irritating and 
oppressive that many of them sought homes of greater freedom 
in the inhospitable islands of the northern seas. Among- the 
rest, Iceland, having been discovered a short time before, was 
colonized by them. This event occurred about the year 874. 
Notwithstanding the severity of the climate and the sterility of 
the soil, the colony rapidly increased in numbers and wealth, 
and an active commerce sprung up with the mother country, 
and was successfully maintained. At the end of a century, 
they had pushed their explorations still farther, and Greenland 
was discovered, and a colony was planted there, which con- 
tinued to flourish for a long period. 

About the year 9S5, a young, enterprising, and prosperous 
navigator, who had been accustomed to carry on a trade between 
Iceland and Norway, on returning from the latter in the sum- 
mer of the year, found that his father had left Iceland some 
time before his arrival, to join a new colony which had been 
then recently planted in Greenland. This young merchant, 
who bore the name of Bjarni, disappointed at not finding his 
father in Iceland, determined to proceed on and pass the com- 
ing winter with him at the new colony in Greenland. Having 
obtained what information he could as to the geographical 
position of Greenland, this intrepid navigator accordingly set 
sail in his little barque, with a small number of men, in an 
unknown and untried sea, guided in his course only by the 
sun, moon, and other heavenlv bodies. 1 After • sailing three 
days they entirely lost sight of land. A north wind sprung 
up, accompanied with a dense fog, which utterly shrouded the 
heavens from their view, and left them at the mercy of the 

eminently fitting that a suitable monument should mark and emphasize the event. 
And it seems equally fitting that it should be placed in Boston, the metropolis of New- 
England, since- it simply commemorates the event of their coming, but h> not intended 
to indicate their land-fall, or the place of their temporary abode. 

iThe mariner's compass was not discovered till the twelfth or thirteenth century. 

The Discovery of America. 189 

winds and the waves. Thus helpless, they were borne along 
for many days in an open and trackless ocean, they knew not 
whither. At length the fog cleared away, the blue sky 
appeared, and soon after the}' came in sight of land. On 
approaching near to it, they observed that it had a low, undu- 
lating surface, was without mountains, and was thickly cov- 
ered with v. ood. It was obviously not the Greenland for 
which they were searching. Bearing away and leaving the 
land on the west, after sailing two days, they again came in 
sight of land. This was likewise flat and well wooded, but 
could not be Greenland, as that had been described to them as 
having very high snow-capped hills. Turning their prow 
from the land and launching out into the open sea, after a sail 
of three days, they came in sight of another country having a 
flat, rocky foreground, and mountains beyond with ice-clad 
summits. This was unlike Greenland as it had been described 
to them. They did not even lower their sails. They, how- 
ever, subsequently found it to be an island. Continuing on 
their course, after sailing four days they came to Greenland, 
where Bjarni found his father, with whom he made his per- 
manent abode. 

This accidental discovery of lands hitherto unknown, and 
farther west than Greenland, and differing in important features 
from any countries with which they were familiar, awakened 
a very deep interest wherever the story was rehearsed. Bjarni 
was criticised, and blamed for not having made a thorough 
exploration and for bringing back such a meagre account of 
what he had "seen. But while these discoveries were the fre- 
quent subject of conversation, both in Norway and in the colo- 
nies of Iceland and Greenland, it was not until fifteen years 
had elapsed that any serious attempt was made to verify the 
statement of Bjarni, or to secure any advantages from what he 
had discovered. 

About the year 1000, Leif, the son of Erik, an early colonist 
of Greenland, determined to conduct an expedition in search of 
the new lands which had been seen on the accidental voyage of 
Bjarni. He accordingly fitted out a ship, and manned it with 
thirty-five men. Shaping their course by the direction and 

1 90 The Dtscoz y ety of A in erica . 

advice of Bjarni, their first discovery was the country which 
Bjarni had seen last. On going ashore they saw no grass, but 
what appeared to be a plain of fiat stones stretching back to 
icy mountains in the distance. They named it flat-stone land, 
or Helluland. 

Again proceeding on their voyage, they came to another 
land which was flat, covered with wood, with low, white, 
sandy shores, answering to the second country seen by Bjarni. 
Having landed and made a personal inspection, they named 
the place woodland, or Markland. 

Sailing once more into the open sea with a north-east wind, 
at the end of two days they came to a third country, answering 
to that which Bjarni had first seen. They landed upon an 
island situated at the mouth of a river. They left their ship in 
a sound between the island and the river. The water was 
shallow, and the receding tide soon left their ship on the beach. 
As soon, however, as their ship was lifted by the rising tide, 
they floated it into the river, and from thence into a lake, or an 
expansion of the river above its mouth. Here they landed and 
constructed temporary dwellings, but having decided to pass 
the winter, they proceeded to erect buildings for their more 
ample accommodation. Thev found abundance of fish in the 
waters, the climate mild, and the nature of the country such 
that they thought cattle would not even require feeding or 
shelter in winter. They observed that day and night were 
more equal than in Greenland or Iceland. The sun was above 
the horizon on the shortest day, if we may accept the interpre- 
tation of learned Icelandic scholars 1 , from half past seven in 

1 This statement rests on the interpretation of Professor Finn Magnusen, for which 
see " The Voyages of the Northmen to America," Prince Socely's ed, pp. 34, 126. Bos- 
ton, 1877. The general description of the climate and the products of the soil are in 
harmony with this interpretation, but it has nevertheless been questioned. Other 
Icelandic writers differ from him, and make the latitude of the land-fall of Leif at 
49° 55'> instead of 41° 43' 10", as computed by Magnusen. 

This later interpretation is by Professor Gustav Storm. Vide The Finding of 
Wineland the Good, by Arthur Middletcn Reeves, pp. 1S1-1S5. London, 1890. These 
interpretations are wide apart. Both writers are represented to be able and thorough 
scholars. When doctors disagree, who shall decide? The sciolists will doubtless range 
themselves on different sides, and Sght it out to the bitter end. 

The truth is, the chronology of that period in its major and minor' applications was 
exceedingly indefinite. The year when events occurred is settled, when settled at all, 

The Discovery of A merica . 191 

the morning till half past four in the afternoon. Having com- 
pleted their house-building, they devoted the rest of the season 
to a careful and systematic exploration of the country about 
them, not venturing, however, so far that they could not return 
to their homes in the evening. 

In this general survey they discovered grapes growing in 
great, and timber of an excellent quality and highly 
valued in the almost woodless region from whence they came. 
With these two commodities they loaded their ship, and in the 
spring returned to Greenland. Leif gave to the country, which 
he had thus discovered and explored, a name, as he said, after 
its Equalities," and called it Viraeland. 

The next voyage was made by Thorvald, a brother of Leif, 
probably in the year 1002. The same ship was employed, and 
was manned with thirty men. They repaired at once to the 
booths or temporary houses constructed by Leif, where they 
passed three winters, subsisting chiefly upon fish, which they 
took in the waters near them. In the summers they explored 
the country in various directions to a considerable distance. 
They discovered no indications of human occupation except on 
an island, where they found a corn-shed constructed of wood. 
The second year they discovered native inhabitants in great 
numbers, armed with missiles, and having a vast flotilla of boats 
made of the skins of animals. With these natives they came 
into hostile conflict, in which Thorvald received a wound of 
which he subsequently died. He was buried at a spot selected 
by himself, and crosses were set up at his head and at his feet. 
After another winter, having loaded their ship with grapes and 
vines, the explorers returned to Greenland. 

with great difficulty ; and it is plain that the ds visions of the day were loose and indefi- 
nite. At least, they could only be approximate- y determined. In the absence of clocks, 
watches, and chronometers, there could not fee anything like scientific accuracy, and 
the attempt to apply scientific principles to Scandinavian chronology only renders con- 
fusion still more confused. The terms which they used to express the divisions of the 
day were all indefinite. One of them, for example, was hirdis ristndl, which means 
the time when the herdsmen took their breakfast. This was sufficiently definite for 
the practical purposes of a simple, primitive people ; but as the breakfast hour of a 
people is always more or less various, hirdis ristndl probably covered a period from one 
to three hours, and therefore did not furnish the proper data for calculating latitude. 
Any meaning given by translators touching exact hours of the day must, therefore, be 
taken cum gratio sa/is, or for only what it is worth. 

192 The Discovery of A m erica . 

The death of Thorvald was a source of deep sorrow to his 
family, and his brother Thorstein resolved to visit Vineland and 
brinsr home his body. He accordinglv embarked in the same 
ship, with twenty-five chosen men, and his wife Gudrid. The 
voyage proved unsuccessful. Having spent the whole summer 
in a vain attempt to find Vineland, they returned to Greenland, 
and during the winter. Thorstein died, and the next year his 
widow Gudrid was married to Thorfinn Karlsefni, a wealthy 
Icelandic merchant. 

In the year 1007, three ships sailed for V r ineland, one com- 
manded by Thorfinn Karlsefni, one by Bjarni Grimolfson, and 
the third by Thorvard, the husband of Freydis, the half-sister 
of Leif, the son of Erik. There were altogether in the three 
ships, one hundred and sixty men, and cattle of various kinds 
taken with them perhaps for food, or possibly to be useful in 
case they should decide to make a permanent settlement. They 
attempted, however, nothing- beyond a careful exploration of the 
country, which they found beautiful and productive, its forests 
abounding in wild game, its rivers well stocked with fish, and 
the soil producing a spontaneous growth of native grains. They 
bartered trifles with the natives for their furs, but they were 
able to hold little intercourse with them. The natives were so 
exceedingly hostile that the lives of the explorers were in con- 
stant peril, and they consequently, after some bloody skirmishes, 
abandoned all expectation of making a permanent settlement. 
At the end of three years, Karlsefni and his voyagers returned 
to Greenland. 

In the year ion Freydis, the half-sister of Leif, inspired by 
the hope of a profitable voyage, entered into a partnership with 
two merchants, and passed a winter in Vineland. She was a 
bold, masculine woman, of unscrupulous character, and desti- 
tute of every womanly quality. She fomented discord, con- 
trived the assassination of her partners in the voyage, and early 
the next spring, having loaded all the ships with timber and 
other commodities, she returned with rich and valuable cargoes 
for the Greenland market. 

Such is the story of the discovery of America in the last 
years of the tenth and the early years of the eleventh centuries. 

The Discovery of America* 193 

These four expeditions of which I have given a very brief 
outline, passing over many interesting but unimportant details, 
constitute all of which there remains any distinct and well 
defined narrative. Other voyages may have been made during 
the same or a later period. Allusions are found in early Scan- 
dinavian writings, which may confirm the narratives which we 
have given, but add to them nothing really essential or important. 

The natural and pertinent question which the historical 
student has a right to ask is this : On what evidence does this 
story rest? What reason have we to believe that these voyages 
were ever made ? 

I will endeavor to make the answer to these inquiries as 
plain and clear as possible. 

There are two kinds of evidence by which remote historical 
events may be established, viz., ancient writings, which can be 
Telied upon as containing truthful statements of the alleged 
-events, and, secondly, historical monuments and remains illus- 
trating- and confirming the written narratives. Such events 
may be established by one of these classes of evidence alone, or 
by both in concurrence. 

Our attention shall be directed in the first place to certain 
ancient waitings in which the story of this discovery of America 
is found. What are these ancient writings? and to what extent 
do they challenge our belief? 

At the time that the alleged voyages to this continent in the 
year rooo, and a few years subsequent, were made, the old 
Danish or Icelandic tongue, then spoken in Iceland and Green- 
land, the vernacular of the explorers, had not been reduced to a 
written language, and of course the narrative of these voyages 
could not at that time be written out. But there was in that 
language an oral literature of a peculiar and interesting charac- 
ter. It had its poetry, its 'romance, its personal memoirs, and 
its history. It was nevertheless unwritten. It was carried in 
the memory, and handed down from one generation to another. 
In distinguished and opulent families men were employed to 
memorize and rehearse on festivals and other great occasions, 
as a part of the entertainment, the narratives, which had been 
skilfully put together and polished for public recital, relating to 

194 The Discovery of America. 

the exploits and achievements of their ancestors. These narra- 
tives were called sagas, and those who memorized and repeated 
them were called sagamen. It was a hundred and fifty years 
after the alleged discovery of this continent before the practice 
began of committing Icelandic sagas to writing. Suitable 
parchment was difficult to obtain, and the process was slow 
and expensive, and only a few documents of any kind at first 
were put into written form. But in the thirteenth century 
written sagas multiplied to vast numbers. They were deposited 
in convents and in other places of safety. Between 1650 and 
1715, these old Icelandic parchments were transferred to the 
libraries of Stockholm and Copenhagen. They were subse- 
quently carefully read, and classified by the most competent 
and erudite scholars Among them two sagas were found 
relating to discoveries far to the southwest of Greenland, the 
outlines of which I have given you in the preceding pages. 
The earliest of these two sagas is supposed to have been written 
by Hauk Erlendsson, who died in 1334. Whether he copied it 
from a previous manuscript, or took the narrative from oral 
tradition, cannot be determined. The other was written out in 
its present form somewhere between 13S7 and 1395. It was 
probably copied from a previous saga not known now 
in existence, but w 7 hich is conjectured to have been originally 
written out in the twelfth century. These documents are pro- 
nounced by scholars qualified to judge of the character of 
ancient writings to be authentic, and were undoubtedly believed 
by the writers to be narratives of historical truth. 

They describe with great distinctness the outlines of our' 
eastern coast, including soil T products, and climate, beginning 
in the cold, sterile regions of the north and extending down to 
the warm and fruitful shores of the south. It is to be observed 
that there is no improbability that these alleged voyages should 
have been made. That a vessel, sailing from Iceland and bound 
for Greenland, should be blown from its course and drifted to 
the coast of Nova Scotia or of New England, is an occurrence 
that might well be expected ; and to believe that such an acci- 
dental voyage should be followed by other voyages of discovery, 
demands no extraordinary credulity. 

The D is coi wry of A m erica . 195 

The sagas, or narratives, in which the alleged voyages are 
described, were written out as we have them to-day, more than 
a hundred years before the discoveries of Columbus were 
made in the West Indies, 1 or those of John Cabot on our north- 
ern Atlantic shores. The writers of these sagas had no infor- 
mation derived from other sources on which to build up the 
fabric of their story. To believe that the agreement of the nar- 
ratives in their general outlines with the facts as we now know 
them was accidental, a mere imatter of chance, is impossible. 
The coincidences are so many,, and the events so far removed 
from anything that the authors had themselves ever seen, or of 
which they had any knowledge, that it becomes easier and 
more reasonable to accept the narratives in their general feat- 
ures^than to deny the authenticity of the records. If we reject 
them, we must on the same principle reject the early history of 
all the civilized peoples of the earth, since that history has been 
obtained in all cases more or less directly from oral tradition. 

In their general scope, therefore, the narrative of the sagas 
has been accepted by the most judicious and dispassionate his- 
torical students, who have givesn to the subject careful and con- 
scientious study. 

But when we descend to minor particulars, unimportant to 
the general drift and import of the narratives, we find it diffi- 
cult, nay, I may say impossible, to accept them fully and with 
an unhesitating confidence. Xarratives that have come down 

1 It has been conjectured by some writers that Columbus on a visit to Iceland learned 
something of the voyages of the Xorthmem to America, and was aided by this knowl- 
edge in his subsequent discoveries. There is no evidence whatever that such was the 
case. In writing a memoir of his father, Ferdinando Columbus found among his papers 
a memorandum in which Columbus states tihat, in February, 1477, he sailed a hundred 
leagues beyond Tile, that this island was as large as England, that the English from 
Bristol carried on a trade there, that the sea when he was there was not frozen over ; 
and he speaks also of the high tides. In tke same paragraph we are informed that the 
southern limit of this island is 63° from'xhe equator, which identifies it with Iceland. 
Beyond these facts, the memorandum contains no information. There is no evidence 
that Columbus was at any time in communication with the natives of Iceland on any' 
subject whatever. There is no probability fthat he sought, or obtained, any information 
of the voyages of the Northmen to this continent. Ferdinando Columbus's life of his 
father may be found in Spanish m Barcia's Historical Collections, Vol. I. Madrid, 1749. 
It is a translation from the Italian, printed in Venice in 1571. An English translation 
appears in Churchill's Collections, in Kerrs, and in Pinkerton's, but its mistranslations 
and errors render it wholly untrustworthy. 

ig6 The Discovery of America. 

to us on the current of oral tradition are sure to be warped and 
twisted from their original form and meaning. Consciously or 
unconsciously they are shaped and colored more or less by the 
several minds through which they have passed. No one can 
fail to have witnessed the changes that have grown up in the 
same story, as repeated by one and another in numerous in- 
stances within his own observation. The careful historian 
exercises, therefore, great caution in receiving what comes to 
him merely in oral tradition. 1 

We must not, however, forget that the sagamen in whose 
memories alone these narratives were preserved at least a hun- 
dred and fifty years, and not unlikely for more than three hun- 
dred, were professional narrators of events. It was their 
office and duty to transmit to others what they had themselves 
received. Their professional character was in some degree a 
guarantee for the preservation of the truth. But nevertheless 
it was impossible through a long series of oral narrations, that 
errors should not creep in; that the memory of some of them 
should not fail at times ; and if it did fail there was no authority 
or standard by which their errors could be corrected. More- 
over it is probable that variations were purposely introduced 
here and there, in obedience to the sagaman's conceptions of 
an improved style and a better taste. What variations took 
place through the failure of the memory or the conceit of the 
sagamen, whether few or many, whether trivial or important, 
can never be determined. It is therefore obvious that our 
interpretation of minor particulars in the sagas cannot be criti- 
cal, and any nicely exact meaning, any absolute certainty, can- 
not be successfully maintained, since an inevitable doubt, 
never to be removed, overshadows these minor particulars. 
We may state, therefore, without hesitation, that the narratives 

1 It is somewhat remarkable that most writers who have attempted to estimate the 
value of the sagas as historical evidence have ignored the fact, that from a hundred and 
fifty to three hundred years they existed only in oral tradition, handed down from one 
generation to another, subject to the chasrges which are inevitable in oral statements. 
They are treated by these critics as they would treat scientific documents, a coast or 
geodetic survey, or an admiralty report, rat which lines and distances are determined by 
the most accurate instrument, and measurements and records are made simultaneously. 
It is obvious that their premises must be defective, and consequently their deductions 
are sure to be erroneous. 


The Discovery of America. 1 97 

of the sagas are to be accepted only in their general outlines 
and prominent features. So far we find solid ground. If we 
advance farther we tread upon quicksands, and are not sure of 
our foothold. 

The question here naturally arises, viz., If in minor particu- 
lars the sagas cannot be fully relied upon, to what extent can we 
identify the countries discovered, and the places visited by the 
Northmen? » 

In answer to this very proper inquiry, I observe that, 
according to the narrative of the sagas, and the interpretation 
of Scandinavian scholars, the first countrv that the explorers 
discovered after leaving Greenland answers in its general feat- 
ures to Newfoundland, with its sterile soil, its rocky sur- 
face, and its mountains in the back-ground. The second 
answers to Nova Scotia, with its heavy forests, its low, level 
coast, and its white, sandy, cliffs and beaches. The third an- 
swers to New England in temperature, climate, productions 
of the soil, the flat, undulating surface of the country, and 
its apparent distance from Greenland, the base or starting- 
point from which these voyages of discovery were made. 

The statements of the sagas coincide with so many of the 
general features of our Atlantic coast that there is a strong 
probability, not indeed rising to a demonstration, but to as 
much certainty as belongs to anything in the period of unwrit- 
ten history, that the Vineland of the Northmen was somewhere 
on our American Atlantic coast. Of this there is little room for 
doubt. But when we go beyond this there is absolutely no 
certainty whatever. The local descriptions of the sagas are 
all general and indefinite. They identify nothing. When they 
speak of an island, a cape, a river, or a bay, they do not give us 
any clue to the locality where the said island, or cape, or river, or 
bay is situated. The whole coast of New England and of the 
English Provinces farther east is serrated with capes and bays 
and river-inlets, and is likewise studded with some hundreds 
of islands. It would be exceedingly interesting,' in deed Va great 
achievement, if we could clearly fix or identify the land-fall of 
Leif, the Scandinavian explorer, and point out the exact spot 
where he erected his houses and passed the winter. 

1 9$ The Discoi'ery of America. 


The key to this identification, if any exists, is plainly the 
description of the place as given in the sagas. If we find in 
the sagas the land-tall of Leif, the place where the Scandina- 
vians landed, so fully described that it can be clearly distin- 
guished from every other place on our coast, we shall then 
have accomplished this important historical achievement. Let 
us examine this de^krjjption as it stands in these ancient docu- 

Leaving Markland, they were, says the saga, " two days at 
sea before they saw land, and they sailed thither and came to an 
island which lay to the eastward of the land." Here they landed 
and made observations as to the grass and the sweetness of the 
dew. ""After that," continues the saga, kk they went to the ship, 
and sailed into a sound, which lay between the island and a 
ness (promontory), which ran out to the eastward of the land ; 
and then steered westwards past the ness. It was very shallow 
at ebb-tide, and their ship stood up, so that it was far to see 
from the ship to the water. 

" But so much did they desire to land, that they did not give 
themselves time to wait until the water again rose under their 
ship, but ran at once on shore, at a place where a river flows 
out of a lake ; but so soon as the waters rose up under the ship, 
then took they boats, and rowed to the ship, and floated it up to 
the river, and thence into the lake, and there cast anchor, and 
brought up from the ship their skin cots, and made there booths. 
After this they took council, and formed the resolution of re- 
maining there for the winter, and built there large houses." 

In this brief extract are all the data which we have relating 
to the land-fall of Leif, and to the place where he erected his 
houses, which were occupied by himself, and by other explorers 
in subsequent years. 

We shall observe that we have in this description an island 
at the mouth of a river. Whether the island was large or 
small, whether it was round, square, cuneiform, broad, narrow, 
high or low, we are not told. It was simply an island, and of 
it we have no further description or knowledge whatever. 

Their ship was anchored in what they call a sozcnd, between 
the island and a promontory or tongue of land which ran out to 

Th e Discovery of A m erica . 1 99 

the eastward. .The breadth or extent of the sound at high 
water, or at low water, is not given. It may have been broad, 
covering a vast expanse, or it may have been very small, em- 
braced within a few square rods. It was simply a sound, a 
shallow piece of water, where their ship was stranded at low 
tide. Of its character we know nothing more whatever. 

Then we have a river. Whether it was a large river or a 
small one, long or short, wide or narrow, deep or shallow, a 
fresh water or tidal stream, we are not informed. All we 
know of the river is that their ship could be floated up its 
current at least at high tide. 

The river flowed out of a lake. No further description of 
the lake is given. It may have been a large body of water, or it 
may have been a very small one. It may have been only an 
enlargement or expansion of the river, or it may have been a 
bay receiving its waters from the ocean, rising and falling with 
the tides, and the river only the channel of its incoming and 
receding waters. 

Oi> the borders of this lake, or bay, or enlargement of the 
river, as the case may have been, they built their houses; 
whether on the right or left shore, whether near the outlet, 
or miles away, we know not. 

It is easy to see how difficult, how impossible, it is to identify 
the landing place and temporary abode of the Northmen on 
our coast from this loose and indefinite description of the sagas. 

In the nearly nine hundred years which have passed since 
the discovery of this continent by these northern explorers, 
it w^ould be unreasonable not to suppose that very great changes 
have taken place at the mouth of the rivers and tidal bays along 
our Atlantic coast. There is probably not a river's mouth or a 
tidal inlet on our whole eastern frontier, which has not been 
transformed in many and important features during this long 
lapse of time. Islands have been formed, and islands have 
ceased to exist. Sands have been drifting, shores have been 
crumbling, new inlets have been formed, and old ones have 
been closed up. Nothing is more unfixed and changeable than 
the shores of estuaries, and of rivers where they flow into the 

2QO The Discovery of America. 

But even if we suppose that no changes have taken place 
in this long lapse of time, there are, doubtless, between Long 
Island Sound and the eastern limit of Nova Scotia, a great num- 
ber of rivers with all the characteristics of that described by the 
■sagas. Precisely the same characteristics belong to the Taun- 
ton, the Charles, the Merrimack, the Piscataqua, the Kennebec, 
the Penobscot, the Saint Croix, and the St. John. All these 
rivers have one or more islands at their mouth, and there are 
abundant places near by where a ship might be stranded at low 
tide, and in each of these rivers there are expansions or bays 
from which they flow into the ocean. 1 And there are, probably, 
twenty other less important rivers on our coast, where the same 
conditions may likewise be found. What sagacious student of 
history, what experienced navigator, or what learned geogra- 
pher has the audacity to say that he is able to tell us near which 
•of these rivers the Northmen constructed their habitations, 
and made their temporary abode ! The identification is plainlj' 
impossible. Nothing is more certain than the uncertainty that 
-enters into all the local descriptions contained in the Ice- 
landic sagas. In the numerous explorations of those early 
navigators, there is not a bay, a cape, a promontory, or a 
river, so clearly described, or so distinctly defined, that it can 
be identified with any bay, cape, promontory, or river on our 
coast. The verdict of history on this point is plain, and must 
stand. Imagination and fancy have their appropriate sphere, 
but their domain is fiction, and not fact ; romance, and not his- 
tory ; and it is the duty of the historical student to hold them 
within the limits of their proper field. 

But there is yet another question which demands an answer. 
Did the Northmen leave on this continent any monuments or 
'works which may serve as memorials of their abode here in the 
early part of the eleventh century? 

The sources of evidence on this point must be looked for in 
the sagas, or in remains which can be clearly traced to the 
Northmen as their undoubted authors. 

In the sagas, we are compelled to say. as much as we could 
desire it otherwise, that we have looked in vain for any such 

1 If the reader will examine our coast-survey maps, he will easily verify this statement. 

The Discovery of America. 20 1 

testimony. They contain no evidence, not an intimation, that 
the Northmen constructed any mason work* or even laid one 
stone upon another for any purpose whatever. Their dwell- 
ings, such as they were, were hastily thrown together, to serve 
only for a brief occupation. The rest of their time, according 
to the general tenor of the narrative, was exclusively devoted 
to exploration, and to the preparation and laying in of a cargo 
for their return voyage. This possible source of evidence yields 
therefore no testimony that the Scandinavians left any structures 
which have survived down to the present time, and can there- 
fore be regarded as memorials of their abode in this country. 

But, if there is no evidence on this point in the sagas, are 
there to be found to-day on any part of our Atlantic coast remains 
which can be plainly traced to the work of the Northmen? 

This question, we regret to say, after thorough examination 
and study, the most competent, careful, and learned antiqua- 
ries have been obliged to answer in the negative. • Credulity 
has seized upon several comparatively antique works, whose 
origin half a century ago was not clearly understood, and has 
blindly referred them to the Northmen. Foremost among 
them were, first, the stone structure of arched mason work in 
Newport, Rhode Island; second, a famous rock, bearing in- 
scriptions, lying in the tide-water near the town of Dighton, 
in Massachusetts; and, third, the ,; skeleton in armor " found 
at Fall River, in the same state. No others have been put 
forward on any evidence that challenges a critical examination. 

The old mill at Newport, situated on the farm of Benedict 
Arnold, an early governor of Rhode Island, was called in his 
will " my stone built wind mill," and had there been in his 
mind any mystery about its origin, he could hardly have failed 
to indicate it as a part of his description. Roger Williams, the 
pioneer settler of Rhode Island, educated at the University of 
Cambridge, England, a voluminous author, was himself an 
antiquary, and deeply interested in everything that pertained to 
our aboriginal history. Had any building of arched mason 
work, with some pretensions to architecture, existed at the 
time when he first took up his abode in Rhode Island, and be- 
fore any English settlements had been made there, he could 

202 The Discovery of America. 

not have failed to mention it: a phenomenon so singular, un- 
expected, and mysterious must have attracted his attention. 
His silence on the subject renders it morally certain that no 
such structure could have been there at that time. 1 

The inscriptions on the Dighton rock present rude cuttings, 
intermingled with outline figures of men and animals. The 
whole, or any part of them, baffles and defies all skill in inter- 
pretation. Different scholars have thought they discerned in 
the shapeless traceries Phoenician, Hebrew, Scythian, and 
Runic characters or letters. Doubtless some similitude to 
them may here and there be seen. They are probably acci- 
dental resemblances. But no rational interpretation has ever 
been given, and it seems now to be generally conceded by those 
best qualified to -judge, that they are the work of our native 
Indians, of very trivial import, if, indeed, they had any mean- 
ing whatever. 

The fct skeleton in armor," found at Fall River, has no better 
claim than the rest to a Scandinavian origin. What appeared 
to be human bones were found in a sand-bank, encased in 
metallic bands of brass. Its antecedents are wholly unknown. 
It may possibly have been the relics of some early navigator, 
cast upon our shore, who was either killed by the natives or 
died a natural death, and was buried in the armor in which he 
was clad. Or, what is far more probable, it may have been the 
remains of one of our early Indians, overlaid even in his grave, 
according to their custom, with the ornaments of brass, which 
he had moulded and shaped with his own hands while living. 2 

1 Although most antiquaries and historical students have abandoned all belief in the 
Scandinavian origin of this structure, yet in the March number of Scribner's Magazine, 
1879, an article maybe found in defence of the theory that it was erected in the eleventh 
century by the Northmen. The argument is founded on its architectural construction, 
but it is clearly refuted by Mr. George C. Mason, Jr., in the Magazine of American 
History, Vol. Ill, p. 541. 

! In Professor Putnam's Report, as Curs tor of the Peabody Museum of American 
Archaeology and Ethnology, in 1SS7. will be found the following interesting account 
of the " Skeleton in Armor : " 

" I must, however, mention as of particu'ar interest relating to the early period of 
contact between the Indians and Europeans on this continent, the presentation, by Dr. 
Samuel Kneeland, of two of the brass tubes found with the skeleton of an Indian near 
Fall River, about which so much has been written, including the well known verses by. 
Longfellow, entitled ' The Skeleton in Armor.' That two of the 'links of the armor' 

The Discovery of America. 203 

Could the veil be lifted, some such stories as these would 
doubtless spring up from the lifeless bones. But obfivion has 
for many generations brooded over these voiceless remains. 
Their story belongs to the domain of fancy and imagination. 
Poetry has woven it into an enchanting ballad. Its rhythm and 
its polished numbers may always please the ear and gratify the 
taste. But history, the stern and uncompromising arbiter of past 
events, will, we may be sure, never own the creations of the poet 
or the dreams of the enthusiast to be her legitimate offspring. 

Half a century has now elapsed since the sagas have been 
accessible to the English reader in his own language. No 
labor has been spared by the most careful, painstaking, and 
conscientious historians in seeking for remains which can be 
reasonably identified as the work of the Northmen. None what- 
ever have been found, and we may safely predict that none will 
be discovered, that can bear any better test of their genuineness 
than those to which we have just alluded. 1 

should find their final resting place in this Museum is interesting in itself, and calls up 
in imagination the history of the bits of metal of which they are made. Probably some 
early emigrant brought from Europe a brass kettle, which by barter, or through the 
vicissitudes of those early days, came into the possession of an Indian of one of the New 
England tribes and was by him cut up for ornaments, arrow points, and knives. One 
kind of ornament he made by rolling little strips of the brass into the form of long, 
slender cylinders, in imitation of those he had, probably, before made of copper. These 
were fastened side by side so as to form an ornamental belt, in which he was buried. 
Long afterwards, his skeleton was discovered and the brass beads were taken to be 
portions of the armor of a Norseman. They were sent, with other things found with 
them, to Copenhagen, and the learned men of the old and new world wrote and sung 
their supposed history. Chemists made analyses and the truth came out ; they were 
brass, not bronze nor iron. After nearly half a century had elapsed these two little 
tubes were separated from their fellows, and again crossed the Atlantic to rest by the 
side of similar tubes of brass and of copper, which have been found with other Indian 
braves ; and their story shows how much can be made out of a little thing when fancy 
has full play, and imagination is not controlled by scientific reasoning, and conclusions 
are drawn without comparative study." Vide Twentieth Annual Report of th'e Pea- 
body Museum, Vol. Ill, p. 543. 

In an article on " Agricultural Implements of the New England Indians," Professor 
Henry W. Haynes, of Boston, shows that the Dutch were not allowed to barter with the 
Pequots, because they sold them " kettles" and the like with which they made arrow- 
heads." Vide Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History. Vol. XXII, p. 439. 
In later times brass was in frequent, not to say common, use among the Indians. 

» Th< re are in many parts of New England old walls and such like structures, appar- 
ently of very little importance when they were originally built, never made the subject 
of record, disused now for many generations, and consequently their origin and purpose 

204 The Discovery of America. 

It is the office and duty of the historian to seek out facts, to 
distinguish the true from the false, to sift the wheat from the 
chaff, to preserve the one and to relegate the other to the obliv- 
ion to which it belongs. 

Tested by the canons that the most judicious scholars have 
adopted in the investigation of all early history, we cannot 
doubt that the Northmen made four or five voyages to the 
coast of America in the last part of the tenth and the first part 
of the eleventh centuries ; that they returned to Greenland with 
cargoes of grapes and timber, the latter a very valuable com- 
modity in the markets both of Greenland and Iceland ; that 
their abode on our shores was temporary ; that they were most- 
ly occupied in explorations, and made no preparations for estab- 
lishing any permanent colony ; except their temporary dwell- 
ings they erected no structures whatever, either of wood or of 
stone. We have intimations that other voyages were made to 
this continent, but no detailed account of them has survived to 
the present time. 

These few facts constitute the substance of what we know of 
these Scandinavian discoveries. Of the details we know little : 
they are involved in indefiniieness, uncertainty, and doubt. The 
place of their first landing, the location, of their dwellings, the 
parts of the country which they explored, are so indefinitely 
described that they are utterly beyond the power of identifica- 

But I should do injustice to the subject to which I have vent- 
ured to call your attention, if I did not add that writers are not 
wanting who claim to know vastly more of the details than I 
can see my way clear to admit. They belong to that select 
class of historians who are distinguished for an exuberance of 
imagination and a redundancy of faith. It is a very easy and 
simple thing for them to point out the land-fall of Leif, the 
river which he entered, the island at its mouth, the bay where 

have passed entirely from the memory of man. Such remains are not uncommon : 
they may be found all along our coast. But there are few writers bold enough to assert 
that they are the work of the Northmen simply because their history is not known, 
and especially since it is very clear that Ihe Northmen erected no stone structures what- 
ever. Those who accept such palpable absurdities would doubtless easily believe that 
the" Tenterden steeple was the cause cf the Goodwin Sands." 

The Discovery of America. 205 

they cast anchor, the shore where they built their temporary 
houses, the spot where Thorvald was buried, and where they 
set up crosses at his head and at his feet. They tell us what 
-headlands were explored on the coast of Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island, and what inlets and bays were entered along the 
shores of Maine. The narratives which they weave from a fer- 
tile brain are ingenious and entertaining : they give to the sagas 
more freshness and greater personality, but when we look for 
the facts on which their allegations rest, for anything that may 
be called evidence, we find only the creations of an undisci- 
plined imagination and an agile fancy. 

It is, indeed, true that it would be highly gratifying to believe 
that the Northmen made more permanent settlements on our 
shores, that they reared spacious buildings and strong for- 
tresses of stone and mason work, that they gathered about them 
more of the accessories of a national, or even of a colonial ex- 
istence ; but history does not offer us any choice : we must take 
what she gives us, and under the limitations which she imposes. 
The truth, unadorned and without exaggeration, has a beautv 
and a nobility of its own. It needs no additions to commend it 
to the historical student. If he be a true and conscientious 
investigator, he will take it just as he finds it : he will add 
nothing to it : he will take nothing: from it. 



The time was summer, and the day was long ; 

In idleness too sweet for speech or song, 

I drifted slow upon the gleaming river, 

Close by the shore, where birch and maple vied 

With their cool shade the sun's high course to hide, 

No thought came near, the languorous peace to mar, 

Of faultless toils, that seam and scar 

The soul, till from life's drear endeavor 

It glad would turn ; but each loss brings 

Still greater need upon its hopeless wings. 

Alone for one short hour upon the waveless stream, 

\Yhile life lived only as a nameless dream ; — 

With reckless joy still yet my pulses quiver, 

As through weary clays, with care sore prest, 

Come glimpses of that hour of dreamful rest. 

Alice Freese Durgin 

Note. This number of the Granite Monthly, on account of 
unavoidable delays which the publisher was unable to overcome, 
was printed in January, 1891, long after it was due. This fact 
will account for the insertion of the address of Hon. Charles H. 
Burns, as well as for the argument of Ex-Gov. David H. Good- 
ell before the Judiciary Committee of the New Hampshire legis- 
lature. The articles themselves require no apology. 

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'Devoted to Literature, 'Biography. History, and State Progress. 

VOL. III. (N ew Series.) 
Vol. XIII. 



Nos. 9 & 10. 

By John N. McClixtock, A. M. 

The attention of the people of New 
Hampshire has very lately been called 
to the following letter : 

"Con-cord, N. H., Oct. 15, 1890. 

My Dear Sir, — As you will doubtless 
remember, I received sixty votes in the 
last Republican caucus for the nomiaauon 
of a candidate for United States Senator, 
but was defeated by Hon. William E. 

"At the solicitation of many friends, I 
have concluded (if the next legislature is 
Republican, as I have no doubt it will be), 
to again be a candidate, and respectfully 
request your assistance, if you can con- 
sistently support me. 

"Assuring you of my appreciation of 
any favors you may be disposed to bestow, 
and trusting to hear from you at your 

"Believe me, 

"Very sincerelv vours, 

When it became known that Dr. 
Gallinger was a candidate for an 
office second in dignity within the 
gift of the American people — for a 
Senator of the United States ranks 
next to the President — his Republican 
fellow-citizens of his own ward in 
the city of Concord tendered to him 
an unanimous nomination as their 

candidate for representative in that 
legislature upon which devolves the 
election of a Senator to represent 
New Hampshire in the United States 

It is needless to say that Dr. Gal- 
linger is very popular with the peo- 
ple of Concord, more especially with 
the members of the Republican party. 
He has been entrusted by them to 
represent them on many important 
occasions, and has always been found 
the right man in the right place, true 
to his trust, faithful to his pledges, 
equal to all emergencies. His fitness 
for public office was long ago dis- 
covered by a constantly increasing cir- 
cle of friends and political admirers; 
and he in no wise disappointed those 
who chose him to represent them, 
whether in the Legislature of the 
State or in the United States House 
of Representatives. 

To argue his fitness for the great 
office to which he aspires, it becomes 
necessary to review his past career 
as well as to state his present qualifi- 


Hon. yacob II. Gallinger. 

"Starting out in life a poor boy, Dr. 
Gallinger has fought his way up to his 
present position unaided and alone, over- 
coming obstacles before which a less am- 
bitious and resolute spirit would have 
quailed and fallen back. He is emphati- 
cally a self-made man ; and his success is 
due to a tireless energy and an ability of a 
high order. Commencing life as a farm- 
er's boy. he has successively risen to the 
position of a printer, an editor, a physi- 
cian, and a successful politician. 

'•Few men have the ability to accom- 
plish the amount of work that Dr. Gallin- 
ger constantly performs. In addition to 
a healthy body, he has a remarkably 
quick conception, executive ability of a 
high order, and an indomitable will ; and 
these enable him to accomplish tasks that 
few others could possibly endure. He is 
a man of great industry, of profound con- 
victions, and positive ideas ; and while he 
has a host of devoted friends, these very 
qualities make him some enemies, who 
are naturally ready to impugn his motives 
' and misrepresent his acts. 

" The doctor has been foremost in the 
advocacy of all progressive reforms, but 
never in a fanatical way. He has been a 
life-long total abstainer from the use of 
intoxicants, and also of tobacco in all its 
forms. He is a stanch Republican, 
broad and catholic in his views, warm in 
his friendships, faithful to his convictions, 
accurate in his judgments, graceful and 
eloquent as a speaker, ready in debate, 
courageous and sagacious, and, in short, 
admirably qualified for the work of legis- 
lation. 7 ' 

The above paragraphs are from 
the Granite Monthly of July, 
1879, then edited by our gifted con- 
temporary, Henry H. Metcalf, editor 
of the People a?id Patriot. 

The following brief sketch and 
estimate of the man is from the pen 
of that talented writer, the late Allen 
J. Hackett, of the editorial staff of 
the Statesman : 

"Jacob H. Gallinger was born in Corn- 
wall, Province of Ontario, March 28th, 
1837. He was the son of a farmer, and 
the fourth in a family of twelve children. 

His parents were of German descent, ant i 
were possessed of but moderate means. 
Like so many others, who have achieved 
high success in after life, he was forced a; 
an early age to rely upon his own resource s 
At the age of twelve he entered that in- 
comparable political training-schooi, a 
newspaper office, served an apprentice- 
ship of four years, and made himself mas- 
terofthe "art preservative." After work- 
ing at his trade for one year in Ogdcns- 
burg. X. Y., he returned to Cornwall, 
and for a year edited and published the 
paper on which he had served his appren- 

"In 1S55 he began the study of medi- 
cine in Cincinnati, Ohio. During the 
vacations he eked out his scanty means 
by working in the office of the Cincinnati 
Gazette as reporter, proof-reader, or com- 
positor. Pie completed his medical course 
in May, 1858, graduating with the highest 
honors of his class. He practiced his pro- 
fession in Cincinnati for one year ; devoted 
the next year to study and travel : and then, 
in July, i860, came to New Hampshire. A 
year later he associated himself in practice 
with Dr. W. B. Chamberlain, at Keene. 
In the spring of 1862 he removed to Con- 
cord, where he has since resided, and 
where he has built up a large and lucra- 
tive practice. As a medical practitioner 
he stands in the front rank of his profes- 
sion in this state. In addition to his 
large practice he has been a frequent and 
valued contributor to medical periodicals, 
and was surgeon-general of the state, with 
the rank of brigadier-general, on the staff 
of Governor Head during the years 1879 
and 18S0. 

"But it is in political life that Dr. 
Gallinger is best and most widely known. 
To use a homely and hackneyed expres- 
sion, he is a "born" politician. He pos- 
sesses, in an unusual degree, the executive 
capacity, the quickness of perception, the 
promptness in action, the courage, the 
combatativeness, and the shrewd knowl- 
edge of human nature, which are the most 
important requisites to success in political 
life. Such a man having entered the field 
of active politics, it was inevitable that he 
should work his way to the front. He- 
has always been an active Republican, 
and has long ranked among the leaders ot 
his party in the state. He was first 
elected to the House of Representatives 
in 1872, and served as chairman of the 

Hon. "Jacob H. Gallinger. 


committee on insurance. He was re-elect- 
ed the next ye:ir, and was appointed to 
the chairmanship of the committee on 
banks, and also as chairman of an impor- 
tant special committee. His services in 
the lower branch of the legislature were 
characterized by industry, close attention 
to business, and distinguished ability and 
readiness in debate. In 1S76 he was 
elected a member of the Constitutional 
Convention. This convention will always 
be historic by reason of the large number 
of able men that it contained, and the 
important reforms that it inaugurated. 
Dr. Gallinger took a prominent part in 
the debates, and was a valuable and influ- 
ential member. His plan for representa- 
tion in the legislature on the basis of 
population, although opposed by many of 
the older members of the convention, was 
adopted by a large majority. The very 
general satisfaction with which the system 
is regarded sufficiently attests the wisdom 
of its author. In March, 1878, he was 
elected to the state senate from the old 
Fourth District, and served as chairman 
of the committee on education. He was 
re-elected in the following November, and 
upon the convening of the legislature, was 
chosen to the presidency of the senate — 
an office whose duties his rare parliamen- 
tary ability enabled him to discharge to 
the entire satisfaction of the senators, as 
was attested by the exceedingly compli- 
mentary resolutions unanimously passed 
at the close of the session, accompanied 
by a valuable testimonial. 

"Dr. Gallinger has long been an active 
and influential member of the Republican 
State Central Committee, and in Septem- 
ber, 1882, he was made its chairman. 
The campaign which followed was one of 
exceeding bitterness and beset with ex- 
ceptional difficulties. Republican disaf- 
fection was rife throughout the land. The 
tidal wave which, two years later, carried 
the Democratic party into power in the 
nation, had already set in. New York, 
Pennsylvania, and even Massachusetts, 
chose Democratic governors ; and a Dem- 
ocratic Congress was elected. In addi- 
tion to these general discouragements, the 
Republicans of New Hampshire were 
called upon to face serious obstacles of 
their own, which are well known to all, 
and which, therefore, need not be dis- 
cussed here. It is only just to say that, 
with a less adroit manager at the head of 

the Republican organization, the Republi- 
can victory which followed would have 
been impossible. Dr. Gallinger was re- 
elected to the chairmanship in 1884, and 
again demonstrated his especial fitness for 
the place. 

"In the Second District Convention, 
held in Concord, September 9, 1884, Dr. 
Gallinger was nominated for member of 
congress, receiving on the first ballot one 
hundred and seventy-one out of a total of 
three hundred and twenty-nine votes. 
The nomination was subsequently made 
unanimous. His competitors were Hon. 
Daniel Barnard, of Franklin, and Hon. 
Levi W. Barton, of Newport — two of the 
ablest men in the state. He was elected 
in November following, running several 
hundred votes ahead of his ticket. 

"Dr. Gallinger has been prominent in 
politics otherwise than in an official capac- 
ity. He is one of the most popular and 
successful campaign orators in the state. 
As a speaker, he is rapid, direct, and 
practical, has an excellent voice, and 
always commands the attention of his audi- 
ence.. He is also a facile and effective 
writer. He has frequently prepared the 
resolutions for state and district conven- 
tions, and has written, to a considerable 
extent, for the daily press. He has also 
performed considerable literary labor of a 
general character. He has frequently 
lectured before lyceums and other literary 
societies, and Dartmouth College has con-, 
ferred upon him the honorary degree oi 
Master of Arts. 

"In August, 1S60, he married Mary 
Anna Bailey, daughter of Major Isaac 
Bailey, of Salisbury. Of their six chil- 
dren three are living, Katherine C, wife of 
Harry A. Norton of Boston, William H., 
and Ralph E., aged respectively twenty- 
four, twenty-one, and nineteen years. 

"In religious faith Dr. Gallinger was 
reared an Episcopalian, but for many 
years has been identified with the Baptist 
denomination. He is also a member of 
the Masonic Fraternity, an Odd Fellow, a 
Knight of Honor, and connected with many 
other fraternal and benevolent orders. 

" Dr. Gallinger is slightly above the 
medium height, and is somewhat portly. 
He has always been strictly temperate in 
his habits, and the happy results of his 
abstemious life are apparent in his cheery 
and healthful countenance. He has a fine- 
presence, a cordial, hearty manner, and a 


Hon. Jacob H. Gal linger. 

pleasing, winning address. His rare so- 
cial qualities, abundant good-nature, keen 
sense of humor, and excellent conversa- 
tional powers make him a most agreeable 
companion ; and few men in the state en- 
joy a higher degree of personal popularity. 
His many friends rejoice in his advance- 
ment, and will watch his future with 
interest and sympathy. 

44 In the prime of manhood, in the full 
tide of health and strength, about to aban- 
don state affairs for the wider arena of 
national politics, a sketch of Dr. Galiin- 
ger's life, written at this date [18S4], is 
necessarily incomplete. The record of 
the most important and eventful part of his 
life-work must be left to the pen of some 
future biographer. If the achievements of 
the past may be taken as an index of the 
probabilities of the future, he has before 
him a career of eminence, honor, and 
usefulness/ 1 

Such were the prophetic wards 
written by their gifted author as Dr. 
Gallinger was about entering upon 
his duties at the National Capites!. 
For four years his New Hampshire 
constituents carefully watched bis 
course, and it found favor in their 
eyes ; for at the end of his first term 
he was re-elected a member of the 
Fiftieth Congress. During his first 
term he served on the Committee en 
Claims. He was an indefatigable 
worker in Congress, once remarking 
to a friend in Washington, "I have 
worked fourteen hours a day all my 
life, and I see no reason why I should 
not do it here as well as elsewhere." 

Many poor, as well as wealthy, 
claimants for justice at the hands of 
the government, pensioners, and 
others, had reason to rejoice that 
strength was given him for hercu- 
lean labor. He ignored the prece- 
dent of the house that new members 
shall serve an apprenticeship of si- 
lence for one term before they take 

part in debates, commanded atten- 
tion when he spoke, and was ven 
successful in the points he made. 
Mr. James O. Lyford was at thai 
time the Washington correspondent 
of the Statesynan and other New 
Hampshire papers, and faithfully re- 
corded all that was going on. In one 
of his letters he said : 

44 Dr. Gallinger has been taking quite 
an active part in the congressional debates 
of late. During the speaking on the oleo- 
margarine bill its opponents put Mr. Far- 
quhar, of New York, forward as a scien- 
tific defender of bogus butter ; but during 
his speech Dr. Gallinger took him in 
hand, and by a series of questions com- 
pletely demoralized him, much to the de- 
light of the friends of dairy products. 
Then, on Friday last, he made one of his 
old-time speeches in defence of a Demo- 
cratic doorkeeper and Union soldier, who 
was charged by the Committee on Reform 
of the Civil Service with having violated 
the rules. The committee reported a 
resolution to expel him : but it was defeat- 
ed two to one. At the Friday evening 
session, Gen. Wheeler, of Alabama, the 
noted Confederate cavalry chief, was mak- 
ing a lengthy harangue in defence of his 
recent attack upon the late Secretary Stan- 
ton, whom he called ' the arch conspira- 
tor. 1 Wheeler also championed Presi- 
dent Buchanan and the members of his 
cabinet, declaring that they were loyal to 
the Union and did all in their power to 
preserve it. Dr. Gallinger interrupted 
him with the question, 4 Is it not a matter 
of history that during the incipiency ot 
the Rebellion a committee of congress- 
men, of whom Hon. Mason W. Tappan, 
of New Hampshire, was one, waited on 
President Buchanan and urged him to 
adopt prompt and effectual methods to 
suppress the insurrection, and did not 
President Buchanan tell them that he 
knew of no authority under the constitu- 
tion that would justify him in coercing a 
sovereign state?' To this Gen. Wheeler 
gave an equivocal reply, when the doctor 
retorted ; 4 That is a matter of history, 
whether the gentleman from Alabama 
knows it or not, and it conclusively proves 
that Buchanan was not loyal to the 

Hon. y<zcob II Gallinger. 


•*He has had one or two tilts with 
'Dick 1 Townsend, of Illinois, lately, and 
he riddled that gentleman's attempted 
defense of the present management of the 
pension office, and forced him to give 
civil answers to civil questions. "Dick* 
is no mean antagonist, and the member 
who gets away from him has to know his 
business. The doctor also showed up, in 
a short speech the other night, the Dem- 
ocratic programme of delaying pension 
bills in the house. His remarks were not 
relished by the ex-Confederates who laud 
Jeff Davis and villify Edwin M. Stanton, 
for there was a good deal of unpleasant 
truth therein. 11 

i "Congressman Gallinger took part in 
the running debate on pension bills, Fri- 
day night, and is down for a silver 
speech on Saturday next." 

This "silver speech," so called, 
delivered to the House April 3, 1SS6, 
may bj said to be Dr. Gailinger's 
maiden effort in Congress, and for 
which he received many compliments. 
Extracts from it at this time maybe 
of interest : 

4 'Now, Mr. Speaker, it is seriously 
argued that the country needs more 
money. Is that really so? Men talk of 
♦cheap 1 money. Congressmen in lengthy 
speeches tell their constituents in effect. 
if not in words, that the}" are in debt; 
that their farms are mortgaged : that there 
is an abundance of silver in the mines of 
California, Colorado, and Nevada; and 
that the government can and ought to 
make money out of that silver, distribute 
it among the people, and thereby better 
their condition. Doubtless some simple- 
minded people believe this talk, jast as 
they believed the greenback heresies of a 
few years ago. Bui such persons should 
be reminded that a dollar ( even a clipped 
silver dollar) can only be had in exchange 
for its equivalent in wheat, or cotton, or 
corn, or labor, or some other marketable 

44 It is true the government can make 
dollars, or something that is called dol- 
lars : but no device has yet been dis- 
covered that will enable the government 
safely to put those dollars into circulation 
except in accordance with the inexorable 
laws of trade. And just here is the fallacy 
of the talk about cheap money. What is 

cheap money about which the gentleman 
from Texas talked so earnestly and elo- 
quently? The history of the world shows 
that so-called cheap money has in reality 
always been dear money. The financial 
schemes of George Law were based on 
the idea of cheap money, but his schemes 
came to naught, as all such schemes have_, 
carrying disaster and suffering in their 
train. It is well to remember that 4 things 
sweet to taste prove in digestion sour : * 
and the history of the disasters that have 
invariably followed an inflated and depre- 
ciated currency have painfully illustrated 
the truthfulness of Shakespeare's sugges- 
tion that 

When sorrows come, they come not single spies, 
But in battalions. 

44 We had in this country cheap money 
in 1868. In that year the National Re- 
publican Convention declared that the 
best way to diminish the burden of the 
public debt, and thereby lift the burdens 
oi taxation from the shoulders of the 
people, was to improve our credit so that 
money could be borrowed at a lower rate 
of interest. This was at a time when the 
Democratic party was even farther away 
from the sound financial principles that 
characterize the fiscal policy of President 
Cleveland than they are to-day. The 
Republican party was right, as the mighty 
financial events of the intervening period 
abundantly prove. Then the government 
was paying $1 30,000.000 per annum inter- 
est on $2,169,000,000 of debt, whereas 
we are now paying $5 1 ,000,000 of interest 
on $1 ,260,000,000 of debt. The princi- 
pal of the debt has been reduced 41^- per 
cent., while the interest charge has been 
reduced 60 percent. This grand achieve- 
ment was the direct result of improving 
the public credit ; and yet intelligent men, 
some of them Republicans, gravely pro- 
pose to again depreciate the currency 
through the instrumentality of unlimited 
silver coinage, and thus renew the distress 
that the wisdom of the great Republican 
party lifted from the shoulders of the peo- 
ple by the grandest display of financial 
wisdom that the world his ever beheld. 
It must not be done. ***** 

4 - I am not ignorant of the fact that the 

debtor states of the West 


doubtless think this is a smart way to pay 
off the creditor states of the East. No 
matter what they say about it, some of 
them at least know that the inevitable 


Hon. Jacob H. Galiinger. 

effect of unlimited silver coinage will be 
to drive gold out of circulation, and very 
likely out of the country, leaving the de- 
preciated silver dollar as the sole basis of 
our monetary system. They may think 
it a shrewd business speculation to pay off 
their debts in money actually worth from 
20 to 30 per cent. less than it claims to 
be. The bulk of these obligations were 
incurred when the currency was on a 
parity with gold, and if they can be paid 
in a depreciated currency it is clear that 
millions of dollars will be saved to the 
debtor states. But let me ask, in all 
seriousness, will this pay? * * * * 

"Upon this platform every American, be 
he congressman or not, can safely stand, 
so far at least as the interests of the coun- 
try are concerned ; and were it not that 
' Ephraim is wedded to his idols,' I should 
expect to see these sentiments crystallized 
into a bill and enacted into law before the 
Forty-ninth Congress becomes a thing of 
the past. But if this can not be done, as 
now seems probable, let us at least put 
our foot and the seal of our condemnation 
upon the monstrous proposition to coin 
silver in unlimited quantities — a proposi- 
tion that, in view of the attitude of most 
European nations on the subject, will 
strike a deadly blow at the prosperity of 
this country, and bring back to us sad 
.reminders of former troublous and disas- 
trous days. It is in our power to avert 
this calamity by wise legislation, and I 
have faith to believe that the good sense 
of the American Congress will resist the 
clamor and unreasonable demands of the 
owners of silver mines and the advocates 
of unlimited coinage, thus protecting the 
interests and defending the honor of a 
nation whose marvellous growth in the 
past is an assurance of still greater devel- 
opment in the future, provided she is not 
wrecked by legislative enactments that are 
calculated to impair her credit and strike 
down her industries." [Applause.] 

On the evening of June 11, 1SS7, 
private pension bills and bills to re- 
move political disabilities were under 
consideration in committe of the 
whole. Mr. Blanchard, of Louis- 
iana, one of the young fire-eaters of 
the South, was present to obstruct 
pension legislation. Bills removing 

the political disabilities from two 
ex-Confederates were passed without 
time being wasted in the reading of 
the reports. Next a pension bill 
came up, when the following collo- 
quy took place : 

Mr. Galiinger — Mr. Chairman, I would 
inquire if the reading of the report has 
been called for? 

The Chairman — Yes, by the gentleman 
from Louisiana [Mr. Blanchard] . 

Mr. Galiinger — I want to say just at 
this point that we have in the last few 
minutes passed two bills to remove politi- 
cal disabilities from men who fought 
against our government and attempted to 
destroy it. The reports in these cases 
were not called for. Now we ha%-e before 
us a bill to pension some poor woman 
whose husband served in the Union army, 
and died as a result of his service for his 
country. The reading of the report in 
this case is demanded, which will neces- 
sarily consume much time, and if persist- 
ed in in all cases will leave many pension 
bills on the calendar when Congress final- 
ly adjourns. The fact is, we have had 
during this session many reports read at 
these sessions on bills of this character, 
and in not one single instance his a bill 
been rejected because of any fact developed 
by the reading of the report. I submit to 
the gentlemen present to-night that we 
ought to be generous to these poor sol- 
diers and their widows, and ought not to 
unnecessarily consume time in reading re- 
ports that have been carefully prepared 
by a committee as a result of ascertained 
facts. When at home recently I was 
called to go to an almshouse in my state 
to see a soldier who served all through 
the war, who suffered untold agonies in 
rebel prisons, and who is completely 
broken in health because of his loyal de- 
votion to the flag of his country. That 
man to-day is in an almshouse : and, as 1 
understand, a bill is to be presented to 
this House to give him a small pension. I 
trjjst when it comes up for consideration, 
it may not be unnecessarily delayed by 
objections on the part of congressmen 
from the late Confederate States, as he 
needs the pension now, and will be dead 
before it is granted if these dilatory meth- 
ods prevail. Again: 1 was called to see 
the widow of a poor soldier, and found 

Hon. Jacob H. Gallinger. 


her in a field, picking stones and lifting 
them into a cart, to gain a livelihood for 
herself and her child. That woman's ap- 
plication will soon come to Congress, as 
she has been denied her right in the pen- 
sion office on a technicality. I submit, in 
behalf of these poor men, in behalf of these 
poor women, that it is not right for us to 
waste time when their needs are so urgent ; 
and I repeat that if we can afford to sit 
here and have bills passed to remove polit- 
ical disabilities from men who fought to 
destroy the government without reading 
the reports surely time should not be con- 
sumed in reading reports on bills to pen- 
sion Union soldiers or their widows. 

Mr. Bianchard — If the gentleman who 
has just addressed the committee had not 
consumed so much time in his remarks, 
this bill would probably have been passed 
before now. 

. Mr. Gallinger — Possibly; and the same 
obstructive tactics would have been em- 
ployed against the next bill. I propose 
to call the attention of the country to the 
way in which the time of these sessions is 
being consumed by the Democratic side 
of the House. 

Mr. Bianchard — I have a right to call 
for the reading of the reports. 

Mr. Gallinger — Certainly. 

Mr. Bianchard — And I propose to do it. 

Mr. Gallinger — The gentleman can 
keep right on doing it. 

Mr. Bianchard — And I do not propose 
that the gentleman from New Hampshire 
shall lecture me in die exercise of my 
right. Some of us here who represent 
ex-Confederate constituencies have stood 
here and not called for a quorum on any 
of these bills. 

Mr. Gallinger — The gentleman is evi- 
dently mistaken on that point. 

Mr. Bianchard — I submit it comes 
with bad grace from my friend from New 
Hampshire to find fault with us because 
we ask for the reading of the reports in 
order that we may be informed as to the 
merits of the bills. 

Mr. Gallinger — Did you understand all 
the facts pertaining to the bills for the re- 
moval of political disabilities which you 
allowed to pass without the reading of the 
reports ? 

Mr. Bianchard — We all know political 
disabilities are removed as a matter of 
course when the party who asks it peti- 
ions Congress. 

Mr. Gallinger — It is in the discretion 
of Congress, however, to pass these bills 
or not ; and the gentleman from Louisiana 
seemed very willing to let them pass with- 
out inquiring into the facts. 

Mr. Bianchard — We are asked by the 
gentleman from New Hampshire to allow 
these pension bills to be simply read and 
put on their passage. This very matter has 
been called to the attention of the Ameri- 
can people by the President recently, and 
he has told them that much of this pen- 
sion legislation is crude and ill-considered. 
And once at least during this Congress a 
number of these bills, so report says, were 
passed at the other end of this Capitol 
without the bills«being read. 

Mr. Gallinger — I submit that this side 
of the House is not responsible for what 
has been done by a Democratic President 
or at the other end of the Capitol. Nor 
is it proper or parliamentary for the gen- 
tleman to allude to that. 

Mr. Bianchard — That may be. 

In concluding the discussion, Dr. 

Gallinger said : 

Mr. Chairman, I make an appeal to the 
generosity of the House in behalf of the 
poor and suffering soldiers of the country. 
1 want to say that I am in favor of the 
broadest liberality toward these men, and 
favor such legislation as will secure to 
them, in the speediest possible way, every 
right and privilege that are theirs, believ- 
ing as I do that the defenders of the 
Union can never be adequately repaid for 
their sufferings and their sacrifices. 

May 17, 18S6, Dr. Gallinger made 
a strong speech on the " Physical 
Effects of Alcohol and Narcotics," in 
advocacy of a bill to provide for the 
study of the nature of alcoholic drinks 
and narcotics, and of their effects 
upon the human system, by the pu- 
pils in the public. schools of the terri- 
tories and of the District of Colum- 
bia, and in the military and naval 
academies and Indian and colored 
schools in the territories of the United 
States. The bill was passed by a 
large majority. On July 17, iSSS, 


Hon. jfacod H. Gallmger. 

he addressed the House in answer to 
the Democratic charge, being made 
in the campaign of that year, that the 
Republican party was a free whiskey 
party. In that speech, which was 
circulated by the Republican Nation- 
al Committee as a campaign docu- 
ment, among other things Dr. Gai- 
linger said : 

"That charge is not true. Horace 
Greeley, who was afterward the Demo- 
cratic candidate for President of the 
United States, once said in the columns 
of the New York Tribiuie, that 'the two 
fundamental doctrines of the Democratic 
party are to love rum and hate niggers.* 
[Laughter.] It may be that the Democ- 
racy has since then become a temperance 
party, but I have seen nothing in their 
record to warrant that conclusion. 

"It is certainly a novel thing for the 
Democratic party to pose as a temperance 
party. The Republican party has, by its 
legislative acts, both state and national, 
proved itself to be the friend of morality 
and temperance. Its national platform 
gives no uncertain sound on this great 
question, while the Democratic platform 
has no word of comfort for the temper- 
ance men and women of the country. 
Throughout its entire history that party 
has truckled to the saloons, from whence 
its votes largely come, and it is the height 
of impudence for them now to charge the 
Republican party with being the free whis- 
key party. Satan rebuking sir? is a mild 
exhibition of hypocricy compared with the 
assumptions of the Democratic side of 
this House on this question." 

On May 31, 18SS, Dr. GaUinger 
addressed the House at length in op- 
position to putting lumber on the 
free list; and on June 13 and July 
19, of the same year, he spoke earn- 
estly against the provisions of the 
Mills bill which removed the duty 
from jute bags and wool. In all 
these discussions ,he stanchly de- 
fended the doctrine of Protection, 
under which he claimed New Hamp- 
shire had greatly prospered. 

In January, 1887, while the House 
was considering a contested election 
case, Dr. Gallinger made a very ef- 
fective reply to the speech of Mr. 
Turner of Georgia, from which the 
following extracts are taken : 

"The gentleman from Georgia in en- 
deavoring to bolster up the report of the 
Committee on Elections has seen fit to 
malign the character of the citizens of 
New England. I have no desire at this 
late day of the session to engage in a sec- 
tional discussion, nor to retaliate by tell- 
ing in detail the true and familiar story of 
how Southern States, naturally Republi- 
can, have been transformed into solidly 
Democratic States by means of fraud, cor- 
ruption, intimidation, bulldozing, and al- 
most every conceivable crime ; but when 
the gentleman says — and this is the purport 
of his language — that the men of New 
England are so lacking in manhood, so 
indifferent to their political rights, and so 
wanting in patriotism and honor, that 
they will yet demand pay for the time 
they lose in celebrating the Fourth of 
July, I feel bound as a citizen of New 
England, and one of its Representatives 
on this floor, to refute the slander. 

"It is true that most of the citizens of 
New England earn their bread by the 
sweat of their brow : that their hands are 
hardened by honest toil ; and that in a 
rigorous climate and with a sterile soil 
they have been obliged to be frugal to 
meet their obligations ; but labor, how- 
ever plebeian, never corrupted their souls 
nor lessened their love of liberty and jus- 
tice. Neither political crimes nor repudi- 
ation ever stained the escutcheon of their 
states. Their ancestors, of the best 
blood of Old England, left comfortable 
homes to secure for themselves and their 
descendants both civil and religious liber- 
ty ; and when oppression followed them 
here they were the first to rebel against 
tyranny. They have ever been jealous of 
the rights secured by the blood of the 
Revolution ; and when bad men and un- 
principled leaders have attempted to be- 
tray those rights they have been repudi- 
ated and overthrown. 

"I say to the gentleman from Georgia 
that New England invites the closest scru- 
tiny of her elections. They are held in 
open day, in strict compliance with law. 

Hon, Jacob H. Gallinger. 


with the fullest opportunity for ever}- vote 
to be cast and honestly counted. Her 
courts are open to the black and white 
man alike, to the poor and the rich, and 
to the minority party in politics as well as 
to the majority. Look through her whole 
history, and you will find no record of in- 
timidation to voters, of oppression for 
opinion's sake, of midnight assassination, 
of fraudulent ballots, of suppression of 
votes, of complicated election machinery 
set in force to bewilder and disfranchise 
the weak and ignorant ; and it is a matter 
of history that whenever a crime against 
suffrage has been attempted within her 
borders it has been at the instigation of 
the leaders of the party to which the gen- 
tleman from Georgia belongs. 

" It ill becomes the gentleman to impugn 
New England when he represents, in part. 
a state where elections are a mockery and 
a farce, and where the minority party has 
been terrorized into silence and almost 
blotted out. Why, in the entire State of 
Georgia, sending ten Representatives to 
this House, the opposition to the Demo- 
cratic party at the last election, including 
Republicans and independents of all de- 
scriptions, w r as returned as casting only 
2,083 votes, an average of less than 209 
votes for each district. 

" Thank heaven, New England is not re- 
sponsible for Hamburg, Danville, or Co- 
piah, or for the recent outrages that have 
driven from their homes in Texas well- 
known citizens of that state simply be- 
cause they were Republicans. Thank 
heaven, New England is not responsible 
for the tissue ballot frauds, the multiple 
box scheme, the false counting, the 
threats, intimidations, and political mur- 
ders that more than one Southern man has 
defended on the ground that they were 
necessary to keep the South solid for the 
Democratic party. Elections in New 
England have always been conducted fair- 
ly. No voter, black or white, rich or 
poor, foreign-born or native, has been de- 
nied his right or driven from the polls. 
Proud of her magnificent system of town 
government, proud of her schools and her 
churches, her mills and her homes, and 
proud alike of the fairness of her elections, 
she stands to-day as the best illustration 
of-an enlightened and progressive republi- 
canism. Men may sneer at her on tins 
floor or elsewhere, but her achievements 

are too well known to need eulogy from 
me. Secure in the glory of her fame she 
will withstand all attacks upon her integ- 
rity and loyalty to the right. 

"It is being claimed in certain quarters 
that the South of to-day is a "New 
South/ 1 and that New England is govern- 
ed by prejudice toward her. Let us hope 
that a new light has burst upon the South- 
ern States, that the wrong of secession 
and the crime of rebellion are at length to 
be acknowledged, that the fundamental 
and vital principles of constitutional gov- 
ernment are to be exemplified in the free 
and fair exercise of the elective franchise, 
and in the recognition of the universal 
brotherhood of man. New England will 
hail such a change. But that change 
never will come in fact so long as a por- 
tion of her vote is suppressed, and a large 
percentage of her people kept in political 
slavery. That change can only come 
through a repudiation of all w r rongful elec- 
tion methods, all devices to cheat and de- 
fraud the voter, all schemes of disfran- 
chisement and persecution for opinion's 

11 New England only asks that the South 
shall imitate her fair and honorable elec- 
tion methods, and that Southern men on 
this floor shall not attempt to hide from 
view the wicked political practices of their 
own section by making accusations 
against New England or the North which 
every well-informed man knows to be in- 
correct and unjust. If a Representative 
from any district of New England is to be 
unseated, let the issue be made upon the 
facts developed in that particular case, 
rather than to be made an occasion for 
sweeping condemnation and denunciation 
of a section of the country where election 
frauds are never justified, and where every 
voter is given the utmost facility to ex- 
press at the ballot-box his individual pref- 
erence. That is all New England asks, 
and for that right New England will con- 
tend, here and elsewhere, no matter who 
her accusers may be. Her voice will ever 
be raised in advocacy of honest elections 
in every state of the Union, believing, as 
she does, that the suppression of the right 
of suffrage in the South is a blow at the 
very fundamental principles of our gov- 
ernment, and a wrong that, unless righted, 
will endanger the perpetuity of the Re- 
public. " 


Hon, fa cob H. Gallinger, 

Perhaps Dr. Gallinger's most 
studied speech was on the tariff ques- 
tion, and was delivered in the House, 

April 30, iSSS. It was during the 
memorable debate on the Mills' Bill. 
Afterward the National Republi- 
can Committee issued and circulated 
throughout the country 400,000 cop- 
ies of this speech, a compliment 
rarely bestowed upon any Congress- 
man. Its eloquent close is as follows : 

"In this conflict there are the ideas of 
two distinct civilizations, the one born of 
the spirit of oppression and aristocracy., 
and the other springing from the men who 
fought the wars of religious toleration, La 
both the Old and the New World, and who 
came to New England to found a nation 
devoted to industry, progress, thrift, and 
political and religious liberty. The de- 
scendants of these people are not to he 
halted in their grand march of civilization 
and industrial prosperity. New England 
ideas may be, as they have been, mocked 
at and derided, but the hand of the Lord 
never permits time to be turned back- 

"This nation cannot stand still and will 
not retrograde. It has hitherto gone for- 
ward upon the lines marked for it by New- 
England. The South has, reluctantly it 
may be, adopted many of her ideas, and 
the South, if she ever expects to become 
rich and great, will have to adopt more of 
them. The first gun at Lexington told 
of the patriotism of New England's sons 
when her liberties were in danger ; 
and her response to the President's mes- 
sage will equally show her loyalty and 
courage when her industrial prosperity is 
threatened. * * * The time is com- 
ing when the American purpose and idea 
of material prosperity, emanating from 
and pursued on every water-course in New 
England, at every spot where an industry 
can be planted, whether near to or remote 
from rail communication, will be adopted 
by the Southern States. When that 
time comes, as come it must, the illimita- 
ble possibilities of the Republic will be 
shown, and a government strong in all the 
elements of greatness and wealth will 
proudly take her place at the head of the 
nations of the earth. New England has 

adjusted her industrial affairs to lit the 
conditions created by the tariff, while the 
South, with her eyes still fixed on the 
free-trade notions of ante-bellum days, is 
plodding in the ruts of long ago. But 
her Birminghams and her Atlantas are a 
suggestion of what her future will be when 
she devolopes her resources, and adopts 
the American policy of protection to 
American industries and American labor. 

' ' Is there politics in this ? some may ask. 
Yes. Political economy is defined to be 
*« the science which treats of the wealth of 
nations, and the causes of its increase or 
diminution ; the principles of govern- 
ment." This surely, then, trenches on 
that ground. It points out to the South 
the true way to establish and make oper- 
ative -'the science of government." It 
establishes the higher order of politics in 
her domain. Not shot-guns, not tissue 
ballots, not intimidation for opinion's 
sake, but a fair field and no favor in the 
general upbuilding and rehabilitation of 
her territory. Not Copiah and Hamburg 
and Danville, but cities like Lowell and 
Lawrence, like Manchester and Lewiston, 
with their magnificent manufacturing es- 
tablishments, will spring up all over the 
South, giving employment to tens of 
thousands of her people, converting her 
waste places into thrifty villages and 
prosperous communities, thus dignifying 
and ennobling labor, and practically help- 
ing to make this great country of ours in- 
dependent of the productions of Europe- 
an nations. 

♦'When this becomes an accomplished 
fact a free ballot will follow, and the 
crimes against the suffrage perpetrated in 
some of the Southern States will of ne- 
cessity cease. Is it worth the effort? 
Rather do not patriotism and enterprise 
alike point to this as the only proper 
course to pursue? — the one thing more 
needful than any other to forever obliter- 
ate the bitter memories of the conflict of 
1861-1865, and reunite our whole people 
in the grand struggle for supremacy over 
the other nations of the world — a suprem- 
acy established upon the basis of intelligent 
business enterprises, and fostered and 
strengthened by intelligent business leg- 
islation. For my part I am ready to 
join in this rivalry, but I am not ready to 
give my voice or vote for a measure which 
will despoil my own section, and strike 
down and destroy the very heart of the 

Hon. Jacob H. Gallingcr. 


nation's business life. This must not — 
this will not be done." [Great applause.] 

After Dr. Gallinger had occupied 
one hour the unanimous consent of 
the House was asked that he might 
finish his remarks and no one ob- 

Dr. Gallinger's was one of the 
most eloquent tributes paid to the 
memory of General John A. Logan, 
and for which he received the per- 
sonal thanks of the gifted wife of the 
der.d soldier. In part he said : 

"But it was not necessary for one to 
personally know him to gain a knowledge 
of his character and attributes. His re- 
cord is written on every page of the his- 
tory of his country, especially since the 
troublous times commencing in i860. 
When the nation needed brave men to 
defend it Logan threw all his energy, 
strength, and heroism into the scale, and 
came out of that terrible struggle with a 
record for bravery and military skill equal 
at least to that of any man who fought on 
either side. Rapidly rising from a private 
to major-general, he was the pride and 
glory of the men whom he commanded. 

"His battles were nearly all victories, 
and in them he was a conspicuous figure, 
inspiring his men by deeds of daring un- 
excelled in the military history of the 
world. What wonder that he was the 
idol of the veterans of our late war ! What 
wonder that the common soldier, recalling 
the events of that great conflict, turned to 
John A. Logan as- his best friend! What 
wonder that wherever soldiers congregated 
— around the camp-fire and at their reun- 
ions — the mention of Logan's name was al- 
ways greeted with manifestations of delight. 
And surely this record alone — the love 
and honor of the men who left home and 
loved ones to do brave battle for the Con- 
stitution and the Union — is enough to 
immortalize the memory of one of the 
greatest generals of modern times. 

" Logan was not only a great soldier — he 
was equally a great civil leader. Examine 
the long record of his public life, and not 
a blot is on the page. Earnest, aggres- 
sive, and eloquent, his words always re- 
flected honest convictions and high pur- 

poses. The arts of the demagogue were 
unknown to him, the tricks of the mere 
politician were antagonistic to his ideas of 
public duty. As so many have testified 
to-day, he loved truth for truth's sake, 
and despised pretense and shams of every 
kind. Loyal to his country, he was 
equally loyal to his convictions on all pub- 
lic matters, and wherever the finger of 
duty beckoned he followed fearlessly and 

" In every department of life — whether 
as soldier, legislator, counselor, or friend 
— in the Army, in the Senate, or any- 
where among his fellow-men, he was. the 
circle of profound respect and loving ad- 
miration, while in the sacred precincts of 
his own home he was the light, the joy, 
and the inspiration: and the deep and 
overwhelming grief that to-day sweeps 
over the heart of the loving companion oi 
his life-work is, after all, the most elo- 
quent tribute that can be paid to his 

"Logan was a great man in the best 
meaning of that word. He was both phys- 
ically and intellectually strong. He tow- 
ered above the masses as some great tree 
towers above its fellows. 

" In my own state, on a lofty mountain 
peak, is the perfect face of a man, formed 
by the rocks without the aid of human in- 
telligence or human effort. Tourists from 
distant lands come to gaze upon "the 
great stone face,' 1 and go away with feel- 
ings of awe and admiration. It is a 
grand face — grand in its dignity and its im- 
pressiveness — a face that haunts one in 
after years, and tells the story of nature's 
grandeur and glory. And so, too, there 
are men who tower to the mountain tops 
of human experience and acquirement, 
and look down upon their fellows in the 
valleys below. Such a man was Logan — 
a great, strong, noble soul — a natural 
leader of men, and utterly incapable of 
She petty meannesses that mar so many 

The following is the close of his 
address in memory of Senator Aus- 
tin F. Pike : 

"Mr. Speaker, for the twelfth time in 
the life of this Congress we have paused 
from the business of legislation to speak 
words of loving appreciation of our dead 
associates. The vice-president of the 


Hon. Jacob H. Gallinger. 

United States, three senators, and eight 
representatives have passed away since 
the beginning of the Forty-ninth Con- 
gress. The list is an unusually long one, 
and serves to call our thoughts vividly to 
the uncertainty of life, the certainty of 
death, and the great question of immor- 
tality. They were all good and true men, 
and loving friends and associates have 
told, in fitting words, the story of their 
fidelity and worth. Among them all no 
man possessed a larger measure of unos- 
tentatious goodness and genuine gracious- 
ness than he in whose memory our words 
are. spoken to-day. 

44 In this winter time of the North the 
grave of Austin F. Pike is covered with a 
thick mantle of snow, but soon the balmy 
days will come and the beautiful spring 
flowers will blossom over it — the anem- 
one and the violet — shedding their fra- 
grance on the air. In the hearts of the 
bereaved ones in the home he so recently 
left is the cold chill of poignant grief, but 
in the reunion in a better world will be 
compensation for the sorrow and the tears 
that death inevitably brings. They have 
to-day consolation in the thought that the 
life-work of him whom they mourn was 
made up of. noble endeavor, honest effort, 
and conscientious fulfillment, and that 
among his associates in the senate he is 
remembered as a man of ability, industry, 
integrity, and spotless life. 

"New Hampshire will greatly miss 
him, but his memory will be enshrined in 
the hearts of her people, and his fame be 
added to that of the galaxy of great names 
that adorn her history ; and in the years 
to come the faithful service he rendered 
his state and the nation will be regarded 
as the most precious legacy that he could 
possibly have left behind him. 

44 The form and face of Austin F. Pike 
we shall see no more. His soft and plain- 
tive voice is forever hushed. His anxie- 
ties and ambitions are alike over, and his 
busy life is exchanged for repose and rest. 
But it must not be forgotten that 

' There is no death: 
The stars go down to shine on a fairer shore, 
And bright in heaven's jeweled crown they shine for- 
ever more.' 

44 When life has been truly lived ; when 
we can look upon the grave of a dead 
friend and feel that the years he spent on 
earth were not in vain ; when we ksKJ>w 
that to him 4 life, death, and that vast for- 

ever is a grand, sweet song,' it helps to 
lift us out of the rut of our own weakness. 
and to enable us to say, ' So teach us to 
number our days that we may apply our 
hearts unto wisdom. 1 And happy will it 
be for us all if, when the dread summons 
comes, we can meet the great change with 
the same calmness and uncomplaining 
gentleness that marked the last days of 
the dead senator. 1 ' 

During the Fiftieth Congress Dr. 
Gallinger was a member of the Com- 
mittee on Invalid Pensions, where 
he had an opportunity and did a vast 
amount of valuable work for the sol- 
diers of New Hampshire. Largely 
through his instrumentality almost 
every bill presented to Congress in 
their favor was enacted into law. 
The following from the Veterans 
Advocate of April 3, 1SS9, will give 
an idea of his labors in behalf of the 
men who fought for the country 
from 1S61 to 1S65 : 

"We have received a copy of the 
Plyjnouth Democrat, published at Ply- 
mouth, Indiana, by Daniel McDonald, 
who was clerk of the Committee on In- 
valid Pensions of the Fiftieth Congress. 
In this paper we find a table of the bills 
referred to that committee, and of the 
reports made by the several members. 

"It appears that 5,068 bills were referred, 
and the following percentage of reports 
were made by the different members : 
Matson, of Indiana, 41.^. percent: Pid- 
cock, of Xew Jersey, 20 per cent. : Chip- 
man, of Michigan, 30 per cent. ; Yoder, 
of Ohio, 22 per cent.; Lane, of Illinois. 
30 per cent. : Lynch, of Pennsylvania, 13 
per cent. ; French, of Connecticut, 25 
per cent.; Walker, of Missouri, 17 per 
cent.; Thompson, of California, 18 per 
cent. ; Morrill, of Kansas, 57 per cent. : 
Sawyer, of New York, 40 per cent. ; Gal- 
linger, of Xew Hampshire, 83 per cent. : 
Spooner, of Rhode Island, 21 per cent. ; 
Thompson, of Ohio, 24 per cent. ; Hun- 
ter, of Kentucky, 23 per cent. It will be 
seen that while Dr. Gallinger of this state 
reported on 83 per cent, of the bill-; re- 
ferred to him, the next highest was 57 

Hon. Jacob H. Gallinger. 


percent., and several of them ran down 
below 20 per cent. 

"This is a record of which the soldiers 
should take note, as it is in the line of all 
of Dr. Gallinger's work for the veterans. 
The amount of work involved in the 
special acts is enormous, as the congress- 
man has to examine a great mass of papers 
in each case, to sift the evidence, and 
then write a report containing all the sali- 
ent points covered by the affidavits. Dr. 
Gallinger made hundreds of these reports, 
and thus through his efforts as a member 
of that committee hundreds of soldiers or 
the widows or orphans of soldiers received 
pensions from the government, which had 
been denied them by the pension depart- 
ment. Who says that Dr. Gallinger has 
not been the soldiers' friend, as he is so 
frequently called ? " 

During the Fiftieth Congress an 
investigation was ordered into the 
conduct of the government printing- 
office at Washington. This is the 
largest printing establishment in the 
world, and the purpose of the inves- 
tigation, on the Democratic side, 
was to make political capital for use 
in the presidential campaign then at 
hand. The Republican leaders in 
Congress demanded that Dr. Gallin- 
ger should be appointed on the com- 
mittee to represent the minority, and 
he was so appointed by Speaker Car- 
lisle. He had opposed to him two 
Democratic lawyers (Richardson, of 
Tennessee, and Gibson, of Maty- 
land), and Amos Cummings, of the 
New York Sun, one of the brightest 
newspaper men of the country. For 
six months, single handed and alone, 
Dr. Gallinger battled for his side of 
the case. For a long time it was 
supposed that he was a lawyer, so 
skillfully did he examine witnesses 
and argue controverted points. It 
was a great battle, fought for big 
stakes, and the whole Republican 

press of the country united in praise 
of the victory Dr. Gallinger won. 
The printed testimony of the investi- 
gation covered one thousand four 
hundred pages, while the minority 
report makes seventy-eight printed 
pages. In that document Dr. Gal- 
linger riddles the majority report 
mercilessly, and for brilliant writing 
few reports ever made to Congress 
compares with it. Dr. Gallinger 
was especially strong in his defense 
of the mechanics and soldiers who 
had been discharged from the office 
of the Democratic public printer; 
and when the investigation closed 
they testified their appreciation of his 
services by presenting him with an 
elegantly executed and beautifully 
framed set of resolutions, the entire 
work costing over $150.00. 

Such is the synopsis of the work 
done by Dr. Gallinger in the Forty- 
ninth and Fiftieth Congresses. It is a 
record, of which New Hampshire 
should be proud, which justly placed 
her representative among the leading 
men then in public life. It made 
him, too, an exceedingly popular 
man in Washington, outside of Con- 
gress, as every New Hampshire man 
will speedily learn who goes to that 
city. The people of Washington 
have watched his career with great 
interest ; and if he is again called to 
enter the public service he will re- 
ceive a most cordial welcome from 
all classes of people at the National 

Dr. Gallinger was a delegate to 
the Republican National Convention 
held in Chicago in June, iSSS, and 
was chairman of the New Hampshire 


The Moffat t- Whiffle Mansion. 

delegation. It became his privilege, 
at the request of General Lew Wal- 
lace, Attorney-General Michener, 
General W. W. Dudley, Hon. Geo. 
W. Steele, and Hon. J. N. Hus- 
ton, of Indiana, to second the nomi- 
nation of Benjamin Harrison for 
president. This he did in a very 
graceful speech. It, at least, evinced 
considerable political foresight for 
the doctor to name the man, among 
so many candidates, who could not 
only unite the various factions of the 
convention, but to be able to lead a 
united party to victory at the polls in 
the election which followed. 

In the Republican Senatorial cau- 
cus of June, 18S9, Dr. Gallinger's 
name was presented. He received 
sixty votes, but the ballot resulted in 

the nomination of Hon. William E. 
Chandler. It is safe to say that Mr. 
Chandler was the only man in the 
state at that time who could have 
beaten Dr. Gallinger, as the doctor 
was the second choice of many who 
voted against him. He is again an 
open and avowed candidate for the 
Senatorship. His friends believe that 
he possesses every necessary qualifi- 
cation to enable him to win distinc- 
tion in that body, and they propose 
to use every honorable effort to se- 
cure his election. The indications 
now are that he will be successful, 
and if so, it is safe to prophecy that 
his career in the Senate will reflect 
honor alike on himself, his party, 
and the state. 

By Fred Myron Colby. 

'* Lives of great men all remind us 
We can make our lives sublime, 
And, departing, leave behind us 
Footprints on the sands of time." 

The rain-drops upon our roof and 
against our window-pane trip in elfin 
measure, the harsh voice of old Bo- 
reas melts into a gentle breathing, 
glad sunshine illumines the dark 
clouds, and the gleeful rainbow 
spreads her magic sceptre of peace 
over the earth, as we wet our pen 
this wintry morning to conjure up 
memories of the old mansion which 
sheltered for twenty years one of the 
heroes of our history, and still stands 

in one of the busiest streets of the 
44 city by the sea," like Nestor among 
the chiefs at Troy — aged and time- 
worn, but still the stateliest of them 
all — grand in its architecture, and 
surrounded by a halo of sacred asso- 
ciations which gives it a prestige sec- 
ond to no dwelling-place in our state. 
A little more than one hundred years 
ago Brig. -Gen. William Whipple, 
sailor, merchant, signer of the dec- 
laration, and military hero, was rest- 
ing from the multifarious toils of 
an active and eminently useful life in 
the enjoyment of an ample compe- 
tence and the secure love and confi- 

The Moffatt- Whiffle Mansion. 


dcnce of a generous public. At this 
time the saloon and the table of this 
mansion almost daily received guests 
from far and near, who came on 
business, as friends, or to pay their 
obeisance to the revered patriot and 
the honored judge. No other house 
in Portsmouth entertained so many 
and such noble visitors as this, with 
the single exception of Gov. Lang- 
don's mansion on Pleasant street, for 
the reign of the Atkinsons, Warners, 
Jaffreys, and Wentworths were over. 
A new age had fairly begun, and the 
worth of men was no longer esti- 
mated by the number of crown offices 
they held, the value of their silver 
plate, or the grandeur of their equip- 
age. Democracy had succeeded roy- 
alty, and the men great in the na- 
tion's eye were they who had fought 
its battles, endured sacrifices for its 
prosperity, and won victory by a 
stout heart, a strong hand, a glow- 
ing brow. 

Now, for almost a hundred years 
the mortal remains of William Whip- 
ple have reposed under the mould in 
the beautiful north cemetery in the 
ancient city, but his home has been 
little marred by the tooth of time. 
No mansion in the citv has a more 
hospitable guise, and pilgrimages 
thither have not entirely ceased. A 
laudable curiositv prompts the wor- 
shipper to visit the home of a dead 
hero and a whole-hearted patriot ; 
and there is a melancholy interest in 
gazing at the haunts of greatness, 
and sometimes an elevating inspira- 
tion in breathing the air they 

" For like strains of martial music. 

Their mighty thoughts suggest 

Life's endless toil and endeavor.' 1 

The Moffatt- Whipple mansion, 
now more generally known as the 
Ladd house, was built in 1760— '61, 
bv John Moffatt for his son, Samuel 
Moffatt. It was the first three-story 
house erected in New Hampshire, 
and has always been a patrician res- 
idence — patrician in its grand aspect,- 
and no less in the character of its 
illustrious occupants. John Moffatt, 
the founder, was born in England in 
1692. He came to America in the 
year 1729 as the commander of one 
of the king's mast ships (so called) 
employed in carrying masts from the 
Piscataqua for the royal navy. One 
of his passengers was the celebrated 
Bishop George Berkeley, author of 
the oft-quoted line — 

• « Westward the course of empire takes 
its way, 11 

and who resided during several years 
at Newport, Rhode Island. Mr. 
Moffatt became a distinguished and 
wealthy merchant, and from 1740 to 
1770 was one of the most eminent 
private citizens of Portsmouth. In 
this latter year he paid a tax sur- 
passed only by five or six other citi- 
zens of the vice-regal town. He was 
one of the twelve purchasers of Ma- 
son's patent, but never held any mil- 
itary or civil commission higher than 
that of justice of the peace. 

His wife was Catherine Cutt, 
granddaughter of John Cutt, first 
president of New Hampshire under 
the royal government, and one of the 
four daughters of Robert Cutt, of 
Kittery. Their only son, Samuel 
Moffatt, was born September, 1738, 


The Moffatl-Whipple Mansion. 

graduated at Harvard College in the 
class ofi75S, and married, January 

30, 1765, Sarah Catherine Mason, 
one of the two daughters of John 
Tufton Mason, proprietor, by inher- 
itance, of New Hampshire. Her 
sister, Anna Elizabeth, married 
Councillor Peter Livius, one of the 
nabobs of ante-revolutionary days, 
and a famous tory, who fled to Eng- 
land after the commencement of hos- 
tilities. Miss Mason was born in 
London in 1742. He brought his 
bride to this country and to this 
house in 1764, where they lived in 
the old-time style until he met with 
reverses. In 176S he emigrated, with 
a part of his family, to St. Eestatius, 
one of the West India islands, where 
he died in 17S0. His oldest daugh- 
ter, Mary Tufton Moffatt, he left in 
the care of her Aunt Catherine, wife 
of Gen. William Whipple. 

On the departure of Samuel Mof- 
fat to the West Indies, his father, 
John, who had built the house, 
moved into it with his son-in-law, 
Whipple, and both resided there 
until their respective deaths. John 
Moffatt died January 22, 17S6, aged 
ninety-four years. Catherine Mof- 
fat, his daughter, who married Gen. 
Whipple, was born in 1741. She 
outlived her husband many years, 
dvincr at an advanced a?e in 1S26. 
The mansion at her death passed 
into the possession of her niece, Mary 
Tufton Moffatt, who married Dr. 
Nathaniel A. Haven, who was a 
member of congress from New 
Hampshire from 1809 to iSri. 
Their daughter and son-in-law, Mr. 
and Mrs. Alexander Ladd, inherited 

the property, and at their death it 
passed to A. A. Ladd, Esq., who 
is the present owner and occupant. 

The mansion was built and fur- 
nished in the grand days before the 
Revolution. In its dimensions, its 
architecture, its arrangements, and 
ornaments, it accords well with the 
splendor of the age and the fortune 
of its builder and after occupant. It 
stands on the left side of what is now 
Market street, formerly Fore street, 
surrounded by stores and shops. At 
the time of the Revolution the aspect 
of the neighborhood was as different 
as possible from the present. The 
whole eastern side of the street, as far 
back as Chapel and Bow streets, was 
occupied by gardens and orchards, 
with a few mansions scattered here 
and there. Only a few feet away, 
where the stone store now stands, 
was the site of John Cutfs house, 
the first governor of New Hampshire 
as a separate province in 1679-81. 
Near by, stood, also, at the time 0* 
the Revolution, the custom house 
and the post-office, kept by Eleazer 
Russell from 177S till his death, in 
179S. For several years this was 
the only post-office in New Hamp- 

The Whipple house is a lofty three 
story edifice, with a platform en the 
roof between the two huge chimneys. 
It presents a stately appearance from 
the street, and has an air of old-time- 
dignity anj3 grandeur that accords 
well with its history. Over the front 
door is a porch of the Grecian style, 
to which you ascend by a flight of 
three steps.' At the right hand of 
the gateway stands the porter's lodge, 

The Moffat t- Whiff le Mansion, 


a small, square building with door 
and windows looking out upon the 
street. As the door swings open — 
the same door which opened to ad- 
mit the patricians and dames of the 
old regime, and through which a 
hero had gone forth to the council 
halls of the nation, and to lead her 
armed legions to victory — you are 
ushered into a spacious and elegant 
hall, the finest., I think, in Ports- 
mouth. It is nearly square, twenty- 
four by thirty feet, and very lofty. 
The floor is of oak painted to repre- 
sent tesselated marble. The mats are 
costly tiger skins. Moose antlers, 
swords, and muskets that have a his- 
tory each one, adorn the walls; and 
from the ceiling there is suspended a 
costly chandelier with silver cande- 
labra. At the foot of the broad stair- 
way are two family portraits in wide 
gilt frames, and others look down 
upon you from the staircase head. 
There are no tawdry and unmeaning 
ornaments, but before, on the right, 
on the left, all around, the eve is 
struck and gratified with objects of 
real worth and taste, so classed and 
arranged as to produce their finest 

We ascend the grand baronial stair- 
way, pausing only long enough to 
study the two portraits in oil at the 
broad stair. They represent the first 
master and mistress of the mansion, 
John Mofiatt, Esq., and his wife, 
Catherine Cutt. The ancient mer- 
chant and aristocrat looks like the 
well-to-do Englishman. His merry 
eyes show humor; his nose and 
brow, character; and his ruddy face 
and portly presence, good living and 
generous draughts of St. Croix and 

Antigua. Mrs. Mofiatt is a fair, 
matronly looking dame, looking 
somewhat haughty in her bodice of 
purple brocade silk, and her dark 
hair strained over an immense cush- 
ion that sat on her head a la po?npa- 
dour. Both portraits are by Copley. 

There are portraits of seven gener- 
ations in the house. They include 
those of Samuel Mofiatt and his wife 
Sarah Catherine Mason, Col. Eliph- 
alet Ladd and his wife, who after- 
wards married Rev. J. Buckminster, 
Hon. N. A. Haven, and Alexander 
Ladd and his wife, Mary Tufton 
Haven. There are no portraits of 
General or Madame Whipple in the 
house. It is well to remember that 
the present proprietor is a direct de- 
scendant of Captain John Mason, the 
original grantee of all New Hamp- 
shire, being the tenth in straight de- 
scent. This combined blood of Ma- 
son, Tufton, Mofiatt, Cutt, and Ha- 
ven gives luster even to the lineage 
of the Ladds who boast the geneal- 
ogy and the coat of arms of an illus- 
trious Welsh descent. 

There are ten sleeping-chambers in 
the house. The one occupied by the 
Whipples is on the second floor on 
the east side. It has remained near- 
ly unaltered since Madame Whipple's 
death. The sun shone in there morn- 
ings ; and one looking from the win- 
dow can view the harbor, with Kit- 
tery at a distance, and the old home 
and birthplace of General Whipple 
on the green Maine coast. 

Adjoining the hall is the parlor 
where the old proprietors entertained 
their visitors, and which is used for 
the same purpose to-day. It is a 
superb room, about the size of the 


The Moffalt- Whipple Mansion 

hall, with a very high ceiling, and 
heavy, richly wrought cornice. Here 
are some more paintings, ancient and 
historic chairs, rich Gobelin tapes- 
try, and many articles of vertu, all 
with a memory connected with them. 
The fire-place has the finest mantle- 
piecejn the country. It was brought 
from Mason Hall in England, and 
was designed and executed by Grin- 
ling Gibbons, the famous English 
woodcarver and sculptor, who flour- 
ished 1650-172 1. Gibbons was em- 
ployed to ornament the chapel of 
Windsor Castle, for which he carved 
the foliage, and in the choir of St. 
Paul's, and the great room at Pet- 
worth, the decorations of the latter 
being regarded as his masterpiece. 
His touch, as indicated by this man- 
tle, was so graceful and delicate that 
his carved features can hardly be dis- 
tinguished from real ones. It would 
adorn a palace. 

On the left of the hall is the libra- 
ry, a sumptuous apartment, with two 
sides lined with book shelves filled 
with . richly bound volumes. This 
room was the office of Gen. Whip- 
ple, and we could not count, if We 
could, the number of cocked hats 
who have there been welcomed. 
Modern furnishing: has changed the 
aspect of the room very much, and 
probably, if the hero could come 
back to his old home, the only rooms 
that would look at all familiar would 
be his sleeping-chamber and the great 
hall. But few of his relics have been 
preserved in the mansion. 

The garden attached to the man- 
sion is of large extent and old-fash- 
ioned appointments. The shade 
trees are magnificent specimens of 

their class, and close about the ho 1 - 
with a fraternal, protecting air. ]; t 
that of loving sentinels. Anv • • 
them, standing at the lower emi 
the yard, is a majestic horse-chestnt 
which was planted there by the pa 
triot himself. It has flourished t! .. • 
for more than a hundred years, and, 
unlike many of its descendants,. 
pears to retain the vigor of its youtl 

At the foot of the garden, facing 
on High street, there stood for mam 
years the house in which the familie* 
of two of his slaves resided — Prince 
and Cuffee Whipple. These twi 
negroes are said to have been t; \ 
sons of an African king, who sen* 
them over to this country for an edu- 
cation, but they were retained in 
slavery. They were brought to Ports- 
mouth in 1765, being then ten ■: 
twelve years old ; and they were pur- 
chased by Captain Whipple. At the 
time of Burgoyne's invasion Genera! 
Whipple, who had been appointed 
to the command of the First State 
Brigade, took Prince with him on the 
expedition. On the march Whipple 
addressed himself to his slave some- 
what in this fashion: "Prince," 
said x he, "we shall very likely be 
called into action ; in this case I trust 
you will behave like a man of cour- 
age, and fight .bravely for the coun- 

" Sir," replied the young African. 
in a manly tone, " I have no wish to 
fight, and no inducement ; but had I 
my libertv, I would fight in defend 
of the country to the last drop ot mv 

"Well," said the general, "do 
your duty, Prince, and you are a free 
man from this hour." 


The Moffat t- Whipple Mansion. 


The noble black man needed no 
other incentive. He acted the part 
of a brave soldier throughout the 
campaign, and, upon his return, 
Whipple formally manumitted himu 
The general intended to erect a house 
on the premises for Prince, Cufiee, 
and their families ; but he died be- 
fore the accomplishment of his plan. 
Madame Whipple, however, gave 
them the land ; and the two negroes 
erected a small two- story house on 
the lot, in which both families lived 
and died. Dinah, Prince's widow , 
resided there till 1832. 

Prince and Cuffee Whipple were 
almost as well known in Portsmouth 
as their master. The former was a 
very handsome negro, tall, well pro- 
portioned, and of gentlemanly man- 
ner^. He was the Caleb Quotem of 
the neighborhood, and, like the char- 
acter in Colman's play, always had a 
place at all the large weddings, din- 
ners, balls, and evening parries. He 
was very popular among both black 
and white citizens, and his death, in 
17971 was much regretted. His 
brother Cuffee died in 1S20. 

We have considered the home of 
the patriot and hero, let us contem- 
plate briefly the man and his career. 

General William Whipple was the 
eldest son of William Whipple, and 
was born at Kittery, Maine, January 
14, 1730- His father was a native 
of Ipswich, and was bred a maltster ; 
but for several years after his removal 
to Kittery he followed the sea. His 
mother was Mary, daughter of Rob- 
ert Cutt, who, with her three sisters, 
were the richest heiresses of Kittery. 
The education of young \Vhipple 
was limited to a public school in his 

native town. It was respectable, 
but did not embrace that variety and 
extent of learning which is generally 
obtained at larger institutions. At 
an early age he went to sea in one of 
his father's vessels, and so kindly 
did he take to this life that before he 
reached the age of twenty-one he 
had command of a ship. His voy- 
ages were chiefly confined to the 
West Indies, but he made two suc- 
cessful trips to Europe, and one to 
the coast of Africa, his cargo in the 
latter instance consisting of living 
freight. His ventures seemed to have 
resulted profitably, for in 1759 he 
relinquished sea-faring life, and com- 
menced business in company with 
his brother Joseph at Portsmouth, 
where they continued in trade until 
within a few years of the Revolu- 

In 1767 Capt. Whipple married 
his cousin, Catherine Moffatt. He 
had previously been engaged to an- 
other cousin, but the engagement had 
been broken by mutual consent of the 
parties. The particulars are related 
in full by the gossipy author of 
" Rambles about Portsmouth ; " and 
as the affair is illustrative of the de- 
cision and independence of the sub- 
sequent iK signer," we give the story 
here : 

"Among the daughters of Hon. Jothac 
Odiorne (he married Mehitabel, eldest of 
the four daughters of Robert Cutt) was 
Miss Mehitable, who bore her mother's 
name, and was the pride of the family. 
Among the suitors in cocked hats, small 
clothes, and ruffles, William Whipple re- 
ceived her especial favor. In due time 
the wedding was arranged, and one joy- 
ous evening there was especial illumina- 
tion of the Odiorne premises. The Rev. 
Samuel Langdon, in his flowing wig, might 
have been seen entering the house, and 


The Moffat t- Whiffle Mansion. 

two shiny faced negro boys, Prince and 
Cuffee, in attendance. The parlor tire- 
place was dressed with fresh spruce ; 
bouquets ornamented the mantel ; and 
the white scoured floor was freely sanded. 
The father, 'mother, and children were 
gathered ; the bride with her maids, and 
the groom with his attendants, were all 
arranged, when the chief personage of the 
occasion suddenly leaves the circle for 
another room. 

"After waiting nearly half an hour, a 
message is received by the anxious bride- 
groom. He goes to another room, and 
there finds his lady divested of her wed- 
ding suit, and in her common dress. She 
told him she had come to the conclusion 

.. not to be married that evening. He 
pleads, but in vain ; he remonstrates, but 
with no effect. The wedding, she said, 
must be delayed to some other occasion. 
'We must be married now or never, was 
his decisive reply. It was unavailing; so 
with a determination no less heartfelt than 
that of some years after placing his name 
to the immortal Declaration, he here de- 

- clared his personal independence, retired 
from the scene, and never afterward made 
a call upon his cousin Mehitable. She 
was afterwards married to William E. 
Treadwell, who was the father of Capt. 
Robert Tread well. " 

Capt. Whipple made no mistake 
in his second choice. Catherine 
Moffatt was an heiress and a belle. 
She was a lady of accomplishment 
and character, and few of the grand 
dames of Portsmouth are remembered 
with so much respect and reverence 
as is given to the memory of Mad- 
ame Whipple. For a long period 
she was one of the leaders of society 
in the city, and her grace and charm- 
ing manners recalled the glory of the 
old regime^ whose lingering splen- 
dors were reflected in her mein and 
hospitality. • 

Capt. Whipple early entered with 
spirit into the controversy that was 
beginning between the colonics and 
the mother country; and on account 

of his well known probity and hi* 
decisive character, as well as his 
wealth and social rank, he was elect- 
ed to numerous offices of trust and 
responsibility by his townsmen. In 
the Provincial Congress, which met 
at Exeter January, 1775, for the pur- 
pose of electing delegates to the Con- 
tinental Congress in Philadelphia, he 
represented Portsmouth. He also 
represented that town at the General 
Assembly- at Exeter the following 
May, and by that body was appoint- 
ed one of the Provincial Committee 
of Safety. In 1776 he was appointed 
one of the delegates of New Hamp- 
shire to the third General Congress. 
He labored assiduously in that body, 
and was particularly active as one cl 
the superintendents of the commis- 
sary's and quartermaster's depart- 
ments, in which he was successful in 
correcting many abuses, and in giv- 
ing to those establishments a proper 
correctness and efficiency. 

l ' The memorable day which gave 
birth to the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence afforded in the case of William 
Whipple," a writer acutely observes, 
t; a striking example of the uncer- 
tainty of human affairs and the tri- 
umphs of perseverance. The cabin 
boy who thirty years before had 
looked forward to a command ot a 
vessel as the consummation of all his 
hopes and wishes, now stood amidst 
the congress of 1776, and looked 
around upon a conclave of patriots 
such as the world had never wit- 
nessed. He whose ambition once 
centered in inscribing his name as 
commander upon a crew list, now 
affixed his signature to a document 
which embalmed it for posterity." 

The Moffat t- Whipple Mansion. 


The 4th of July is the day usually Gen. Burgoyne, and settle the articles 
regarded as the anniversary of the of capitulation. He was also select- 
Declaration. It is well to know the ed as one of the officers, who were 
true facts of the case. The resolu- appointed to conduct the surrendered 
tion of Richard Henry Lee, of Vir- army to their destined encampment 
ginia, which declared the colonies on Winter Hill, in the vicinity of 
« free and independent states," was Boston. 

adopted July 2d. The precise form His military services were not yet 
of declaring it to the world was that over, for the next year he was en- 
adopted on the 4th. Hancock was gaged, with a detachment of New 
the only one of the delegates who Hampshire militia under Gen. Sul- 
signed the instrument that day. The livan, in executing a plan which had 
others, with two exceptions, attached for its object the retaking of Rhode 
their signatures August 2d.* Island from the British. By reason 

The following year, 1777, Capt. of the failure of Count D'Estaing, 

Whipple was again elected to a seat the admiral of a French fleet, who 

in the Continental Congress. Soon had been sent to aid the Americans, 

after his return home, he received to co-operate with him. Sullivan was 

the appointment of brigadier-general forced to retreat from Newport, the 

of the First Brigade of New Hamp- siege of which he had commenced, 

shire, which had been formed by and the campaign came to nothing, 

order of the State Assembly to resist Whipple had little military skill, and 

the advance of Burgoyne. Another probably would not have succeeded 
brigade was organized and placed 
under Stark, who proceeded to the 
field at once with a portion of both 

brigades. The remainder, under 
Whipple, remained in quarters until 
their commander had received his 
commission as brigadier-general from 

as the leader of any warlike enter- 
prise ; but he rendered valuable ser- 
vice in his way. He was brave to a 
fault, decisive- in action, and a strict 
disciplinarian. Had he continued in 

the held he would have rendered effi- 
cient service as a subordinate. Gates 
Congress, when they, too, marched and Sullivan alike held his talents in 
for the seat of war. Whipple served high estimation, and he is enrolled 
with his men under Gates at the bat- in the list of the gallant soldiers of 
ties of Stillwater and Saratoga, do- our state. He resigned his military 
ing good service in both, establish- commission June 20, 17S2. 
ing his own reputation as a sol her Gen. Whipple had in 1778 been 
and that of his troops. When the elected the third time as a delegate 
British general, defeated, hemmed to Congress, but he did not take his 
in, harrassed beyond measure, was seat till some time after the opening 
forced to surrender, Gen. Whipple of the session, on account of his ab- 
was jointly appointed with Col. sence in Rhode Island; and he de- 
Wilkinson as the representative of clined all further re-elections which 
Gen. Gates to meet two officers from were tendered him. But he was not 

*See " Bartlctt Mansion " in Granite Monthly of June, i83j. 


The Moffatt- Whiffle Mansion. 

permitted to retire to private life. 
In 1780 he was elected a representa- 
tive to the General Assemby of New 
Hampshire from his adopted town, 
and was repeatedly re-elected. In 
17S2 he received the appointment of 
receiver of public moneys for the 
state from Robert Morris, the super- 
intendent of finance. The duties of 
this office were both arduous and 
unpopular. The collection of money 
at that time was extremely difficult ; 
but Gen. Whipple was the right 
man in the right place. He experi- 
enced, indeed, some vexations, but 
he performed his duties faithfully, 
without exasperating any one, and to 
the satisfaction of the government, 
until failing health obliged him to 
resign his commission. At the same 
time that he received the above ap- 
pointment he was created a judge of 
the state Supreme Court. He had 
little knowledge of law, and was not 
authority in decisions ; but he had 
qualifications which were no less 
essential, namely, a discerning mind, 
sound judgment, and unquestioned 

The general's health had always 
been firm and robust, but about this 
time he began to be troubled with 
strictures in the breast, which were 
at times exceedingly painful to him. 
Even slight exercise would cause 
violent palpitation of the heart, and 
extra exertion would induce syncope. 
He was able, however, to ride the 
circuit of the courts for two or three 
years. In the fall of 1 7S5 his dis- 
ease assumed such a formidable char- 
acter that he was obliged to return 
home before the circuit was com- 
pleted. From this time he was con- 

fined to his room until the 28th day 
of November, when he expired, in 
the fifty-sixth year of his age. A 
post-mortem examination revealed 
the fact that his death had been 
caused by ossification of the heart. 
The valve was united to the aorta. 
Only a small aperture, the size of 
a large knitting-needle, was open, 
through which the blood flowed in 
its circulation ; and when any sud- 
den emotion gave it new impulse it 
produced the palpitation and faint- 
ness which had disturbed him. 

Gen. Whipple, in person, was 
above the middle height, erect, and 
stately in appearance. His features 
were bold and prominent ; his face 
in repose was stern, and his manners 
were pleasantly dignified. His por- 
trait, as we look at it, is that of a 
handsome, ardent, self-possessed gen- 
tleman of the old school; and what 
we know of him coincides with this 

Nathaniel Adams in his "Annals 
of Portsmouth," published in 1S24, 
speaks thus eulogisticallv of this 
worthy: "Gen. Whipple enjoyed 
through life a great share of public 
confidence, and, although his early 
education was limited, his natural 
good sense and accurate observation 
enabled him to discharge the duties 
of the many offices with which he 
was entrusted with credit to himself 
and benefit to the public. He was 
possessed of a strong mind, a quick 
discernment, was easy in his man- 
ners, courteous in his deportment, 
correct in his habits, and constant in 
his friendships." 

The home life of a public man ot 
such prominence as Gen. Whipple 

The Moffatt- IVJiipple Mansion. 


must always be interesting and in- 
structive. He was fond of social life, 
±xi& had strong domestic tastes ; but 
circumstances conspired to rob him 
of the ease and enjoyments of the 
home circle which would have been 
so acceptable to him. During the 
stormy days of war there could have 
been little time to attend to the duties 
of the fireside; but when the conflict 
was past, we can imagine the degree 
of satisfaction with which he Vested 
from his toil, and how gratefully he 
worshipped in the old North church. 
Whipple lived in luxurious style, 
and the hospitality within his walls 
gave tone to society in the city of 
Portsmouth, where Mrs. Whipple, or 
the «« Madame," as she was called, 
was the presiding genius of the 

Madame Whipple was acknowl- 
edged to possess considerable beauty. 
She was also thoroughly high bred, 
had a courtly manner, and a high- 
toned spirit that showed itself on all 
occasions. She was always dressed 
with care, and a dignified propriety, 
rather than a wish to display, was 
evident. She went little into society 
for some time previous to her death, 
her last public appearance being at 
the occasion of the bi-centennial cel- 
ebration of the settlement of Ports- 
mouth, in 1823, in which she was a 
prominent figure. Her remains rest 
beside her husband and her kindred 
in the old North cemetery of the an- 
cient seaport town. 

Long ago the compatriots of Whip- 
ple in the congress of 1776 have, one 

by one, gone down into the grave, 
like stars in the western sky. The 
last bright luminary of the constella- 
tion that lingered above the horizon 
was Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, 
who left our firmament more than 
fifty 3*ears ago. They have set, never 
to rise again in the heavens of our 
national destiny, except by the refrac- 
tive power of memory. We cannot 
too often revive the recollection of 
their glorious deeds and manifold 
virtues; and if by this brief and by 
no means satisfactory picture of the 
home of one of those patriots I have 
recalled our obligations to them, I 
am amply paid. To me it was 
something to visit the ancient man- 
sion where the hero lived, and to 
surround myself with the associa- 
tions that each door and window and 
rod of ground summoned up like the 
fairy structures which the invisible 
wands of potent genii raised in the 
stories of " Arabian Nights." It was 
like enchanted ground to me, and 

"Fairer seemed the ancient city, and the 
sunshine seemed more fair, 

That he once had trod its pavement, that 
he once had breathed its air." 

Long may the plain, comfortable, 
noble old dwelling remain, with its 
splendid chestnuts and elms, its beau- 
tiful vistas of garden shrubbery, and 
its air of old-time comfort and repose. 
It furnishes a quaint and imposing 
landmark of the past, whereby we 
may note how pleasantly they lived 
in those days, and how they builded, 
not for a day or a year, but for centu- 
ries of use and habitation. 


White Park, Concord. 



The capital of New Hampshire is 
a pleasant city of some seventeen 
thousand inhabitants. Its main street 
lies near the bank of the River Merri- 
mack, and its residence streets stretch 
along the slopes of hills which rise 
irregularly west of the stream. Be- 
yond the older streets, but surround- 
ed by modern ways, is a small tract 
of land which is in part so precipit- 
ous and in part so swampy that all 
the new roads have avoided it. On 
this rough land is a fine growth of 
large trees of many sorts, and, al- 
though it lies only half a mile from 
the centre of the town, many of the 
most interesting New England wild 
flowers bloom in the shelter of its 
woods and hollows. 

This tract of about twenty-five 
acres has been presented to the city 
of Concord, and is called White Park, 
for the donor. A commission of 
weil known citizens has been placed 
in charge of the work of fitting the 
ground for the use and enjoyment of 
the people, and they have wisely be- 
gun their labors by devising and 
adopting a general plan. 

The commission intends to make 
the park a place of quiet resort for 
people who cannot take the time or 
who have not the strength to go often 
to find refreshment in the open coun- 
try. No carriages are to be admit- 
ted, not only because the acreage is 
small and the slopes steep, but also 
because it seems unfair to injure the 

park for the use of children and pe- 
destrians while innumerable pleasant 
country drives are close at hand. No 
elaborate gardening will be admit- 
ted, not only because it is costly, but 
also because it would be incongru- 
ous. Every city of the new West may 
have its carpet-bed " park" if it so 
wishes, but Concord proposes to seize 
her opportunity to provide for her 
citizens and their posterity something 
very much more valuable. She will 
set aside and preserve, for the enjoy- 
ment of all orderly townspeople, a 
typical, strikingly beautiful, and very 
easily accessible bit of New England 
landscape. Would that every Amer- 
ican city and town might thus save 
for its citizens some characteristic 
portion of its neighboring country ! 
We should then possess public places 
which would exhibit something more 
refreshing than a monotony of clipped 
grass and bcattered flower-beds. 

The plan adopted by the commis- 
sion provides for the enhancement ot 
the natural beauty of the park by 
spreading water in the lowland where 
nature made a marsh, by making 
grassy glades in two or three hollow 
parts where nature grew alders and 
birches, by planting a thicket ot 
mountain laurel here, and opening a 
vista to the Merrimack there ; and 
then the plan leads paths in such di- 
rections and by such routes as will 
best display the beauty of the place 
while injuring it least. In the opin- 

White Park, Concord, 


ion of the Concord commission, a 
path, far from being a chief beauty 
of a park, is only an instrument by 
means of which it is possible for 
large numbers of people to pass 
through the midst of beautiful land- 
scape without seriously injuring it- 

The variety of limited scenery 
which White Park will present when 
it is finished is great. Just within 
the main gate will be a level of green 
sward, bounded on three sides by 
rising banks, from which hang thick 
woods of deciduous trees. At one 
end the banks draw close together, 
and here is a deeply shaded dell, 
from the head of which a path climbs 
by steps to the street. Two other 
paths lead up from the green, by lit- 
tle hollows in the skirting bank, to a 
plateau where pitch pines stand in. 
open order, and the ground is car- 
peted with their needles. A steep- 
sided, curved, and densely wooded 
ridge in turn bounds this plateau, and 
beyond it, and nestled in the curve 
at its base, is a tiny pond, fed by 
strong springs, and overhung by tall 
white pines. Its waters overflow, bv 
way of a steep and stony channel, into 
a much larger pond, with shores but 
little raised above the water, which 
occupies the southern third of a long 
level, through which a slow brook 
meanders. The shore of this pond 
and all the flat land near the brook, 
is scatteringly wooded with large 
deciduous trees. Paths reach little 
beaches on the shore at several points. 
Beyond the head of the pond a path 
leads to a " shelter" on a knoll in the 
midst of deep woods, and thence by 
a sharp ascent to a high point on the 
very edge of the park, whence a 

pretty view will be had of the pond 
at one's feet, and the Merrimack val- 
ley beyond, with the state house 
dome in the middle distance, and 
near the middle of the picture. All 
things considered, Concord is in a 
fair way to possess one of the most 
charming small parks in America. 

Why are gifts like this of Mrs. 
White to Concord not more com- 
mon? Can any more valuable pres- 
ent to posterity be imagined? Per- 
haps they maybe commoner when it 
comes to be known that there are now 
several park commissioners in this 
country who do not consider it their 
first duty to destroy the beauty 
which nature provides. Real land- 
scape art is nothing if it is not broad, 
simple, and conservative of natural 
beauty. It is elaborate and garden- 
esque only in special circumstances. 
Its old name of u landscape-garden- 
ing" must be discarded at once, if 
the definition in the new ; ' Century 
Dictionary" is correct. Landscape 
art does not consist in arranging- 
trees, shrubs, borders, lawns, ponds, 
bridges, fountains, paths, or any 
other things "so as to produce a 
picturesque effect." It is rather the 
fitting of landscape to human use 
and enjoyment in such manner as 
may be most appropriate and most 
beautiful in any given spot or region. 
When this is generally understood 
by the public and practiced by the 
profession, parks and country-seats 
will be so designed as to be not only 
well arranged and beautiful, but 
beautiful in some distinctive and 
characteristic way, as is White Park 
at Concord. 


Hon. Frederic Chase. 



Within a generation what a long 
list of our best and choicest citizens 
have been laid to rest in the old cem- 
etery at Hanover. One of the noblest 
and most loved, the last to leave us, 
is Fred. (Dhase, who died on Sunday 
morning, January 19, of influenza, 
after a brief illness. 

He was born September 2, 1S40, 
in the old Dartmouth hotel, then kept 
by Mr. J. G. Currier, and was the 
son of Stephen Chase, professor of 
mathematics in Dartmouth College, 
and of Mrs. Sarah T. Chase, daugh- 
ter of Gen. Ichabod Goodwin, of 
South Berwick, Me. 

On the death of Professor Chase in 
185 1, at the early age of thirty-seven, 
Mrs. Chase was left with very limited 
means, Fred., the eldest of her two 
sons, being eleven years old, and 
Walter but seven. In i860 Fred, 
graduated from Dartmouth College, 
and then the hard struggle in which 
his devoted mother had been engaged 
for nine years was practically ended. 
He was fitted for college partly in 
Hanover, and partly at Phillips Acad- 
emy, Andover, Mass. 

Among his classmates, who have 
reached positions of prominence, may 
be named Rev. Dr. Little, of Dor- 
chester, Mass., who, at the funeral 
services in the college church, paid 
a beautiful tribute to his memory ; 
Prof. A. S. Bickmore, of New York ; 
Ira G. Hoitt, of San Francisco; Dr. 
L. B. How, of the Dartmouth Med- 
ical College; Gen. J. N. Patterson, 

of Washington ; D. G. Rollins, of 
New York ; C. F. P. Bancroft, of 
Phillips Academy, and many more. 

After graduation, Mr. Chase spent 
some months in the law office of 
Hon. Daniel Blaisdell, of Hanover, 
and then, through the influence of 
Hon. J. W. Patterson, secured an 
appointment as clerk in the second 
auditor's office in Washington. Three 
vears later he was transferred to the 
office of the secretary of the treasury, 
where he soon became chief clerk, 
and as such was entrusted with many 
delicate and responsible duties. Dur- 
ing this period his spare time was 
devoted to legal study; and in 1S67 
he graduated from the Columbia Col- 
lege Law School, and soon after re- 
signed his position in the treasury 
department to become a member of 
the legal firm of Chase, Hartley & 
Coleman, of Washington and New 
York. The business of the firm soon 
became very large, and was so lucra- 
tive that when in 1S74, on account of 
ill health, Mr. Chase dissolved his 
connection with it, he had already ac- 
quired a modest competency. About 
this time he sold the house next to the 
Dartmouth hotel, where his boyhood 
had been spent, to Mr. D. B. Cur- 
rier, and purchased the home where 
he has since resided. In 1S71 Judge 
Chase married Miss Mary F. Pome- 
roy, of Detroit, who is left with five 
children to mourn his loss. 

In 1875 he was elected treasurer 
of Dartmouth College, a position for 

Hon. Frederic Chase. 


which his legal training and practice 
and his long connection with the U. 
S. Treasury Department had admir- 
ably qualified him. The next year 
he was appointed judge of probate 
for Grafton county, holding both po- 
sitions at the time of his death. 
Throwing himself heartily into his 
work as treasurer, he soon mastered 
all the complicated financial details ; 
and his care of the funds of the col- 
lege has been minute, unwearied, 
and eminently successful. One of 
the college trustees says : " It will be 
impossible for us to fill Judge Chase's 
place." This we believe to be liter- 
ally true, and the best man who can 
be found will only be able to fill it 
adequately after some years of ex- 

A rapid and accurate accountant, 
he turned off probate business with 
great dispatch ; and so minute and 
thorough was his knowledge of pro- 
bate law that I believe not a single 
one of his decisions has been reversed 
on appeal to a higher court. 

For fourteen years he has been the 
president, and for most of that time 
the active superintendent of the Flan- 
over Aqueduct Association, laboring 
in season and out of season with rare 
fidelity and devotion, that the village 
might have an adequate supply of 
pure drinking water; and for all his 
thought and labor the compensation 
he has received has been merely 

For the past seven or eight years 
Judge Chase has devoted all the time 
not demanded by his other duties to 
collecting material for a history of 
Dartmouth College and the town of 
Hanover. No one not fully conver- 

sant with the facts can form any ad- 
equate idea of the immense labor 
which this work has entailed. In 
carrying it on, a very large corre- 
spondence has been maintained, sev- 
eral journeys made, — in fact, no pos- 
sible source of information has been 
overlooked or neglected. The amount 
of material collected is exceedingly 
large, and much of it of almost price- 
less value. The first volume, mak- 
ing about seven hundred pages, is 
wholly written ; a part of it is in the 
hands of the printer, and the first 
chapter already in type. The second 
volume, which is largely independ- 
ent of the first, is mainly prepared, 
needing only correction and revision. 
Had he lived to publish the work, it 
could hardly have failed to establish 
his reputation as an accurate, thor- 
ough, and painstaking historical 
scholar, though it would probably 
not have brought pecuniary gain ; 
but this he did not expect. It was 
undertaken as a labor of love. There 
is no one who has a tithe of the 
knowledge on these matters that 
Judge Chase possessed, and it is to 
be hoped that arrangements will be 
made at once for the publication of 
the first volume, at least. Unless 
some one else claims the privilege it 
would seem that the college would 
not fail to undertake it. 

For many years Judge Chase was 
a valuable and consistent member of 
the college church, always ready to 
devote his time, his strength, and his 
money to advance its interests. No 
man had a livelier sympathy for pov- 
erty, misfortune, and distress; and 
no man was readier to give and work 
for its relief. There are many among 


' Hon. Frederic Chase. 

us who owe Judge Chase a large debt 
of gratitude — many more than is gen- 
erally known, for he was as modest 
in his benefactions as he was gen- 

We all know what a loving, devot- 
ed son he has been, and how tenderly 
he cared for that mother, still left to 
bear the heavy burden of her four 
score years. What a brother he was 
that brother's widow and fatherless 
children only fully know. No hus- 
band was ever more loyal, no father 
ever more wisely "kind and loving : 
and the home life, in which he sought 
his chiefest pleasure, was especially 
happy and beautiful. 

Those who enjoyed his intimate 
friendship know what an unselfish. 

devoted, royal friend he was. To 
no call, in the name of a recognized 
friendship, though it involved time, 
money, self-sacrifice, did he ever 
turn a deaf ear. Generous, warm- 
hearted, impulsive, he sometimes 
spoke hastily ; but I never knew him 
to do an unworthy, or even an ungen- 
erous act. 

His loss is a very serious one to 
Hanover, and still more serious to 
the college, whose every interest was 
dear to him, and which he served so 
earnestly and loyally. This and the 
various other public positions which 
he occupied may be filled, though to 
do so adequately will be by no means 
easy. To his family and intimate 
friends the loss is irreparable. 


There has been some delay in issuing 
the numbers of the Granite Monthly 
during the year 1890. This delay is 
due to negligence on the part of so 
many subscribers in forwarding their 
subscriptions. Now, gentlemen, please 
pay up promptly. The bills for paper 
and printing have to be. paid regularly. 
Your remissness in the aggregate 
amounts to many hundred dollars. The 
publisher would take it kindly if every- 
body would send in their subscriptions 
for 1 89 1 at this time. It would hasten 
the publication of the delayed numbers 
for 1890. 

The publisher would remind the pa- 
trons of the magazine that it is a local 
historical publication of limited circula- 
tion ; that if every body paid promptly 
when notified there would be a very 
slender margin of profit after the neces- 
sary bills are paid — so small, in fact, 
that he is sometimes discouraged in his 
efforts to carry on the publication ; that 
he has no selfish ends whatever in pub- 
lishing the Granite Monthly save the 
desire of keeping alive the interest in 
local and state history, and affording a 
medium for the exchange of thought 
and research on historical subjects. 

JL iter a r v Men it on . 






son mentioning this notice. The maga- 
zine costs £3.00 a year. Address The 
Century Co., 33 East 17th St., New 

Victor Hugo calls this " the woman's 
century, 11 and he might have added that 
it is the children's century as well, for 
never before in the world's history has so 
much thought been paid to children — 
their schools, their books, their pictures, 
and their toys. Childhood, as we under- 
stand it, is a recent discovery. 

Up to the time of the issue of the St. 
Nicholas Magazine, seventeen years ago, 
literature and children's magazines were 
almost contradictory terms, but the new 
periodical started out with the idea that 
nothing was too good for children - the 
result has been a juvenile magazine genu- 
ine with conscientious purpose, — the 
greatest writers contributing to it, with 
the best artists and engravers helping to 
beautify it, — and everything tuned to the 
key-note of youth. 

It has been the special aim of St. 
Nicholas to supplant unhealthy literature 
with stories of a living and healthful in- 
terest. It will not do to take fascinating 
bad literature out of boys' hands, and 
give them in its place Mrs. Barbauld and 
Peter Parley, or the work of writers who 
think that any "good-y" talk will do for 
children, but they must have strong, in- 
teresting reading, with the blood and 
sinew of real life in it. — reading that 
will waken them to a closer observation of 
the best things about them. 

In the seventeen years of its lite, St. 
Nicholas has not only elevated the child- 
ren, but it has also elevated the tone of 
contemporary children's literature as well. 
Many of its stories, like Mrs. Burnett's 
"Little Lord Fauntleroy," have become 
classic. It is not too much to say that 
almost every notable young people's sto- 
ry now produced in America first seeks 
the light in the pages of that magazine. 

The year 189 1 will prove once more 
that "no household where there are child- 
ren is complete without St. Nicholas.' 1 '' 
J. T. Trowbridge, Noah Brooks, Charles 
Dudley Warner and many well-known 
writers are to contribute during the com- 
ing year. One cannot put the spirit of 
St. Nicholas into a prospectus, but the 
publishers are glad to send a full announce- 
ment of the features for 1891 and a sin- 
gle sample copy to the address of any per- 



The Century Magazine is now so well- 
known that to tell of its past success 
seems almost an old story. The N. Y. 
Tribime has said that it and its compan- 
ion, St. Nicholas for Young Folks, issued 
by the same house, "are read by every 
one person in thirty of the country's pop- 
ulation,*' — and large editions of both are 
sent beyond the seas. It is an interest- 
ing fact that a few years ago it was found 
that seven thousand copies of The Cen- 
tury went to Scotland, — quite a respecta- 
ble edition in itself. The question in En- 
gland is no longer "Who reads an Amer- 
ican book?" but "Who does not see the 
American magazines ? " 

A few years ago The Century about 
doubled its circulation with the famous 
War Papers, by Gen. Grant and others, 
adding many more readers later with the 
Lincoln History and Kennan's thrilling ar- 
ticles on the Siberian Exile System. One 
great feature of 1S91 to be 


describing that remarkable movement to 
the gold fields in '49, in a series of richly 
illustrated articles written by survivors, 
including the narratives of men who went 
to California by the different routes, ac- 
counts of the gold discoveries, life in the 
mines, the work of the vigilance commit- 
tees (by the chairman of the committees) 
etc., etc. General Fremont's last writing 
was done for this series. In November 
appears the opening article, " The First 
Emigrant Train to California," — crossing 
the Rockies in 1841, — by General Bid- 
well, a pioneer of pioneers. Thousands 
of American families who had some rela- 
tive or friend among " the Argonauts of 
'49" will be interested in these papers. 


the narrative of an American's travels 
through that unknown land Tibet (for 
700 miles over ground never before trod 
by a white man) ; the experiences of es- 
caping War-Prisoners ; American Xews- 


JL it era ry Mc n tio n . 

papers described by well-known journal- 
ists ; accounts of the great Indian Fight- 
ers, Custer and others ; personal anec- 
dotes of Lincoln, by his private secreta- 
ries ; "The Faith Doctor," a novel by 
Edward Eggleston, with a wonderfully 
rich programme of novelettes and stories 
by most of the leading writers, etc., etc. 

It is also announced that The Century 
has purchased the right to print, before 
its appearance in Trance or any other 
country, extracts from advance sheets of 
the famous Talleyrand Memoirs, which 
have been secretly preserved for half a 
century — to be first given to the world 
through the pages of an American maga- 
zine. All Europe is eagerly awaiting the 
publication of this personal history of 
Talleyrand — greatest of intriguers and 

The November Century begins the 
volume, and new subscribers should com- 
mence with that issue. The subscription 
price ($4.00) may be remitted directly to 
the publishers, The Century Co., 33 East 
17th St., New York, or single copies may 
be purchased of any newsdealer. The 
publishers offer to send a free sample copy 
— a recent back number — to anyone de- 
siring it. 



The Twelfth Volume ot Harpfr's Young Peo- 
ple begins November 4, t800. This best and most 
comprehensive weekly in the world for young 
readers presents a rich and attractive programme. 
In fiction ttiere will be " Campmates: A Story of 
the Plains," by Kirk Monroe; "Men of Iron," 
a romance, by Howard Pylk, with illustrations 
by the author; '■ Flying Hill Farm," by Sophie 
Swett; "The Moon Prince," by It. K. 
tp.ick; and " Yellow top," by Annie Bp.oxson 
King. In addition to these five serials, there will 
be stories in two or three parts by Thomas Nel- 
son Page. Hjalmar Hjorth Boyesex. Edwin 
Lassetter Bynnkk, Harp.iet Prescott Spof- 
ford, Marv E. Wilkins, Nora Perry, and 
others. Short stories, and articles on science, 
history, travel, adventure, games and sports, with 
hundreds of illustration* of the highest character, 
will render Harper's Young People for 1691 
unrivalled as a miscellany of tlte best readiog for 
boys and girls. 

"The best "weekly publication for voung people 
in existence. It is edited with scrupulous care 
and attention, and instruction and entertainment 
are mingled in its page3 in just the right propor- 
tions to captivate the minds of the young, and at 
the same time to develop their thiuking power." — 
N. Y. Observer. 

TEEM3 : Postage Prepaid, $2.00 per Year- 
Vol. XII begins November 4, 1890. 
Volumes VIII, X and XI of Harper's Youno 
People bound in cloth wdl be tent by mail, post- 

age paid, on receipt of $3-50 each. The other vol. 
umes are out of print. 

Specimen Copy sent on receipt of a two-cent stamp . 

Single Numbers, Five Cents each. 

Remittances should be made by Post-Office 
Money Order or Dratt, to avoid chance of loss. 

4^f- Newspapers are not to copy this advertise- 
ment without the express order of Harper k 
Address : HARPER & BROTH ERS, New York. 


vf^\ work f<.r us. In Aim 

Al --xas 1 Jnrf. lUmi 

ijHSec out. Oiliirsjiredi.i 

irelieen r.iad'at 
:< PMfer Au**vn, 
ii. Toledo, Ohio 
ngnswell. \V!it 

I V 


v.4 u . . t vol 

n? Some i-nni 

over $500. 00 a 


. You en n do 11 

ic work and live 

, Eti.o» 

;.Vgmiu. r 
if £l"a< 

iff, wherever to 
s are cnsilv p«n 
hiv. AJlnpVs. \V 

u are. Lven be- 
linpr from £5 to 
e show you how 

ksL and sti 

firt you. Can \v< 

>rk in <ij, ; i r ,. tjnie 

Jj _-/*-■■ ^*" nra! " 

;lif> liuie. Hip n 
failure unknovi 
and wonderful. 

loney for wcrk- 
n ainoxifr them. 
Particulars freft 


ullett <A 

< o.,!S<>* 

HMO Portl 



Marpor's Magazine 

The important series of papers on South America, 
by Theodore Child, wiil be continued in Har- 
per's Magazine during the greater part of the 
year 18'J1. The articles on Southern California, by 
Charles Dudley Warner will also be continued 
Among other noteworthy atrraction? will be a 
novel by Charles Egbert Craddock; a collec- 
tion ot original drawings by W. M. Thackeray. 
now published for the first time; a novel written 
and idustrated by George di; Maukiek; a novel- 
ette by William Dean Howells; and a series 
of papers on London by WALTER Besant. 

In the number and variety of illustrated papers 
and other article* on subjects of timely interest, as 
well as in the unrivalled charjeter of its short 
stories, poems etc., Harper's Magazine wiil 
continue to maintain that standard of excellence 
for which it has been so long distinguished. 







Postage Free to all subscribers in the United 
Slates, Canada and Mexico. 

The Volumes of the Magazine begin with the 
Na nbers for June and December of each year. 
When no timer is specified, subscriptions will begin 
with the Number current at the time of receipc of 

Bound Volumes of Harper's Magazine for 
three years back, in neat cloih bindin?. will be 
sent by mail, post-paid, ou receipt of $'-i 00 per vol- 
ume. Cloth Cases for binding, 50 ce^ts each— by 
mail, post-paid. 

Index to Harper's Magazine, Alphabetical, 
Analytical, and Classified, for Volumes 1 to 70, in- 
clusive, from .fnae, 1850 to June 1665, one vol., 
•So., Cloth, $4 00. 

Remittances should be made by Post-office 
Money Order or draft, to avoid chance of lo3s. 

flSS^NeWspapers are not to cop7 this advertise - 
ment without the express order of Hakper & 

Address: HARPER & BROTHERS, New York. 

Literary Mention. 



Harper's Weekly. 


Harper's Weekly has never failed to justify 
its title as a "Journal of Civilization," and it has 
done so with a constant regard to enlarged possi- 
bilities of usefulness and a higher standard «>f 
artistic and literary excellence. It leaves nn- 
touched no important phase of the wood's progress, 
and presents a record, equally trustworthy and in- 
teresting, of the notable events, persons, and 
achievements of our time. 

Special Supplements will be continued in 1891. 
They will bt literary, scientific, artistic, historical, 
critical, typographical, or descriptive, as occasion 
may demand, and will continue to deserve the 
hearty commendation which has been bestowed 
on past issues by the press and public. As a family 
journal, Harper's Weekly will, as heretofore, 
be edited with a strict regard for the qualities that 
make it a safe and welcome visitor to every home. 


\-\arf>&r^ Bazar. 


Harper's Bazar is a journal for the home. 
Giving the latest information with regard to the 
Fashions, its numerous illustrations, f.tshion-plates 
and pattern-sheet supplements are indispensable 
alike to the home dress-maker and the professional 
modiste- No ea#$&se is spared in making its 
artistic attractiveness of the highest order. Its 
clever short stories, parlor plays, and thoughtful 
essays satisfy all tastes, and its last page is famous 
as a budget of wit and humor. In its weekly 
issues everything is included which is of iut^rest 
to women. During 1801 Agnes B. Ormsbize will 
write a series of articles on '* The House Comfort- 
able," Juliet Corson will treat of " Sanitary 
Living," and an interesting succession of papers on 
" Woman in Art and History," superbly illustrated 
will be furnished by Theodore Child. The 
serial stories will be by Walter Besant and 
Thomas Hardy. 







Postage Free to all subscribers in the United 
States, Canada and Mexico. 







Postage Free to all subscribers in the United 
States, Canada and Mexico. 

The Volumes of the Weekly begin with the first 
Number for' January of each year. When no 
time is mentioned, subscriptions wiJl begin with 
the Number current at the time of receipt of order. 

Bound Volumes of Harper's Weekly for three 
years back, in neat cloth binding, will be sent by 
mail, postage paid, or by express, free of expense 
{.provided the freight does not exceed one dollar 
per volume) , fc r $7 CO per volume. 

Cloth Cases for each volume, suitable for binding, 
will be sent by mail, post-paid, on receipt of $1 06 

Remittances should be made by Post-office 
Money Order or Draft, to avoid chance of loss. 

*3~Newspapers are not to copy this advertise- 
ment without the express order of Harper &. 

Address : HARPER & BRO fHERS, New York. 

fCOOO. 0O ircir i« bi-inj-mar'eby John R. 
Goudwin.Troy.X.V.,at tvork for us. I:, a'^-r. 
you 111 nv not make as mm h. but vi c ran 
tench you quickly hoiv Invarn from so to 

# 10 a day at the sinrt, mul iw,rc as you go 
on. Both sexes, all a,:<>. in any part of 
America, you <aii commence at home, p : v- 

• •i(j nil * our lime, or spare momenta ouli •-> 
the « urk. M> is now. Great fay SClSfc'ft r 
c-.frv worker. We st.iri *■««, furnfohiitg 
everything'. EASILY, SfEbOILY i-.-an.. ... 

AUl'ICLTARS EKEE. address at onea, 
ll\M>.V * tO.,, JIalM.. 

The Volumes of the Bazar begin with the first 
Number for January of each year. When no time 
is mentioned, subscriptions will begin with the 
Number current at time of receipt of order. 

Bound Volumes of Harper's Bazar for three 
years back, in neat cloth binding, will be sent by 
mail, postage paid, or by express, free of expense 
(provided the freight does not exceed one dollar 
per volume), for $7 00 p^r volume. 

Cloth Cases for each volume, suitable for bind- 
ing, will be sent by mai!, post-paid, on receipt of 
$1 00 each. 

Remittances should be made by Post-office 
Money Order or Draft, to avoid chance of loss. 

£Tif-Newspaper» are not to copy this advertise- 
ment without the express order of Harper & 

Address: HARPER.& BROTHERS, New York. 

^5 i 1 4 3 lj reach any lairlyii.reltureat person of either 

■C I'll I 1 l~e>Ci * »*' '•'" rei,(1 a:,J wri!e - »"* " h ". 

-3 5 III I Infter hist ruction, will work industrioaaly, 

\ff %3\3 Ui,»<v to earn ll.rec Theasand Ifeliara i 

Yearh, iheirown lo- n i i i !c«.» In r. rer they lire.] will also furnish 

the situation or employ men »,at which you can earn that amount. 

No money fur nif uuh-M nil<-< i-ssful n» ub.ive. K»Mly :mM qiiickly 

learned, i t\^*:r<- Imt njie worker 'r^ui eacii district or county. 1 

have alr.-ailv- 'aupiit nn.l provided with employment a Inrjre 

number, -• h • irtnukin' r>v<r flMIOO a resre* h. U •» X i:\V 

• nd SUI.i l». Eull particular* F1CEJ2. Address at once. 

.E. C, ALhKA, JSox -AiiO, Augusta, ilulne. 

Sound, Solid and Successful. 

Forty-First Progressive Sexni-Annual Statement 


New Hampshire 

Fire Insurance Company, 


Ex-Gov. J. A. WESTON, 

President. / 


Vice-President and 



Jj|iJW. H. BERRY, 

^JH^ Ass't Secretary. 



Cash Capital, $600,000.00 

Reserve for Re-Insurance and other Liabilities, . 665,873.34 

Net Surplus, 350,567.57 

Total Assets, . , . . ... . $1,616,440.91 

During the past twenty years the Company has promptly met and paid when 

due 10,380 claims for tire lo"-se?, amounting to the large sura of $3,6S7.062.76. 

With this record an appeal is made to prudent property owners for increased 

patronage on good productive property. 



1870 §134,586.24 §8.029.82 840.123.00 1870 

1871 150.174.60 10.33S.82 51.300.96 $100,000.00 

1872 310.435.52 15.530.52 5S.2 -0.20 

1873 346.338.25 32.038.44 114.54S.34 ' 1872 

1874 393.337.12 50.141.87 143.74150 $200,000.00 

1875 429.362.00 77.123.09 156.979.08 

1876 453.194.87 94.924.83 162.970 47 " 1S74 
1S77 482.971.65 113.478.14 171.091.22 $250,000.00 

1878 507.616.90 127.679.39 171.492.06 

1879 537.823.59 147.133.04 206,515.72 1882 

1880 585.334 20 171.249.88 24S. 220.00 $500,000.00 
18S1 ' 618.192.98 183.10^.52 265.660.31 

1SS2 915.132.37 204.407 96 346,951.90 1SSS 

1S83 965.147.93 206.162.65 437.792.07 $600,000.00 

18S4 1.014.579.95 214.060.50 464.775.78 

1SS5 1,101.451.03 219.983.34 551.153.76 Dividends paid 

1886 1.191.863.33 2:57.759.15 615.300. 2S from the re- 

18S7 264.744.03 645.586. 72 ceipts from 

1888 1.505.101.00 304.351.79 6S2.019.43 interest. 

1SS9 1.588.816.66 323.479.81 731.395.67 

1800 1,610,440.91 350,56757 July L 

mi^m'HJMCJk.jsr c$3 MEnniXiij, Agents, 







Special attention given to the smvey of Towns and Villages, with a view to 
"planning sewerage or water-supply system ; to plans o\ Improved or Unimproved 
Water- Powers., to Topographical M.^ps of Estates, to Hydrographic Surveys of 
Rivers, Ponds, or Lakes, with a view to navigation or to improvement ; to run- 
ning Disputed Lines : to hying out Parks, Cemeteries, Lawns, and ail work de- 
volving upon a surveyor. 



1 1 


:» an 

>'AiiC UK 

Fever, induces restrul 5>!teo, destroys 
|l.O foni-.-o ■:•) bottl* s, ami it vsi. lie 
Fruoi-ietor*, 373 l»ro;«dw:i y, Mcv: 
Ifcaguiator, £l.U> per botule or Uuvs 

--r, rr-t-'""--.r-''..-i;''" 

• . 



. :• f taper. TIIKA. ISllll.H'AfAN CO., 

M;MALI.\E,ILo Woman's friend and 






Main and School streets, 



N". H. 


\JJe have just purchased 
the costliest set of 





li78tai)tai)eoU5 portraits from <$abirjet to [ife Size, 




Provident -:-.$avii\^ -:• Life -:- S0'surai\de-:- jSodiety, 


Is the safest, least expensive, and fairest contract of life insurance in the murker. 
One-half the rates usually charged. 1T£3IS Z5H 

SH3PPARD ROMANS, Pres. and Act'y. 
Wi. E. STEVENS, Secretary. 

Sono 1 for Prospectus c^r call in person. 

The follow-inur statistics are taken from the Report of the Superintendent of the 
In -m a nee. Department of the state of New York for I he year ending D.-e. SI. 1SSS. 
They are ba.*i-d up'in the sworn reports of Lile Insurance Companies authorized to 
transact business in th it state. .-;g {££ 




i-?e > Iq mean a 

lb ICL 


Of I 

isurance in 


of 'sot Assets 


for .\ 

i-py *luO uf re- 

For Expens 


For Death 'a 



nth niaims 


ii ibi.ii y. 

VLUd KxpCJistd. 




* 1 S3 



121 01 


1 2 J 

2 :0 



1 02 

1 .57 


11. .m-. 






US 00 





J ! >0 74 

1 09 


2 6S 

New Vorfc. 




2 26 

1' lei-t S ivr 





1 .2^ 

1 T tiiii-(I States, 

lit St 


1 64 

3 17 





2 70 


Percentages to m«»f>n amount of Insurance in 
furcu ld«8. 
Am't of N>t Assota 

Companies-. fort-verv $l(X>uf re- For Expenses. For Death Claims. Df»n*liCfaltns 

serve liability. ami Expeuae*. 

JR"n< 12 .01 36 1.51 2.S7 

li.-.k-l.iro, 113 70 OJ 99 1.91 

Conu.-cfii-ut R«*n«»ra!, 135 15 105 1.04 2 05 

romiHi-tifUt Mtiinal, 11090 0-7 2.12 2 93 

Massa.-huSeii- Mutual, 10S 74 1.03 1.08 2.11 

Mutual IJiMiitU, 10S45 0.02 1.0J 2.5 1 • 

Njiliniiut Vt., 120 SS 1.13 102 2 15 

N. I!. Mututl, 113 89 0.72 1 OS 2 40 

NitrHiwrsiem. 11090 92 OSt 1.70 

IVun. Muiitiil, 113.54 94 1.27 2 21 

1'i.temx. 114 84 0.91 2. Si 3 2"» 

l»r«'V. Life & Trust, 117 07 0:s 099 177 

Stilts Mutual, "US 71 r> <7 J.2S 2.15 

T'invlrrA li;.2S 1.1. J ! SO 

llniou Central, 107 550 1.79 0.59 2 3S 

UuionMutuaJ, 104.75 HO 1.72 2.SS 

-. liicN^s pjove t\ L/ecemDer, 1090. w.os. 11, 

.. xin. 

;:,! ^ 

V :-.;• 

^!«ar SBBBF •• 


. -v.V *',a.Jw 

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, r ...y ... 

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-'"•■••-'A ... '..■ / 




<< ,';, 

Mth fo Ei^re^arp, Ijisforg, aiti JSM? Jprogrpss. 


Governor Hiram A. Tutti-e, . . . 

Hox. Charles H. Amsden, ..... 

Evening Song — Mary II. Wheeler. .... 

Governor's Council, . . . . 

New Hampshire Senate. iSqo-^i. . 

New Hampshire House of Representatives, iSoo-'qi 

Editorial, . . . .-".'.,'. . 

2 S l 




Ilqmbluan a. fctmcaxb, Ti, %). 

YFARI Y ettmer.RiPTfnN A (.SO 

3.^6 ~3LH 



-...:•♦- LSI 1- - *- 1; ^ 

Istriie you to 

Ej I 


ft Fine Woollens, Vestings, 

:l 5a • 


ll'/ttn in trunt of anything in the line of 


}QS^^ vv $0. mis utrcsi. 


®% I 








^Devoted to Literature, "Biography, History, and State Progress. 

VOL. III. (New Series.) 
Vol. XIII. 



Nos. 11, 12. 


■ The settled part of New Hampshire 
was for a number of years divided 
into four townships — Portsmouth, 
Dover, Exeter, and Hampton. Of 
these original settlements, the two 
last were considered Massachusetts 
colonies. As chief executives of the 
state, Hampton has furnished Meshech 
Weare ; Exeter, John T. Gilman ; 
Portsmouth, John Langdon. The 
Massachusetts settlers, who peopled 
the state by the way of the Merrimack 
and Connecticut valleys, have given 
Josiah Bartlett. - William Plumer, 
William Badger, David L. Morril, 
Isaac Hill, Anthony Colby, Jared N. 
Williams, N. B. Baker, N. S. Berry, 
William Haile, and others; the 
Scotch-Irish, so called, — John Sulli- 
van, Samuel Bell, John Bell, Charles 
H. Bell, Samuel Dinsmoor, Samuel 
Dinsmoor, Jr., John H. Steele, and 
Noah Martin. Of the settlers of New 
Hampshire in 1640, from William 
Weutworth, of Exeter, descended a 
liue of royal governors ; from John 
Tuttle, of Dover, Hiram A. Tattle, 
the only male descendant of one of 
the original colonists who has been 
raised to the chief magistracy of the 

state. From the story of certain 
successful New Hampshire men, 
which first appeared in 1882, we select 
the following, for which Dr. John 
Wheeler of Pittsfield, is responsible : 

Hon. Hiram A. Tuttle was born 
In Barnstead, October 16,1837, being 
the elder of a family of two sons. 
His father, George Tuttle, and his 
grandfather. Col. John Tuttle, were 
also natives of the same town. His 
great-grandfather, John Tuttle, set- 
tled in Barnstead in 1776, coming 
there from that locality in Dover 
known as ;; Black River," where a 
part of the Tuttle family had resided 
since the settlement there of their 
emigrant ancestor, John Tuttle, who 
came from England before 1641. 

His mother, Judith Mason Davis 
Tuttle was a descendant from Samuel 
Davis, a soldier of the Revolution, and 
one of the primeval settlers of Barn- 
stead. Brave soldiers of the Davi3 
family from four generations have 
represented that town in the four great 
wars in which the country lias been 

When Mr Tuttle was nine years of 
acre he moved, with his father's family, 


Gov, Hiram A* Tattle. 

to the adjoining town of Pittsfield, 
where he attended the public schools 
and Pittsfield Academy, while the 
latter was under the charge, success- 
ively, of I. F. Folsom, Lewis W. 
Clark, and Prof. Dyer H. Sanborn. 

After having been engaged in 
several vocations, in all of which he 
showed industry and faithfulness, at 
the age of seventeen years he became 
connected with the clothing establish- 
ment of Lincoln & Shaw, of Concord, 
where he remained several years. 
The ability and zeal which he exhib- 
ited while there won for him the con- 
fidence and respect of his employers, 
who established him in the manage- 
ment of a branch store in Pittsfield, 
of which he soon became the proprie- 
tor. His business increased gradu- 
ally at first, and then rapidly, till his 
establishment had gained an exten- 
sive patronage, and ranked among 
the largest clothing-houses in the 
state. It is so favorably remem- 
bered by former residents and patrons 
that orders are received for goods 
from distant states and territories. 
Mr. Tuttle has also been interested 
in real estate. He has built many 
dwelling houses, including a fine 
residence for himself, and the best 
business buildings in the village. 

He was one of the prime movers 
in organizing the Pittsfield Aqueduct 
Company, which furnishes an abun- 
dance of pure water to the village 
for domestic and fire purposes, and 
subscribed for a large part of its 
capital stock. In many ways he 
has promoted the growth, social and 
business interests, and general pros- 
perity of his adopted town. He is^a 
trustee of the savings bank, a direc- 
tor of the national bank, a trustee of 

the academy in Pittsfield, and a di- 
rector of the Suucook Valley rail- 
road . 

When he had attained his majority, 
in 1859, he expressed liTs intention 
of casting his first vote with the 
Republicans, although all his relatives 
belonged to the Democratic party 
The Democrats of Pittsfield had 
been victorious and powerful since 
the days of Jackson, under such dis- 
tinguished leaders as Moses Norris, 
Jr., Charles H. Butters, and Lewis 
W\ Clark, all being able lawyers, 
impressive public speakers, and hav- 
ing popular manners. Mr. Norris. a 
native of the town, represented it 
repeatedly in the legislature, was 
speaker of the house twice, a council- 
lor, representative in congress four 
years, and was elected to the United 
States senate for six years while 
residing here. The ability and cour- 
teous manners of Mr. Clark (now 
Judge Lewis "W. Clark of the Su- 
preme Court of New Hampshire) 
made him no less popular than Mr. 
Norris with all classes, during the 
shorter time he was in business life 
in town. Seeing in young Tuttle 
qualities that might make him 
troublesome if opposed to them, but 
useful if in accord with their party, 
the Democrats used their most emi- 
nent persuasive powers to induce him 
to cleave to the party of all 
his kindred, and vote with the 
hitherto victorious : but he obeyed 
his convictions, and remained true 
to the Republican party. In i860 
the Republicans, though so long 
hopelessly beaten, made a sharp 
contest. When the day of election 
came, Mr. Clark was elected moder- 
ator, having been a most acceptable 

Gov. Hiram A. Tut tic. 


presiding officer for several years. 
The election of town-clerk was made 
the test of the strength of the two 
parties. After a very exciting ballot, 
Mr. Tuttle was elected town-clerk, 
and the Democrats were beaten for 
the first time in thirty-three years. 
Although Pittsfield has a Democratic 
majority under normal circumstances, 
Mr. Tuttle has received the support 
of a large majority of its voters at 
times whemhis name has been presen- 
ted for position. In 1873 and 1874 
he was representative to the legisla- 
ture. In 1S76 he received an ap- 
pointment, with the rank of .colonel, 
on the staff of Governor Cheney, and 
with the governor and staff visited 
the Centennial Exhibition at Phil- 
adelphia. He was elected a member 
of the executive council from the 
second district in 1878, and was 
reelected in 1879, under the new con- 
stitution of 1878, for the term of two 

Mr. Tuttle has been very successful 
in all that he has undertaken ; but his 
thrift has never made him arrogant 
or indifferent. He has cheerfully 
shared with others the results of the 
good fortune that Providence has 
granted him. He is an agreeable 
and companionable gentleman in all 
the honorable relations of life. As 
a citizen, neighbor, and friend, he is 
held in the highest estimation. He 
has furnished employment for many, 
and has been kind to the poor, very 
respectful to the aged, charitable 
to the erring, and a sympathizing 
helper of the embarrassed and unfor- 

tunate. Few men have more or 
firmer personal friends whose friend- 
ship is founded on kindness and sub- 
stantial favors received. He gives 
with remarkable generosity to all char- 
itable objects presented to him, and 
is very hospitable in his pleasant 
home. Mr. Tuttle accepts the Chris- 
tian religion, and worships with the 
Congregational church. While he 
contributes very liberally for the sup- 
port of the denomination of his 
choice, he does not withhold a help- 
ing hand from the other religious 
sects in his town. In his domestic 
relations he has been very fortunate. 
He married, in 1859, Miss Mary 
C, the only child of John L. 
French, Esq., formerly cashier of 
the Pittsfield bank. Their only 
child — Hattie French Tuttle, born 
January 17, 18G1 — was educated at 
Wellesley College, and travelled ex- 
tensively abroad. She is the wife of 
Frederic King Folsom of Boston, 
Mass. They have one son, Hiram 
Tuttle Folsom. 

In the Republican State Conven- 
tion of 1888, Mr. Tuttle was brought 
forward by many enthusiastic friends 
as a candidate for the nomination as 
governor, and came very near being 
the' leader in that campaign. Iu the 
fall of 1890 he was nominated, and 
at the ensuing election received more 
rotes than any other candidate, run- 
ning ahead of his party ticket, but 
failed of a popular election. He 
was elected governor by the New 
Hampshire legislature. 

[Note. George Tuttle, father of Governor Tuttle, served in the Seventh Regiment 
N. II. V. during the rebellion, and the Governor's only brother, Henry F. Tuttle, alio 
served in the Eighteenth Regiment. — Ed.] 

2 4 S 

Hon, Charles II. Amsden, 


The candidate of the Democratic 
party for governor of New Hampshire 
in the election of 1800 was Hon. 
Charles H. Amsden, of Concord. 

Mr. Amsden is a descendant of, — 

1. Isaac Amsden. of Cambridge, 
Mass., who was married there. June 8, 
1654, to Frances Perriman. He died 
April 7, 1659, leaving two sons. 

2. Isaac Amsden, born in Cam- 
bridge, Mass., in 1655, married Jane 
Rutter May 17, 1677: died May 
3, 1727: she died Nov. 22, 1739, 
leaving six children. 

3. John Amsden, born at Marl- 
borough, Mass.. Dec. 28, 16&3 ; 
married Hannah, daughter of Isaac 
and Frances (Woods) Howe, of Marl- 
borough (born June 17, 1688), and 
died at Southborough, Mass., Nov. 
12, 1761, leaving twelve children. 

4. Jesse Amsden, born at South- 
borough, Mass., May 31, 1729; 
married Bettie Ball, Nov. 10, 1748, 
and had twelve children. 

5. Jonas Amsden, born at South- 
borough, April 24, 1749 : married 
Hannah Rice, Aug. 9, 1770 : died at 
Mason, March 20, 1802 : she died at 
Mason, Feb. 27, 1809. They had nine 

6. Hubbard Amsden, born 1790; 
married Annie Sauuders, of Mason, 
March 8, 1814; died Sept. 16, 1817. 
They had two children. 

7. Henry Hubbard Amsden. born 
Sept. 14, 1816; married Mary Muz- 
zey, of New Ipswich, Aug. 6, 1840; 
died at Fisherville, Dec. 6, 1869. 
They had three children. 

8. Charles Hubbard Amsden, born 
July 8, 1848 ; married. Oct. 29, 1870, . 

Helen A., daughter of David A. and 
Martha A. (Daggett) Brown, of Pen- 

9. Henry Hubbard Amsden, born 
July 15, 1872. Mary Ardelle, boro 
January 31, 1878, died Oct. 20, 1883. 
Ardelle Brown, born Dec. 3, 1885, 
died June 9, 1887* 

Charles H. Amsden was born in 
Penacook. which now comprise* 
Ward 1 of the city of Concord, in 
1848, and has always resided there. 
He attended the common schools, and 
finished his school education at Ap- 
pleton academy, New Ipswich. His 
father, the late H. H. Amsden, was 
engaged in the furniture manufac- 
turing business at Penacook. On 
leaving school, Mr. Amsden was 
placed in charge of his father's 
counting-room, having during the 
Saturdays and the vacations of his 
school-days passed his time in the 
factory, where he became familiar 
with the trade in all its branches, as 
well as the difficulties and annoyances 
under which the workmen labored — an 
experience that has since served him 
in good stead, and enabled him to 
fully sympathize with the workmen 
and understand completely their posi- 
tion. In time the father took his 
two sons into partnership with him. 
forming the firm of H. H. Amsden 
& Sons, which has continued to this 
day. although the father and brother 
have both passed on to the silent 
beyond, Leaving Charles H. as tlie 
sole survivor of the firm, and the sole 
owner and manager of the business 
and the property invested. 




'':■ "'•■•-.-"."--.'. •*•-.- " -^■'- 


Hon. Charles II. Amsdcn. 


He employs a large number of men, 
and recent extensive additions make 
bis the largest manufacturing estab- 
lishment of the kind in New Eng- 
land.' The principal products are 
ash, oak, and pine chamber fur- 
niture, which is disposed of to 
wholesale dealers throughout New 
England, the Middle, and Southern 
States. He also makes a specialty 
of goods in knockdown for export. 
The firm has a national reputation, 
and Mr. Amsden enjoys the personal 
acquaintance as well as the respect and 
esteem of his customers, as for a long 
series of years he has been accus- 
tomed to visit them at stated periods 
for the purpose of making contracts 
and settlements. His extensive fac- 
tories contribute in a large degree 
towards the prosperity and life of the 
community, where he gives his manu- 
facturing operations his constant and 
daily supervision, consuming during 
the year something like 4,000,000 ft. 
of lumber, a great portion of which is 
obtained in Canada. 

Besides carrying on the business of 
furniture manufacturing. Mr. Amsden 
is president of the Concord Axle 
Company, which has a national repu- 
utation for the manufacture of the 
celebrated Concord Axles ; he is also 
a director of the Meehanicks National 
Bank of Concord, the Portland and 
Ogdensburg Railroad, and the Granite 
State Fire Insurance Co., where his 
experienced judgment and conserva- 
tive, moderate tendencies and fair- 
minded disposition have often proved 
of much value. He is a prominent 
member of the New Hampshire club, 
which holds monthly meetings in Bos- 
ton ; also a member of Mount Horeb 
Commandery, Knights Templar, of 

Concord. In religious belief he is a 
consistent Baptist. 

He has thus grown up from boy- 
hood in the beautiful and picturesque 
village of Penacook, the ancient camp- 
ing-ground of the Indians, and the 
scene, on an island near his residence, 
of the heroic exploit* of Hannah Dus- 
tan, a captive of the Indians from Ha- 
verhill, Mass., a beautiful granite shaft 
marking the spot where this resolute 
white woman slew eight red-skins, and 
fought her way back to liberty by her 
own nerve and endurance. His fel- 
low-citizens have watched his daily 
life, and have, with pride, witnessed 
his business prosperity, and have 
learned to esteem and respect him for 
his many acts of disinterested benev- 
olence and Christian charity, always 
well and modestly bestowed. He has 
for a long time, though a young man, 
been looked upon as one of the fathers 
of the village, aud has ever exerted 
himself in all laudable undertakings 
to build up and improve the condition 
of the community and promote the 
happiness and prosperity of its inhab- 

Probably few men in the state have 
a more extended acquaintance with 
her. leading citizens — business men, 
politicians, scholars, teachers, and 
clergy — than Mr. Amsden, and cer- 
tainly there is not a more popular, 
thoroughly honest and honored man 
in the whole state. He has mingled 
with all classes, possesses the respect 
and esteem of all, and those who know 
him best admire the man most. Natu- 
rally of a modest disposition, he has 
never sought political office, nor push- 
ed himself to the front of the party 
primaries. He has served the people in 
his ward in various offices of trust 


Evening Song. 

and responsibility. In 1874 he was 
chosen to represent his ward in the 
Board of Aldermen, and was unani- 
mously reelected the following year, 
having received the entire vote of the 
ward cast for that office. In 1882 he 
was elected a member of the state 
senate, in District No. 9. Although 
the district gave a plurality of 335 
for the Republican candidate for gov- 
ernor, Mr. Arasdeu was elected sena- 
tor by 376 plurality, showing a net 
gain of 711 votes in a total of 3,500. 
He served the district faithfully and 
well, but declined a renomination. 

The outcome of the campaign of 
1890 is familiar to all, and will pass 
into history as the most momentous, 
in mauy respects, of any ever waged 
in the state. It goes without saying, 
as a fact admitted by all parties, that 
there has never been a more manly, 
systematic, and business-like cam- 
paign waged on the part of the candi- 
dates for governor. This has been the 
case with Mr. Amsden in the last two 

campaigns, which contributed iu no 
small degree to the increased sucet>-> 
of his party. He has no particular 
liking for the excitement and tur- 
moil incident 'to a political campaign 
in New Hampshire. His popularity and 
complete equipment for the guberna- 
torial candidacy and office, caused 
his nomination in 1888, when he made 
a splendid run, and his renomination 
came as a matter of course. 

Having been chosen to lead the 
Democracy in the campaign of 1890 T 
he assured the party representatives 
immediately after his nomination of 
the acceptance of the same and of 
his determination to make a sharp, 
vigorous, manly, and business-like 
effort to carry the party's flag to vic- 
tory. This said from a man like Ams- 
den meant a great deal, and his oppo- 
nents found that every inch of New 
Hampshire ground was contested as 
it has not been before in the last 



Now sleep the young birds in their nest. 
Now slumber the blooms on the bough ; 

And the winds that blew out of the west — 
Hush ! hush ! they are slumbering now. 

But bright stars keep watch in the sky, 
And sing their unceasing refrain ; 

The music — so distant, so high — 
Our earth softly echoes again. 

And He who the whole shining band 

Called in the beginning to be, 
And moulded the earth in his hand — 

He loveth and careth for thee. 

He blesseth the bird and the flower, 

Commandeth the winds, and they cease : 

.And, guarded from harm through His power, 
Rest thou, too, in quiet, in peace. 

Governors Council. 



Governor Tuttle will have the benefit, 
through his term of office, of the advice 
and assistance of a council of able and 
experienced men. First on the list is a 
physician of recognized financial ability ; 
next, a manufacturer ; third, a lawyer of 
wide experience and great learning; 
fourth, a business man ; and lastly an 
editor. The state has entrusted to this 
body of men the executive branch of the 
state government for the ensuing two 
years and reposes in them the utmost 
confidence, for they are all of tried 
ability and undoubted honesty. 


Councillor from the first district, was 
born June 10, 1822, in Conway. He is 
the son of Elijah and Lois L. (Far- 
rington) Farrington. Their ancestors 
came to Conway from Massachusetts. 
having tarried for two generations in 
Concord. He was educated at the com- 
mon schools of Conway and at Frye- 
burg, Me., academy, fitting for college. 
Studied medicine with Dr. Ira" Towle 
of Fryeburg, and at Dartmouth Medical 
College, and graduated at the Univer- 
sity Medical College of New York, and 
also at Dr. TThittaker's School, New 
York, taking his degree in March 1847. 
He settled in May of the same year in 
Rochester, where he has practised med- 
icine and surgery ever since. His 
practice has been very extensive, cover- 
ing a circuit of fifteen miles. 

He went into practice at first with his 
uncle, Dr. James Farrington, who had 
been established in the town for forty 
years, and continued with him until his 
uncle's death thirteen years later. There 
has been a Dr. James Farrington in 
Rochester since 1807. 

In politics, Dr. Farrington has al- 
ways been a Democrat. He was mod- 
erator several years before the war, a 
representative in 1863, member of the 
constitutional convention in 1889. 

He has been trustee of the Norway 
Plains Savings Bank for several years, 
director of the Rochester National 
^Jank for fifteen years, and is now 
president of the bank. 

He married in Feb. 1853, Harriet L., 
daughter of Simon and Sarah (Meserve) 
Chase, of Rochester, who died in March 
1888. He has two daughters, — Nellie 
F., who married George McDuffee. a 
merchant of Rochester ; and Josephine 
C. who married Arthur Y. Sanborn, 
also a merchant of Rochester. 

Dr. Farrington attends the Congre- 
gational church, is an Odd Fellow, a 
Knight of Pythias, and a member of 
Humane Lodge. F. & A. M., charter 
member of Temple Chapter and High 
Priest for eight years, and a member of 
St. Paul Commandery, Dover. 


The Councillor from District No. 2, 
was born in Biddef ord. Maine, June 10, 
1846, and is the son of Hon. Thomas, 
and Jane E. (Brewer) Quinby. He 
was educated in the public schools of 
Biddeford, fitted for college at the 
Nichols Latin School in Lewiston, and 
graduated from Bowdoin college in 1869 
( Psi Upsilon). He received his A. M. 
from Bowdoin in 1872, and M. D. at 
Columbian Medical College in Wash- 
ington, D. C, in 1880. 

Soon after graduation he settled in 
Lake Village, where he became associa- 
ted in business with his father-in4aw, 
Hon. B. J. Cole, manufacturer of ma- 


Governor'* s Council. 

cliinery. car axles, etc. Mr. Quinby is 
one of the leading men in the thriving 
village of Lake Village, and is foremost 
in promoting all enterprises tending to 
improve the town. He is a Republican, 
and a Unitarian. 

He has had a very successful masonic 
career, — master of Mt. Lebanon Lodge 
in • 1889, "was the first eminent com- 
mander of Pilgrim Commandery, 
Knights Templar, both of Laconia. took, 
his Scottish Rites degree at Nashua, in 
1876, and received the 33d and last 
degree, Sept. 16, 1890, at Cleveland, 

He served on the staff of Gov. E. A» 
Straw, and was a member of the legis 
lature in 1887-'88, and was chairman 
of the finance committee, and a mem- 
ber of other committees. In lS89-'90 
he was a member of the state senate, 
and chairman of the committee on 
towns and parishes. In the council he 
is chairman of prison committee. 

He married, June 22, 1870, Octavia 
M., daughter of Hon. Benjamin J. and 
Mehitable (Batchelder) Cole. Children : 
Harry Cole, born July 9, 1872. fitted 
at Chauncy Hall, and is a freshman in 
Harvard University ; Candace E., born 
June 4, 1875, now at the Capen School 
at Northampton, Mass. 

Mr. Quinby comes from good old 
New England stock, on both sides of his 
family. Through his father, he is a 
direct descendant of John Rogers, fifth 
president of Harvard college, of Maj. 
Gen. Daniel Dennison the famous colo- 
nial officer, of governor Thomas Dud- 
ley of the Massachusetts colony, and 
of many other colonial celebrities. On 
his mother's side, Mr. Quinby is de- 
scended from Major Charles Frost, the 
famous Indian lighter, and numbers 
among his great-great-great-grandmoth- 

ers two sisters of Sir William 
Pepperell, the colonial baronet, who 
won renown at the siege of Louisburjr, 
and is a direct descendant of the Rev. 
Jose Glover, in the ninth generation, 
at whose charge the first printing press 
was established in America. 


Councillor from the third district, is 
a resident of Nashua. He is the son of 
"William and Maria A. (Moore) Rams- 
dell, and was born in Milford, March 
11, 1834. Received Ids early education 
in the public schools of Milford. at- 
tended three years at McCollum Insti- 
tute at Mont Vernon, entered Amherst 
college, class of 1857, and on account 
of ill health withdrew from college 
during his sophomore year, and after- 
wards, in 1871, received the degree of 
A. M. from Dartmouth college. He 
studied law with Hon. Brainbridge 
Wadleigh, Hon. Daniel Clark, and Hon. 
Isaac W. Smith, was admitted to the 
bar, and commenced practice in Peter- 
boro in 1858, remaining there in -active 
practice six years. In 1864 he settled 
in Nashua, and was appointed clerk of 
the supreme judicial court for Hills- 
borough county, holding the office 
twenty-three years. In 1887 he re- 
sumed the practice of the law in 
Nashua. During the past thirty-three 
years he . has been appointed by the 
court, auditor, referee, or master in chan- 
cery in nearly one thousand cases ; and 
has been called, in the execution of these 
commissions, into nearly every town in 
the state. He was treasurer of Hills- 
borough county in 1861 and '62 ; mem- 
ber of the house in 1869, '70, and 71; 
member of the constitutional convention 
in 1876 ; member of the Board of 
Education ten years ; trustee of the City 

Governor's Council. 


library since 1876 ; president of the 
Board of Trustees of the State Indus- 
trial School in 1881. '82, '83. and '84 ; 
trustee of the New Hampshire Orphans' 
Home many years ; director of the 
"Wilton Railroad, of the Peterborough 
Railroad : and president of the First 
National Bank of Nashua. He is a 
Congregationalist and a Mason. 

He married, Nov. 29. I860. Eliza D., 
daughter of David and Margaret 
(Dinsmore) Wilson, of Deering. Chil- 
dren,— Harry W., born Feb. 1. 1862. 
tax collector of the city of Nashua ; 
Arthur D., born Aug. 2, I860, in the 
carriage business in Nashua ; Charles 
T., born July 6. 1865. bank clerk. 
Annie M., bom Dec. 8. 1873. at school 
in Worcester. 

Mr. RamsdelTs life vrork, aside from 
the performance of his duty as clerk of 
the court, has consisted largely in the 
trial of causes as arbitrator, having 
probably settled more controversies as 
referee and otherwise than any other 
man in the state. 

The Nashua Telegraph said, at the 
time of his election, — 

" It is not alone, however, in public 
affairs that Mr. Ramsdell has been con- 
spicuous. He has been a lifelong and 
ardent temperance man ; he has been 
one of the foremost citizens in all things 
for the benefit of his fellow-men ; has 
sought to advance the interests of the 
church, good fellowship, good living, 
education, and all things that contribute 
to the ideal home. He is a courteous 
man, — a man who carries himself as not 
above the humblest citizen ; a man who 
seeks to be right and to do right in all the 
affairs of life, and therefore bis fellow- 
citizens will join with us in the hope 
that his days on earth may extend 
far into the twentieth century." 


Councillor for the fourth district, was 
born in Lyme, Sept. 16, 1831. Was ed- 
ucated in Lyme and Orford : settled in 
Claremont in April, 1856 : was pay- 
master and book-keeper at the Monad- 
nock Mills from Feb. 1857 to March 
1875. when he was appointed postmas- 
ter. He was twice reappointed, serving 
in all twelve years. He has also served 
as town treasurer. He was a member 
of the House in 1889-90. He is a 
Republican, a Congregationalist, and 


Councillor from the fifth district, was 
born Nov. 28, 1835, in the village of 
New Hampton. He is the son of Ru- 
fus G. and Sally (Smith) Lewis. His 
maternal grandfather was Daniel Smith 
of Exeter, who married Mary Picker- 
ing. His paternal grandfather was 
Moses Lewis, of Bristol, who married 
Sally Martin, and who came orignaily 
from Billerica, Mass. Mr. Lewis grad- 
uated at New Hampton Institution in 
1854, and at Harvard College in 1859 : 
read law with Sweetzer & Gardner at 
Lowell : settled in New Hampton where 
he remained until 1880, when he re- 
moved to Laconia, having purchased 
the Laconia Democrat in July 1878. 
"He is a conscientious journalist, and 
wields a trenchant pen." He has served 
as moderator, and town and county treas- 
urer, member of the school board for 
years, and for years a trustee of the 
New Hampton Institute. Col. Lewis 
has never sought political office for him- 
self. Brought up a Whig, he allied 
himself with the Democracy before com- 
ing of age. and has adhered loyally to 
the party ever since. He was elected 
to the senate by a large majority. 

2 54 

New Hampshire Senate. 



Senator from the Amherst district, .No. 
16, and president of the senate, was 
born in Lenoxtown, Scotland, Feb. 27. 
1852. He is the son of Alexander and 
Mary (Hay J McLane. They came to 
this country in 1854, and settled in 
Manchester, where the father died 
about two years later. Mr. McLane 
received his education at the public 
schools in Henniker and Manchester. 
He became a skilled mechanic, and is 
employed in the manufacture of post- 
office supplies in Milford. He bought 
the establishment out in 1878 ; then 
his executive ability had full sway 
and he has built up an extensive 
business. He employs from twenty- 
five to fifty men. Always a Republican, 
he was elected a member of the house 
in 1885 and 1887, rendering his party 
efficient service on the. stump in the 
election of 1890. He is director and 
vice-president of the Souhegan Na- 
tional Bank, and trustee of the Milford 
Savings Bank. He attends the Con- 
gregational church, is master mason in 
Benevolent Lodge, a member of the 
King Solomon Chapter, St. George 
Commandery, Edward A. Raymond 
Consistory, Scottish Rites, and a mem- 
ber of Custos Morum Lodge, I. O. O. F. 

He married, March 10, 1880, Ella L., 
daughter of Eben Tuck, of Milford. 
Three children, — Clinton A., Hazel E., 
Roy J. 

As presiding officer of the senate, 
President McLane is cool, level-headed, 
and impartial. If any doubt arises, he 
never hastily decides, thereby putting 
himself in a position from which he is 
obliged to recede, but with characteris- 

tic caution makes sure of his ruling, 
and when made, it stands. He has 
made no enemies, but many warm 
friends, 'and his political opponents 
have no less to say in his praise than 
have his party associates. 


Senator from District No. 1, son of 
Jonathan and Minerva (Armstrong) 
Dudley, was born at Hanover. Nov. 24, 
1842. He is a descendant in the eighth 
generation from Governor Thomas 
Dudley of Massachusetts. 

Jason H. Dudley's early education 
was acquired in the Hanover common 
schools : this was supplemented by pri- 
vate tutors. In the fall of 1858 he 
entered the Chandler Scientific School, 
and in 1859, became a member of the 
freshmen class of Dartmouth college, 
and graduated in the class of 1862. 
During his collegiate course he taught a 
select school at Cornish Flat, in the 
fall of 1861. After graduating, he 
went to Colebrook as principal of Cole- 
brook academy, which he did not find 
in a very prosperous condition. For 
three years he threw into the develop- 
ment of this school all the forces of his 
energetic nature, and brought up the 
attendance from forty to nearly one 
hundred pupils, by his fidelity, enthusi- 
asm, and thorough fitness for his work. 
During this time he became a student 
of law under Hon. William S. Ladd. 
In the fall of 1865 he went to Danville, 
Yt.. and had charge of Phillips academy 
for a year, continuing his legal studies 
with Hon. Bliss N. Davis. In the fall 
of I860 he conducted the academy at 
West Randolph, Yt., pursuing the study 



i f& 


/ f* 

'%„: ,-' 




New Hampshire Senate, 


of law with Hon. Edmund Weston while 
there. In December. 1867, he was 
admitted to the bar at Chelsea, Vt. He 
then settled in Colebrook. and entered 
into partnership with Mr. James I. 
Parsons in the practice of law, under 
the firm name of Dudley & Parsons, 
taking the business of Judge Ladd who 
had removed to Lancaster. This part- 
nership continued two years, when Mr. 
Parsons disposed of his interest to Mr. 
Dudley. Since then he has practised 
alone successfully, with the exception of 
four years, from April, 1878, to May, 
1882, when D. C. Remich was associ- 
ated with liim as Dudley & Remich. 
Mr. Dudley was superintendent of 
schools at Colebrook for several years ; 
has been a member of the board of 
trustees of Colebrook academy since 
1872, and its chairman for many years ; 
has served as town-clerk for three years ; 
he was elected county solicitor in 1878, 
and reelected in 1880, '82, '84, and 
'86, holding this important office lon- 
ger than any other man in the state under 
the elective system. He is one of the 
trustees of the State Normal School at 
Plymouth. He was a member of the 
House of Representatives from Cole- 
brook in 1889, and took a prominent 
part in the deliberations of that body. 
He is a member of the Grafton and 
Coos Bar Association and of the Dart- 
mouth Alumni Association, and belongs 
to Excelsior Lodge, No. 73, I. 0. 0. F. 
of Colebrook, and is also a member of 
the Knights of Pythias. 

Elected senator of his district by a 
handsome majority in Nov., 1890, he 
was made chairman of the committee on 
the Revision of the Laws, although a 
member of the minority party, and does 
his full share in looking after the public 
interests as a senator. 

Believing fully in the principles of 
the Democratic party, he has been, and 
is, energetic, fearless, and zealous in 
maintaining its integrity and influence ; 
stands in the front rank of its active 
workers in the "Northern District," and 
is a prominent factor in the politics of 
" Upper Coos." 

Mr. Dudley married, September 22, 
1869, Lucy A., daughter of Dr. Austin 
and Aurelia (Bissell) Bradford, of 
Yergennes, Vt., a descendant in the 
eighth generation from Governor Will- 
iam Bradford of Plymouth colony. 
Children, — Allen B., born June 18, 
1871; William H., born Apr. 13, 1873, 
died July 2, 1876. 

Mr. Dudley's success as a lawyer is 
due not only to his natural and acquired 
ability, but to his vigorous and efficient 
action in the understanding of his causes. 
He is a peacemaker instead of a 
promoter of strife, and believes that a 
suit is best won when justice is attained 
and every person has his rights firmly 
secured to him. He generously takes 
his full share of all necessary burdens, 
and is public-spirited in that he does 
everything in his power to advance all 
public improvements. His official life 
has tended to strengthen his naturally 
tine intellectual powers, and his stand- 
ing 1 is assured anions the members of 
the Coos county Bar. In every work 
committed to his hand, in public and 
private life, Mr. Dudley has labored 
with diligence, perseverance, and effi- 
ciency, and wholesome practical results 
testify to the value of his services. 

Hon. A. S. Batchellor, of Littleton, 
thus characterizes his friend : 

" Mr. Dudley is square, genial, ap- 
proachable, faithful to his friends, one 
who has made the best of his opportu- 
nities, a man of sagacity in affairs, a 

45 S 



Jt^ew Hampshire Senate. 

wise judge of character. These qual- 
ities he has combined with well directed 
industry. He has taken a prominent 
position in public affairs on his merits: 
and he has maintained himself in prom- 
inent positions in northern New Hamp- 
shire, and more recently in the general 
concerns of the state, by proving; 
himself a man who is always true to the 
trusts confided to him : and he is all this 
without ever losing a friend by any- 
false word or unfair act. These qual- 
ities have made him conspicuous and 
popular in social, political, business, and 
professional circles. He is capable of 
graceful and appropriate expression im 
prose and verse, on occasions where 
these qualities are in demand. His 
efforts in verse are often commended; 
at the same time, in serious argument, he- 
lie is skilful in marshalling facts, and 
forcible and effective in their presenta- 
tion before any tribunal." 

— W. A. Fergus son. 


Senator from the Grafton District, 
No. 2, was born Oct., 15, 1836, in Eat- 
on, where he now resides. He is the 
son of Joseph and Sally (Atkinson) 
Snow, and is the youngest of nine living 
out of a family of eleven children. He 
was educated at the common schools of 
Eaton, and at the Parsonsfield (Maine) 
academy. At the age of twenty years 
he went into business for himself in the 
firm of Brooks & Snow, general mer- 
chants. At the same time he em- 
harked in the lumber business. In 1859 
Mr. Brooks retired from the firm, and 
afterwards Mr. Snow was alone until 
1873, when he took into partnership, 
in the stock business, Mr. C. A. Brooks. 
This firm continued until 1878, at which 
time he took his son into the business. 

with the firm name of E. Snow & Son. 
He has continued dealing in stone ami 
lumber, since his first starting in busi- 
ness. Since 1875, he has done consid- 
erable business as pension attorney 
before the Department. 

Always a Democrat, he was first elect- 
ed selectman in 1861 and reelected in 
1865 and 1866 ; a member of the legis- 
lature in 1867 and 186S. For two years 
he was town-clerk. In 1878 he was elect- 
ed chairman of the board of selectmen, 
and reelected in 1879, 1880, 1881, 1882, 
1883, 1887, and 1888; member of the 
House in 1881 and 1883 ; auditor of 
accounts in Carroll County from 1881 
to 1887 ; county commissioner in 1887, 
and still holds the office ; a member of 
the Democratic State Committee nearly 
every year since the war. Always 
active in town politics, he has been 
moderator for many years, and has 
been interested in having and mak- 
ing good roads in town, and in 
all public improvements. He has been 
justice of the peace since 1864, and does 
much justice business and conveyancing. 
He married Oct., 19. 1857, Helen M., 
daughter of John W. and Caroline 
(Nason) Perkins — four children. One 
son, Leslie P., was a member of the 
House in 1887, a graduate of Dart- 
mouth College class of 1886, and a 
special examiner in the Pension Depart- 
ment under Cleveland's Administration, 
holding the office until the fall of 1890. 
He graduated at Columbia Law School 
in June, 1890, with highest honor, and 
was admitted to the bar soon after. 

The eldest daughter, Nellie H. Snow, 
married A. J. White, a contractor, and 
resides in Grand Rapids, Michigan. 

The second daughter, Isabelle Snow. 
married Dr. Atkinson, and resides in 
Worcester, Mass. 

JVew Hampshire Senate, 


The third daughter. Bertha C. Snow, 
unmarried, resides with her parents. 

Mr. Snow is a life-long Democrat, 
attends the Baptist Church, and is a 
master mason of the Ossipee Valley 
Lodge and was a member of Pigwaeket 
Lodge I. 0. O. F., of Brownfield, Maine 
in 1878, and was a charter member of 
Trinity Lodge. No. 63, in Eaton, found- 
ed in 1880. 

1.1 r /1 


Senator from the Nashua district. No. 
17, was born in Grafton, Feb. 21, 1853. 
He is the son of William S. and 
Harriet W. (Colby) Collins. He was 
educated at New London academy, and 
graduated at the medical school of the 
Boston University, in 1875, and has 
resided in Nashua since. He is a phy- 
sician and surgeon. He has served as 
chairman of the board of selectmen six 
years. He was a member of the house 
in 1889-"90. He is a Republican, un- 
married, and attends the Universalis 
church. He is an Odd Fellow, Mason, 
and charter member of the Golden 
Cross. Of late years he has devoted the 
most of his time to business enterprises. 

having won a reputation for energy 
and financial sagacity. He is a director 
in the Security Loan and Trust Com- 
pany of Nashua, the Lowell Electric 
Light company, Londonderry Lithia 
Water Co., and many other industrial 
business corporations. He is popular 
in business, political, and social circles. 


Senator from the Lebanon District, No. 
3, was born in Warner, Sept. 28. 1842, 
where he lived until the age of nineteen 
years. He was the son of William, Jr., 
and Hannah (Badger ) Carter, his father 
being a merchant in the village. He 
was educated at the common schools. 
Fitted for college at Henniker academy, 
at the time Thomas Sanborn was prin- 
cipal, and Hon. Wm. M. Chase was pro 
fessor of mathematics. He entered 
Dartmouth college in 1862. Overcome 
with the war fever, he enlisted, in Aug., 
1862, in Company D. 11th N. H., Vols., 
of which Col. L. W. Cogswell was cap- 
tain, and Walter Harriman colonel. He 
was appointed regimental commissary, 
and served with the regiment until May 
27, 1865. At the close of the war he 
took charge of his uncle's (Henry W. 
Carter's) store at Lebanon, where he 
has ever since resided. He remained 
five years with his uncle. In 1877 he 
formed a partnership with Col. Frank 
C. Churchill, which continues to this 
time. They have built up a large busi- 
ness, wholesale in gentlemen's furnishing 
goods and small wares, and manufac- 
turing pants, overalls, shirts and a large 
variety of goods for working men. They 
employ one hundred hands in their fac- 
tory. They keep four travelling sales- 
men on the road, and have a Bo.-ton office. 
The firm is the largest jobbing house of 
their line in New England, outside of 

2 5 8 

JVew Hampshire Senate 

Boston, and their trade extends thongh- 
ont New England and New York. Mr. 
Carter is a trustee of the Lebanon Sav- 
ings Bank and a director of the . First 
National Bank of Lebanon ; president 
of the Business Men's Association, in 
1890 ; president of the Lebanon Elec- 
tric Light and Power Company ; audi- 
tor of the state treasurer's accounts, for 
1890 and 1891, and recently appointed 
as aide-de-camp on the staff of Governor 
Yeazy, commander-in-chief, G. A. R., of 
the United States. His election to the 
Senate is his first political trust. He 
married, Aug. 23, 1867. Dora, daughter 
of Oren and Mary A. (Robins) Bugbee, 
of Lebanon. He is a Republican, and 
a member of the Congregational church 
for over twenty years, a member of 
Franklin Lodge No. 6. F. and A. M.. 
St. Andrew's Chapter No. 1, R. A. M. 
and Sullivan Commandery. and a mem- 
ber of James B. Perry Post No. 13. G. 
A. R. Mr. Carter is a successful busi- 
ness man, as his many offices of trust 


Senator from the Keene District, No. 
13, was born in Nelson, Aug., 18, 1834. 
He is the son of Joseph and Lois 
(Wardwell) Beal. He was educated 
at the public schools of his native town, 
and commenced his business career as 
a clerk at the age of seventeen years. 
the next year going to Keene, where 
he has ever since resided. A clerk 
there for three years, in 1856 he was 
taken into partnership with Jonas Park. 
er and Harvey A. Bill, under the firm 
name of Parker, Bill & Co. The firm 
became Parker & Beal in 1858 and 
continued to Oct., 1859. when the firm 
of J. R. Beal & Co. was formed to 
carry on the clothing business, which 

has continued until the present time. 
Mr. Beal was a member of the House 
in 1870 and 1871, common council one 
year, alderman two years, city treasurer 
two terms, county treasurer at present, 
director of the Keene National Bank 
from 1869 to 1879, since then cashier, 
trustee of the Cheshire Provident Insti- 
tution, and clerk of the board of invest- 
ment, director in the Keene Gas Light 
Company many years, and president of 
the Ashuelot Fire Insurance Co. at 
the time it was closed up. 

He married, Dec, 26. 1860. Eleanor 
J., daughter of Amos and Nancy (Hast- 
ings) Cummings of Marlborough ; one 
daughter, Jessie Gertrude Beal. 
Always a Republican, attends the L'ni- 
tarian Church, member of Lodge of the 
Temple F. and A. M., Cheshire Royal 
Arch Chapter, Hugh DePayens Com- 
mandery, K. T. 


Senator from the Cheshire District, 
No. 14, was born in Winchester. April 
24, 1833. He was the son of Dr. Hosea 
and Yerlina (Putnam) Pierce. He was 
educated at the common schools of Win- 
chester, at the Townsend, Vt., and 
Shelburne Falls, Mass. academies, and 
the New England Institute for young 
men in New York city. Studied medi- 
with his father and graduated at the 
Berkshire Medical College at Pittsfield, 
Mass., in 1854. With the exception of 
three years. 1848, 1849, and 1850, Dr. 
Pierce has always made his home in his 
native town, where he commenced to 
practise his profession with his father, 
immediately after his graduation. Dr. 
Pierce soon built up a large practice, and 
has won a favorable reputation as a sur- 

April 21, 1864, he was appointed a 

ISczv Hampshire Senate, 


First Assistant Surgeon, with the rank of 
1st Lieutenant, to the First New Hamp- 
shire Cavalry, and went directly to the 
front with his regiment. On the I2th 
day of November, 1864, while partici- 
pating in a cl large under General Cus- 
ter upon the forces of the Confederate 
General Rosser, he was wounded and 
left for dead upon the field of battle. A 
party of Confederate soldiers, some time 
after the fight, scouring the field for 
plunder, discovered the Doctor to be liv- 
ing, and they made him a prisoner of 
war. He was confined from this time 
till January 14, 1865, in Libby Prison 
in Richmond, Ya. While in Libhy he 
was promoted for meritorious services 
to become a full Surgeon with the rank 
of Major. Upon his return to his regi- 
ment, he at once entered actively upon 
his duties, and continued so engaged un- 
til the close of the war. In September, 
1864, he was assigned to duty at Bri- 
gade Headquarters, and then to Division 
Headquarters. His personal experience 
upon the battle field commenced at the 
Wilderness and ended at Appomattox, 
and comprises in all fifty-two battles 
in which he received five severe wounds, 
two in the head, one in the right 
shoulder, one in the left arm and one m 
the right hand. Probably no surgeoia 
in the Union army has a martial record 
outranking that of Dr. Pierce. 

He was appointed an Examining Sur- 
geon by the Pension Department in 
1862, and he retained this appointment 
till 1875, when he resigned the same to 
accept a seat in the New Hampshire 
Legislature. He was reappointed hw 
the Pension Department to this office 
in 1883, but was removed by the Cleve- 
land Administration for political rea- 
sons, upon its advent to power. He was 
appointed by Gov. Currier, Surgeon 

General of New Hampshire upon his 
Staff, with the rank of Brig. General in 
the New Hampshire National Guard, 
At present he is treasurer of the Board - 
of Education for the school district of 
Winchester, and president of the Re- 
publican town organization as well as 
a member of the State Central Republi- 
can Committee, a position he has held 
with scarcely an interruption for the last 
twenty years. 

He is a prominent member of the G. 
A. R., being Past Commander of E. N. 
Taft Post 19, of the Department of 
New Hampshire, and has always been 
active in promoting every interest of his 
old comrades, and has been largely in- 
strumental in placing most of the laws 
upon our statute books recognizing the 
obligation of New Hampshire to her old 
soldiers, sailors and marines, and their 
dependent relatives ; and he believes that 
there is abundant reason for yet other 
laws, or modifications of present laws, 
to completely and forever divorce all 
cases of dependent soldiers, and their 
dependent relatives, from the slightest 
taint of pauperism. 

In his profession he takes first rank 
among his medical brethren, often being 
called by them in consultation in cases 
of doubt and of great severity. As an 
expert witness in medical and surgical 
cases he has few equals in New Hamp- 

At home he is known as a true friend 
by every one. He is active in promoting 
every effort that works for the progress 
and advancement of his native place or 
her people, giving generously of his 
money, and unsparingly of his best 
efforts, being contented always if the 
good comes to any, though it may not 
particularly come to himself. He has 
never had but one kind of politics, for 


JVew Hampshire Senate. 

the reason that he firmly believes that 
the Republican party to winch he be- 
longs will soonest educate all the peo- 
ple of the nation, will soonest secure to 
every citizen his full political rights, will 
soonest develop the industrial pursuits 
of the whole country, will soonest deal 
justly with her veteran soldiery and 
their dependents. 

In George W. Pierce, the old soldiers 
of the Cheshire District have a typical 
soldiers' representative, and one who 
knows what it was to have been a sol- 
dier from 1861 to 1865, and one who 
knows what their past deprivations have 
been and what is now due to them, and 
one who has the ability and manliness 
to stand by his old comrades till their 
" Bonds" have been redeemed in full. 

His first vote for President was cast 
for John C. Fremont. He was elected 
to the Senate by a flattering majority. 
He has done his party service on the 
stump during the last three presidential 

He married, in 1861, Maria C, 
daughter of William and Celia Follett 
of Winchester. They have four chil- 


Senator from the Manchester District, 
No. 18, was born in Cornwall, England, 
May 17, 1832. He is the son of Rich- 
ard and Elizabeth (Warren) Fradd. 
He received Ins education in his native 
town, learned the brass-founders' trade, 
and came to this country at the age of 
eighteen years. He settled first in Bos- 
ton where he remained four years, set- 
tling in Manchester in 18.33, where he 
went into business for himself, dealing 
in hats and caps. In 1856 he embarked 
in the grocery business and still contin- 
ues it. His first office was overseer of 

the poor, which he held four years, then 
assessor two years, inspector of check- 
lists two years, alderman three years, 
member of the House in 1872 and 1873, 
member of the Constitutional conven- 
tion in 1889, overseer of the poor in 1889 
and 1890. and elected to the Senate in 
1890. Always a Republican, attends 
the Congregational church, although 
brought up in the Church of England. 


He married first, Mary E. Cayzer. a 
native of his own county in England, in 
January. 1853. Of the three children 
of this marriage, but one lives, Mary 
Elizabeth, who married Joseph Fradd, 
and lives in West Manchester. He 
married second, in Sept., 1876, Jennie 
McDonald of Fort Covington, N. Y. 
Five children. He is a member of the 
Aegis, a benevolent society. 


Senator from the Laconia District. 
No. 5, was born in Franiingliam, Mass., 
Dec. 25. 1838. He is the only son and 
eldest child of Israel W. and Adeline 
(Richardson) Sulloway. He received his 
academical education at Canaan, Barre, 

New Hampshire Senate. 


Vt., and the Green Mountain Liberal 
Institute at South Woodstock, Vt., — but 
spent a considerable portion of his time 
between the ages of ten and twenty-one 
years in active labor in his father's mill 
in the town of Enfield where the cele- 
brated Shaker socks were lirst manufac- 
tured by machinery, gaming a practical 
knowledge of the business, and thor- 
oughly familiarizing himself with the 
various processes in hoisery manufact- 
ure, and the general conduct of business 
in that important line of industry. 

Upon attaining his majority, with 
that ambitious and independent spirit 
which so generally characterizes the 
youth of New England, and to which 
the development and prosperity of all 
sections of our country are so largely 
due, Mr. Sulloway determined to go 
into business for himself. His purpose 
received the ready sanction and encour- 
agement of his father, and after due 
deliberation he formed a partnership 
with Walter Aiken, of Franklin, in the 
manufacture of hosiery. The partner- 
ship continued for about four years, 
when it was dissolved by mutual con- 
sent, and another iirm was organized, 
which put in operation a new mill. 
This firm consisted of Mr. Sulloway 
and Frank H. Daniell, of Franklin, 
who carried on business together until 
1869, when Mr. Daniell withdrew, and 
Mr. Sulloway has since been sole pro- 
prietor. The mill is situated upon the 
lower power of the Winnipiseogee, 
opposite the mills of the Winnipiseogee 
Paper Company, the power being used 
in common by the two establishments. 
The building is of brick, four stories 
high, with basement, contains eight sets 
of woollen machinery, with about 150 
knitting-machines, and furnishes em- 
ployment for about 200 operatives, 

besides a large number of women in the 
vicinity and surrounding towns, whose 
labor is required in finishing the work 
which the machines leave incomplete. 
About five hundred dozen pairs are 
produced daily, giving an annual 
product of about $250,000. The 
monthly pay-roll averages about $4,500, 
aside from the amount paid for outside 

January 1, 188S, the property was 
turned over to a stock company, and is 
now known as the Sulloway Mills, of 
which Mr. Sulloway is treasurer and 
the largest stockholder. 

Mr. Sulloway is a business man in 
the true sense of the term, and as such 
he has been thus far eminently success- 
ful. But while devoting his energies 
and ability to the development of his 
own business interests, and thereby in- 
directly conferring large benefit upon 
the community in which he moves, he 
has never failed to contribute, by direct 
personal effort, to the advancement of 
all measures of public utility and mate- 
rial progress ; and to his labor and en- 
couragement, personally and pecunia- 
rily, as much as to any other among its 
many enterprising and public-spirited 
citizens, the town of Franklin is indebt- 
ed for the advanced position which it 
holds, when regarded from a business, 
social, or educational stand-point. He 
was a prime mover in the organization 
of the Franklin National Bank, which 
went into operation in November, 1879, 
and has been president of the institu- 
tion from the start. He has also been 
a trustee of the Franklin Savings Bank 
ever since its establishment, and for 
several years past a member of the com- 
mittee of investment. In 1880 he was 
chosen a member of the board of direc- 
tors of the Northern Railroad, and was 


w&* • 









New Hampshire Senate. 

elected president in 1884 ; president of 
the Concord & Garemont and P. & 
H. Railroads in 1889 ; director of the 
Boston & Maine Railroad the same 
year — all of which positions he still 

In politics, Mr. Sulloway is an ardent 
Democrat, an eaviest and enthusiastic 
worker in the party cause ; and his 
labors in this direction have been largely 
instrumental in bringing his party into 
ascendency in Franklin, which was for 
many years one of the hardest contest- 
ed political battle-grounds in the state, 
numbering:, as it does, among its citizens 
several of the most active leaders of the 
two great parties. In 1871, although 
the town was then decidedly Repub- 
lican, lie was chosen a member of the 
state legislature from Franklin, and 
was reelected the following year. In 
1874, and again in 1875, he was elected 
to the same position. In the legisla- 
ture, as everywhere else, he proved him- 
self a thoroughly practical man, devot- 
ing himself actively to business, and 
leaving speech-making to those inclined 
to talk rather than to work. In 1871 
he served on the committee on elections ; 
in 1872, upon railroads ; in 1874 was 
chairman of the committee on manu- 
factures, where his close acquaintance 
with manufacturing interests fitted him 
for most efficient service ; and in 1875 
was acain a member of the elections 
committee. In 1874, when the Demo- 
cratic party managers set to work sys- 
tematically to win a victory in the state, 
Mr. Sulloway was nominated for rail- 
road commissioner upon the ticket 
headed by James A. "Weston for gover- 
nor. Although there was no choice by 
the people in the election that year, the 
Democracy won a substantial victory, 
in that they secured a majority in the 

legislature, and the election of their 
candidates for governor and railroad 
commissioner followed at the hands of 
that body. To this triumph of his party 
in the state the energetic labor of Mr. 
Sulloway in the general conduct of the 
campaign contributed in no small degree. 
As a member of the board of railroad 
commissioners for the term of three 
years, the last year as chairman of the 
board, he rendered the state efficient 
service, carrying into his official labors, 
so far as they extended, the same practi- 
cal sagacity and judgment exercised in 
his own private business. 

In January, 1877, Mr. Sulloway was 
nominated by the Democracy of the 
second district as their candidate for 
congress, against Major James F. Briggs. 
of Manchester, the Republican nominee. 
The district was strongly Republican, 
and that party had a popular candidate 
in the Held ; yet Mr. Sulloway. with no 
expectation of an election, made a vig- 
orous canvass, and ran largely ahead of 
his ticket. He was also the candidate 
of his party in the district at the next 
election, and again in 1880, making 
lively work for his successful opponent. 
Major Briggs, on each occasion. He 
has been an active member of the Dem- 
ocratic state committee for more than 
fifteen years past, and for the greater 
portion of the time a member of the 
executive committee of that body, 
having direct charge of the campaign 
work. He was a member of the New 
Hampshire delegation in the national 
convention at St. Louis in 1876, which 
nominated Samuel J. Tilden for the 
presidency, and was an enthusiastic 
supporter of the great New York re- 
former, not only in convention, but also 
in the subsequent campaign in which he 
was actively engaged as a member of 

N~ew Hampshire Senate. 

the Democratic national committee 
from this state. In 1880 he was again 
a delegate to the national convention of 
his party, at Cincinnati, where Gen. 
Hancock was nominated, and was 
again elected as the New Hampshire 
member of the national committee. 
Again, in 1884, he was chosen a dele- 
gate to the National Democratic Con- 
vention which nominated Grover Cleve- 
land, and chosen a member of the Na- 
tional Committee ; also in 1888 a dele- 
gate and a member of the National 
Committee, which position he still holds. 
He was a member of the Constitutional 
Convention in 1889, and was elected to 
the Senate in 1890. 

Mr. Sulloway is an active member 
and trustee of the Unitarian Society of 
Franklin. In this organization, as in 
business and politics, Mr. Sulloway is 
an earnest worker, and his labor and 
encouragement have contributed mate- 
rially to its success. 

In 1866 Mr. Sulloway was united in 
marriage with Miss Susan K. Daniell, 
an accomplished daughter of the late 
Jeremiah F. Danieil, a member of 
the noted paper-making firm of Peabody 
& Daniell. and a sister of the Hon. 
"Warren F. Daniell. member-elect to 
the 52d congress. They have three . 
children, a daughter and two sons. — 
the eldest, Alice, born August 5, 1871. 
Richard Woodbury, born February 15, 
1876, and Frank Jones, born Dec. 11, 

Mr. Sulloway is a man of keen per- 
ceptive powers and ready judgment, so 
that he is enabled to form conclusions 
upon all practical questions presented 
with more than ordinary promptness 
and accuracy. His opinion in all mat- 
ters of public interest, as well as his 
advice in private business affairs, is 

frequently sought, and carries great 
weight. He is frank and outspoken at 
all times. He has many warm friends, 
and enjoys a full measure of popularity 
in social, public, and business circles. 
Endowed with an active mind and 
healthy and vigorous bodily powers, he 
has great capacity for labor. 

— //. H. Metcalf. 



Senator from the Portsmouth District, 
No. 24, was born in Bethlehem, Aug., 
21. 1848. He is the son of Hon. John 
G., and Tamar M. (Clark) Sinclair. 
He was educated at Newbury, Vt., and 
at Sanbornton Bridge, and was fitted for 
college at Phillips Academy, Exeter. 
He entered Dartmouth College in 
1867, but did not graduate. His home 
was in Bethlehem until 18G7, in Lex- 
•ington, Mich., until 1S69, in Littleton, 
until 1873. and since that date in Ports- 
mouth, where he has been actively en- 
gaged in business. He is a keen and 
sagacious business man of acknowledged 
ability. He is proprietor of the Ports- 


N~ew Hampshire Senate. 

mouth Dally Evening Tunes and the 
weekly States and Union. He has 
served as president of the Nashua & 
Rochester Railroad, of the Manchester 
& Lawrence Railroad, and as a director 
of the Boston & Maine Railroad and of 
many other corporations. He was founder 
and the largest owner in the Portsmouth 
Shoe Company. He was appointed 
colonel on the staff of Govornor Weston 
in 1871, was a member of the House 
in 1873, and of the Senate in 18S9-'90 
from the Newmarket District. Always 
a Democrat, he is an acknowledged 
party leader. He attends the Baptist 

He married, Nov., 27. 1873, Emma 
I. Jones, niece and daughter-in-law of 
Hon. Frank Jones ; four children. 


Senator from the Amoskeag District; 
No. 19, was born July 8, 1854. in Man- 
chester. He is the son of Hon. Israel 
and Lavinia H. (Hobbs) Dow, his 
father having been senator from the 
same district. He received his educa- 
tion at the public schools of Manchester, 
graduating from the High school in 
1871, studing civil engineering with 
Hon. E. A. Straw, Edwin H. Hobbs. 
and A. M. Chapin. He has been in the 
employ of the Amoskeag Manufactur- 
ing Company for twenty years, succeed- 
ing the late Hon. Edwin H. Hobbs. 
as the chief engineer of the company. 
He was ward-clerk four years, mem- 
ber of the school board four years, 
representative in 1889, and was elected 
to the Senate by a large majority. He 
married, July 25, 1877. Susie C. Cook, 
daughter of the late Capt. Harvey Cook 
of Manchester. One son has come of 
the union, Clinton I. Dow, born April 
12, 1886. 

Mr. Dow is a Republican, attends the 
Unitarian church. Mason, Knight Tem- 
plar, member of the Aleppo Temple 
Mystic Shrine. 


Senator from the Dover District, No. 
23, was born in Winthrop, Maine, May, 
29, 1856. He is the son of Jeremiah 
and Rebecca (Gilman) Sullivan. He 
was educated at the public schools of 
Winthrop and at the Towle Academy, 
went into the drug business in Lewis- 
ton and Portland, serving eight years, 
commenced to study medicine and sur- 
gery with Dr. J. A. Donovan of Lewis- 
ton, and graduated from the University 
of the City of New York Medical Depart- 
ment in 1879 ; practised two years in 
Lewiston and settled in Dover in 1881, 
where he has since resided, building up 
a large and lucrative practice. He was 
candidate for councillor in 1886 and 
narrowly escaped election. Although in 
a strong Republican district, he received 
a popular majority of 379 votes, being 
the first Democrat ever elected in the 
District as Senator. He is Exalted 
Ruler of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks in Dover. He is unmar- 
ried, and attends -the Catholic Church. 


Senator from the Rockingham District. 
No. 21, was born Feb., 22, 1849. in 
Brentwood, where he still resides. He 
is the son of Robert and Sally (Sinclair) 
Rowe. He was educated at the public 
schools of his native town, and at Kings- 
ton and Tilton Academies. He went 
into business with his father and 
brothers, when he was twenty-one, in the 
firm of Robert Rowe <$c Sons, manufact- 
urers of carriage wood-work. The 
father died in 1882, when the firm be- 

Neztf Hampshire Senate. 


came Robert Rowe's Sons. They 
employ about 20 workmen. Always a 
Republican* Mr.- Rowe was town-elerk 
four years, second selectman one year, 
chairman one year, representative 1889. 

He married July 3, 1870, Betsey J., 
daughter of Lewis B. and Mary (Rob- 
erts) Gordon; two sons— George Rus- 
sell, who has lately graduated from the 
Manchester Commercial College, and 
Robert G., a student in Sanborn Semi- 
nary at Kingston. 

Mr. Rowe attends the Congregational 
Church, and is a member of Gideon 
Lodge, No. 84, F. and A. M., St. Albans 
Chapter, of Exeter, and De Witt Clin- 
ton Commandery Knights Templar, 


Senator from the Newmarket District, 
No. 22, was born at Stratham, Dec 6, 
1859, and is the youngest member of 
the Senate. He is the son of Richard 
and Abigail (Batchelder) Seanunon. 
He was educated at the Stratham public 
schools, and graduated from the Exeter 
High School in 1876, entered Cornell 
University, class of 1881, but left col- 
lege on the death of his father, and has 
since made his home at Stratham, where 
he has one of the largest and best farms 
in a town noted for its agricultural ex- 
cellence. This farm has been a posses- 
sion of the family since 1642. being a 
part of ' the tract then purchased by 
William Waldron, of Dover, whose 
daughter Prudence married Richard 
Scammon in 1661. and settled there in 
1665. Richard Scammon was the first 
settler, and subsequently the owner of 
all the tract then known as Shrewsbury 
Patent which now forms the southern 
part of the town of Stratham. 

Mr. Scammon was elected town treas- 

urer when 21 years old, has since served 
as superintending school committee 
and moderator, was chosen chairman of 
the board of selectmen but declined to 
act. He was a member of the House 
in 1885 and 1886. He is a Democrat 
both by inheritance and conviction, and 
has served his party several years as 
chairman of the town Democratic com- 
mittee, and has been a member of the 
state, committee, and secretary of the 
county committee for four years. 

He was the unanimous choice of the 
nominating convention of his senatorial 
district in 1890. and was elected by a 
flattering majority running largely 
ahead of his ticket especially in his own 

He has served nine years in the New 
Hampshire National Guard, enlisting 
in Co. D. 1st Reg't, in 1882, was suc- 
cessively promoted corporal, sergeant, 
and lieutenant of the- company, captain 
and aide on the Brigade Staff, and lieu- 
tenant colonel of 1st. Reg't. having held 
the last position since 18S6. 

Col. Scammon was appointed by Gov. 
Sawyer as the state's representative on 
the stall" of Gen. Sehofield at the Wash- 
ington Centennial in New York City, 
May. 1889. He has been an interested 
student of the local history of his section, 
and is a member of the New Hampshire 
Historical Society, and corresponding 
member of the Maine Genealogical 
Society. He is unmarried, is liberal in 
religious rietrs, and attends the Christ- 
ian Church. • 


Senator from the Peterborough district, 
No. 15. wa« 1-orn at Hanover, Dec. 11, 
1*47. He is the son of Lewis and 
Fidelia (Spencer) Hall, of Hanover. 
He wax educated at the public schools of 


JYezv Hampshire Senate. 

Hanover, at the Kimball Union Acad- 
emy, at Appleton academy, and at 
Dartmouth college, where he graduated 
in the class of 1870. He studied medi- 
cine at the New Hampshire medical 
college, and graduated from the medical 
department of the University of New 
York in 1873. He settled immediately 
after graduation at Greenville, wliere he 

board of selectmen, representative in 
1889, and chairman of the committee on 
Normal School which .worked through 
the $60,000 appropriation for a new 
building, and in 1890 was elected sena- 
tor by a close majority. He is chair- 
man of the Committee on Education in 
the senate. 

He married, May 25, 1875, Nellie A., 

has since resided, practising his profes- 
sion for seven years, and since then con- 
ducting business as a registered phar- 

He is now serving his eleventh year 
as superintendent of schools, and his fifth 
year as town treasurer. He has suc- 
cessively filled nearly every town office, 
having been three years chairman of the 

daughter of Rev. Pliny F., and Julia 
(Hobart) Barnard, of Westminster, Vt. 
Their union has been blessed with one 
son, Adrian, born Jan. 21, 1880. 

Dr. Hall has always been a Republi- 
can. He is a member of Dunster Hill 
Lodge of Odd Fellows and Souhegan 
Lodge. F. &. A. M., and attends the 
Congregational church. He is a reade 

JVezv Hampshire Senate, 

:6 7 

of all standard works, a temperance 
man, charitable, and deeply interested 
in the welfare of education, not only in 
his town hut throughout the state. 


Senator from the Londonderry District, 
No. 20, was born October 24, 1850, in 
Salem, where he has always resided. 
He is the son of Orlando H. and Mary 
E. (Corning) Woodbury. He was edu- 
cated at the public schools of his native 
town, and started in business for him- 
self at the age of eighteen years, in the 
manufacture of shoes by machinery 
He undertook to learn the trade, but in a 
short time became the employer of his 
teacher, displaying in very early life 
financial ability of a remarkable order. 
His first machinery he bought on credit 
and paid for by installments. He 
brought to his business, also, inventive 
genius which has lead to improvments 
which have been profitably patented. 
By strict attention to business, rigid 
integrity, and untiring energy, he has 
built up and carried on an extensive 
manufacturing enterprise. F. P. Wood- 
bury & Company control the market in 
their special lines of the " Polka" and 
" Polish " shoe for the southern trade. 
His efforts have been crowned with 
financial success ; and he has the con- 
fidence of the great jobbers, who know 
that when an order is entrusted to 
him, it will be carried out in the spirit 
and to the letter of the contract. He 
is financially able to carry out what- 
ever he may undertake, and is fair 
and honorable in all his dealings. At 
present he employs two hundred hands 
in one factory, and is so crowded with 
work and orders that he contemplates 
either enlarsrinff his works, or usin^ an- 
other building, erected for a shoe fac- 

tory, which has come into his posses- 

Politically following in the footsteps 
of his ancestors, so well known in New 
Hampshire history, he is a Democrat 
and an ardent supporter of his party 
and party measures. Held in honor and 
esteem by his townsmen, he has been 
tendered every office within their gift, 
but has uniformly been compelled to re- 
fuse the honor of political preferment on 
account of his business relations. In the 
last election, duty to his party forced 
him to accept the senatorial nomination 
in a district almost hopelessly Republi- 
can. His personal popularity led to his 
election by a clear majority of 257 votes 
over all competitors — a signal honor, 
as he is the first Democrat ever elected 
from the district. Senator Woodbury 
was married, November 25, 1870, to 
Elizabeth Ryant of Farmington, Elaine, 
and has two sons. — Harry Orlando, a 
student at Pinkerton academy, and 
Ernest Ryant, a lad at home. 



Senator from the Plymouth district. No. 4, 
was born in Bristol," X. H., Nov. 21, 1810. 
He was the son of James and Ann ( Don- 
fcer) Musgrove, both of whom were natives 
of Loudon, England. James Musgrove 
and his wife emigrated to America iu 
1832. They resided in Charlestown and 
Lynn, Mass., till 1837, when they removed 
to Bristol, X". H., where they made their 
home till their death. 

James Musgrove was a cabin boy on 
board a British man-of-war for nine years, 
and at one time, during the War of 1812, 
was a prisoner of war at Philadelphia. 
His school advantages ceased when he 
was eight years old, but he was an intel- 
ligent, well read man. Both he and his 
wife were life-long, active members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. By trade 


New Hampshire Senate. 

he was a tailor, a hard-working - , indus- 
trious man, but his income was insuffi- 
cient to give his children any more than 
a common-school education. But he 
encouraged them to strive lor a more lib- 
eral education than he had enjoyed,, and 
so it happened that the subject of this 
sketch commenced to support himself at 
fourteen years of age, by working in a 
paper-mill for §S a month. He continued 
to attend school winters, and to work the 
balance of the year, until he was eighteen 
years of age, when he entered the seminary 
at Tilton. Here he supplemented his 
scanty savings of the summer by sawing 
wood and doing such other work as could 
be obtained, and in this way he continued 
to attend school two terms each year, 
having in view a collegiate education, and 
he had nearly completed his preparatory 
collegiate course, when in 1862 President 
Lincoln issued his famous call for 690,- 
000 more men for the suppression of the re- 
bell ion. With many others at that school 
he laid aside his books, and enlisted as a 
.private in Co. D, 12th Regt., K. H. Vols., 
for three years. 

On the organization of the company he 
was made corporal. March 17, 1863. he 
was promoted sergeant, and Feb. 1, 1864, 
was made 1st sergeant. April 24, 1864, 
he was given a commission as 1st lieuten- 
ant by Gen. B. F. Butler in the 1st Regt. 
IT. S. Vol. Infantry, organized by Kim 
from prisoners of war who had taken the 
oath of allegiance and enlisted in the 
United States service. Four months later 
he was promoted to a captaincy. During 
his connection with the 12th Regt. X. II. 
Vols., he was present for duty and did his 
best in every engagement in which his 
regiment took part, including Fredericks- 
burg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and 
Wapping Heights. During the memor- 
able third day's fight at Gettysburg, he 
carried the state colors. While connected 
with the 1st U. S. Vol. Infantry, he did 
provost duty at Norfolk, Va., a short 
time, and then went with his regiment to 
the Western frontier where he served 

nearly two years, the first year being sta- 
tioned at Fort Ridgely, Minn., and then 
going to western Kansas, where his com- 
pany and three others opened the Holi- 
day Overland Despatch Company's line, 
the route now used for the Smoky Hill 
Branch of the Union Pacific Railroad. 
During his service on the frontier he 
was in several engagements with hostile*. 
At Pond Creek station he lived several 
months of the winter of 1865-86 in dug- 
outs. 225 miles from the nearest dwelling- 
house on the east. In the middle of Jan- 
uary he was obliged to evacuate his sta- 
tion for lack of food, and march 150 miles 
over the trackless prairie, for fifteen 
nights making the snow his bed. in 
June, 1866, he was mustered out at St 
Louis, Mo., after nearly four years of 
service, and returned to Bristol, bearing 
with him recommendations for a position 
in the regular army from Generals Corse. 
Sibley, and others. These he never used, 
but concluded to remain in his native 

In 1868 he engaged in the job printing 
business at Bristol, and in June, 1878, he 
commenced the publication of the " Bris- 
tol Weekly Enterprise," and is still its 
editor and proprietor, and he has achieved 
a gratifying success in this field. Al- 
though an active Republican he has pub- 
lished a neutral paper, which has been 
received with such favor that the ''Enter- 
prise" has one of the best lists of subscrib- 
ers in the state outside of the cities. 

He has served as town-clerk of Bristol 
six years, has been chairman of the board 
of trustees of the Minot-Sleeper Library 
since its organization in 1884, is a mem- 
ber of the board of education of Union 
school-district of Bristol, and has been 
the recording steward of the Methodist 
Episcopal church at that place for over 
twenty years. He represented his town 
as a member of the house in 1885-'86, 
and was the originator of the law provid- 
ing for the publication of the military 
history of all soldiers and sailors of Xew 
Hampshire, who served in the War of the 

New Hampshire Senate. 


Rebellion, soon to be issued by the adju- 
tant general. In November last he was 
elected to represent the fourth district in 
the Xew Hampshire senate. 

December 23, 1869, he married Henri- 
etta M., daughter of Ebenezer Guild of 
Newport, X. H. They have been blessed 
with six children, four girls and two boys. 
Mrs. Musgrove is a talented musician and 
teacher of music, and all the children 
have unusual musical gifts, and have 
attained a state reputation as the " Mus- 
grove Family" of singers. 


Senator from the Pittsrield District, Xo. 
11, was born in Concord, Ward 2, March 
2, 1846, and has always resided on the 
" mountain " in East Concord. He is the 
son of John L. and Sarah J. (Bean) Tal- 
lant. He was educated at the public 
schools of Concord, and at the Boscawen 
academy and New London academy- 
He has a farm of four hundred acres, and 
has carried it on for twenty-four years. 
In 1879 he formed a partnership with 
Hon. J. H. Walker, of Worcester, Mass., 
and embarked in breeding, rearing, and 
dealing in American Jersey Cattle Club 
registered Jerseys. Their herd of Jer- 
sey cattle numbered nearly three hun- 
dred head, and were known as the "Crys- 
tal Spring Herd." They have raised 
many cattle which have sold for ex- 
tremely high prices, — one of their two 
years old Jerseys was sold for 80,500. 
The partnership was dissolved in 1887, 
Mr. Tallant, reserving aud maintaining at 
present on his farm at East Concord his 
part of the herd. He continues breed- 
ing fine Jerseys of the most fashionably 
bred strains, and the direct descendants 
of the most celebrated and remarkable 
performers of this valuable dairy breed. 
His farm, at one time well worn-out, he 
has brought up to a high state of cultiva- 
tion, more than doubling its fertility and 
producing capacity. 

In politics a Democrat, he has filled 
every office in his ward — selectman, com- 

mon councilman, alderman, assessor, 
member of the school board, representa- 
tive in 18S5. and senator, receiving one 
third of the Republican votes of his own 
ward. He married, first, Addie G., 
daughter of Hon. Aaron and Arrianna 
(Barstow) "Whittemore, of Pembroke. 
They had three children, — Catherine, 
Arie, and John. He married, second, 
Helen B., daughter of the late Dauiel and 

(Kelleyj Wilson, of Xew Hampton. 

He is a member of the grange. 

Mr. Tallant is high authority in his spec- 
ial line of raising fancy stock. At state 
and Xew England fairs he has beeu called 
upon as a judge, and his services have 
been sought as an expert in all dairy mat- 
ters, and his efforts have been appreciated 
by the press and public generally through- 
out Xew England. In the grange, the 
great farmers' organization of the state, 
representing a membership of nearly 
12,000, he has been very prominent, urg- 
ing at all times upon the members the 
true way of bringing up the worn-out 
Xew Hampshire farms, and demonstrat- 
ing that farming is a paying industry if 
carried on in a business way, and managed 
on business principles. 


Senator for the Concord District, Xo. 
10, was born in Acworth, June 13, 1833. 
He is the son of Alvah and Polly (Grout) 
Cummings. He- was educated at the 
public schools of his native town and at 
the South Acworth academy. In 1853 
he went to Franklin and formed a part- 
nership in the marble business with his 
brother, Oscar Cummings. In 1861 they 
established their business in Concord, 
which now extends throughout central 
Xew Hampshire and Eastern Vermont. 
The manufactory is located in a new 
brick block on South Main street, at the 
corner of Freight street, built and owned 
by E. G. and G. A. Cummings. Oscar 
Cummings died in 1864, and was suc- 
ceeded in the firm by Milon D. Cum- 


JVew Hampshire Senate. 

Mr. Cummings lias served two years 
as alderman, two years (1SS0-*8S) as 
mayor of the city of Concord, and was a 
member of the house in 1870 and 1871. 
He Ins served as trustee of the Merri- 
mack County Savings Bank and of the 
Orphans' Home at Franklin, vice-pres- 
ident of the Odd Fellows' Home, director 
of the Concord Street Railway, and pres- 
ident of the Odd Fellows' Hall Associa- 

He married, in March, 1854, Mary 
Lizzie, daughter of Frederick P. and 
Hannah Smith, of Manchester. His 
daughter, Ida E., died in 1876, aged ID 
years. His son. Frank G. Cummings. is 
an alderman in the city of Haverhill, 
Mass., where he is established in the 
marble business. 

Mr. Cummings is a man of the strict- 
est integrity and of rare business ability, 
trusted and honored by his fellow citi- 
zens, kind-hearted, and hospitable. He 
is a ^Republican, and a member of the 
Baptist church. 


Senator from the Merrimack District, 
No. 0, was born, January 11, 1841, in 
Bow, where he still resides. He is the 
son of Aaron W. and Nancy (Dustin) 
Baker. On both sides he inherited the 
most heroic New England blood. His 
paternal ancestor, Captain Joseph Baker, 
.a surveyor, married Hannah, daughter of 
Captain John Lovewell, the famous Ind- 
ian fighter, and settled in Lovewell's 
township, or Suncook, afterwards Pem- 
broke, before 1740. The town of Sun- 
cook included a large part of Bow. An- 
other of his ancestors married a daughter 
of one of the settlers of Londonderry. 
Another, his grandmother, was a descend- 
ant of the Rev. Aaron Whittemore. On 
his mother's side he is a descendant of 
the heroine, Hannah Dustan. 

He received his education at Pembroke 
and Hopkiuton academies, and at the 
N. H. Conference Seminary at Tilton, 
and graduated from Dartmouth college 

in 1863, receiving the degree of A. M. in 
1866 ; the same year he received the de- 
gree of LL. B. from the Law School of 
Columbian University, and was admitted 
to the bar. In 1882 he was admitted To 
the bar of the United States supreme 
court. In 1864 he was appointed to a 
clerkship in the War Department, and 
later, to one in the Treasury Depart- 
ment, at Washington, where he remained 
until 1874, when he resigned and entered 
upon the practice of the law, chiefly in 
cases in the United States courts and 
before government commissions and 
departments. This practice has taken 
him much from his home in Bow, bur 
he has always been active in local and 
general politics, to which he has devoted 
a part of each year. He has travelled 
extensively in the United States. He 
was Judge Advocate General on the staff 
of Governor Currier. He is a Republi- 
can, a Unitarian, unmarried, and was 
elected by a good majority to the sen- 


Senator from the Hillsborough Dis- 
trict, No. 8, was born in Hillsborough, 
December 'J, 18o2. He is the sou of 
William B. and Lucretia A. (Dinsmore) 
Whittemore. He was educated at the 
public schools of his native town, at 
Francestown academy, and graduated at 
Phillips Academy, Exeter, in 1873. After 
graduation he devoted his time for a 
number of years to farming, carrying on 
the ancestral farm in Antrim. He has 
been superintendent of schools three 
years, town-clerk two years, secretary of 
the Democratic State Committee two 
years, from 1880 to 1882. He served 
five years in the N. H. N. Guard, hold- 
ing the rank of lieutenant of the Carter 
Guards, Co. K, 2d Regt., captain, and 
was paymaster of the regiment, with rank 
of major. He was member of the house in 
1S8.V84, and post-office inspector under 
the Cleveland administration. He is a 
member of Harmony Lodge F. & A. M-, 

Nezv Hampshire Senate. 


Woods Chapter, R. A. M., and Mt. Noreb 
Coimnandery, Knights Templar. 

He is a Democrat. He was brought up a 
Congiegationalist, but is extremely liberal 
in his views. 

He received a majority of thirty votes 
for senator in Hillsborough, while the 
town went Republican by seventy-three 
majority on the rest of the ticket. 


Senator for the Winnipesaukee District, 
No. 6, was born October 13, 18-14, in 
Ossipee, where he still resides. He is 
the son of Col. Joseph and Dorcas G. 
(Gowell) Hodsdon. He was educated ia 
the public schools of Ossipee and at 
Effingham and Fryeburg academies, and 
went into business at the age of 21 years, 
in company with his father, in the manu- 
uf act ure of leather. He continued in that 
business until 1881, wheu he embarked 
in the lumber business, and has contin- 
ued in it to the present time. He was 
elected president of the Pine River Lum- 
ber Company in 1SS7. In 1889 he 
bought the company out, and reorgan- 
ized it as the A. L. Hodsdon Co., of 
which he is president and agent. 

Always a Republican, his first ojnee 
was accepted when he was elected to the 
senate in 1890. 

He married, September 4, 1870, Lottie 
M., daughter of Dr. Nathaniel and 
Charlotte S. (Hobbs) Grant, of Ossipee. 
Three children, — Walter G., aged IS, 
Herbert A., aged 17, now at Fryeburg 
academy, and Mary E., aged 12, who is 
at home. 

He attends the Congregational church, 
is a Knight of Pythias, and a Master 


Senator for the Sullivan District, No. 7, 
was born in Canton, Mass., July 13, 1S2G. 
He is the son of William and Esther 
(Crane) Smith, lie was educated in the 
public schools of Charlestown, and worked 

on the farm until twenty nine years of 
age. He had the advantage of four 
terms in the academy at Marlow, and 
taught school three winters during his 
minority and one winter afterwards. In 
1847 he entered a store in Charlestown 
as clerk, and remained three years, after 
which he went West, settling in 1862 in 
Chicago, and going into the largest 
wholesale boot and shoe house in the city 
as clerk, salesman, and collector. He 
remained with, that house fifteen years. 
For four years of his residence in Chi- 
cago he was a member of the Board of 
Trade. In 18S2 he returned to Charles- 
town, and now lives on the old Rand 
homestead. He has been selectman two 
years, and was representative in 18S9. 

He married, first, April 17, 1854, 
Jane S., daughter of Robert and Laura 
(Wheeler) Rand, of Charlestown. He 
has one son, Robert Rand Smith, cashier 
of the State Bank of Renwick, Iowa. 
His wife died December 25, 1880. He 
married, second, in February, 1882, Sarah 
P. Rand, sister of his first wife. 

Always a Republican, he voted a 
straight ticket. He attends the Epis- 
copal church. He carries on a farm of 
360 acres stocked with horses and sheep. 
The old mansion overlooks the Connec- 
ticut valley, and commands an extensive 
view. • 


Senator for the Somersworth District, 
Xo. 12, was born in Rochester, April 16, 
1859. He is the son of William H. and 
Deborah A. (Demeritt) Felker. He Mas 
brought up on a farm in the village of 
Gonic, received his education at the com- 
mon schools of Rochester, the High 
School, New Hampton Institute, and 
graduated at Dartmouth College in 1882- 
His brother, Henry W., graduated at the 
same college in 1883. and Charles S., an- 
other brother, in 1884. He read law with 
Hon. Joshua G. Hall, of Dover, and grad- 
uated at the Boston University Law 
School in 1887, and was admitted the 


JVctp Hampshire Senate. 

same year, on examination, in Massachu- 
setts and New Hampshire. At the law- 
school he took the three years course in 
one year, and graduated among the high- 
est in his class with magna cum laude. 
He stood at the head of those who passed 
their examination with him at Concord 
that year. He settled in the practice of 
law at Rochester, where he has met with 
flattering success. He was a member of 
the Constitutional Convention in 1889. 

Mr. Felker is a Democrat, unmarried, 
attends the Congregational Church, and 
took an active part on the stump during 
the last campaign. 


Among the young men of New Hamp- 
shire who have demonstrated the truth 
of the saying, " nothing succeeds like 
success," Charles J. Hamblett, of Nash- 
ua, stands well toward the head of 
the lists. A poor boy, it seemed rather 
a discouraging task when a few years ago 
he commenced the study of the law; 
but to-day he has established himself in 
the confidence of the people of the state 
and has a very flattering clientage. Mr. 
Hamblett's success has not been the result 
of accident, but, rather, is the natural 
and inevitable outcome of unusual 
ability, indomitable will-power, and tire- 
less energy. When he undertakes to 
accomplish a given result, nothing but 
the impossible 'will prevent success, and 
unless all signs fail, he will be an impor- 
tant factor in the future politics and legis- 
lation of New Hampshire. Genial, 
whole-souled and generous, true in his 
friendships, and unwavering in his attach- 
ments, a good lawyer, a popular citizen, 
an eloquent and convincing speaker, Mr. 
Hamblett certainly has reason to expect 
further honors and emoluments from the 
people of the state, and his numerous 
friends are confidently looking to him 
to fulfil the promise already given of hon- 
orable distinction and exalted position. 

Charles J. Hamblett, only son of Judson 
A. and Mary J. Hamblett. was born Jan- 

uary 31, 186*2, at Nashua, X. H. He 
received his early education in the pub- 
lic schools of Milford, N. H., to 
which place he removed when five years 
of age; he was graduated from the high- 
school in 1881, and during the following 
year attended a private school ; then en- 
tered the academy at Francestown and 
was graduated in 1883. 

In the autumn of 1884 Mr. Hamblett 
entered the law office of Robert M. 
Wallace, at Milford, and commenced the 
study of law. In 1887 he entered the 
Boston University Law School, and was 
graduated in 1889, taking the three years 
course in two years. While attending 
the law-school he was also in the office 
of ex-Senator Wadleigh in Boston. In 
the fall of 1889 he located in the city 
of Nashua, and began the practice of 

In August, 1S90, he was elected city 
solicitor, and reelected in January, 1891. 
In 1883 he was elected messenger of the 
New Hampshire senate and reelected in 
1885 ; in 1887 he was elected assistant- 
clerk of the senate and reelected in 1889, 
and at the session of 1891 he was elected 
clerk of the senate. 

Mr. Hamblett is a staunch Republican, 
and unmarried. 


Assistant-clerk of the New Hampshire 
senate, was born in New Boston, Septem- 
ber 2, 1S65, and is the eldest son of 
George A. and Clara L. Wason. His 
boyhood days were spent on the farm in 
his native town, where he learned practi- 
cal agriculture in all its varied forms by 
actual employment. He acquired his 
early education in the district school ; 
at the age of sixteen years he entered 
the Francestown academy, where he re- 
mained for two years, after which he en- 
tered the New Hampshire College of 
Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, from 
which he graduated in' June, 1886. 

In the fall of 188C he went to Nashua. 
and began the study of law with Geo. 

Representatives . 


B. French, Esq., remaining in the office 
of Mr. French for one year. He finish- 
ed his study of law at the Boston 
University Law School, of Boston, Mass., 
taking the entire years course iu 
two years, and graduated from the law- 
school in June, 1890. In March, 1890, 
Mr. Wason passed his bar examination 
of this state, and in June of the same 
year he began the practice of his chosen 
profession in Nashua, where he is still 
located. While in college Mr. "Wason 
taught several terms of school, and 
during his study of law served the city of 
Nashua for two years as principal of the 
Main-street evening-school. In politics 
Mr. Wason is a staunch Republican, and 
is proud to state that he never had a rela- 
tive to his knowledge that belonged to 
any other party. In 1887, Mr. Wason 
was elected sergeant-at-arms of the senate, 
and reelected in 1889 to the same position : 
in 1891 he was promoted to the office of 
assistant-clerk by the present legislature, 
in which place he has manifested a pecu- 
liar fitness for the duties of his position, 
and has gained a host of friends by his 
uniform courtesy. 


Sergeant-at-Arms of the senate, a resi- 
dent of Mason, was born in Dracut, Mass., 
April 29, 1838. He is the son of Galen 
and Sarah C. (Ames) Hamblett. He was 
educated at the public schools of Milford, 
graduating at the high-school. He went 
into business in partnership with his 
brother as merchant tailors, in 1869, in 

Milford. Since 1883, he has been on 
a farm in Mason. April 19, 180 1. he 
enlisted, the first volunteer from Milford, 
in the 13th Regiment Massachusetts Vol- 
unteers and received an honorable dis- 
charge after a year's service. Since the 
war he has served as an officer of the X. 
H. X. G. He has been treasurer of 
Mason several years, and moderator 
many years, three years a member of the 
school board, and a member of the Legis- 
lature in 1SS9. He is a Mason, a mem- 
ber of G. A. R., Golden Cross, and the 
Grange, of which latter he served four 
years as Master. 

He married M. Lizzie Wood, Dec, 15, 
1862 : four children, daughters, three of 
whom are living. He attends the Baptist 


of Wilinot, messenger of the senate, was 
born in Danbury, Xov. 15,1852. He is 
the son of John and Amelia (Spear) 
Emons. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools, and at Xew London acad- 
emy. He worked as a clerk for a number 
of years and then embarked in farming, 
carrying on a farm of 40 acres. He has 
been tax collector and postmaster of 

He married March 22, 1876, Jennie F. 
French of Sutton : children, Ethel, Edith, 
and John. Mr. Emcns is a Republi- 
can, and attends the * Freewill Baptist 
Church. In local politics Mr. Emons 
is an active worker, and is a courteous 
and popular officer of the senate. 


The house of representatives, 1S91-93, 
is made up of a very able body of men, to 
some of whom the readers of the Granite 
Monthly have already been introduced. 
Concord sends Hon. Jacob II. Gallin- 
ger ; Pembroke, George Peabody Little ; 
Rindge, Hon. Ezra S. Stearns ; Manches- 

ter, Hon. James F. Briggs; Littleton. 
Hon. Harry Bingham. 


Speaker of the House of Representatives 
and member from Peterborough, is one of 
the most promising and able of the young- 


2 74 


er men of the Republican party. A genial 
gentleman, an accomplished orator, a good 
lawyer, and an exceptionally successful 
presiding officer, he will carry with him, 
when the session closes, the good will of 
men of both the great political parties. 
and to an unusual extent the confidence 
and esteem of his party associates. It i* 
safe to assume that Speaker Clarke will 
hereafter be an important factor in Re- 
publican politics, and if he desires it, can 
reasonably look forward to still higher 
honors in the future. He was born in 
Wilton, Sept. 10, 1850, and is the son 

of Moses and Julia L. (Gay) Clarke. His 
father for many years was the treasurer 
of the Wilton savings-bank, and still 
resides in Wilton. He was a native of 
Ac worth. Frank G. Clarke was educated 
at the public schools of Wilton, at Kim- 
ball Union Academy, was a member of 
the scientific department, and graduated 
from Dartmouth College in the class of 
1873. He was president of his class all 
through his course. Commenced the 
study of the law in the office of Hon. 
Albert S. Scott, at Peterborough, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1876, settling im- 
mediately in Peterborough, and forming 
a law partnership with Mr. Scott, which 
continued until the death of the latter in 

the fall of 1877. Since then he has been 
alone. In 1885 he was elected a member 
of the house, and served as a member of 
the Judiciary Committee and as chairman 
of the Committee ou Claims. The same 
year he was appointed an aid on the staff 
of Governor Hale. He was elected to the 
State Senate in 1889, in which body he 
served on the Judiciary Committee. He 
received the Republican nomination for 
Speaker of the House of Representatives 
1891-92, on the first ballot, by a handsome 
majority, and in the chair makes a fair 
and impartial presiding officer, prompt in 
his decisions, and thoroughly familiar 
with parliamentary usage. He married, 
in May, 1877, Fannie A., daughter of 
Charles II. and Mary B. (Conant) Brooks, 
and has one daughter, Mabel Frances. 

Mr. Clarke was fortunate in entering 
into the large practice enjoyed by his 
partner, Mr. Scott, which fell into his 
hands upon Mr. Scott's death. He has 
now a lucrative practice which has steadily 
increased, and numbers among his clients 
railroads, banks, and other moneyed cor- 
porations. In politics he has always been 
a Republican, active in local and state 
affairs, trusted by his constituents, and 
filling all offices confided to him with 
fidelity and ability. 


member from Wolf eboro ugh, was born in 
Wolfeborough, April 14, 1855. He is the 
son of Nathaniel and Betsey (Watson) 
Hicks. He was educated in the public 
schools, and passed his boyhood on his 
father's farm. At the age of seventeen 
years he entered the employ of I. W. 
Springfield, blanket manufacturer, at 
South Wolfeborough, and since he was 
twenty-one years old has been foreman of 
the factory. He has been two terms on 
the board of supervisors, one* term as 
chairman, and moderator. Coming of a 
Democratic family he became a Republi- 
can when a boy, and ascribes his conver- 
sion to his having read * ; Uncle Tom's 
Cabin." He is a Mason of the third 

3.7 V* 


H - 







degree, attends the Unitarian church, and 

has been master workman of Carroll 
Lodge. Xo. 7, Ancient Order United 
Workmen, and a representative to the 
Grand Lodge three times. 

He married Nov. 27, 1877, Carrie S. 
Rollins, of Alton. Children, four — one 
living, Nathaniel G. 


Member from Franklin, was born in 
Canterbury, August 11, 1833. He 
is the son of Smith Sanborn. He grad- 
uated from Dartmouth College, class of 
of 1855. He read law with Hon. Geo.. 
W. Nesmith and was admitted to the 
bar in 1857. He was a member of the 
House in 1873. 1874. 1879. 1881, 1882 
and 1889. and of the Constitutional 
Convention in 1876. He was a member 
of the first board of railroad commis- 
sioners, under the present law. True 
L. Norris gave him the following in the 
Portsmouth Da Hi/ Times: 

'•The member of this legislature, who 
fills the galleries, the speaker's rostrum, 
and all the seats in the house of repre- 
sentatives, is the gentleman from Frank- 
lin, the Hon. E. B. S. Sanborn. He is 
the most persuasive speaker in the 
House, and the moat dangerous anta^o- 
nist. It used to delight the late Gilman 
Marston to wait until the close of a de- 
bate, and then, just as a measure was 
about to pass, to rise up and ik lay it cold 
and dead." Sanborn has none of that 
spirit in him. He rather leans the other 
way, and many a time have I seen him 
snatch a bill from seeming defeat and re- 
suscitate it into a living law, simply to 
help out some friend who had been hard 
pressed by the leaders of the house. " A 
single word, Mr. Speaker," he would say. 
when it appeared as if all argument 
had been exhausted on both sides of the 
subject, and then, in a thirty minutes 

speech, lie would attack the vulnerable 
point of the opposition in so logical a way 
and with such good temper and candor, 
that members would all wonder why 
they had not seen it that way from the 
first. He always speaks without notes 
of any kind, and one secret of his in- 
fluence is his knowledge of when to 
speak. Other members are bobbing up 
on every question, but Sanborn never 
wearies the house with his eloquence, 
nor talks for the sake of talking. 

I should say, as a guess, that he does 
not average to speak over six times 
during the session, but after members 
have heard him once, he can always 
command attention no matter how noisy 
the house may be. He has a free and 
easy delivery of speech, is courteous to 
his opponent, and coaxes the house by 
his frankness into supporting his views. 
He can deal an invective, however, if 
he is "riled." and then look out for as 
bitter retorts as ever escaped the lips of 
John J. Ingalls of Kansas. But if the 
cause is critical, he never allows himself 
to be drawn into a personal controversy. 
He is one of the best of parliamenta- 
rians, and if I were to pick out a model 
presiding officer, one who would curb a 
turbulent minority with fair words, one 
who would decide quickly and almost 
invariably be right, one who would 
bring to the speaker's chair grace, 
courtesy, and dignity, I should select 
E. B. S. Sanborn. In this respect he 
resembles the late Hon. Chas P. San- 
born of Concord, who was the most ac- 
complished speaker that ever guided the 
deliberations of the New Hampshire 
Legislature. Mr. Sanborn is a Demo- 
crat and a Presbyterian. As a lawyer 
he ranks amongthe first in New Hamp- 

He is married and has two children, 


Rep re sen tatives . 


One of the most distinguished looking 
members of the New Hampshire House of 
Representatives in 1891 is Mr. Cyrus Sar- 
geant, the member from Plymouth. His 
biography could form the plot of an 
American romance, so characteristic is it 
of New England life. 

A word as to his ancestors ! From the 
early records we glean the following 
facts : 

" Jacob Sargent, fifth son to Will Sar- 
gent and Mary his wife, was born March 
'13, A. D. 1687- '88. 

" Jacob Sargent, Jr., and Judith Har- 
vey, both of Amesbury, were married to- 
gether by Mr. Thomas Wells, minister of 
Amesbury, Dec. y e 7 th , 1710." 

His name appears first on the Chester 
records as selectman in 1728. Pie is styled 
ensign in a deed in 1730, and on the Ches- 
ter records in 1731. He occupied a very 
prominent place in Chester. The name 
of " Insine Jacob Sargent " appears on the 
records of nearly every town meeting, for 
many years. He died April 6, 1749. 
Administration to his wife Judith, June 
28, 1749. 

Winthrop Sargent, son of Jacob and 
Judith (Harvey) Sargent, was born 
Oct. 28, 1711 ; married Phebe. daughter 
of William Healey, June 1, 1738. 
*He lived on the Sargent homestead* 
back towards Hall's village. He died 
in December, 178S. She died November 
4, 1806, at the age of 90 years. 

Captain John Sargeant, son of Win- 
throp and Phebe (Healey) Sargent, born 
March .17, 1746, married Mary, daughter 
of William Turner : lived in Candia after 
1769 : was a soldier of the Revolution : 
died Nov. 17, 1834. She was born April 
9, 1752, and died Juue 22, 1823. 

Moses Sargeant, son of John and Mary 
(Turner) Sargeant, was born in Candia, 
April 3, 1778 : married Sarah (born Dec. 
1, 1779, died Jan. 10, 1843), daughter 
of William Shannon: died April 29, 1857. 

Rufus Sargeant, only child of Moses 
and Sarah (Shannon) Sargeant, was born 

in Candia Nov. 29, 1801 : married, Sept. 
18, 1823, Ruth, daughter of Benjamin and 
Sarah (Patten) Wadleigh (born Juue :;, 
1805. died Aug. 4, 1848). He went to Cal- 
ifornia in 1S49, and died there in 1855. 
Mrs. Sargeant died in Candia. 

Cyrus Sargeant, son of Rufus and Ruth 
(Wadleigh) Sargeant, was born in Can- 
dia, August 24, 1824. His boyhood was 
spent on a farm, and his early youth in 
the country store of William Duncan. 
The rudiments of education were obtained 
at the " little red school-house." At the 
age of sixteen years he left home and went 
out into the world to win a fortune. His 
wardrobe, packed with a mother's loving 
care, he carried in his hand. He was 
poor in worldly goods, but rich in ambi- 
tion, blessed with youth and strength, 
well taught in those principles of the 
Puritan religion, truth and honesty, which 
are the foundation of a strong character. 

The boy reached Lowell, theq, in 1810, 
a town of considerable importance, but 
found no opening to his taste. Thence 
he proceeded to Boston, the goal, then 
and now, of aspiring and ambitious youth. 
He quickly obtained employment with 
Samuel C. Capen, vjhose head-quarter3 
were then on Drake's wharf. He soon 
developed those qualities which make the 
financier and successful man of business. 
His rise was rapid. In a few years he 
became a commission merchant, a broker, 
and a private banker* and at the end of 
two decades he had laid the foundation 
of a substantial fortune. His money he 
invested wisely and judiciously, chiefly in 
real estate in the heart of Boston ; and, in 
1862, at the age of thirty -eight years, he 
was able to retire from active business. 
In the meanwhile he had taken advantage 
of the excellent libraries of Boston to lib- 
eralize his education. He was a stock- 
holder in the Athenaeum, and was eager 
to store his mind from that great store- 
house of human wisdom. 

He married, in Boston, Jan. 31, 1855, 
Sarah J., daughter of Robert Emerson, 
of that city, who died Feb. 11, 1859, after 

V 7 





Re pre sen taiives . 


a happy marriage, leaving one daughter, 
Caroline, who was educated in Europe 
and at Vassar college. She married in 
.May, 1883, Dr. Robert Burns, of Ply- 
mouth, where they now reside. Four 
children have blessed the marriage. 

The man who left Boston in the sum- 
mer of 1S62 for an extended tour through 
Europe was a typical American. From a 
country boy had evolved a cultured gen- 
tleman, with his brain stored with in- 
formation, still hungry for knowledge. 
Abroad, he was received in the highest 
circles, and his judgment was often con- 
sulted on matters of American finance. 
Such private representatives of the Union- 
loving Xorth were needed at that time 
in France and England and in other parts 
of the old country. He formed a pleas- 
ant acquaintance with Charles Francis 
Adams, minister to Great Britain, with 
William Dayton, minister to France, and 
with other public envoys. At Paris he 
was presented at Court at the Tuil- 
leries to the emperor, Xapoleon III, 
and the Empress Eugenie, and met 
Commander Winslow of the Kear- 
sarge shortly before the encounter 
with the Alabama. He spent many 
mouths in the old university town 
of Oxford, and made many friends among 
the dons and professors. It is needless to 
say, that at all times he did all he could 
in political and financial circles to sustain 
the cause of the Union, more especially 
in the city of London. Since his first 
visit to Europe, which was prolonged to 
three years, he has lived much in the Old 
^ orld, studying art, architecture, places 
of historic interest, as well as the people. 

In April, 1873, Mr. Sargeant married 
Mai-y E., daughter of James and Louisa 
(Page) McQuesten, of Plymouth. Of four 
children which have been born to them, 
tvv o, Paul and Philip Winthrop, died in 
infancy; two, Cyrus, Jr., and Louise, are 
promising children. 

Congenial in tastes, blessed with vigor- 
ous health and strength, enthusiastic in all 
opportunities the lands beyond the sea 

afford to students and lovers of art and 
history, they feel, with Goethe, that " of 
all the pleasures of life that do not perish 
with using, is that of travel, which re- 
mains a lasting joy." Together they have 
wandered over this country and through 
Europe, seeing and studying. Mr. Sar- 
geant recalls with pleasure many tramp- 
ing tours he took in that land of romance, 
southern Europe, more especially one 
through Switzerland in company with a 
retired officer of high rank in the English- 
army. Sometimes he and his wife and 
family would settle down for a season at 
some famous German university town, or 
for months would linger in some beautiful 
place in southern France or Italy. At 
Rome Mr. and Mrs. Sargeant with their 
daughter were presented at the Court of 
the Pope, Pius IX. 

As a financier, Mr. Sargeant is per- 
haps most remarkable, his views and acts 
being safe, sound, and conservative, and 
not of a speculative character. He at- 
tends the Congregational church, of which 
he is a free supporter. As a man, he is 
modest, retiring, even diffident and reti- 
cent. He is studious, and a lover of art. 
He has been helpful to many young men. 
In his family relations he has been a good 
son, a devoted husband, and a tender 
father. He is large-hearted and gener- 
ous, no good cause appealing to him in 

Mr. and Mrs. Sargeant occupy, since the 
death of Mrs. Sargeant's parents, the Mc- 
Questen homestead, centrally located in 
the pleasant village of Plymouth. The 
house, historic, as once the home of Xa- 
thaniel P. Rogers, and for one night, at 
least, the abiding-place of Mr. George 
Thompson, the Apostle of Anti-Slavery,, 
is situated in spacious grounds, adjoining 
the normal school. The interior is home- 
like, evincing on every hand the literary 
and artistic taste and the broad culture of 
the host and hostess. 

In early life a Whig, Mr. Sargeant 
believed in Daniel Webster, and later 
claimed allegiance to Abraham Lincoln 


Re fir esc n fa lives . 

and Charles Sumner. With many of his 
business associates of old times in Boston, 
he became an admirer of G rover Cleve- 
land, and since voting for him in 1884 has 
affiliated with the Democratic party. In 
the fall of 1890 he was elected a member 
of the House of Representatives. 


"Member from Exeter, was born at Miltom 
July 3, 1823. He is the son of Micah and 
Mary (Kelley) Lyman. He was educated 
at the public schools of Milton, and at 
Rochester and Parsonsfield (Maine) and 
Gilmanton academies, paying his way by 
his own labor. He worked himself sick, 
and gave up his studies expecting to die- 
He was brought up on a farm, and in a 
saw-mill ; taught school more or less for 
twelve years, numbering among his pupils 
Mrs. Win. E. Chandler, Gov. and Mrs. 
Charles H. Sawyer, Gov. Geo. W. Emery. 
and Mrs. Frank Hobbs. He was cashier 
of the Farmington Bank from 1854 till 
the Xatioual Bank Bill closed the state 
banks. Settled in Exeter in 1869, and 
for a number of years was engaged in 
the wood and lumber business. 

Mr. Lyman has been chairman of the 
school committee wherever he has lived; 
moderator many times ; representative 
in 1853, 1854 ; in senate 1859 and I860. 
when he lacked one vote of being nomi- 
nated for its presidency; in house 1874 
and 1875; visitor at West Point acad- 
emy in 1865 ; bank commissioner five 
years ; and member of the constitutional 
convention in 1889. As bank commis- 
sioner, he detected the defalcation at the 
Winchester bank, and time has never 
shown that any defaulter ever slipped 
through his hands. 

He was the first bank commissioner to 
find out the amount of deposits in savings- 
banks, by actual test, and author of the 
law requiring bank commissioners to do 
the same, and also of the law requiring 
savings-hanks to lay by a guaranty fund. 
instead of dividing every two years their 

entire apparent surplus; also, author of 
the so called "scaling down " law, which 
enabled various now good banks to sur- 
vive the panic which began in September. 
1873. This law saved the savings-bank 
depositors about 8000,000, and saved to 
the state a great many thousand dollars 
of savings-bank tax. The frequency of 
defalcations and bank failures before his 
laws and methods of examinations, and 
their absence since, bear testimony to 
the value of his labors. Offering for 
several years §100 corn premiums, the 
corn crop of this state, between 1870 
and 1S80, was increased more than 
72,000 bushels at the time when all our 
other grain crops were rapidly decreas- 
ing; also, author of the law to prevent 
increase of taxation upon drained swamp 
land, — and he introduced the first bill to 
enable farmers to drain lands through 
lands owned by others. Trustee of 
Normal school. Agricultural college, and 
N. H. Orphans' Home; lecturer of the 
State Grange fifteen years ; president of 
State Temperance Society; member of 
board of agriculture; delegate to Boston 
and Atlanta, Ga., sessions of American 
Forestry Congress ; and secretary of 
state three years. , 

"When Hon. Joel Eastman and General 
Gilman Marston were candidates for the 
congressional nomination, Mr. Lyman 
received more than half as many votes on 
first ballot in the convention as either of 
them, although next to no effort was made 
to secure delegates. He has addressed 
agricultural fairs, farmers' meetings, and 
various other meetings in this state, 
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York 
city, New Jersey, Wisconsin, and Canada, 
and made many political addresses, and 
often spoken on Forestry. He was for- 
merly a Free-Soil Whig. 

He earnestly supported the war for 
suppressing the rebellion, making more 
war speeches than any other person on 
his side of the state, and contributing lib- 
erally to aid and help fit out the soldiers. 
He invested and took care of many thou- 

Representatives . 


sands of dollars which they sent him 
from the army, and never accepted a cent 
for these services. He warmly supported 
the National Bank bill which closed the 
state bank of which he was cashier and 
deprived him of his business. 

He married, June 19, 1854, Laura P., 
daughter of Dudley M. and Xancy 
(Merrill) Cass, of Alexandria ; children, — 
Mary L., wife of Hector M. Hitchings, 
lawyer, of Xew York city; Annie L., 
wife of Henry P. Warren, principal of 
the Albany, X. Y., academy ; John T., in 
employ of bankers in Xevada, Mo. 


Member from Exeter, was born in 
Chester, Oct. 30, 1827. He is the sou 
of Chief-Justice Samuel D. and Mary 
(Healey) Bell, and a grandson of Gov- 
ernor Samuel Bell, and uncle of Charles 
H. Bell. He was educated in the public 
schools of Exeter, Concord, and Man- 
chester, and at the Concord academy, 
and under the private tutorship of Hon. 
Moody Currier. Read law with his 
father and Hon. William C. Clarke. 
Graduate of Dane Law School of Har- 
vard college, and was admitted to the 
bar in April, 18-18 ; commenced practice 
in Xashua; later yi Miiford; in 1850 in 
Carmel, Maine, — settling in 1864 in 
Exeter. He was moderator, selectman, 
school-committee, supervisor, and com- 
mittee appointed by the court to examine 
candidates for admission to the bar, while 
in Maine. In Exeter, he has been school- 
committee, moderator, member of the 
constitutional convention in 1870, mem- 
ber of the house in 188:), 1885, and 1887. 
He was justice of the police court in 
Exeter from 1877 to 1883. He was a 
member of the commission appointed to 
examine into the condition of the insane 
poor, and on the commission to ascertain 
and establish the true jurisdictional line 
between Massachusetts and Xew Hamr>- 

He married, April 13, 1881, Cora L., 

daughter of Hervey and Eliza J. (Han- 
son) Kent ; two children, Samuel Kent 
and John Kent. He has served on the 
Judiciary Committee, and as chairman, 
two terms, of the Committee on Revision 
of the Statutes. He retired from the ac- 
tive practice of the law before he was 
appointed judge. He is a director of the 
Concord & Portsmouth R. R. ; director 
and president of the Suncook Valley and 
S. Y. Extension Railroad ; director and 
president of the Pemigewasset Railroad ; 
director of the X. H. Fire Insurance Co. ; 
president of the Exeter Board of Trade. 
He attends the Congregational church ; 
is a 33-degree mason ; a member of the X. 
H. Historical Society for many years — 
at present first vice-president, and deeply 
interested in historical subjects ; a mem- 
ber of the Xew England Historic 
Genealogical Society, the American 
Antiquarian Society, the Old Colony 
Historical Society, and the Antiquarian 
Society of ancient Londonderry. He has 
a large and valuable library, and is a 
gentleman of great learning and broad 

Member from Ward 2, Dover, was born 
in Madbury, March 24, 1845. He is the 
son of George W. and Angeline (Hall) 
Jackson. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools. Enlisted Aug. 13, 1862, as 
private in Co. F, 13th Regt. X. II. Vols. ; 
served with his regiment for three years ; 
wounded in the forehead before Peters- 
burg, June 15, 18G4; was mustered out 
as a corporal May 15, 1865. Settled in 
Strafford in 1805, later in Xorthwood, 
Pittsfield, Lynn, and in Dover in 1885. 
He holds political office for the first time 
as a member of the house. He is by trade 
a shoemaker, a member of the G. A. R., 
International Union, and attends the Bap- 
tist church. 

He married in the fall of 1869, Mattie 
A., daughter of Asa and Lydia A. (Reed) 
Seward, of Strafford. They have two 
children, Xellie G. and Asa A. 


Representatives . 

Member from Lebanon, was born in 
Newport, January 14. 1830. He is the 
son of John C. and Lorena J. Spring. In 
1831 his parents removed to Utica, X. Y., 
where they remained ten years, returning 
to New Hampshire and settling on a farm 
in Wilton in 1841. Leaving his father's 
farm in 1S46, the lad found employment 
in the cotton factory of the Salmon Falls 
Company in the town of Somersworth. 
His education was obtained by a few- 
terms at the district-school, but chiefly by- 
studying nights. He at length turned his 
attention to the law, and was admitted to 

Spring, born Feb. 25, 1S5S, now a lawyer 
in Boston; Clarence W., born April. 
18.30, now practising medicine in Fitch- 
burg, Mass. ; Carrie M., born Oct. 28, 
1800, married Charles S. Clark, a super- 
visor of schools in Washington, D. C, 
where they now reside ; and John Roland 
Spring, born Dec. 16, 1876. Mr. Spring 
has held the office of moderator, select- 
man, supervisor, and water commissioner. 
He was a member of the Constitutional 
Convention in 1876 ; vice-president for 
New Hampshire of the American Bar 
Association; represented the state in the 
Sovereign Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F., for 

# „ 

? «S 

the bar in 1860, settling in Milford, and 
succeeding to the practice of Col. O. W. 
Lull, when that gentleman went to the 
war in command of the Eighth Regiment 
N. H. Volunteers. Mr. Spring remained 
in active practice in Milford until 1870. 
The late Hon. Bainbridge YVadleigh was 
in practice in the town at that time, and 
usually they were . pitted against each 
other in the trial of causes. 

Mr. Spring removed to Lebanon in 
1870, where he has been in active prac- 
tice ever since. lie married Ellen M. 
Fountain at Salmon Falls March 1, 1856. 
Thev have four children, — Arthur L. 

four years ; and is a Royal Arch Mason, 
In 1876 Dartmouth college conferred the 
honorary degree of A. M. upon him. He 
is a member of the Judiciary Committee 
of the House. He is a Congregationalist. 
Mr. Spring had one brother, Dr. C. H. 
Spring, of Boston, who died in 1888, and 
one sister, married, and now living in 
Decatur, 111. He inherited and has pre- 
served an excellent constitution, and has 
enjoyed good health almost without in- 
terruption. He has delivered many lec- 
tures and addresses upon Odd Fellowship 
and other subjects. He is president of 
the Lebanon Business Association and 
trustee of the X. II. Odd Fellows' Home. 

Reprcsen ta trees . 



member from Ward 4, Concord, was born 
in Kttsfield, Nov. 23, 1844. He is the 
son of Moses W. and Mary A. (Aver) 
Page. He attended the public schools of 
Chichester, Gilmanton, and Franklin, fit- 
ting for college at the Franklin High 
school. In 1S66 he went to Eastman 
Business College at Pougbkeepsie. X. Y., 
and took the course. In the meanwhile 
he had learned his trade of leather-mak- 
ing and belt manufacturing, and on the 
•completion of his business course he went 
to Europe where he remained a year 
gaining a fuller knowledge of his chosen 
business. In the summer of 1S6S he went 
into business with his brother, Charles T., 
in Manchester, under the firm name of 
Page Brothers. In 18G9 they moved their 
business to Franklin and greatly enlarged 
it. 'in the fall of 1871 the Page Belting 
Company was organized, and started in 
Concord in May, 1872, with a capital of 
$75,000, which from time to time has 
been enlarged until it is now about 8500,- 
000, and which, since the organization of 
"the company, has paid annually on an 
average nearly 12 per cent. They employ 
about two hundred hands, and have three 
stores, one each in Boston, Xew York, 
and Chicago. This is Mr. Page's first 
political office, but for many years he has 
been an influential and much respected 
citizen of Concord, and to his influence 
was largely due the organization of the 
Commercial Club. 

IJe married, Oct. 31, I860, Mary C, 
daughter of L. D. and Ursula P. (Greeley) 
Stevens. Children, Charles B. and Effie 
May. Mr. Page is a Republican, a Con- 
gregatioualist, and from methodical study 
and research has become a man of broad 
learning outside of his business, in which 
he stands the equal of any man in the 


member from Bedford, was born in New 
York city, Sept. 17, 1863. He is the son 
of Freeman P. and Harriet (McGaw) 

Woodbury, a grandson of Dr. Peter P. 
Woodbury, of Bedford, who was a state 
senator, president of the N. H. Medical 
Society, and a brother of Hon. Levi 
Woodbury. He was educated at Phillips 
Academy, Exeter, and at Harvard College, 
class of 1886, read law with his uncle, 
Charles H. Woodbury, graduated at Col- 
umbia College Law School, was admitted 
to the bar in Xew York, June, 1888, in 
Xew Hampshire in July, 1890. He settled 
in 1890 in Manchester, where he still is 
in practice. He is a Democrat, unmar- 
ried, attends the Presbyterian church, and 
is a Mason of the third degree. The home- 
stead farm, where he now resides, in Bed- 
ford, has been in the family for over two 
hundred years. 


Member from Derry, was born in Dun- 
barton, Dec. 25, 1S35. He is the son of 
Rev. Stephen and Lavinia (Hobart) Pills- 
bury, and brother of Hon. William S. 
Pillsbury. He was educated at the pub- 
lic schools, and took a three years course 
at Phillips Academy, Exeter, and settled 
as a pioneer in Kansas in 1855, and took 
part in making Kansas a free state. He 
enlisted in April, 1862, as a private in the 
9th Regiment, Xew Hampshire Volun- 
teers, and was mustered out as captain at 
Vicksburg, in August, 1863. He was at 
the battles of South Mountain, of Antie- 
tani, Fredericksburg, and Jackson. At 
the* close of the war he settled and lived 
five years at Memphis* Tenn., serving as 
clerk of the United States courts. Since 
1879 he has been a merchant at Derry 
Depot. He was a member of the consti- 
tutional convention in 1889. He is a Bap- 

He married Aug. 7, 1862, Evelyn F., 
daughter of William F. and Mary A. 
(Rowe) Sanborn, of Kingston. Children : 
four sons, Fred S., Ambrose B., Edwin S., 
in Xew York city, William S. in Lynn, 
Mass.; one daughter, Grace L. The two 
oldest sons and the daughter reside in 


Representatives , 


member from Hooksett, was born in Hook- 
sett, June 1, 1863. He is the son of Will- 
iam F. and Mary (Sargent) Head, and 
a nephew of the late Hon. Xatt Head. 
He was educated in the public schools of 
Hooksett, graduated at Pembroke Acad- 
emy, ,class of 1S83, entered Dartmouth 
College, and left at end of the Freshman 
year to enter into business with his father 
in the manufacture of bricks. He has 
been a member of the school board for 
five years. 

He married Nov. 19. 1884, Hattie M., 
daughter of Amos and Maria Hoyt, of 
Allenstown. Children, William Hoyt and 
Mary Harriet. The firm of W. F. Head 
& Son probably make more bricks than 
any firm in the state, and are partners in 
the firm of Head & Dowst, lumber dealers. 
of Manchester. He is a Republican, at- 
tends the Methodist church, and is a 
Mason of the 32d degree. He is a director 
of the People's Fire Insurance Co., of 
Manchester, and a member of the New 
Hampshire Club. 


Member from Derry, was born in No. Scit- 
uate, R. I., Oct. 4, 1848.. He is the son of 
Edmund R. and Susan (Dexter) Angell. 
He was educated at the public schools of 
Scituate, at Lapham Institute, Xorth 
Scituate, and at Bates College, graduating 
in 1873, taking the degree of A. M. in 
course ; studied two years at the Cobb 
Divinity School ; was teacher in the 
Nichols Latin School two years ; tutor in 
mathematics in Bates College one year ; 
principal of Castine (Me.) high school, 
1875 and 1876 : settled in Derry in March, 
1876, and was priucipal of Pinkerton 
Academy for the next ensuing nine years ; 
analyst to the state board of health since 
its organization in 1882. He makes a 
specialty of chemistry. He has held sev- 
eral town 'offices. 

He married, Aug. 16, 1873, Lizzie, 
daughter of John and Maria (Prescott) 

James, of Lewiston, Me. They have one 
child, Ralph H., six years of age. 


Member from Monroe, was born in Ely,. 
Cambridgeshire, England, October 23, 
1852. He is the son of Robert and 
Margaret (Cosyns) Langford. He came 
to this country in 1S74, after serving an 
apprenticeship of over six years learning 
the stone-cutter's trade. The first year 
ne received thirty-six cents a week, which 
was increased by twenty-five cents a 
week every year. This pay did not in- 
clude his board. He was a studious boy r 
attending the night-school and acquiring 
all the knowledge he could by studying- 
evenings. He settled at first in Northern 
Vermont, and later in Littleton where 
he became interested in theological studies 
and was licensed to preach in 1881 by the 
presiding elder, J. W. Adams of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. For seven 
years he was foreman in the Saranac 
glove works in Littleton. Since 1887 he 
has been settled as a preacher in Monroe, 
where he organized a church and built a 
meeting house. Mr. Langford is a Re- 
publican, an Odd Fellow, and a Knight 
of Pythias. 

He married Nov. 14, 1876, Emma 
Farnham, of Canaan, Vt. ; ten children. 


Member from Moultonborough, was born 
in Loudon, Dec. 9, 1840. He is the son 
of John aud Sarah S. (Sanborn) Locke. 
He was educated in the public schools of 
Loudon, and at the Loudon academy. 
lie enlisted in Co. E, Berdan's Sharp- 
shooters, Sept. 9, 1861, and served three 
full years. At the close of this time he 
was commissioned captain of the govern- 
ment watch of Washington, and served 
until the close of the war. He went to 
Iowa in 1870 where he studied law with 
Col. I. M. Preston of Marion, Iowa, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1871, before 
District Judge Rothrock, and settled in 

Representatives . 


Bradyville, Iowa and practised in Iowa 
and Missouri. During his service in tlve 
army he had an attack of typhoid fever, 
which so injured his eyes that he was oblig- 
de to give up his law practice in 1877. The 
following winter he settled in Florid'a. 
In the summer of 1S78 he removed to 
Moiritonborough. His residence is near 
the village of Centre Harbor, and he has, 
since, living there, been a moving spirit in 
all that tends to the material development 
of that beautiful village. He was large- 
ly instrumental in the erection of " In- 
dependence Hall," of which any town 
might be proud. 

He married, June 20, 1865, Susan M. 
French of Leominster, Mass. : two chil- 
dren, S. Alice, and Grade M. He is de- 
voted to his family, with whom he attends 
the Congregational church. He is a 
Republican. During the session he has 
proved an able and active member, effi 
cient law-maker, and has tended strictly 
to business; and the Republican party 
and the community in which he lives 
will make no mistake in demanding his 
services in the future. 


member from Warner, was born May % 
1835, in Warner. He is the son of Zach- 
ariah and Lucinda (Pevere) Davis. He 
was educated in the public schools and 
fitted for college at Tilton Seminary, and 
for many years taught school winters, and 
carried on his farm and dealt in lumber 
during the summer. He read law with. 
C. G. Hawthorne, Herman W. Greene, 
and John Y. Mugridge, and was admitted 
to the bar in 1876. From 1867 to 187:5 
he was deputy sheriff. He was a member 
of the constitutional convention in 1889, 
Gov. Harriman's secretary, doorkeeper 
of the senate several years, during the 
war. He was treasurer of Warner three 

He married Lavona. daughter of Abner 
and Mary (Fisk) Harvey, of Warner. 
June 4, 1855. They have two children. 
Ida M. married W. W. Wheeler. Wood- 

bury E. married, and resides in Warner. 
Mr. Davis is an earnest advocate of tem- 
perance, an easy speaker, a writer of rec- 
ognized ability, and has taken no small 
part in revolutionizing the political status 
of his native town. 


Member from Sandown, was born July 
31, 1855, in Plaistow. He is the son of 
Aaron B. and Catharine H. (Jackson) 
Sargent. He was educated at the public 
schools of Sandown. He carries on a 
farm with his father, and is interested 
with him in the manufacture of shoes, 
employing about a dozen hands. Mr. 
Sargent has served the town as supervi- 
sor six years, selectman three years, two 
years as chairman ; a member of the 
Democratic town committee since his 
coming of age and a member of the 
Democratic County committee. 

Mr. Sargent married, April 5. 1882, 
Florence X. Currier, daughter of Capt. 
David Currier of Danville; one daughter. 
He attends the Universalist church. 

Mr. Sargent is a leader in the ranks of 
the young Democracy in his native town 
and in Rockingham county, and will be 
heard from in the future. 


Member from Manchester, Ward 0, was 
born in Manchester, August 20, 1801. 
He is the son of Hon. Charles and Augus- 
ta A. (Jackson) Williams. He was edu- 
cated at the public schools of Manchester, 
graduating at the high school, and grad- 
uated from Dartmouth college in 1885. 
During his college course he was business 
manager of the Dartmouth. After his 
graduation he entered into business with 
his father in quarrying soapstone, having 
charge for one year of the business in 
Xew York city, and has travelled exten- 
sively, extending the trade. He is a Re- 
publican, and was elected to office for the 
first time when he was chosen to repre- 
sent Manchester in the legislature. He 
is a member of the Order of Elks, United 


jRepresen tatives . 

Workmen, and is a Master-Mason. He 
attends the Methodist church. 

He married, Nov. 11, 186,% Alice M-, 
daughter of Hon. Jacob II . and Mary A~ 
Gallinger, of Concord. She was born. 
August 23, 1861, died December 16, 1886- 
One daughter, Aiice G. Williams. 

He married (2), Nov. 6. 1890, George A. 
Whittier, daughter of George W. Whit- 
tier, of Manchester. 


Member from Bristol, was born in Bridge- 
water, May 20, 1850. He is the son of 
James and Judith B. (Harram) Brown- 
He was educated at the common schools 
of Holderaess, and at the New Hamp- 
ton Institute. In 1874 he entered the 
firm of Sanborn & Brown, lumber dealers 
of Bristol, and became extensively inter- 
ested in the manufacture and sale of lum- 
ber. The firm was dissolved in 1881. 
Since then he has been engaged in pro- 
moting several business enterprises — 
among others the Bristol Aqueduct Com- 
pany, of which he is at present clerk and 
superintendent — and has been identified 
with the works of public utility in the 
thriving and enterprising village of 
Bristol. As a land surveyor he is em- 
ployed in all the neighboring towns. 
He was chairman of the board of select- 
men in 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880, and in 
1888 and 1887, was postmaster under 
Arthur's administration: member of the 
Republican State Committee many years. 
chairman of the town committee twelve 

years, and deputy sheriff for Grafton, Mer- 
rimack, and Belknap counties. 

He married, June 10, 1872, Marietta 
S. Lougee, of Sanborntou. Mr. Brown is 
a past-master of Union Lodge No. 79, and 
a member of Pemigewasset Chapter, No. 
16. He is a Republican, and attends the 
Congregational church. 

John II. Brown, of Bristol, ranks* easily 
among the leading men on the Republi- 
can side of the House. While a strong 
partisan, he is immensely popular with 
Democrats as well as Republicans, being 
universally esteemed as an honorable 
gentleman, incapable of any kind of 
meanness. Among his party associates he 
is recognized as a '* hustler," and any 
measure in which he becomes interested 
is sure to have an earnest and uncompro- 
mising supporter. Liberally educated, he 
both writes and speaks well and does not 
fail to impress the House with the 
sincerity of his views and the honesty of 
his convictions. A true friend, an active 
politician, a popular citizen, it is safe to 
predict that in the future mutations of 
New Hampshire politics " Brown of 
Bristol " will be well at the front Tank in 
party councils, and will not fail to secure 
the recognition that his talents and energy 
justly entitle him to at the hands of the 
Republican party of the state. 


Member from Peterborough, was born in 
Peterborough, April 11, 1829. He is a 
son of William and Phylinda (Crossfield) 
Scott, a grandson of Hon. John Scott 
who served several years in the Revolu- 
tionary war, and a great grandson of Maj. 
William Scott of Revolutionary fame. 
He has always resided in his native town. 
His early education was obtaiued in the 
common schools of the town, and was very 
limited on account of the death of his 
parents, when the oldest of a family of 
ten children was but 20 years of age. 
When 16 years old he entered a store as 
as clerk, and remained at that employ- 
ment until he was 2U, when, finding that 
indoor employment was undermining his 
health, he worked at out-door employment 
for several years, and then purchased the 
office of the Peterborough Transcript. At 
the end of three years he sold the print- 
ing establishment to his brother. K. C. 
Scott, now deceased, which omce has re- 
mained in the Scott family ever since, 
and is now conducted by John Scott, the 
youngest member of the family. 

Upon Col. Scott's retirement from the 
printing business he was appointed deputy 


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JRepresen tatives . 


sheriff for Hillsborough county. In July, 
1865, he was appointed high sheriff of the 
county, and held the office "until 1874, when 
the. Democrats came into power in the 
state. He was reappointed to the same 
office again in June, 1876, at which 
time he was a member of the legisla- 
ture from Peterborough. After the of- 
office of sheriff was made elective, he 
was several times elected to that office, 
holding the office of high sheriff of Hills- 
borough county for eighteen years, a 
longer period than it was ever held by any 
other man since the organization of the 
county. Col. Scott's long continuance in 
this office was undoubtedly owing to the 
straightforward, impartial, and economi- 
cal administration of the same. He was 
a favorite alike with the judges of the 
•court, jurors, lawyers, and clients, and 
respected and feared by criminals lor his 
firm yet humane treatment of them. 

Col. Scott entered the army of the Re- 
bellion as major of the 6th N. H. Vols, 
was promoted to lieutenant colonel, but 
resigned his commission and left the ser- 
vice in October, 1862, for disability occa- 
sioned by malarial fever and exposure in 
the water in August, 1862, at the time of 
the sinking of steamer, West Point, on 
which the colonel with a large number of 
convalescent soldiers were being trans- 
ported from Newport News, Va., up the 
Potomac river to Acquia Creek to rejoin 
their regiments, — at which time the col- 
onel's wife, two other ladies, and nearly 
two hundred soldiers were drowned. Col. 
Scott was rescued after remaining in the 
water about three fourths of an hour. 
This terrible shock added to the already 
enfeebled condition of the colonel conse- 
quent upon the fever from which he was 
just recovering. 

He was appointed by Gov. Harriman 
chief of staff, and served during his ad- 
ministration. He has served his town as 
moderator more than twenty years, has 
been chairman of the Republican executive 
committee for the town for many years, 
and is an earnest worker. He is Orthodox 
in his religious belief and takes a deep 
interest in his church and Sunday-school. 

He married in 1848, Mary Sophia Ful- 
ler, of Peterborough, who was drowned, 
Aug. 13, 1862. Two children died young. 
He married second, 186:5, Charlotte Wil- 
kins, of Peterborough. Their oldest child. 
Mary Lena, married Harry W. Ramsdell, 
son of Hon. Geo. A. Ram-dell, of Nashua. 
Their second child married Prof. L. G. 
Smith, of Newburyport. Their youngest 
daughter, Emma, resides with her parents. 


Member from Rochester, was born Dec. 
14, 1837. He is the son of Stephen and 
Louisa (Corson) Shorey. He was edu- 
cated at the public schools of Roches- 
ter, two years at the West Lebanon (Me.) 
academy, and graduated at the Maine 
State Seminary in 1858, Rev. O. B. 
Cheney being the president. It was after- 
wards made Bates College. For two 
years he was a clerk at Great Falls, and 
five years at East Rochester with his 
father, dealer in general merchandise. In 
1864 he went into the express business, 
running a stage from East Rochester to 
Rochester and Dover, carrying on the 
business personally twenty-two years, and 
still owning it. In 1871 he started a drug 
store in East Rochester which he sold out 
in March, 1890. He has invested consid- 
erable money in cottages at York Beach. 
He is a Republican, and has been on the 
school committee, and president of the 
Rochester Building Association. 

He married first, Sept. 1*>, 1859, Lizzie 
J. Gerrish, of West Lebanon, who died 
June 7, 1864. They had one daughter. 
Carrie Augusta, who married John Grant, 
of Lebanon. Me. He married second 
Nov. 29, 1866. Abbie J. Home, of Ossi- 
pee. who died April 18, 1877. They had 
two sons, Charles C. and Frank I. ; the 
older, a graduate of Rochester high- 
school, is "in business; the younger is 
still in school. He married third Oct. 29, 
1879. Mary A. Home, a sister of his sec- 
ond wife, who died April 12, 1884. They 
had one son, Sumner G., who is in school. 
He married fourth. Nov. 22, 1886. Sarah 
Grant, of York, He attends the Free- 
will Baptist church, is an Odd Fellow, and 
a Knight of Pythias. 


Member from Ward 2, Portsmouth, is a 
native of Lynn, Mass., a son of John and 
Annie Wood (Gale) Berry, a brother of 
Hon. John W. Berry, judge of the munici- 
pal court of Lynn, and fifty years of age. 
He received a common-school education, 
and since youth has been connected with 
the manufacturing of shoes. In 1880 he 
became associated with Hon, Frank 
Jones, Hon. Charles A. Sinclair, Plon. 
Charles H. Mendon, and Hon. Calvin 
Page, in organizing an enterprise now so 
widely known as the Portsmouth Shoe 
Company, of which he is the vice-presi- 
dent and general manager. This company 
from its start has had ample capital, and 



under the efficient management of Mr. 
Berry has won a high rank in the com- 
mercial world. It is an industry in which 
the city of Portsmouth and the whole 
state may take pride, as it is probably 
the largest establishment iu the world 
devoted to the manufacture of shoes. 
It employs 1,200 hands, turns out 135 
60-pair cases daily, and has a weekly pay- 
roll of $12,000. The company makes 
fine ladies' shoes for the southern and 
western trade, and has a store, one of the 
finest in Boston, at 14 High street. 

Mr. Berry is a popular, genial gentle- 
man, of executive ability of a high, order, 
and a /business man who takes a pride 
in the commercial prosperity of the com- 
munity in which he resides. In the house 
he is an active and influential member de- 
voting much time to committee work. 

HI §Bm 


Member from Ward 2, Manchester, was 
born in Grafton, June 8, 1So9. He- is 
the son of Greeley and Betsey L. Suiio- 
way. He was educated at the public 
schools of his native town, and at the 
academies at Canaan, Andover. Franklin, 
and New London : commenced the study 
of law in 1861, with Pike & Barnard,, at 
Franklin, and was admitted to bar in 
1863, and soon after located at Manches- 
ter, forming a partnership with Samuel 
D. Lord, since 1873 with Elijah M. 
Topliff. A Republican. Mr. Suliowaty 
was a member of the house in 1872, and 
1873, serving the latter year as chairman 
of the Judiciary Committee. He was 
deputy collector of internal revenues, 
from 1873 to 1878 ; he was Greenback 
candidate for Congress in 1878 ; he was 

again a member of the house in 1887, '89, 
*91 ; Mr. Sulloway is a Republican, and 
a conscientious Christian. 

He married, May 31. 1864, Helen M., 
daughter of Jonathan W., and Theodorah 
(Dickinson) Fifield, of Franklin. One 
daughter, Belle H., born July 31, 1868. 

i; Mr. Sulloway, upon his admission to 
the bar, at once displayed such energy, 
ability, and adaptation to his profession, 
that he soon surrounded himself with a 
large clieutage, and rapidly rose to prom- 
inence. To great keenness, penetration, 
and power of analysis, he adds fluency, 
pungency, and force, in the presentation 
of a cause to a jury, and as an advocate 
he espouses his causes fearlessly, and 
leaves nothing undone, in the line of 
honorable warfare, to win success. His 
prominence in the trial of the most im- 
portant causes in Hillsborough county, 
and throughout the state, is a proof that 
his legal fame rests upon a solid and en- 
during basis. " 

— History Hillsborough County. 


Member from Hopkinton, is a lawyer, 
son of Herman H. and Ellen C. (Little) 
Greene. He was born in Hopkinton, 
April 11,1836: educated at Hopkinton, 
Gilmanton, and Pembroke academies. 
Deciding to pursue the profession of the 
law, he studied for a time in the office of 
George & Foster, at Concord, and at the 
age of 19 he went to Boston and com- 
pleted his preparatory course in the office 
or Beard & Xickerson. On the day of 
his majority he was admitted to the 
Suffolk county bar. and began practice 
with Charles * E. Pike. He afterwards 
practised with Ithamar W. Beard and 
James P. Sullivan. After about eight 
years in practice in Boston, Mr. Green 
returned to Hopkinton, his health be- 
ing impaired, and did not resume his 
practice until 1809. From 1871 for a 
number of years he was associated with 
Carlos G. Hawthorne in the practice of 
the law. 

In politics a Republican, Mr. Greene 
has been for a number of years a power 
in the party. He has been moderator 
many times, superintending school com- 
mittee, representative in 1S81 and 1889, 
solicitor of Merrimack county 1876 to 
1881, and a stump speaker of acknowl- 
edged ability. 

He married (1), February 20, 1854, 
Frances Adelaide, daughter of Henry G. 
and Frances Adelaide (Whitman) \Vil- 

Representatives . 


lard ; one son, William Tibbetts. Mrs. 
Green died March 2, 1873. He married 
(2), Sept. IS, 1877, Anstice Irene, daughter 
of Daniel W*. and Ruhama (Cochran) 
Clarke, of Hopkinton. 


Member from Northwood, was born 
Oct. 11, 1832, in Kensington, where he 
lived until eighteen years of age. He is 
the son of Ira and Dolly (Sanborn) 
Blake. He received his education at the 
public schools, and learned the shoe- 
making trade. In 1869 he embarked in 
the manufacture of shoes by machinery 
at Seabrook and Hampton Falls, and 
continued for ten years. In 1879 he 
went to Pittsfield as the manager of the 
two large new factories erected there for 
C. B. Lancaster. Under his manage- 
ment the business was very prosperous. 
Mr. Blake bought the estate of Judge 
Lewis W. Clark, close to the village, laid 
out a new street, and built seven houses. 
The firm did a business of from 8-500.000 
to $780,000 annually, employing 500 
hands. He obtained the charter and was 
president of the Farmers' Savings Bank 
for four years, and was a member of the 
house in 1S81. In 1885 he was a can- 
didate for the state senate. In 1888 he 
sold out his interest in Pittsfield. and 
bought the residence and mills of John 
J. and Alpha J. Pillsbury, in Northwood, 
and since that time has successfully 
carried on the business of manufactur- 
ing fine shoes for the use of ladies. He 
employs 150 hands, does a business of 
over $300,000, and is planning a large in- 
crease in his works. Always a Repub- 
lican, unmarried, he attends the Unita- 
rian church, and is a member of the 
Noble Order of Red Men. He was a 
delegate to the convention which nomi- 
nated Ralph Metcalf for governor. Dur- 
ing his residence in Pittsfield a strong 
friendship was formed between Mr. Blake 
and Governor Tuttle. which has con- 
tinued to this day. They are both fond 
of a good game of whist. Mr. Blake is 
an active and influential man in business 
and political circles, and is popular with 
the citizens of his town. 


Senior member of the House from 
Claremont, was born in Claremont, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1851. He is the son of Oscar J. 
and Lavinia (Porter) Brown. On both 
sides he is descended from old Connecti- 

cut families, who following upward the 
course of the river, finally settled in the 
towns of Thetford and Hartford, Ver- 
mont. He was educated in the public 
schools of Claremont, fitted for college 
at its High school, and the Worces- 
_ ter Military Academy, entered the class 
of 1876 at Dartmouth college, and read 
law with Judge W. II. H. Allen two 
years. He graduated at the Boston 
University Law School in 1876, and was 
admitted to the Suffolk bar in June of 
that year. He practised a short time 
in Boston ; and from Nov., 1876, to 
Sept., 1879, in Concord ; when he re- 
turned to Claremont, where he has since 
resided and practised his profession. He 
married, October 9, 1877, Susan Farwell 
Patten, daughter of Henry and Nancy 
(Farwell) Patten, of Claremont. One 
child, Ruth, born September 19, 1878,. 
lias blessed their union. 

In the present legislature he is chair- 
man of the Committee on Military Ac- 
counts, and a member of the Committee 
on the Revision of the Statutes. 

Scholarly in tastes and habits, quick in 
perception, a good debater and ready 
speaker, versatile in his acquirements, 
-with many friends among all classes of 
men. Mr. Brown with his fine presence,, 
pleasing manner, and good address, has 
much in store for him in future. 

Member from Hanover, was born in 
Lebanon, August 9, 1822. He is the son 
of Elias and Lucinda (Putnam) Hunt- 
ington. He was educated at the public 
schools of Hanover and at New London 
academy. His father, who was a 
farmer, died in Mr. Huntington's in- 
fancy, when the family moved to Han- 
over. Until thirty-three years of age 
Mr. Huntington remained on a farm,, 
when he went into trade, continuing 
about seven years. In 1865 he organized 
the Dartmouth National Bank, of wdiich 
he was chosen cashier, and was elected 
treasurer of the Dartmouth Savings 
Bank, and held these positions fourteen 
years, when he was chosen president of 
both banks, and holds both otfices at 
present. In 1879 he went abroad : travel- 
led through Scotland, England, France, 
Italy, and Switzerland, remaining away 
from home three months. lie has 
travelled extensively through the United 
States and Canada, visiting every state 
east of the Rocky Mountains. Always 
a Republican, has filled every office in 
the gift of the town. Moderator over 



thirty times; member of the house 1858, 
1850," 1885. 1887, 1889, and 189 1. Dart- 
mouth college bestowed the degree of 
A. M. in 1887. 

He married, April 30, 1843, Mary, 
daughter of Deacon Isaac and Lucy 
(Chandler) Bridgman, of Hanover, and 
has two daughters. Ellen M., who married 
Prof. Robert Fletcher of the Thayer 
Department, and Fanny C, who married 
Prof. Charles P. Chase, now treasurer of 
the two bankjs and treasurer of Dart- 
mouth college. Baptist. 


member from Ward 5. Dover, was born 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, Aug. 17, 1854. He 
is single, a grocer, and a member of the 
Catholic church. He was an assessor in 
1882 and 1883; a member of the house 
since 1887. He was the first in Ward 5 
to break the one term record. He has 
been a member of the Democratic State 
•Committee since 1888, and was chairman 
of the Democratic County Committee in 
1890. For the last two sessions he has 
"been chairman of the Dover delegation, 
also of the Strafford County delegation. 
He is a charter member of the Benevolent 
Order of Elks, Dover Lodge, No. 184, 
and a charter member of Court Strafford, 
Ancient Order of Forresters of America, 
and a member of Division 1, Ancient 
Order of Hibernians. 


Member from Ward 3, Manchester, was 
born in Bow near Page's Corner, and 
is the son of Carlton and Sarah 
(Long) Heath. Was educated at the 

academies of Hopkinton, Pembroke, and 
Boscawen. Graduated at Dartmouth 
college in 1865, taught in the Franklin 
Street Grammar school five years, study- 
ing law at the same time with Hon. Da\ id 
Cross. Giving up teaching, he entered 
the office of Briggs & Huse, where he re- 
mained one year. He was admitted to 
the bar in 1872, and has practised law in 
Manchester since alone. Always a Re- 
publican, he has been a member of the 
school board, county treasurer two years. 
member of the house in 1881 and 1889. 
He has been a member of the Judiciarv 
Conimittee every session, and in 1881 was 
chairman of Insurance Committee. In 
1891 he was a candidate for speaker. Un- 
married ; attends Congregational church : 
is an Odd Fellow, and has been " through 
the chairs " in Lodge and Encampment. 
In Masonry he is a member of Lafayette 
Lodge, Mt. Ilo'reb Chapter, Adoniram 
Council, and Trinity Commandery. 

He has been Assistant Justice of the 
Manchester Police Court for a number of 


Member from Hillsborough, was born 
in Hillsborough, Mar. 6, 1822. He is 
the son of William and Sarah (Priest) 
Conn, and is a brother of Dr. Granville 
P. Conn, of Concord. Was educated at 
the district schools, and at Still River 
academy, at Harvard, Mass. He has 
been a farmer all his life, and has dealt 
some in cattle. He has a farm of 250 
acres. He has been a director of the 
Hillsborough First National Bank for 
ten years, a trustee of the Public Library 
since its organization, and is a member 
of the Congregational church and a 
deacon. He married Lucinda Colby in 
April, 1857. Two children,— Herbert F., 
a salesman and broker in Walla Walla. 
Washington, and Elsie J., who married 
Hiram A. Brockway, and resides with her 
parents, her husband being interested in 
the farm. Mr. Conn is a member ot 
Valley Grange, No. 63, Patrons of 


Member from Conway, was born May 
17, 1848, in Windham, Maine. He is the 
son of Barziilai and Lavina (Hick.-) 
Nash. He w as educated at the common 
schools and at Gorham academy. Head 
law with Hon. Joel Eastman, of Conway. 
was admitted to the bar in 1878, and 



settled in Conway, where he still 
practises his profession. He was super- 
visor of the check-list four years, so- 
licitor of Carroll county four years ; 
member of the school board : and a mem- 
ber of the constitutional convention in 
1SS9. He married Nov. 17, 1872, Susan 
J., daughter of David Libbey, of Gray., 
Maine; two children. Always a Demo- 
crat, attends the Universalist church, an 
Odd Fellow, Knight of Pythias, and a 

He has rendered effective service on 
the stump since 1876, and is a graceful, 
easy, and eloquent speaker. 


Sergeant-at-Arms ot the house, was born 
in Barnstead, February 2, 1S3S. He is 
the son of Joseph and Lydia (Merrill) 
Jenkins, and one of ten brothers, eight of 
whom are living. He was educated at 
the public schools and at the Pittsrield 
academy. At the breaking out of the 
war he was on his father's farm, but, 
impelled by patriotism, enlisted Aug. 14, 
1862, as a private, Company B, 12th N. 
H. Volunteers, at the same time with his 
brothers, Everett and Melvin J. He was 
promoted to sergeant, and was on 
detached service at .Point Lookout fifteen 
months. He was wounded at Chancel- 
lorsville, andtook part in the great bat- 
tle of Fredericksburg and those about 
Richmond. He was one of the first of 

the Union array to enter the capital of 
the Southern Confederacy. He was 
mustered out July 4, 1865. Since the 
war he has been farming most of the 
time. Since 1885 a resident of Pitts- 
field, and employed in the shoe-shop. 
Always a Republican, he has served as 
deputy ..sheriff of Belknap county, five 
years ; door-keeper two terms ; and is now 
serving his third term as sergeant-at 
arms. He was a member from Gilman- 
ton in 1881. He married, Sept. 14, 1862, 
Carrie S., daughter of Ransom C. and 
Alice (Fiske) Palmer of Sutton. Three 
children, Walter, Ellen, and Annie Maud. 
He attends the Free Will Baptist church,. 
and is a member of Masonic Lodge, G. 
A. E., and the Noble Order of Red Men. 


Door-keeper of the House, was born in 
Sanbornton, Oct. 3, 1847. He is the son 
of Deacon Daniel and Elmira (Eaton) He was bora on the farm which 
he now owns, and on which his father 
before him was born. The town of San- 
bornton had been Democratic for thirty 
years before it was carried by the Repub- 
lican party in 1880, when Mr. Huse was 
chosen chairman of the board of supervi- 
sors. He has been moderator three times. 
Mr. Huse married Dec. 20, 1871, Stella 
A. Porter, of Laconia; two children, 
Daniel P., and John W. Mr. Huse is a 
Republican and a Baptist. 


This number of the magazine completes 
the thirteenth volume. To the many 
friends of the publication who have sus- 
tained the work in the most acceptable 
manner by paying promptly in advance 
the subscription of §1.50 per year, the pub- 
lisher would apologize for the delay in issu- 
ingthe numbers for 1800, and remind them 
that now is the time for sending in their 
subscriptions for 1891, and will promise, 
as far as possible, to be more prompt in 
die future. 

To the very many friends of the Granite 
Monthly, who have been alitth backward 
'!i coming forward and remitting their 
"inscriptions, he would state that the 
present would be a very fitting time to 
remit arrearages, so that he may square 
'Myall accounts. At the same time, dear 
fiends, that you pay for what lias already 
been sent to you, be sure to enclose $1.50 
for your subscription for the year 1891. 

Money is what is needed to pay for the 
paper, printing, binding, and mailing, 
besides the engraving and editorial work. 
New subscribers are always welcome. If 
only half those who read this number 
should send in their subscriptions, the 
editor and publisher would go wild with 
financial joy. 

Remember this: The Granite Monthly 
is the pioneer of all similar publications 
in the United States. It has lived when 
hundreds have suspended. Its work is 
not yet done. It appeals to every pa- 
triotic New Hampshire man for support. 
Its aim is to afford a medium for the ex- 
change of the thoughts of the brightest 
minds in the state. It puts on record 
valuable historical information, and keeps 
up with the times. 

The stories, "Bessie Beaumont" and 
"Lord Bangs," will be continued in the 
next number. 



* I : 



One of the bright, wide-awake, active, 
voung business men of Concord is Wil- 
liam A. Thompson, who conducts a boot 
and shoe store in Bailey's Block. He 
lias a large store and carries a very large 
stock. — perhaps the largest in his line in 
the state. He aims to meet the demands 
of all classes, and can furnish the brogan 
and the patent-leather, hand-sewed danc- 
ing-pumps, the carpet slipper, or the 
French kid boot for the most dainty lass. 
He exercises good judgment not only in 
.selecting his goods but in meeting the 
wants of his customers. Like all success- 
ful men he is not above his business. II- 
makes himself familiar with the idiosyn- 
cracies of his customers and seeks to 
please them and by all legitimate meth- 
ods to hold their custom. What he says 
about a boot or a shoe may be taken ss 
law, for he has always recognized the 
axiom that honesty is the best policy. 
Long experience and a natural aptitude 
liave given him his rank in the trade. 

Mr. Thompson started in business for 
himself, in 1880 in the firm of Thompson 
& Co., in the Statesman Block, becoming 
sole proprietor in 1882. Since 18&3 he 
has occupied his present store. He is the 
sole agent in Concord and vicinity for 
the celebrated W. A. Douglas shoe- He 
has built up a large business by mail and 

express, by being willing to receive back 
the goods ordered if not satisfactory. 


The citizens of Concord have good 
reason to be proud of the New Eagle 
hotel, as it is an honor to the city. It 
occupies the site of the old Eagle : other- 
wise it is an entirely new structure, recon- 
structed throughout. The old front on 
Main street, facing the state house, was 
retained, but was raised one story and 
greatly improved in appearance. The 
office, wide and deep, is a light, spacious 
room. In the rear, at one side, a broad 
stairway leads to the upper floors, wind- 
ing about the elevator shaft, and Is 
lighted from the top. Beyond the stair- 
way, with entrances on each side of it. i^ 
the spacious reading-room. In the rear 
<>f orhce and reading-room is the dining- 
•00m extending the whole width of the 
building, and so arranged that it can be 
made into two rooms. A description U 
^sometimes made more explicit by com- 
parison. When it is said that the rail- 
road station at Concord is one of the finest 
in the United States, or that the govern- 
ment building in Concord is perfect, the 
reader who has seen neither can imagine 
two beautiful structures. It is not over- 
drawing the picture to state that the lower 
floor of the Xew Eagle is perfect either 
from an architectural or from an artistic 
standpoint. As one enters' from Main 
street, he is in a room which would do 
honor to any hotel -in Boston, Chicago, 
Washington, or Xew York. In raany^ 
respectsit is unrivalled. I doubt if there' 
is a more beautiful dining-room on tin- 
continent. The rooms above, approached 
by wide, light, tastefully decorated halls, 
are also light, bright, homelike, and at- 
tractive. Gas, steam, and electricity 1m'> e 
all been called into use, and an artist 
would approve of every apartment. Con- 
cord is not a large city but the public de- 
mands of the legislature, conventions. St. 
Paul's School, and summer tourists going 
to or from the lake and mountain districts 
of Xew Hampshire require the extraordi- 
nary hotel accommodations which tlitf 
Xew Eagle affords. The Phenix hotel i • 
run in connection with the Xew E.i_;< 

The Eagle & Phenix Hotel Company, 
of which Edsou J. Hill is treasurer wiJ 
manager, was organized in 1890, with a 
capital of 8120,000. Messrs. Thouipswn 
and Pelren manage the hotel, i '- 
vice is first-class in every respect. 

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t m^mflw nm